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{{Inuse}} ''[[United States]] > [[Massachusetts]] > [[Essex County, Massachusetts|Essex County]] > Salem''  
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:''This article is about a city in Massachusetts. For other localities, see [[Salem|Salem]].''
  
:''This article is about a city in Massachusetts. For other localities, see [[Salem|Salem]]''
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Essex County, Massachusetts|Essex County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Salem,_Massachusetts|Salem]]''  
  
== City Hall  ==
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{{MAEssSalMap}}
  
== Quick History ==
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=== City Hall ===
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem, Massachusetts Wikipedia]  
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[http://www.salem.com/Pages/index http://www.salem.com/Pages/index]  
  
'''Geographic location:''' [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Salem,+Massachusetts Google]<br>  
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Salem City Hall <br>93 Washington Street<br>Salem, MA 01970
  
<br>
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=== Quick Facts  ===
  
== HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  ==
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[[Salem, Massachusetts Historical Background|Salem, Massachusetts Historical Background]]
  
Salem Village was founded at the mouth of the Naumkeag River in 1626.&nbsp; It was originally called Naumkeag (a Wampanoag Indian name) until it was renamed three years later.&nbsp; Settlers came from England after reading books published by Captain John Smith about the glories of this new country.&nbsp; The books were distributed to gentry in the principal towns of Cornwall and Devonshire, England.&nbsp; A patent was granted by King James on November 3, 1620 to the Duke of Lenox and a council of about forty men to rule and govern the planting in New England.&nbsp; [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/salem/witchcraft/Perley/vol1/images/p1-55.html Captain John Mason and William Bushnell were commissioned on May 29, 1620 to secure the land and suppress the neighborhood.]&nbsp; They arrived in about 1621.<br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The colonists that propagated this land were a break-off of the Plymouth colony.&nbsp; Roger Conant, a religious Puritan, who had come in 1622 was not in sympathy with the Pilgrim’s religious position and removed to Nantasket which is a beach community on the shores of Salem.&nbsp; Roger Conant directed a company of fisherman.[2]&nbsp;<ref>William T. Davis "Bench and Gar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Boston, Massachusetts: The Boston History Company, 1895) p 44.</ref> The town was incorporated in 1629 under the name Salem a derivative of Jerusalem meaning city of peace. <br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Salem Village, which was originally a parish to Salem, is now called Danver’s Massachusetts.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;This city is in the county of Essex.&nbsp; The county was created by the Massachusetts General Court on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires".[3]&nbsp;&nbsp; Essex initially contained Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester, and Andover.&nbsp; It now has two county seats,&nbsp; Salem and Lawrence. &nbsp;Its county government was abolished in 1999 and consolidated under the state.&nbsp; The county records for colonial periods are housed in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ Massachusetts Archives].&nbsp; The original court system from 1600 to the Revolutionary War was ecclesiastical based English system and jurisdictions were by parish. &nbsp;&nbsp;The king of England directed the courts according to Charters, so tax records and ecclesiastical courts were held in quarter sessions.&nbsp;&nbsp; Wills and probates for the seventeenth and eighteenth century are currently housed in the Massachusetts Archives as well as the early court records.&nbsp; For wills of the nineteenth and twentieth century there is the Probate Office of Essex County&nbsp; located in Salem.&nbsp; This office holds printed, transcribed versions of wills from 1635 to 1681. &nbsp;<br>&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Early map collections, journals, histories and diaries are not held in public libraries but more specifically special historical institute libraries.&nbsp; Cemetery surveys&nbsp; are best referenced in databases online or at NEHGS.&nbsp; The book by David Allen Lambert, of NEHGS, &nbsp;Guide to Massachusetts Cemeteries, is a prime source.
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==== Establishment and former town name(s) ====
  
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[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49562661 ''Historical data relating to counties, cities, and towns in Massachusetts''] (Boston, Massachusetts&nbsp;: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1997), [FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997]
  
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'''1620:''' A patent was granted by King James to the Duke of Lenox and a council of about forty men to rule, govern and plant this area.
  
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'''1626:''' Founded at the mouth of [[Salem, Massachusetts Historical Background|Naumkeag (a Wampanoag Indian name)]].
  
<br>
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'''1629: '''Roger Conant directed a company of Fisherman to start a beach community on the shores of Salem. The town was incorporated in 1629.
  
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'''23 August 1630:''' Mentioned "...Mattapan and Salem only exempted". (Mass. Bay Rec. Vol. I, p. 73)
  
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'''23 March 1836:''' Incorporated as a city.
  
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'''4 April 1836:''' Act of March 23, 1836, accepted by the town.
  
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'''Archiac name:''' Fort Mary, Naumkeag, Nehume, Sholom Naumkeag.
  
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'''Section/Villages within the City:''' Atlantic, Baker's Island, Blubber Hollow, Buffum's Corner, Carltonville, Castle Hill, Forest River, Gallows Hill, Juniper Point, Misery Island, Navon, North Salem, Salem Neck, Salem Willows, South Salem, The Point, Turnpike, Winter Island.
  
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
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'''4 March 1634:''' Bounds established between Marble Harbor and Salem.
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'''4 March 1635:''' Bounds established between Salem and Saugus, and Salem and Marblehead.
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'''20 November 1637:''' Bounds between Salem and Saugus certified.
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'''13 March 1639:''' Bounds between Salem and Lynn established.
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'''5 November 1639:''' Land granted to inhabitants of Salem establish Salem Village. Marginal note reads: "Land granted to Salem Village, now Wenham"
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'''13 May 1640:''' Grant of land to inhabitants of Salem for a village at "Jeffryes Creeke" and the bounds of the said village referred to certain men to settle.
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'''3 May 1642:''' Bounds between Jeffryes Creeke, Cape Ann and Ipswich, established
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'''14 May 1645:''' Part called "Jeffreyes Creek established as Manchester.
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'''2 May 1649:''' Part established as Marblehead
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'''19 October 1658:''' Bounds between Salem and Topsfield established.
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'''16 October 1660:''' Certain islands known by name of the "Miserjes &amp; Bakers island", granted to Salem.
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'''29 May 1664:''' Bounds between Salem and Topsfield established.
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'''7 November 1668:''' Port called "Bass River" established as Beverly.
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'''20 June 1728:''' Part included in new town of Middleton.
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'''11 September 1753:''' Part annexed to Beverly.
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'''17 March 1840:''' Bounds between Salem and Danvers established
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'''30 April 1856:''' Bounds between Salem and South Danvers established and part of each place annexed to the other place.
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'''3 April 1867:''' Part annexed to Swampscott.
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'''27 March 1882:''' Part of Peabody annexed.
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Wikipedia: {{wpd|Salem,_Massachusetts}}
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#GNIS ID # [http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:619453 619453]<br>  
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#Geographic location:'''[http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Salem,+Massachusetts Google]<br> '''
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#[http://massachusetts.hometownlocator.com/maps/bigmap,n,salem,fid,619453.cfm Hometown Locator]
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=== Resources  ===
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==== Archives and Libraries  ====
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==== Biography  ====
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==== Business and Commerce  ====
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==== Cemeteries  ====
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'''Broad Street Cemetery'''<br>5 Broad St.
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'''Charter Street Cemetery'''<br>51 Charter St.
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'''Friends Cemetery'''<br>396 1/2 Essex St.
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'''Greenlawn Cemetery'''<br>57 Orne St.
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'''Harmony Grove Cemetery'''<br>30 Grove St.
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'''Howard Street Cemetery'''<br>29 Howard St.
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'''St. Mary's Cemetery'''<br>226 North St.
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'''St. Peter's Cemetery'''<br>22-24 St. Peter St.
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==== Church History and Records  ====
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==== Directories  ====
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==== Dwellings  ====
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==== Emigration  ====
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Vessels sailing from Salem, Massachusetts between 1799 and 1879 made over 7900 voyages to foreign ports. A Crew List was required to be filed stating the vessel's destination and its crew. An Index to those Lists, containing 75,770 names,&nbsp;may be found at [http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/CrIndex.cfm http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/CrIndex.cfm]. The Index may provide the following information:
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• Name<br>• Age<br>• Birth Place<br>• Residence<br>• Complexion<br>• Voyage (Name of ship and date)<br>
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==== Genealogy  ====
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==== History  ====
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==== Land and Deed Records  ====
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* [http://www.salemdeeds.com/goget.asp?type=name Salem Massachusetts Deeds Online]
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* [http://www.salemdeeds.com/historic.asp Salem Massachusetts Historic Documents Online]
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* [http://www.salemdeeds.com/nativeamericandeeds/ Salem Massachusetts Native American Deeds]
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==== Maps  ====
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==== Military History and Records  ====
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==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
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==== Occupations  ====
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Massachusetts sailor's crew lists at [http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/SalemSearch.cfm Mysticseaport.org].&nbsp; Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel's destination and its crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Containing over 75,770 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace, and residence place
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==== Public Records  ====
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 +
==== Social Life and Customs  ====
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 +
==== Taxation  ====
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 +
==== Town Records  ====
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 +
==== Vital Records  ====
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=== Societies, Libraries and Museums  ===
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New England Historic Genealogical Society Library<br> 99 Newbury Street<br> Boston, MA 02116-3007<br> Phone: (1-617) 536-5740
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(See Archives and Libraries under Essex County, Massachusetts for hours and library collections) This library holds the many of the early colonial collections for Salem and Salem Village now Danvers, Massachusetts.
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=== Family History Centers  ===
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'''Lynnfield Massachusetts '''<br>400 E Essex St <br>Lynnfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States <br>Phone: 781-334-5586 <br>Call ahead for hours <br>Closed: The month of August
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'''Peabody Essex Museum '''<br>161 Essex St <br>Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States <br>Phone: 978-745-1876 <br>Call ahead for hours <br>Attention: Microfilms from the Church can be ordered at this facility
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=== References  ===
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{{reflist}}
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'''Adjacent towns: ''Essex Co.: '' [[Beverly, Massachusetts|Beverly]] | [[Danvers, Massachusetts|Danvers]] | [[Lynn, Massachusetts|Lynn]] | [[Marblehead, Massachusetts|Marblehead]] | [[Peabody, Massachusetts|Peabody]] | [[Swampscott, Massachusetts|Swampscott]]'''
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{{MAEss towns}} <br>
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{{Massachusetts-stub}}
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[[Category:Essex_County,_Massachusetts]] [[Category:Towns_in_Massachusetts]]

Revision as of 20:37, 16 January 2014

This article is about a city in Massachusetts. For other localities, see Salem.

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts Gotoarrow.png Essex County Gotoarrow.png Salem



City Hall

http://www.salem.com/Pages/index

Salem City Hall
93 Washington Street
Salem, MA 01970

Quick Facts

Salem, Massachusetts Historical Background

Establishment and former town name(s)

Historical data relating to counties, cities, and towns in Massachusetts (Boston, Massachusetts : New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1997), [FHL book 974.4 H2h 1997]

1620: A patent was granted by King James to the Duke of Lenox and a council of about forty men to rule, govern and plant this area.

1626: Founded at the mouth of Naumkeag (a Wampanoag Indian name).

1629: Roger Conant directed a company of Fisherman to start a beach community on the shores of Salem. The town was incorporated in 1629.

23 August 1630: Mentioned "...Mattapan and Salem only exempted". (Mass. Bay Rec. Vol. I, p. 73)

23 March 1836: Incorporated as a city.

4 April 1836: Act of March 23, 1836, accepted by the town.

Archiac name: Fort Mary, Naumkeag, Nehume, Sholom Naumkeag.

Section/Villages within the City: Atlantic, Baker's Island, Blubber Hollow, Buffum's Corner, Carltonville, Castle Hill, Forest River, Gallows Hill, Juniper Point, Misery Island, Navon, North Salem, Salem Neck, Salem Willows, South Salem, The Point, Turnpike, Winter Island.

Boundary Changes

4 March 1634: Bounds established between Marble Harbor and Salem.

4 March 1635: Bounds established between Salem and Saugus, and Salem and Marblehead.

20 November 1637: Bounds between Salem and Saugus certified.

13 March 1639: Bounds between Salem and Lynn established.

5 November 1639: Land granted to inhabitants of Salem establish Salem Village. Marginal note reads: "Land granted to Salem Village, now Wenham"

13 May 1640: Grant of land to inhabitants of Salem for a village at "Jeffryes Creeke" and the bounds of the said village referred to certain men to settle.

3 May 1642: Bounds between Jeffryes Creeke, Cape Ann and Ipswich, established

14 May 1645: Part called "Jeffreyes Creek established as Manchester.

2 May 1649: Part established as Marblehead

19 October 1658: Bounds between Salem and Topsfield established.

16 October 1660: Certain islands known by name of the "Miserjes & Bakers island", granted to Salem.

29 May 1664: Bounds between Salem and Topsfield established.

7 November 1668: Port called "Bass River" established as Beverly.

20 June 1728: Part included in new town of Middleton.

11 September 1753: Part annexed to Beverly.

17 March 1840: Bounds between Salem and Danvers established

30 April 1856: Bounds between Salem and South Danvers established and part of each place annexed to the other place.

3 April 1867: Part annexed to Swampscott.

27 March 1882: Part of Peabody annexed.

Wikipedia: Salem,_Massachusetts

  1. GNIS ID # 619453
  2. Geographic location:Google
  3. Hometown Locator

Resources

Archives and Libraries

Biography

Business and Commerce

Cemeteries

Broad Street Cemetery
5 Broad St.

Charter Street Cemetery
51 Charter St.

Friends Cemetery
396 1/2 Essex St.

Greenlawn Cemetery
57 Orne St.

Harmony Grove Cemetery
30 Grove St.

Howard Street Cemetery
29 Howard St.

St. Mary's Cemetery
226 North St.

St. Peter's Cemetery
22-24 St. Peter St.

Church History and Records

Directories

Dwellings

Emigration

Vessels sailing from Salem, Massachusetts between 1799 and 1879 made over 7900 voyages to foreign ports. A Crew List was required to be filed stating the vessel's destination and its crew. An Index to those Lists, containing 75,770 names, may be found at http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/CrIndex.cfm. The Index may provide the following information:

• Name
• Age
• Birth Place
• Residence
• Complexion
• Voyage (Name of ship and date)

Genealogy

History

Land and Deed Records

Maps

Military History and Records

Naturalization and Citizenship

Occupations

Massachusetts sailor's crew lists at Mysticseaport.org.  Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel's destination and its crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Containing over 75,770 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace, and residence place

Public Records

Social Life and Customs

Taxation

Town Records

Vital Records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

New England Historic Genealogical Society Library
99 Newbury Street
Boston, MA 02116-3007
Phone: (1-617) 536-5740

(See Archives and Libraries under Essex County, Massachusetts for hours and library collections) This library holds the many of the early colonial collections for Salem and Salem Village now Danvers, Massachusetts.

Family History Centers

Lynnfield Massachusetts
400 E Essex St
Lynnfield, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Phone: 781-334-5586
Call ahead for hours
Closed: The month of August

Peabody Essex Museum
161 Essex St
Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States
Phone: 978-745-1876
Call ahead for hours
Attention: Microfilms from the Church can be ordered at this facility

References

Adjacent towns: Essex Co.: Beverly | Danvers | Lynn | Marblehead | Peabody | Swampscott


Template:Massachusetts-stub