Difference between revisions of "Salamanca, Spain Genealogy"

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[[Spain|Spain]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Spain Provinces|Spain Provinces]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Salamanca|Salamanca]]  
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| link1=[[Spain Genealogy|Spain]]
=== Getting started with research in Salamanca  ===
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| link2=[[Autonomous Community of Castilla y Leon, Spain Genealogy|Castilla and Leon]]
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| link5=[[{{PAGENAME}}|Salamanca Province]]
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{| style="float:right"
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|-
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| style="padding-right:0px"|[[Image:SP Locator Map Spain Salamanca.png|thumb]]
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Guide to '''Salamanca province ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
 +
{{Click|Image:Spain ORP.png|Spain Online Genealogy Records}}[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]<br>
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__TOC__
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'''Most of your genealogical research for Salamanca will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.'''
 +
 
 +
== History ==
 +
For years this area became the main battlefield between the Christian kingdoms and the Muslim Al-Andalus rulers. The constant fighting of the Kingdom of León first, and the Kingdom of Castile and León later against the Caliphate depopulated Salamanca.
 +
During the 16th century, the city reached its height of splendour and Salamanca hosted the most important intellectuals of the time; these groups of mostly-Dominican scholars were designated the School of Salamanca.
 +
Salamanca suffered the general downturns of the Kingdom of Castile during the 17th century, but in the 18th century it experienced a rebirth.
 +
In the Peninsular War of the Napoleonic campaigns, the Battle of Salamanca, in which an Anglo-Portuguese Army led by Wellington defeated the French army of Marmont, on 22 July 1812. The western quarter of Salamanca was seriously damaged by cannon fire. The battle which raged that day many thousands of men were killed in the space of only a few short hours.
 +
 
 +
During the devastating Spanish Civil War in 1936–39 the city quickly went over to the Nationalist side and was used as the de facto capital. Franco was named Generalissimo on 21 September 1937 while at the city, and in the same year was formed, by a decree signed in the city, the official fascist party that ruled Spain until the end of the Francoist regime. The Nationalists soon moved most of the administrative departments to Burgos, which being more central was better suited for this purpose. However, some administrative departments, Franco's headquarters, and the military commands stayed in Salamanca, along with the German and Italian fascist delegations, making it the de facto Nationalist capital.  Like much of fervently Catholic and largely rural Leon and Old Castile regions, Salamanca was a staunch supporter of the Nationalist side and Francisco Franco's regime for its long duration.
 +
Since 1996, Salamanca has been the designated site of the archives of the Spanish Civil War. The original documents were assembled by the Francoist regime, selectively obtained from the administrative departments of various institutions and organizations during the Spanish Civil War as a repressive instrument used against opposition groups and indviduals.
 +
 
 +
The population of Salamanca is roughly 154,462 people.<ref>Wikipedia Collaborators, " Salamanca," In ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'',https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salamanca. Visited 10 October 2017.</ref>
  
Welcome to the Salamanca page! Salamanca is a province in Spain which also belongs to the [[Autonomous_Community_of_Castilla_y_Leon|autonomous community of Castilla y León]]. FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Salamanca page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Please visit the [[Help:Contributor Help|Contributor Help]] page to learn more about using the site. The Spain page is a work in progress, your contributions and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
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==Civil Registration==
 +
*Spanish civil registration records (government birth certificates, marriage certificates, and death certificates) began in 1871.
  
New! Join a Genealogy Research Community on [https://www.facebook.com/pages/Spain-Genealogy-Research-Community/227145867354657 Facebook] or [[Join a Skype Research Community#Europe|Skype]]
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*Births, marriages, and deaths were recorded by the local '''''Juzgado de la Paz''''', or '''''Oficinia del Registro Civil'''''. The records are still housed in their local municpal archives. In addition,  Spain does have a '''national index or central repository for civil registration'''.<br>
  
See the tutorials at FamilySearch Learning Center on ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 "Reading Spanish Handwritten Records"] ''and understanding''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/spanish-script-tutorial/92 "Spanish Script"]''.  
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*Some ''municipios'' (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.<br>
  
=== Si usted entiende español  ===
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*Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the [[Spain Gazetteers|'''Spain Gazetteers''']] article. <br>
 +
<br>
 +
'''Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:''' <br>
  
Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de México en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí. Véase el enlace en la parte inferior de la página.  
+
===1. Online Digitized Civil Registration===
 +
The following records are available online from [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list?page=1&countryId=1927167 FamilySearch Historical Records:]<br>
 +
Currently, there are no online FamilySearch Historical civil registration records for this area. You should check back from time to time to see if they have become available.
  
=== Research Tools  ===
+
=== 2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records Searched at a Family History Center ===
 +
Currently, the Family History Library does not have civil registration microfilms for this area.  You should check back from time to time to see if they become available.  In the meantime. it is possible to write for the records.
  
*[[Spanish Letter Writing Guide|Letter Writing Guide]]
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===3. Ordering Certificates From the '''Ministerio de Justica'''===
*[[Spanish Genealogical Word List]]
+
*Researchers can solicit the [https://sede.mjusticia.gob.es/cs/Satellite/Sede/es/tramites '''Ministerio de Justicia'''] online for copies of certificates.  
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Spain.pdf BYU Research Outline for Spain]
+
*For detailed information on how to order these records online, please see the article [[Order Spain Vital Records Online|'''Order Spain Vital Records Online''']]. It will take you through the process step by step, and includes translation of terms you will find in that process.<br>
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927167 records collections for Spain] available on FamilySearch.org.
 
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''  
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===4. Writing to the Civil Registry of a Municipality===
 +
*'''''Juzgado de la Paz''''' or '''''Oficina del Registro Civil ''''' should be contacted if a certificate copy request to the Ministerio de Justicia fails.
  
*[[Spain Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
+
* Use the following address, filling in the parentheses with the specific information for your town :
*[[Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Cadastre of the Marquis of Ensenada (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Spain Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Catholic Church Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records]])
 
*[[Spain, Consular Records of Spaniard Emigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Consular Records of Spaniard Emigrants (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Spain Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Spain Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Spain Municipal Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain Municipal Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Spain, Pension Records of Widows and Orphans of Spanish Officials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Spain, Pension Records of Widows and Orphans of Spanish Officials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
  
=== Featured Content  ===
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::'''Oficina del Registro Civil'''<br>
 +
::(Street address: [http://www.mjusticia.gob.es/BUSCADIR/ServletControlador?lang=es_es&apartado=buscadorMunicipios&URL_ORIGEN=&origen=G&tipo=RC&provincia=37 '''This link'''] will give you addresses for all the civil registries in Salamanca.)
 +
::([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''postal code''')] (City)<br>
 +
::Salamanca, Spain
  
See the tutorials at FamilySearch Learning Center on ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Spain%22 "Reading Spanish Handwritten Records"] ''and understanding''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/spanish-script-tutorial/92 "Spanish Script"]''.  
+
*[http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''Find the Spain postal code here.'''] <br>
 +
*Write a brief request to the proper office. Send the following:
  
=== Websites  ===
+
:*Full name and the sex of the person sought.
 +
:*Names of the parents, if known.
 +
:*Approximate date and place of the event.
 +
:*Your relationship to the person.
 +
:*Reason for the request (family history, medical, etc.).
 +
:*Request for a photocopy of the complete original record.
 +
:*Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).
  
*[[Geneanet]]
+
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]'''
*[[Queen Anne's War 1702 to 1713|Queen Anne's War]]
+
<br>
*[http://hispanicgenealogy.blogspot.com Hispanic Genealogy Blog]
 
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/spain/index.html Spain Genealogy Links]
 
*[http://genealogy.about.com/od/spain/ Spanish Genealogy &amp; Family History]
 
*[http://www.genealogyspot.com/country/spain.htm GenealogySpot: Spain]
 
*[http://genforum.genealogy.com/spain/ Spanish Genealogy Forum]  
 
*[http://script.byu.edu/spanish/en/welcome.aspx Spanish Script Tutorial]<br>  
 
*[http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#Iberia Directory of Royal Genealogical Data]
 
*[[Spain Websites|Spain Websites]]
 
  
=== Things You Can Do ===
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== Catholic Church Records ==
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
+
*Catholicism's roots extend deep into Spain's history. '''Parish and diocesan records''' created by the Catholic Church in Spain have long been considered some of the richest genealogical records in the world. Ever since the Council of Trent, Catholic parish records have been consistently recorded, '''usually providing three generations in a single baptismal entry. '''
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*The vast majority of Spaniards are Catholic, and so almost every Spaniard can be found in the records of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was the '''primary record keeper of births, marriages, and deaths, until civil registration started in 1869.'''
|-
 
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]] .
 
  
|}
+
*Some church records have been lost or have deteriorated due natural disasters such as fire, flood, and earthquakes. Civil and political strife has also caused record loss, including during time of the Spanish Civil War.
  
{{H-langs|en=Spain Province of Salamanca|es=Salamanca}}
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*The Catholic Church has created several different records. The ''most used in genealogical research'' include: baptisms ('''bautizos, bautismos'''), marriages ('''matrimonios'''), and burials ('''entierros, defunciones, fallecimientos'''). Other records include: confirmations ('''confimaciones''') and pre-marriage investigations ('''expedientes matrimoniales, información matrimonial''').
  
Return to [[Spain Provinces|Spain Provinces]] page __NOTOC__
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*'''Tip: '''If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.
</div> <!--All text below this is included in a column on the left side of the screen--> <div style="width: 24%; float: left">
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===1. Online Church Records===
{| border="0" style="background: rgb(255,255,240)" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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The following records are available online from [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/list?page=1&countryId=1927167 FamilySearch Historical Records:]<br>
|-
 
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" | '''Beginners Corner'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" |
 
*[[Spain Getting Started|Getting Started]]
 
*[[Spain Locating Place of Origin|Locating Place of Origin]]
 
*[[Spain Finding Records|Finding Records]]
 
*[[Spain Resources|Spanish Resources]]
 
  
|-
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*'''1307-1985''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index?owc=9PKZ-ZNL%3A141479901%3Fcc%3D1784529 Spain, Catholic Church Records, 1307-1985, including Salamanca], free, browseable images, incomplete.<br>
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''News &amp; Events'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "News and Events" items below--> <br>
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%" |
 
*[[Salamanca Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Salamanca Biography|Biographies]]
 
*[[Salamanca Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Salamanca Census|Census]]
 
*[[Salamanca Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Salamanca Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Salamanca Catholic Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Civil Registration - Vital Records|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[Salamanca Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Salamanca Dwellings|Dwellings]]
 
*[[Salamanca Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Salamanca Ethnic Groups|Ethnic Groups]]
 
*[[Salamanca Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Salamanca Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Salamanca Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Salamanca Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Salamanca History|History]]
 
*[[Salamanca Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Salamanca Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Salamanca Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Salamanca Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
 
*[[Salamanca Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[Salamanca Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[Salamanca Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Salamanca Notarial Records|Notarial Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Obituaries|Obituaries]]
 
*[[Salamanca Occupations|Occupations]]
 
*[[Salamanca Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Salamanca Place Names|Place Names]]
 
*[[Salamanca Population|Population]]
 
*[[Salamanca Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Salamanca Schools|Schools]]
 
*[[Salamanca Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[Salamanca Timeline|Timeline]]
 
  
 +
===2. Microfilmed Records From the Family History Library===
 +
{|
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align: center; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-size: 85%" | '''Did You Know?'''
+
|[[File:Icon-warning.png|75px]]
|-
+
|
| style="text-align: left; font-family: verdana; background: rgb(250,245,255); font-size: 95%; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-size: auto auto" | <!--Add "Did You Know?" items below--> <br>
+
'''There might be microfilmed records available but not included in the online collections. '''Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a [https://familysearch.org/locations/ '''Family History Center'''] near you. '''To find a microfilm:'''
 
|}
 
|}
 +
:::a. Click on this link to see a list of [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=119425&query=%2Bplace%3A%22Spain%2C%20%C3%81vila%22 '''records for Spain, Salamanca'''].
 +
:::b. Click on '''"Places within Spain, Salamanca"''' and a list of towns and cities will open.
 +
:::c. Click on the '''town or city''' you wish to search.
 +
:::d. Click on '''"Church Records"''' topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
 +
:::e. Choose the correct '''event and time period''' for your ancestor. 
 +
:::f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. [[File:FHL icons.png|75px]].  The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.
 +
 +
===3. Writing to a Catholic Priest for Church Records ===
 +
Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by '''contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives''' in Spain.  Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. '''''This method is not always reliable.  Officials might or might not respond.'''''
 +
 +
Write a brief request in Spanish to the proper church using this address as guide, replacing the information in parentheses:<br>
 +
 +
:'''Reverendo Padre'''
 +
:'''Parroquia de (name of parish) '''
 +
:'''(street address, if known:  consult [http://www.thecatholicdirectory.com/directory.cfm '''The Catholic Directory'''])'''
 +
:'''([http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp  '''postal code''']), (city), Salamanca'''
 +
:'''Spain'''
 +
<br>
 +
 +
*[http://postalcode.globefeed.com/Spain_Postal_Code.asp '''Find the Spain postal code here.''']
 +
 +
When requesting information, send the following:<br>
 +
 +
*Money for the search fee, usually $10.00, and an international reply coupon (IRC)
 +
*Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
 +
*Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
 +
*Approximate date and place of the event
 +
*Your relationship to the ancestor
 +
*Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
 +
*Request for a photocopy of the complete original record
 +
<br>
 +
'''Write your request in Spanish whenever possible.''' For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this [https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/a/aa/LWGSpanish.pdf '''Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]]'''
 +
 +
==Reading the Records==
 +
 +
*You do not have to be fluent in Spanish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this [[Spanish Genealogical Word List|'''Spanish Genealogical Word List''']] to translate the important points in the document.  Reading handwriting skills are taught in the [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/Spanish/en/welcome.aspx '''BYU Spanish Script Tutorial'''].
 +
 +
*Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:
 +
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-1-the-spanish-alphabet/217 '''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 1''']
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-2-words-and-dates/218 '''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 2''']
 +
:*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/reading-spanish-handwritten-records-lesson-3-reading-spanish-records/220 '''Reading Spanish Handwritten Records, Lesson 3''']
 +
<br>
 +
 +
 +
*Detailed instructions for reading Spanish records, examples of common documents, and practice exercises for developing skills in translating them can be found in the [[Spanish Records Extraction Manual|'''Spanish Records Extraction Manual.''']]
 +
*[https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx '''The Spanish Documents Script Tutorial'''] also provides lessons and examples.<br>
 +
 +
 +
==== Tips for finding your ancestor in the records ====
 +
 +
Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.
 +
 +
*Search for the '''birth record''' of the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the '''births of his brothers and sisters'''.
 +
*Then, search for the '''marriage of his parents.''' The marriage record will often help you find the '''birth records of the parents.'''
 +
*You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
 +
*Search the '''death registers for all family members.'''
 +
*Then '''repeat the process''' for both the father and the mother.
 +
*If earlier generations are not in the record, '''search neighboring parishes. '''
 +
 +
  
 
{{Forum badge
 
{{Forum badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| layout = vertical
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| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/forumdisplay.php?f=8
 
| name = Western European Research Forum
 
| name = Western European Research Forum
}}  
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</div>
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[[Category:Provinces of Spain]]
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[[Category:Spain]]
 

Latest revision as of 15:02, 10 October 2017

Spain Wiki Topics
Spanish flag.jpg
Beginning Research
Record Types
Country Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Spain
Castilla and Leon
Salamanca Province
SP Locator Map Spain Salamanca.png

Guide to Salamanca province ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

{{{link}}}Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Most of your genealogical research for Salamanca will be in two main record types: civil registration and church records. This article will teach you methods for locating and searching these two record groups.

History

For years this area became the main battlefield between the Christian kingdoms and the Muslim Al-Andalus rulers. The constant fighting of the Kingdom of León first, and the Kingdom of Castile and León later against the Caliphate depopulated Salamanca. During the 16th century, the city reached its height of splendour and Salamanca hosted the most important intellectuals of the time; these groups of mostly-Dominican scholars were designated the School of Salamanca. Salamanca suffered the general downturns of the Kingdom of Castile during the 17th century, but in the 18th century it experienced a rebirth. In the Peninsular War of the Napoleonic campaigns, the Battle of Salamanca, in which an Anglo-Portuguese Army led by Wellington defeated the French army of Marmont, on 22 July 1812. The western quarter of Salamanca was seriously damaged by cannon fire. The battle which raged that day many thousands of men were killed in the space of only a few short hours.

During the devastating Spanish Civil War in 1936–39 the city quickly went over to the Nationalist side and was used as the de facto capital. Franco was named Generalissimo on 21 September 1937 while at the city, and in the same year was formed, by a decree signed in the city, the official fascist party that ruled Spain until the end of the Francoist regime. The Nationalists soon moved most of the administrative departments to Burgos, which being more central was better suited for this purpose. However, some administrative departments, Franco's headquarters, and the military commands stayed in Salamanca, along with the German and Italian fascist delegations, making it the de facto Nationalist capital. Like much of fervently Catholic and largely rural Leon and Old Castile regions, Salamanca was a staunch supporter of the Nationalist side and Francisco Franco's regime for its long duration. Since 1996, Salamanca has been the designated site of the archives of the Spanish Civil War. The original documents were assembled by the Francoist regime, selectively obtained from the administrative departments of various institutions and organizations during the Spanish Civil War as a repressive instrument used against opposition groups and indviduals.

The population of Salamanca is roughly 154,462 people.[1]

Civil Registration

  • Spanish civil registration records (government birth certificates, marriage certificates, and death certificates) began in 1871.
  • Births, marriages, and deaths were recorded by the local Juzgado de la Paz, or Oficinia del Registro Civil. The records are still housed in their local municpal archives. In addition, Spain does have a national index or central repository for civil registration.
  • Some municipios (towns/cities) may have civil registration records beginning as early as 1837. Some of them have been microfilmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch.
  • Larger cities may have multiple civil registration districts, and smaller towns may have their own civil registration office, or belong to an office of a nearby town. To determine the political jurisdiction for the town where your ancestors came from, please see the Spain Gazetteers article.


Here are several different approaches to obtaining these certificates:

1. Online Digitized Civil Registration

The following records are available online from FamilySearch Historical Records:
Currently, there are no online FamilySearch Historical civil registration records for this area. You should check back from time to time to see if they have become available.

2. Microfilm Copies of Civil Registration Records Searched at a Family History Center

Currently, the Family History Library does not have civil registration microfilms for this area. You should check back from time to time to see if they become available. In the meantime. it is possible to write for the records.

3. Ordering Certificates From the Ministerio de Justica

  • Researchers can solicit the Ministerio de Justicia online for copies of certificates.
  • For detailed information on how to order these records online, please see the article Order Spain Vital Records Online. It will take you through the process step by step, and includes translation of terms you will find in that process.

4. Writing to the Civil Registry of a Municipality

  • Juzgado de la Paz or Oficina del Registro Civil should be contacted if a certificate copy request to the Ministerio de Justicia fails.
  • Use the following address, filling in the parentheses with the specific information for your town :
Oficina del Registro Civil
(Street address: This link will give you addresses for all the civil registries in Salamanca.)
(postal code) (City)
Salamanca, Spain
  • Full name and the sex of the person sought.
  • Names of the parents, if known.
  • Approximate date and place of the event.
  • Your relationship to the person.
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, etc.).
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record.
  • Check or cash for the search fee (usually about $10.00).

Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this Spanish Letter-writing Guide.

Catholic Church Records

  • Catholicism's roots extend deep into Spain's history. Parish and diocesan records created by the Catholic Church in Spain have long been considered some of the richest genealogical records in the world. Ever since the Council of Trent, Catholic parish records have been consistently recorded, usually providing three generations in a single baptismal entry.
  • The vast majority of Spaniards are Catholic, and so almost every Spaniard can be found in the records of the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church was the primary record keeper of births, marriages, and deaths, until civil registration started in 1869.
  • Some church records have been lost or have deteriorated due natural disasters such as fire, flood, and earthquakes. Civil and political strife has also caused record loss, including during time of the Spanish Civil War.
  • The Catholic Church has created several different records. The most used in genealogical research include: baptisms (bautizos, bautismos), marriages (matrimonios), and burials (entierros, defunciones, fallecimientos). Other records include: confirmations (confimaciones) and pre-marriage investigations (expedientes matrimoniales, información matrimonial).
  • Tip: If you are researching after 1869, when Civil Registration started in Spain, both church and civil records should be searched since there may be information in one record that does not appear in the other.

1. Online Church Records

The following records are available online from FamilySearch Historical Records:

2. Microfilmed Records From the Family History Library

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There might be microfilmed records available but not included in the online collections. Currently, they are being digitized, and plans are to complete that project by 2020. Check back occasionally to see if your records have become available. In the meantime, some of them might be available at a Family History Center near you. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on this link to see a list of records for Spain, Salamanca.
b. Click on "Places within Spain, Salamanca" and a list of towns and cities will open.
c. Click on the town or city you wish to search.
d. Click on "Church Records" topic. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
e. Choose the correct event and time period for your ancestor.
f. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

3. Writing to a Catholic Priest for Church Records

Baptism, marriage, and death records may be searched by contacting or visiting local parish or diocese archives in Spain. Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. This method is not always reliable. Officials might or might not respond.

Write a brief request in Spanish to the proper church using this address as guide, replacing the information in parentheses:

Reverendo Padre
Parroquia de (name of parish)
(street address, if known: consult The Catholic Directory)
(postal code), (city), Salamanca
Spain


When requesting information, send the following:

  • Money for the search fee, usually $10.00, and an international reply coupon (IRC)
  • Full name and the sex of the ancestor sought
  • Names of the ancestor’s parents, if known
  • Approximate date and place of the event
  • Your relationship to the ancestor
  • Reason for the request (family history, medical, and so on)
  • Request for a photocopy of the complete original record


Write your request in Spanish whenever possible. For writing your letter in Spanish, use the translated questions and phrases in this Spanish Letter-writing Guide.]

Reading the Records

  • You do not have to be fluent in Spanish to read your documents. Genealogical records usually contain a limited vocabulary. Use this Spanish Genealogical Word List to translate the important points in the document. Reading handwriting skills are taught in the BYU Spanish Script Tutorial.
  • Online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:




Tips for finding your ancestor in the records

Effective use of church records includes the following strategies.

  • Search for the birth record of the relative or ancestor you selected. When you find his birth record, search for the births of his brothers and sisters.
  • Then, search for the marriage of his parents. The marriage record will often help you find the birth records of the parents.
  • You can estimate the ages of the parents and determine a birth year to search for their birth records.
  • Search the death registers for all family members.
  • Then repeat the process for both the father and the mother.
  • If earlier generations are not in the record, search neighboring parishes.
  • Wikipedia Collaborators, " Salamanca," In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salamanca. Visited 10 October 2017.