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Resident Books (obyvalet'skiye/domovye knigi)
The population was registered at their place of residence. Each person was then issued an internal passport that served as the major form of individual identification. During the imperial period they were called inhabitant books - obyvatel'skiye knigi and after the Revolution they were called home books - domovye knigi. They identify head of household, family members, ages, religion, occupation, address and former address.