Russell County, Alabama Genealogy

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Alabama  Gotoarrow.png  Russell County

Guide to Russell County Alabama genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Alabama
Online Records

Russell County, Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
County Seat Phenix
Russell County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Russell County Courthouse
P O Box 969
Phenix, Alabama 36868
Phone: 334-298-6426 County Website

County Courthouse

County Health Department has birth and death records
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records
Judge of Probate has marriage probate and land records. [1]


Parent County

1832--Russell County was created 18 December 1832 from the Creek Cession of 1832.
County seat: Phenix [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss



Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



  • Cemetery Records of Jefferson and Walker Counties, Alabama. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Society?, 1945. Digital version at Ancestry ($). Includes Pine Grove Cemetery (Phenix City, Ala.).


Historical populations
Census Pop.
Est. 201154,5729.7%
For tips on accessing Russell County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Land and Property

Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War service men from Russell County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Russell County.

- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H [subsequently, Company C]
- 6th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company J "Russell Volunteers" [subsequently, Company F]
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (Cantey Rifles)
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 33rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 34th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I and K
- 37th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D
- 39th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 45th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D and F


Finding More Alabama Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Russell County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Russell County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Russell County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

  • 1830-1976 - Russell County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Records, 1830-1976 at FamilySearch - free.


Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Russell County is in District 2.

Vital Records

  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry – ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1844-1850, 1859, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry – ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1845-1850 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920" at Ancestry – ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry – ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

Societies and Libraries


Russell County Historical Commission
801 Dillingham Street
Seale, Alabama 36875


Phenix City-Russell County Library
1501 17th Avenue
Phenix City, Alabama, 36867

Chattahoochee Valley Community College

2602 College Drive

Phenix City, Alabama,36869


Family History Centers

Russell County Alabama Genealogy Websites

Russell County Alabama Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Russell County p. 39. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at