Rosebud Indian Agency (South Dakota)
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Rosebud Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Rosebud Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 45, Rosebud Agency], in Meyer County, South Dakota.
Some of the records of the Leech Lake Agency have been transferred to the Great Lakes Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Chicago and others to the Central Plains Regional Archives of NARA in Kansas City. Most of the agency records thus transferred, of greatest value to family historians, are in the Chicago collection. They include:
- Annuity payrolls, 1899-1922
- Sanitary reports, 1899-1918
- Miscellaneous school records, 1899-1920
- Vital records, 1901-1919
- Allotment records, 1902-1913
- School census records, 1915-1921
- Draft registration cards, 1918
The records of Leech Lake Agency transferred to the Kansas City facility are mostly miscellaneous administrative records, although they do have a family roll of the Leech Lake Pillager Band for 1906, and some estate and heirship records.
Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Rosebud Agency, are on roll 43 of that Microcopy set. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617716).
Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Leech Lake Agency, 1907-1938, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, rolls 118-119, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724336-1724337).
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1887, 1891-1892, 1895-1907, 1909-1912, 1915-1939, and 1942 thru 1943. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 427 thru 445. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 581241-581259). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online