Difference between revisions of "Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Rockingham County'''
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Guide to '''Rockingham County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
  
<br>'''Rockingham County, Virginia''' genealogy and family history research page. Guide to '''Rockingham County''' (established 1666) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.
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{{Click|Image:VA_ORP.png|Virginia Online Genealogy Records}}  
 
 
{{VADC}}  
 
 
 
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Rockingham County
 
| county = Rockingham County
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Harrisonburg
 
| seat wl = Harrisonburg
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| building image = VirginiaRockinghamCourthouse.jpg
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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=== Rockingham County, Virginia Courthouse  ===
 
 
[[Image:{{VARockinghamcourthouse}}]]
 
 
 
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}
 
  
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[[File:VirginiaRockingham-HarrisonburgJudicialCenterCourthouse.jpg|thumb|185 px|185 px|<center>Rockingham-HarrisonburgJudicialCenter Courthouse</center>|right]]
 
[http://www.rockinghamcountyva.gov/ Rockingham County Courthouse]<br>Circuit Court<br>Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801<br>Phone: 540-564-3111<br>  
 
[http://www.rockinghamcountyva.gov/ Rockingham County Courthouse]<br>Circuit Court<br>Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801<br>Phone: 540-564-3111<br>  
  
 
Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1862-1894, <br>death records 1890-1894, marriage, probate, <br>court and land records from 1778 and divorce <br>records from 1833.&nbsp; Some records burned in 1864<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, Virginia. Page 720 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>  
 
Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1862-1894, <br>death records 1890-1894, marriage, probate, <br>court and land records from 1778 and divorce <br>records from 1833.&nbsp; Some records burned in 1864<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, Virginia. Page 720 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>  
  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Death|Death]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''  
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|}
 
|}
  
== History  ==
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== Rockingham County, Virginia History  ==
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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[[Image:{{2ndMarquessRockingham}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{2ndMarquessRockingham}}]]  
  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1777'''--Rockingham County was created 20 October 1777 from [[Augusta County, Virginia|Augusta]] County.<br>'''County seat: '''Harrisonburg <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,'' 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1777'''--Rockingham County was created 20 October 1777 from [[Augusta County, Virginia|Augusta]] County.<br>'''County seat: '''Harrisonburg <ref name="HBG" />  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/virginia/ "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps"] (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
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{{Fire}}[[Image:War.jpg|right|175px|War.jpg]]'''1787'''  Wills and estate records were destroyed in a courthouse fire.<br>
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'''1864'''  Deeds, orders, wills and fiduciary books were lost or severely damaged by fire in June 1864 during the American Civil War after having been removed from the courthouse. Many loose records remaining at the courthouse survived. Pre-1865 deeds and wills were re-recorded particularly after November 1884.<ref name="lost">[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn30_lostrecords.pdf Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records], 6, in ''Library of Virginia'' (accessed 4 April 2014).</ref> <ref name="HBG" /><ref>Dorothy Boyd-Rush, "The Estate of Margaret Sipe of Rockingham County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):268-271. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/ American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985)}}.</ref><br>
  
 
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890  
 
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890  
*Some wills and other records burned in 1864<ref name="Handybook" /><ref>Dorothy Boyd-Rush, "The Estate of Margaret Sipe of Rockingham County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):268-271. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985)}}.</ref>
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{{Lrld}}{{Fire+}}
 
 
{{Lrld}}  
 
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Rockingham County, Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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|}
 
|}
  
== Resources  ==
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== Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
[[Image:Varockingham.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
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==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/HRHS/cem_index.htm Rockingham County Tombstones by Cemetery] by Harrisonburg Rockingham Historical Society - free.
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{| width="75%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1"
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|-
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=48&GScnty=2881&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|431267|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=48&CScnty=2881 Findagrave.com]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/HRHS/cem_index.htm VAGenWeb]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Rockingham+Virginia&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=United%20States&state=Virginia&county=Rockingham&cemetery_name=a Billion Graves]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://usgwarchives.net/va/rockingham.htm VAGenWeb Archives]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/rockingham.html Tombstone Project]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://virginiagravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=79 Virginia Gravestones]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/# Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" colspan="3" | See [[Virginia Cemeteries|Virginia Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/HRHS/cem_index.htm Rockingham County Tombstones by Cemetery] by Harrisonburg Rockingham Historical Society - free.  
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*Rudolph, Frances Lee Wilson, compiled. District of Columbia Francis Scott Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution.''Inscriptions of tombstones in cemeteries of Augusta and Rockingham counties, Virginia, copied April 1946&nbsp;: with a brief sketch of the history of churches connected with the cemeteries, including pictures of Augusta Stone Church, Cross Keys, and Mount Tabor.'' [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/329937 FHL Microfilm 849494]
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''  
 
'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''  
  
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
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*"Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890.[http://www.pwcvabooks.com Prince William County Virginia], by Ronald Ray Turner. {{FHL|686323|item|disp=FHL Collection.}} 
  
 
'''''1900'''''  
 
'''''1900'''''  
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#'''Lost River''' (1784)<ref name="baptist" />.  
 
#'''Lost River''' (1784)<ref name="baptist" />.  
#'''Lynville's Creek''' aka '''Linville Creek''' (1756)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>. Minute books begin in 1756: {{FHL|226062|item|disp=FHL Film 441485 Item 2}}. Another copy: {{FHL|373301|item|disp=FHL Film 32271}}. Some records have been published: {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.<ref name="ed">F. Edward Wright, ''Early Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia'' (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1998). {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.</ref> Cemetery records are [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/HRHS/cem/myers.htm online]. Church records are online in [http://hsp.org/collections/catalogs-research-tools/members-only-database Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985] at [http://hsp.org/ Historical Society of Pennsylvania] – $, free to members of the society; Also available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2451 Ancestry.com].  
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#'''Lynville's Creek''' aka '''Linville Creek''' (1756)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>. Minute books begin in 1756: {{FHL|226062|item|disp=FHL Film 441485 Item 2}}. Another copy: {{FHL|373301|item|disp=FHL Film 32271}}. Some records have been published: {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.<ref name="ed">F. Edward Wright, ''Early Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia'' (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1998). {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.</ref> Cemetery records are [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/HRHS/cem/myers.htm online]. Church records are online in [http://hsp.org/collections/catalogs-research-tools/members-only-database Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985] at [http://hsp.org/ Historical Society of Pennsylvania] – $, free to members of the society; Also available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2451 Ancestry ($)].  
 
#'''Pleasant Run''' (by 1806). Membership rolls (1806-1809) were published in the ''Seattle Genealogical Society Bulletin'', Vol. 16, No. 3 (Mar. 1967). {{FHL|100238|item|disp=FHL Book 979.777 B2b v. 16-17 (1966-1968)}}.<br>  
 
#'''Pleasant Run''' (by 1806). Membership rolls (1806-1809) were published in the ''Seattle Genealogical Society Bulletin'', Vol. 16, No. 3 (Mar. 1967). {{FHL|100238|item|disp=FHL Book 979.777 B2b v. 16-17 (1966-1968)}}.<br>  
#[http://www.smithcreekbaptistchurch.com/History.html '''Smith's Creek'''] (1756), New Market, Va. A history has been published: {{FHL|730245|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 307}}. Some records have been published: {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.<ref name="ed" />
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#[http://www.smithcreekbaptistchurch.com/History.html '''Smith Creek'''] (1756), New Market, Va. A history has been published: {{FHL|730245|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 307}}. Some records have been published: {{FHL|728651|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5922 K2w}}.<ref name="ed" />
  
{{VAbap}}  
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{{VAbap}}Rockingham County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association.
  
Rockingham County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association.  
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===== Church of England  =====
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Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Rockingham County is available [http://archive.org/stream/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft#page/316/mode/2up online.]<ref name="meade">William Meade, ''Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia'', 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: [http://www.archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis01meaduoft Vol. I] and [http://archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft Vol. II].</ref>
  
 
===== German Reformed  =====
 
===== German Reformed  =====
  
*Braun, Johannes, Klaus Wust and Joseph H. Meyerhoeffer. ''Shenandoah Valley Family Data, 1799-1813: From the Memorandum Book of Pastor Johannes Braun''. Edinburg, Va.: Shenandoah History Publishers, 1978. {{FHL|16966|title-id|disp=FHL&nbsp;US/CAN&nbsp;Book 975.5 K2bjo}}.
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*'''1745-1880''' - Peaked Mountain Church, McGaheysville Christening Index 1745-1880. Batch {{IGI|C506111}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at [[Media:Igivirginia.pdf|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf]].</ref>
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*Braun, Johannes, Klaus Wust and Joseph H. Meyerhoeffer. ''Shenandoah Valley Family Data, 1799-1813: From the Memorandum Book of Pastor Johannes Braun''. Edinburg, Va.: Shenandoah History Publishers, 1978. {{FHL|16966|title-id|disp=FHL&nbsp;US/CAN&nbsp;Book 975.5 K2bjo}}.  
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*Burkett, Brigitte. Rockport, Maine: Picton Press, 2003. ''German Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia. ''v. 1. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1786-1897; St. Michael's Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1789-1889; Ermentraut's Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1798-1863''. FHL&nbsp;975.5922 K2b v. 1.&nbsp;''
  
 
===== Quaker  =====
 
===== Quaker  =====
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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 250 genealogies have been published about Rockingham County families. To view a list, visit [[Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy|Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 325 genealogies have been published about Rockingham County families. To view a list, visit [[Rockingham County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies|Rockingham County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies]].
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
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*Wayland, John Walter. ''A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. ''Dayton, Va.: Ruebush-Elkins Co., 1912. {{FHL|635596|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10599 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|218569}} - free.<br>  
 
*Wayland, John Walter. ''A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. ''Dayton, Va.: Ruebush-Elkins Co., 1912. {{FHL|635596|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10599 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|218569}} - free.<br>  
 
*Wayland, John Walter. ''Men of Mark and Representative Citizens of Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, Virginia: Portraits and Biographies of Men and Women. ''Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1943. Available at {{FHL|145482|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10601 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
 
*Wayland, John Walter. ''Men of Mark and Representative Citizens of Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, Virginia: Portraits and Biographies of Men and Women. ''Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1943. Available at {{FHL|145482|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10601 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
*Wayland, John Walter. ''Virginia Valley Records: Genealogical and Historical Materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and Related Regions (with Map).'' Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Available at FHL ({{FHL|76566|title-id|disp=original edition FHL US/CAN Film 485954 Item 3}} and {{FHL|1046218|title-id|disp=1978 reprint FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2wa 1978}}); digital versions at {{FSbook|951305}} - free; [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10630 Ancestry] ($); [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806303727_johnwwayland1930 World Vital Records] ($).<br>
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*Wayland, John Walter. ''Virginia Valley Records: Genealogical and Historical Materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and Related Regions (with Map).'' Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Available at FHL ({{FHL|76566|title-id|disp=original edition FHL US/CAN Film 485954 Item 3}} and {{FHL|1046218|title-id|disp=1978 reprint FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2wa 1978}}); digital versions at {{FSbook|951305}} - free; [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10630 Ancestry] ($); [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806303727_johnwwayland1930 World Vital Records] ($).<br>  
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*Arrington, Mary M. ''Mountain Valley People: A Historical Sketch of a Section of Rockingham County, Viginia, and it's People''. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1982. FHL Book&nbsp;975.5922 H2. Also available on microfiche FHL&nbsp;6049051.
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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[[Image:Varockingham.jpg|right|180px]]
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*Map of Rockingham County, Virginia - 1866 by U.S. Army at [http://www.loc.gov/resource/g3883r.la001344/ Library of Congress] - free.  View entire page to find other maps of Rockingham at the LOC.
  
 
==== Migration  ====
 
==== Migration  ====
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===== Civil War  =====
 
===== Civil War  =====
  
{{VAciv}}  
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*{{FHL|745773|item|disp=FHL book 975.5922 M2s}} ''Rockingham County Men in Gray''.<br>
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*{{FHL|498411|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29}} ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865''
  
*Information about the following regiments can be found:
 
  
(1) {{FHL|745773|item|disp=FHL book 975.5922 M2s}} ''Rockingham County Men in Gray''.<br>(2) {{FHL|498411|item|disp=FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29}} ''A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865''
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'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Rockingham County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rockingham County:
  
:- [[1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].  
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:-1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].  
 
:- [[6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company C (Rockingham Cavalry, River Rangers).<ref>Michael P. Musick, ''6th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). {{FHL|607455|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company C (Rockingham Cavalry, River Rangers).<ref>Michael P. Musick, ''6th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). {{FHL|607455|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)|7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)]]. Companies A, B, and C.  
 
:- [[7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)|7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate)]]. Companies A, B, and C.  
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:- [[33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company I (Rockingham Confederates).<ref>Lowell Reidenbaugh, ''33rd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). {{FHL|577276|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 35}}.</ref>
 
:- [[33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company I (Rockingham Confederates).<ref>Lowell Reidenbaugh, ''33rd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). {{FHL|577276|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 35}}.</ref>
  
*Men from Rockingham County were also members of the following regiments: 35th Battlion Virginia Cavalry, 58th Virginia Militia, 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves, 97th Virginia Militia, 136th Virginia Militia, 146th Virginia Militia
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Men from Rockingham County were also members of the following regiments: 35th Battlion Virginia Cavalry, 58th Virginia Militia, 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves, 97th Virginia Militia, 136th Virginia Militia, 146th Virginia Militia.
 +
 
  
 
Records and histories are available, including:  
 
Records and histories are available, including:  
  
*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932382|Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}  
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932382|Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
*Virginia, Civil War Service {{RecordSearch|1932427|Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932427|Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
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*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2322 U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://ancesstry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
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*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2344 U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
  
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
 
====== Civil War Battle  ======
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:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
 
:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
 +
 +
==== Miscellaneous Records ====
 +
 +
*'''1607-2007''' - {{RecordSearch|1932510|Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
 
==== '''Naturalization'''  ====
 
==== '''Naturalization'''  ====
  
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]  
+
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
{{VAnews}}  
+
{{VAnews}}Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
 
 
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
 
  
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
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==== Private Papers  ====
 
==== Private Papers  ====
  
*Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
+
*Virginia, [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1932510 Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007]  
 
*'''[Hite]''' Major, Nettie Leitch. "Hite Family Bible, Rockingham County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):119-121. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
 
*'''[Hite]''' Major, Nettie Leitch. "Hite Family Bible, Rockingham County, Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):119-121. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
  
 
==== Probate Records  ====
 
==== Probate Records  ====
 +
 +
''''Online Probate Links'''
 +
*'''1639 – 1850''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7832 Virginia Land, Marriage and Probate Records 1639-1850] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index to transcribed records, incomplete, $
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
Line 298: Line 354:
  
 
*'''[1777]''' "Augusta County Tithables, 1777,"&nbsp;''Magazine of Virginia Genealogy'', Vol. 42 Iss. 4 (Nov. 2004):307-310. Available at {{FHL|478773|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Covers area of present-day eastern Rockingham and Page counties.]  
 
*'''[1777]''' "Augusta County Tithables, 1777,"&nbsp;''Magazine of Virginia Genealogy'', Vol. 42 Iss. 4 (Nov. 2004):307-310. Available at {{FHL|478773|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Covers area of present-day eastern Rockingham and Page counties.]  
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 1.]  
+
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Online at [https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE1047151 FamilySearch] - free; {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 1.]  
 
*'''[1787] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]  
 
*'''[1787] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]  
 
*'''[1788]''' Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "Three Tax-Militia Lists: Heads of Families and Male Members Thereof Over Sixteen Years of Age of Rockingham County, Virginia, 1788,"&nbsp;''The Rockingham Recorder'', Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):66-68. Available at&nbsp;{{FHL|147068|title-id|disp=FHL}}.&nbsp;  
 
*'''[1788]''' Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "Three Tax-Militia Lists: Heads of Families and Male Members Thereof Over Sixteen Years of Age of Rockingham County, Virginia, 1788,"&nbsp;''The Rockingham Recorder'', Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):66-68. Available at&nbsp;{{FHL|147068|title-id|disp=FHL}}.&nbsp;  
Line 333: Line 389:
  
 
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
 +
*'''1791-1902''' - Rockingham County Marriage Index 1791-1902. Batch {{IGI|M868650}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
 
*'''1795-1825''' - Wayland, John Walter. ''Virginia Valley Records: Genealogical and Historical Materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and Related Regions (with Map).'' Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Available at FHL ({{FHL|76566|title-id|disp=original edition FHL US/CAN Film 485954 Item 3}} and {{FHL|1046218|item|disp=1978 reprint FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2wa 1978}}); digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10630 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|951305}} - free; and World Vital Records ($) [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806303727_johnwwayland1930 Original], and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva6193_valley Reprint]. Includes Rockingham Marriages 1795-1825.
 
*'''1795-1825''' - Wayland, John Walter. ''Virginia Valley Records: Genealogical and Historical Materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and Related Regions (with Map).'' Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Available at FHL ({{FHL|76566|title-id|disp=original edition FHL US/CAN Film 485954 Item 3}} and {{FHL|1046218|item|disp=1978 reprint FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2wa 1978}}); digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10630 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|951305}} - free; and World Vital Records ($) [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806303727_johnwwayland1930 Original], and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva6193_valley Reprint]. Includes Rockingham Marriages 1795-1825.
Line 339: Line 397:
  
 
*'''1853-1893''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/deaths1853.htm Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths 1853-1893] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 
*'''1853-1893''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/deaths1853.htm Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths 1853-1893] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 +
 +
*'''1862-1866''' - Rockingham County Death Index 1862-1866. Batch {{IGI|B868651}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
 
*'''1912-1939''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/certs/index-a-b.htm Selected Certificates of Death from Rockingham County, Virginia 1912 thru 1939] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 
*'''1912-1939''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/certs/index-a-b.htm Selected Certificates of Death from Rockingham County, Virginia 1912 thru 1939] (VAGenWeb) - free.
Line 355: Line 415:
 
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
 
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
== Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 
 
[http://www.heritagecenter.com/ Rockingham County Historical Society]
 
 
 
310 S Main Street
 
  
Dayton, Virginia 22812  
+
*[http://www.heritagecenter.com/ Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical Society] <br>382 High Street / P.O. Box 716 <br>Dayton, VA 22812 <br><br>
  
 
*[[Central Virginia Genealogical Association|Central Virginia Genealogical Association]]
 
*[[Central Virginia Genealogical Association|Central Virginia Genealogical Association]]
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
+
==== Family History Centers ====
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
  
== Websites  ==
+
== Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
  
 
*Rockingham County, Virginia [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/index.htm USGENWEB.]  
 
*Rockingham County, Virginia [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varockin/index.htm USGENWEB.]  
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Rockingham|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
+
*[http://www.familytree101.com/virginia/rockingham-county.html Rockingham County, VA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] (Familytree101)
*Learning How to [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help Edit our Wiki Sites]
+
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Rockingham|subject|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}<br>
 
 
<br>  
 
 
 
{{Online course badge
 
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html
 
| name = Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos
 
}}
 
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Latest revision as of 18:21, 3 October 2017

United States
Virginia
Rockingham County

Guide to Rockingham County Virginia ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


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Rockingham County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Rockingham County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Rockingham County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1666
County Seat Harrisonburg
Courthouse
VirginiaRockinghamCourthouse.jpg


Rockingham County, Virginia Courthouse

Rockingham-HarrisonburgJudicialCenter Courthouse

Rockingham County Courthouse
Circuit Court
Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801
Phone: 540-564-3111

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1862-1894,
death records 1890-1894, marriage, probate,
court and land records from 1778 and divorce
records from 1833.  Some records burned in 1864[1]

Beginning Dates for Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1778 1853 1810 1778 1778

Rockingham County, Virginia History

2nd Marquess of Rockingham

The county is named after Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (1730-1782), who served two terms as Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Parent County

1777--Rockingham County was created 20 October 1777 from Augusta County.
County seat: Harrisonburg [1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

Fire.png
War.jpg
1787 Wills and estate records were destroyed in a courthouse fire.

1864 Deeds, orders, wills and fiduciary books were lost or severely damaged by fire in June 1864 during the American Civil War after having been removed from the courthouse. Many loose records remaining at the courthouse survived. Pre-1865 deeds and wills were re-recorded particularly after November 1884.[2] [1][3]

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Rockingham County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Rockingham County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1981):54-57. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Biography

  • Wayland, John W. Men of Mark and Representative Citizens of Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1943. FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).

Cemeteries

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.
  • Rockingham County Tombstones by Cemetery by Harrisonburg Rockingham Historical Society - free.
  • Rudolph, Frances Lee Wilson, compiled. District of Columbia Francis Scott Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution.Inscriptions of tombstones in cemeteries of Augusta and Rockingham counties, Virginia, copied April 1946 : with a brief sketch of the history of churches connected with the cemeteries, including pictures of Augusta Stone Church, Cross Keys, and Mount Tabor. FHL Microfilm 849494

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17907,449
180010,37439.3%
181012,75322.9%
182014,78415.9%
183020,68339.9%
184017,344−16.1%
185020,29417.0%
186023,40815.3%
187023,6681.1%
188029,56724.9%
189031,2995.9%
190033,5277.1%
191034,9034.1%
192030,047−13.9%
193029,709−1.1%
194031,2895.3%
195035,07912.1%
196040,48515.4%
197047,89018.3%
198057,03819.1%
199057,4820.8%
200067,72517.8%

For tips on accessing Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.


1784 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

1900

  • United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Rockingham County, Virginia, Census, 1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Church Records

A map identifying the locations of early churches is available for Rockingham County: Where the River Flows: Finding Faith in Rockingham County, Virginia, 1726-1876. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.5922 H2h, 975.5922 H2h supp..

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Lost River (1784)[4].
  2. Lynville's Creek aka Linville Creek (1756)[4]. Minute books begin in 1756: FHL Film 441485 Item 2. Another copy: FHL Film 32271. Some records have been published: FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.[5] Cemetery records are online. Church records are online in Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985 at Historical Society of Pennsylvania – $, free to members of the society; Also available at Ancestry ($).
  3. Pleasant Run (by 1806). Membership rolls (1806-1809) were published in the Seattle Genealogical Society Bulletin, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Mar. 1967). FHL Book 979.777 B2b v. 16-17 (1966-1968).
  4. Smith Creek (1756), New Market, Va. A history has been published: FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 307. Some records have been published: FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.[5]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Rockingham County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association.

Church of England

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Rockingham County is available online.[6]

German Reformed
  • 1745-1880 - Peaked Mountain Church, McGaheysville Christening Index 1745-1880. Batch C506111 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • Braun, Johannes, Klaus Wust and Joseph H. Meyerhoeffer. Shenandoah Valley Family Data, 1799-1813: From the Memorandum Book of Pastor Johannes Braun. Edinburg, Va.: Shenandoah History Publishers, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 K2bjo.
  • Burkett, Brigitte. Rockport, Maine: Picton Press, 2003. German Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia. v. 1. Friedens Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1786-1897; St. Michael's Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1789-1889; Ermentraut's Lutheran and Reformed Church, 1798-1863. FHL 975.5922 K2b v. 1. 
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Smith's Creek Monthly Meeting (1736-1810) aka Broadway[8]

Court

Genealogy

More than 325 genealogies have been published about Rockingham County families. To view a list, visit Rockingham County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Immigration


Land and Property

  • Kaylor, Peter Cline. Abstract of Land Grant Surveys of Augusta and Rockingham Counties, Virginia, 1761-1791. Dayton, VA: Shenandoah Press, 1938. Available at FHL; digital version at World Vital Records ($).

Local Histories

  • Wayland, John Walter. A History of Rockingham County, Virginia. Dayton, Va.: Ruebush-Elkins Co., 1912. FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); FamilySearch Books Online - free.
  • Wayland, John Walter. Men of Mark and Representative Citizens of Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, Virginia: Portraits and Biographies of Men and Women. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1943. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Wayland, John Walter. Virginia Valley Records: Genealogical and Historical Materials of Rockingham County, Virginia, and Related Regions (with Map). Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1930. Available at FHL (original edition FHL US/CAN Film 485954 Item 3 and 1978 reprint FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 H2wa 1978); digital versions at FamilySearch Books Online - free; Ancestry ($); World Vital Records ($).
  • Arrington, Mary M. Mountain Valley People: A Historical Sketch of a Section of Rockingham County, Viginia, and it's People. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1982. FHL Book 975.5922 H2. Also available on microfiche FHL 6049051.

Maps

Varockingham.jpg
  • Map of Rockingham County, Virginia - 1866 by U.S. Army at Library of Congress - free. View entire page to find other maps of Rockingham at the LOC.

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Rockingham County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[9]

  • "A Page from Court Orders of Rockingham County, VA" [Showing Public Claims Enabling Descendants to Join Revolutionary Societies], The American Genealogist, Vol. 11 (1934):4. Available at American Ancestors ($).
  • Revolutionary Soldiers, Rockingham County, Virginia. Harrisonburg, Va.: The Historical Society?, 1976. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Rockingham County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Rockingham County men served in the 58th and 116th Regiments.[10]

  • Switzer, Frank C. and Dorothy A. Boyd-Rush Rosters, Rockingham Units, War of 1812. Rockingham Historical Society, 1987. Leaves 12. FHL Book 975.5 A1
  • Yankey, Lewis H. and Patricia T Ritchie. Brocks Gap Miscellaneous Research. FHL Book 975.5922 D2
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Rockingham County, p. 101-102. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War


Regiments. Service men in Rockingham County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rockingham County:

-1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (Rockingham Cavalry, River Rangers).[11]
- 7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate). Companies A, B, and C.
- 7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Confederate). Company B (2nd) (Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles), Company H (1st) (Brock's Gap Sharpshooters), Company H (2nd) (Captain John C. Shoup), and Company I (Captain E.A. Shands).[12]
- 9th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate). Companies A, B, C, and D.
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company B (Rockingham Rifles), Company C (2nd) (Mauck's Company), Company D (Bridgewater Greys), Company E (Peaked Mt. Grays), Company G (Valley Guards), Company H (Chrisman's Infantry), and Company I (Riverton Invincibles).[13]
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (1st Cavalry Regiment, Wise Legion (Confederate). Company H (Valley Rangers).[14]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company C (The Brock's Gap Sharpshooters or The Brock's Gap Rifles).[15]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H.[16]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company B.[17]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Confederate). Company I (Mount Crawford Cavalry aka Valley Rifles).[18]
- 31st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). 1st Company B (Pendleton County Minutemen).[19]
- 33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company I (Rockingham Confederates).[20]

Men from Rockingham County were also members of the following regiments: 35th Battlion Virginia Cavalry, 58th Virginia Militia, 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves, 97th Virginia Militia, 136th Virginia Militia, 146th Virginia Militia.


Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Rockingham County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Miscellaneous Records

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Harrisonburg silversmiths.]

Private Papers

Probate Records

'Online Probate Links

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1777] "Augusta County Tithables, 1777," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 42 Iss. 4 (Nov. 2004):307-310. Available at FHL. [Covers area of present-day eastern Rockingham and Page counties.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Online at FamilySearch - free; FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]
  • [1788] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "Three Tax-Militia Lists: Heads of Families and Male Members Thereof Over Sixteen Years of Age of Rockingham County, Virginia, 1788," The Rockingham Recorder, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):66-68. Available at FHL
  • [1789, 1801] Images of the 1789 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Rockingham County, Virginia  are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1790] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "1790 Poling List, Rockingham County, Virginia," The Rockingham Recorder, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):69. Available at FHL.
  • [1792] Strickler, Harry M. Tenth Legion Tithables (Rockingham Division) Rockingham County, Virginia Tithables for 1792: A List of All the White Males Above 16 Years of Age in the County and All the Slaves Above 12 in the County in 1792. Luray, Virginia: H.M. Strickler, 1930. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.592 R4sand FHL US/CAN Film 1425662 Item 7 ; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • [1795-1813]Heinegg, Paul. "Rockingham County Personal Property Tax, 1795-1813," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1798] Tax list of house owners, 1798, Rockingham Recorder. Dayton VA: Apr 1945. Vol. 1 Iss. 1.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is 1815 land tax. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 4.]
  • [1815] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy A. "1815 Rockingham County Tax List," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 40, No. 2 (May 2002):89-102; Vol. 40, No. 3 (Aug. 2002):200-206; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Nov. 2002):317-326; Vol. 41, No. 1 (Feb. 2003):55-68; Vol. 41, No. 2 (May 2003):149-166; Vol. 42, No. 2 (Feb. 2005):97-104; Vol. 43, No. 1 (Feb. 2005):70-74. Available at FHL; digital version of Volume 40 at Ancestry ($).
  • [1815] Boyd-Bragg, Dorothy A. "A List of the Free Negroes, Rockingham County [1815]," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Feb. 2007):63-64. Available at FHL
  • [1816] Boyd-Bragg, Dorothy A. "Rockingham County Tax Book for the Year 1816," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Aug. 2004):189-202; Vol. 42, No. 4 (Nov. 2004):265-284; Vol. 43, No. 2 (May 2005):153-168. Available at FHL.

Vital Records

Indexes to Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth

Beth Fridley has published the following abstracts of Rockingham County, Virginia birth records online at Ancestry:

  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1853-56 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1857-59 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1860-65 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1866-84 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1885-87 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1888-90 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1891-93 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1894-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
  • 1791-1902 - Rockingham County Marriage Index 1791-1902. Batch M868650 at FamilySearch - free.
Death
  • 1862-1866 - Rockingham County Death Index 1862-1866. Batch B868651 at FamilySearch - free.

Beth Fridley has published the following abstracts of Rockingham County, Virginia death records online at Ancestry:

  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1853-61 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1862-77 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1878-85 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1886-95 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, Virginia. Page 720 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 6, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  3. Dorothy Boyd-Rush, "The Estate of Margaret Sipe of Rockingham County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):268-271. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. 5.0 5.1 F. Edward Wright, Early Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1998). FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.
  6. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.
  8. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  9. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 43-44. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  10. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 190. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  11. Michael P. Musick, 6th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66.
  12. Richard L. Armstrong, 7th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 88.
  13. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
  14. Robert J. Driver, 10th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 87.
  15. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  16. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  17. Richard B. Kleese, 23rd Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 118.
  18. Richard L. Armstrong, 25th Virginia Infantry and 9th Battalion Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 71.
  19. John M. Ashcraft, 31st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 48.
  20. Lowell Reidenbaugh, 33rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 35.
  21. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  22. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).

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