Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png North CarolinaGotoarrow.png Robeson County

Guide to Robeson County North Carolina genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

link= Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records North Carolina
Online Records

Robeson County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Robeson County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1670
County Seat Lumberton
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for <img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="28" _fckfakelement="true" src="" class="FCK__MWTemplate"> Government Records
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Vital_Records">Birth</a>
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Vital_Records">Marriage</a>
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Vital_Records">Death</a>
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Census">Census</a>
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Land">Deeds</a>
<a href="Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy#Probate">Wills</a>

<a href="">Robeson County Courthouse</a>
500 N Elm Street P O Box 22
Lumberton, NC 28358
Phone: 919-671-3044

Register of Deeds has b rec from 1913
marriage records from 1787
death records from 1915
and land records from 1799, Clerk Superior Court has divorce
and court records from 1920 and probate records from 1868[1]


Many free African American families moved to Robeson County from Virginia in the 1700s.

Parent County

1787--Robeson County was created from <a href="Bladen County, North Carolina">Bladen</a> County.
County seat: Lumberton [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Many of the court records are missing.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





Church Records

  • Ash Pole. Organized 1796.[3]
  • First Baptist Church, Lumberton, N.C. <a href="">First Baptist Church, Lumberton, North Carolina; one hundred years of Christian witnessing, 1855-1955</a> - available online via the Eastern NC Digital Library
  • Saddle Tree Creek. Constituted by 1788.[4]




It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote <a href="Elizabeth Shown Mills">Elizabeth Shown Mills</a>, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War service men from Robeson County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies and regiments that were formed with many men from Robeson County.

- <a href="51st Regiment, North Carolina Militia">51st Regiment, North Carolina Militia</a>, Company F



  • Pre-1790 - <a href="">Pre-1790 Robeson County, North Carolina Genealogy Wills</a> stored at the North Carolina State Archives are online - free. <a href="North Carolina Probate Records#Proved_in_North_Carolina">Website tips</a>.


Vital Records

Uncertified copies of vital records can be ordered for a small fee from the Register of Deeds. Please <a href="">visit their website</a> for more information.


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

  • <a _fcknotitle="true" href="Introduction to LDS Family History Centers">Introduction to LDS Family History Centers</a>
  • <a _fcknotitle="true" href="Pembroke North Carolina Family History Center">Pembroke North Carolina Family History Center</a>

Web Sites


  1. &amp;lt;i&amp;gt;Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America&amp;lt;/i&amp;gt;, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Robeson County, North Carolina. Page 512 &amp;lt;img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="20" _fckfakelement="true" src="" class="FCK__MWTemplate"&amp;gt;; &amp;lt;img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="19" _fckfakelement="true" src="" class="FCK__MWTemplate"&amp;gt;.
  2. &amp;lt;i&amp;gt;The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America&amp;lt;/i&amp;gt;,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Lemuel Burkitt and Jesse Read, &amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;gt;A Concise History of the Kehukee Baptist Association: From Its Original Rise Down to 1808&amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;gt; (1808), Chapter 16. Digital version at &amp;amp;lt;a href="" _fcksavedurl=""&amp;amp;gt;St Paul's Seminary website&amp;amp;lt;/a&amp;amp;gt;; "Ashpole Church," &amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;gt;North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,&amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;gt;, accessed 22 October 2012.
  4. George Washington Paschal, &amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;gt;History of North Carolina Baptists,&amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;gt; 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:491. &amp;amp;lt;img _fck_mw_template="true" _fckrealelement="13" _fckfakelement="true" src="" class="FCK__MWTemplate"&amp;amp;gt;; Lemuel Burkitt and Jesse Read, &amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;gt;A Concise History of the Kehukee Baptist Association: From Its Original Rise Down to 1808&amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;gt; (1808), Chapter 16. Digital version at &amp;amp;lt;a href="" _fcksavedurl=""&amp;amp;gt;St Paul's Seminary website&amp;amp;lt;/a&amp;amp;gt;.
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, &amp;amp;lt;i&amp;amp;gt;Parish and Vital Records List&amp;amp;lt;/i&amp;amp;gt; (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
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<a _fcknotitle="true" href="Category:Robeson_County,_North_Carolina">Robeson_County,_North_Carolina</a>