Difference between revisions of "Rhode Island Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]  >  [[Rhode Island Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Rhode_Island_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
'''1790-1930--'''Federal census records are available for Rhode Island from 1790 to 1930.
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<br>
  
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Rhode Island Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
<br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.
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|}
  
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
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=== Online Rhode Island indexes and images ===
  
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number.
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{{Census Online Rhode Island}}
  
'''1890 Census--'''The 1890 census was destroyed.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
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==== Microfilm images ====
  
== Historical Background  ==
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|646848|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|698918|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}
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| {{FHL|745504|title-id|disp=1840-1790}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037511|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|642364|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|706375|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|
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|-
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| {{FHL|555229|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|676513|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744497|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|
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|-
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|
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|
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|
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|
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|}
  
'''1790--'''Rhode Island became the 9th state in the Union in 1790.
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<br>
  
== Indexes  ==
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#rhode-island 1910 T624]&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#rhode-island 1860 M653&nbsp;]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#rhode-island 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-06.html#rhode-island Soundex T1069]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#rhode-island 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#rhode-island 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-05.html#rhode-island Soundex M1585]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#rhode-island 1880 T9] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#rhode-island Soundex T770]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#rhode-island 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637&nbsp;]
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|}
  
'''1790-1870 Indexes--'''Statewide indexes are available for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses in book form and for 1790 to 1850 on microfiche.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''Soundex--'''A soundex (phonetic) index is available on microfilm for part of the 1880, 1910 and all of the 1900, and 1920 censuses.<br>
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Rhode Island, [[Rhode Island Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
== Special Censuses ==
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=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
==== Colonial Censuses ====
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==== Online indexes and images ====
  
'''1747 to 1754, 1774, 1782--'''Colonial censuses (or similar lists of names) exist for 1747 to 1754, 1774, and 1782. These generally name the head of the household and the number of persons in the family. Many of these have been published, such as:<br>
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Rhode Island'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/147318 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
*John R. Bartlett, comp., ''Census of the Inhabitants of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1774 ''(Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969; Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=38320&disp=Census+of+the+inhabitants+of+the+colony+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 974.5 X2pb, fiche 6046611]).
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
A census of all males 16 or older was taken in 1777. See the following:<br>
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| {{FHL|299411|title-id|disp=Freemen of 1747}}
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| {{FHL|299443|title-id|disp=Males 16 years of age and upwards, 1777}}
 +
|-
 +
|
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|
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|}
  
*Mildred M. Chamberlain, ''The Rhode Island 1777 Military Census'' (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985; Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=974.5+M2cm book 974.5 M2cm]). <br>
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Mortality Schedules<br>  ====
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Rhode Island, [[Rhode Island Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
Mortality schedules exist for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Copies of these are at:
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
Rhode Island State Library<br>State House, Room 208<br>Providence, Rhode Island 02903.<br>
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Rhode Island often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
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{| align="center" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''Rhode Island state and colonial census schedules'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 99-101.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 54-57, 71-72.</ref>
 +
|-
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| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Exact Date'''
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| align="center" width="600" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1935''' *
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1925'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1915'''
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1905'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1895'''
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;All lost, except Warren Town in Bristol County.
 +
|-
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| align="left" | '''1885'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1875'''
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1865'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1855'''
 +
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Providence City only.
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|-
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| align="left" | '''1782&nbsp;'''
 +
| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist, combination of census and tax lists.
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1777'''&nbsp;
 +
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Exist, except for the towns of&nbsp;Exeter, Little Compton,&nbsp;Middletown, Newport, New Shoreham, and Portsmouth.&nbsp;
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1774'''
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| align="left" | &nbsp;Exist
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|-
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1747'''
 +
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | &nbsp;Census of freemen; very illegible.&nbsp;
 +
|}
  
== State Censuses  ==
+
<nowiki>*</nowiki>Although the schedules are dated January through March 1936, the data refers to 1935 and this is officially referred to as the 1935 census.<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1264208282060_77" /><br>
  
'''1865 to 1936--'''State censuses were taken at 10-year intervals from 1865 to 1936. (The 1936 census was actually taken during 1935-36.) The 1895 census is missing. Microfilm copies are at the Family History Library for the complete 1865, 1875, 1885, 1915, 1925, and 1936 censuses. <br>
+
'''1865''' An index to the 1865 census is on Family History Library films 934776-99.  
  
An index to the 1865 census is on Family History Library films 934776-99. The original 1865, 1875, 1885, and 1905 to 1936 state censuses are at the Rhode Island State Archives. The state censuses provide information similar to that in the federal censuses.<br>
+
'''1747 to 1754, 1774, 1782''' These censuses generally name the head of the household and the number of persons in the family. Many of these have been published, for example:
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
*Mildred M. Chamberlain, ''The Rhode Island 1777 Military Census'' (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985; Family History Library {{FHL|974.5 M2cm|disp=book 974.5 M2cm}}). <br>
  
Rhode Island does not have a territorial census as it was never a territory.  
+
*John R. Bartlett, comp., ''Census of the Inhabitants of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1774 ''(Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969; Family History Library {{FHL|38320|title-id|disp=book 974.5 X2pb, fiche 6046611}}).
 +
*Linda L. Matthew, "1774 Census of Rhode Island" in ''Rhode Island Roots:&nbsp;Journal of the Rhode Island Genealogical Society, 35, no. 4''&nbsp;(Dec 2009): 193 (Last of the publication which started 6 years earlier).
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
The original 1865, 1875, 1885, and 1905 to 1936 state censuses are at the Rhode Island State Archives.
  
Ancestry:&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
For a list of available and missing Rhode Island censuses, [[Rhode Island Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/RI/ http://www.census-online.com/links/RI/]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ri/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ri/census.html]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/rhodeisland.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/rhodeisland.htm]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Rhode Island Census (Census Finder)&nbsp; [http://www.censusfinder.com/rhode_island.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/rhode_island.htm]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
&nbsp;
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
+
{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Rhode_Island.ASP Rhode Island Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
{{Rhode Island|Rhode Island}}{{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:Rhode_Island]]
+
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
 +
 
 +
*[[Rhode Island 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Rhode Island 1905 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Rhode Island 1915 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Rhode Island 1925 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[Rhode Island 1935 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Rhode_Island|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:35, 7 May 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  Rhode Island  go to  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Rhode Island indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Rhode Island 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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1830-1885

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Rhode Island 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
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1774-1820

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Rhode Island 
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Family
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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870  1840-1790
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624  1860 M653      1820 M33
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1069 1850 M432 1810 M252
1920 T625 and Soundex M1585 1880 T9 and Soundex T770 1840 M704 1800 M32
  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637 

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Rhode Island, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Rhode Island

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
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1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Freemen of 1747 Males 16 years of age and upwards, 1777

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Rhode Island, click here.

State and colonial censuses

Rhode Island often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Rhode Island state and colonial census schedules[8][9]
Exact Date Population Schedules
1935 *  Exist
1925  Exist
1915  Exist
1905  Exist
1895  All lost, except Warren Town in Bristol County.
1885  Exist
1875  Exist
1865  Exist
1855  Providence City only.
1782   Exist, combination of census and tax lists.
1777   Exist, except for the towns of Exeter, Little Compton, Middletown, Newport, New Shoreham, and Portsmouth. 
1774  Exist
1747  Census of freemen; very illegible. 

*Although the schedules are dated January through March 1936, the data refers to 1935 and this is officially referred to as the 1935 census.

1865 An index to the 1865 census is on Family History Library films 934776-99.

1747 to 1754, 1774, 1782 These censuses generally name the head of the household and the number of persons in the family. Many of these have been published, for example:

  • Mildred M. Chamberlain, The Rhode Island 1777 Military Census (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985; Family History Library book 974.5 M2cm).
  • John R. Bartlett, comp., Census of the Inhabitants of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1774 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969; Family History Library book 974.5 X2pb, fiche 6046611).
  • Linda L. Matthew, "1774 Census of Rhode Island" in Rhode Island Roots: Journal of the Rhode Island Genealogical Society, 35, no. 4 (Dec 2009): 193 (Last of the publication which started 6 years earlier).

The original 1865, 1875, 1885, and 1905 to 1936 state censuses are at the Rhode Island State Archives.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Rhode Island censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 99-101.
  9. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 54-57, 71-72.


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