Difference between revisions of "Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783"

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military Records]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783]]''
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[[Research U.S. Revolutionary War Ancestor|Research a Revolutionary War Ancestor]] (Daughters of the American Revolution suggestions for research)
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The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. Throughout the war, state troops and local militias supplemented the Continental (Federal) Army. The total number of men who served is not known.
 
 
 
*Beutrich, Mabel E., and Howard N. Wehmann. ''War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records''. Revised edition. PI 144. Washington, D.C.: 1970.
 
 
 
=== [[Revolutionary War Service Records|Service Records]]  ===
 
 
 
Service records document an individual’s involvement with the military. Specific records could include enlistment or compiled service records. Often these records provide your ancestor’s unit or organization. This information makes it easier to search the pension records. Service records seldom provide information about other members of a soldier’s family.
 
 
 
For further information about service records see [[Service Records|Service Records]]
 
 
 
For further information about available records see [[Revolutionary War Service Records|Revolutionary War Service Records]]
 
 
 
'''Please Note:''' Most of the records of the American Army from the Revolutionary War era that were in the custody of the War Department were destroyed by fire in 1800 or in 1814.
 
 
 
=== [[Bounty Land Warrants|Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants]]  ===
 
 
 
The first pension law in 1776 granted half-pay for life to soldiers disabled in the service and unable to earn a living. The first pension law based on service was passed in 1818, but it was later amended to make eligible only those soldiers unable to earn a living. The pension act of 1832 allowed pensions again based on service and made widows of veterans also eligible to receive pension benefits. Fires in 1800 destroyed the earliest Revolutionary War pension application records. As a result, pension application papers on file at the National Archives begin after 1800. Certain pension records predating 1800 survive in the form of {{FHL|309454|title-id|disp=Congressional reports and other legislation}}. Reports available are arranged by state; they give name, rank, regiment, description of wounds, and disability; they also give information regarding pension, place of residence, and physical fitness. (FHL film 0944495.)<br>
 
 
 
See more general information about [[Bounty Land Warrants|Bounty Land Warrants]].<br>
 
 
 
See more infomation about available records for [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Bounty Land Warrants and Pension Records]].
 
 
 
Revolutionary War Pension Files with Index and supporting file images to particiation in the Revolutionary War are available online through three commercial websites:
 
 
 
#[http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry], a paid subscription site available in the Family History Library [complete file]
 
#[http://www.footnote.com Footnote], a paid subscription site available in the Family History Library [complete file]
 
#[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest], a paid subscription site available in the Family History Library and the Family History Centers [select records in each file]
 
 
 
The 1835 Pension Roll (covers 27 states and one district) is available online at various websites. A [http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Source:United_States._Pension_Roll_of_1835_%28287874%29 WeRelate source page] leads researchers to various editions of this resource.
 
 
 
See also ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/U.S._Military_Records__Pre-WWI_Pension_Application/Player.html Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications]'' (16 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
 
 
 
=== Unit Histories  ===
 
 
 
Knowing the history of your ancestor’s military unit can help you find a place of residence at the time of enlistment or help you find a death place. The following sources are helpful in identifying Revolutionary War regiments:
 
 
 
*Berg, Fred Anderson. ''{{FHL|283193|title-id|disp=Encyclopedia of Continental Army Units, Battalions, Regiments, and Independent Corps}}''. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 1972. (FHL book 973 M2be.) Provides a brief organizational sketch of each unit in the Continental Army and lists the commanding officers.
 
*Wright, Robert K. ''{{FHL|170431|title-id|disp=The Continental Army}}.'' Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, United States Army, 1983. (FHL book 973 M2wr.) Includes extensive bibliographies, maps, and brief histories of every permanent unit in the Continental Army. <!--{12061290665154} -->
 
 
 
=== Census Records  ===
 
 
 
The 1840 Federal Census requested information on all surviving Revolutionary War veterans.&nbsp; If your ancestor is of the [[Ages of Servicemen in Wars|right age to possibly have served in the Revolutionary War]], and he was still living in 1840, check the 1840 census to see if he was marked as being a Revolutionary War veteran.
 
 
 
The following source lists living pensioners of the Revolutionary War and other military service:
 
 
 
*''{{FHL|120333|title-id|disp=Federal Population Decennial Census Schedule: Sixth Census of the United States, 1840}}''. National Archives Microfilm Publication M704. (FHL 580 films.)
 
 
 
These names are published in the following:
 
 
 
*''{{FHL|282860|title-id|disp=A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service. . . . 1841}}''. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967. (FHL book 973 X2pc 1967; film 816370; fiche 6046771.) It lists the name, age, and residence of the pensioner and the name of the head of household with whom the pensioner lived.
 
 
 
The following is an index to the above source:
 
 
 
*The Genealogical Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ''{{FHL|283600|title-id|disp=A General Index to a Census of Pensioners For Revolutionary or Military Service}}''. 1840. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1965. (FHL book 973 X2pc index 1965; film 0899835; fiche 6046771.) The index lists alphabetically both the veteran and the head of the family with whom the pensioner resided. Names with asterisks are heads of families. Page numbers refer to the published list. <!--{12061290665155} -->
 
 
 
=== [[Revolutionary War Cemetery Records|Cemetery Records]]  ===
 
 
 
Cemetery records can aid in locating information about a Revolutionary War ancestor.&nbsp; Societies such as the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Sons of the American Revolution have compiled lists and indexes of known Revolutionary War soldiers.&nbsp; State organizattions and local histories often make note of Revolutionary War veterans buried in their locality.&nbsp; For more information on these records see [[Revolutionary War Cemetery Records|Revolutionary War Cemetery Records]].
 
 
 
=== [[Revolutionary War Veterans' and Lineage Society Records|Veterans’ and Lineage Society Records]]  ===
 
 
 
Researchers who trace their family line to a Revolutionary War veteran, often submit their information to a lineage society.&nbsp; These lineages are usually required to have extensive documentation.&nbsp; Societies such as the Daughters of the American Revolution and Sons of the American Revolution have published indexes to their membership linages.&nbsp; The Society of the Cincinnati is another lineage society with Revolutionary War veteran information.&nbsp;&nbsp; For furhter information on these societies see [[Revolutionary War Veterans' and Lineage Society Records|Revolutionary War Veterans' and Lineage Society Records]].&nbsp;
 
 
 
=== Loyalists  ===
 
 
 
An estimated one-third of the people of the American colonies remained loyal to Great Britain during the Revolutionary War. As many as 50,000 fled their homes and moved to New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, and England. Records of these individuals include name lists, muster rolls, and histories. Many filed claims and petitions to the British government for compensation for losses of real and personal property.
 
 
 
To find records of Loyalists do a&nbsp; [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog&catSearchType=subject Subject Search]in the Family History Library Catalog for:
 
 
 
:'''AMERICAN LOYALISTS'''<br>
 
:'''UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS'''
 
 
 
Or, do a search at&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Place Search ]in the Family History Library Catalog for:  
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
:Place where ancestor lived<br>
 
::On the Topic List, choose:<br>
 
:::MINORITIES<br>
 
:::HISTORY<br>
 
:::Other subject headings which look feasible
 
 
 
See the Wiki articles for the states and provinces where your Loyalist ancestor lived. The outlines often list published works concerning Loyalists of that state.
 
 
 
Write to:<br>- The National Archives of Canada (395 Wellington Street, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A ON3)<br>- The Archives of Ontario (77 Grenville Street, Queens Park, Toronto, ON, Canada M7A 2R9)
 
 
 
• An excellent guide to information on Loyalists is ''{{FHL|55585|title-id|disp=A Bibliography of Loyalist Source Material in the United States, Canada, and Great Britain}}''. (FHL book 973 F23bL.)
 
 
 
*A website (still under construction) that gives loyalist land&nbsp;petitions, postwar settlements, muster rolls, documents about regiments, and&nbsp;muster rolls&nbsp;can be found at&nbsp;[http://www.royalprovincial.com www.royalprovincial.com].
 
 
 
Information from:&nbsp;Family History Library Consultants. Q &amp; A, LAD Database,&nbsp;RELEASE 4.1, Jan. 2004 MJM.<br><!--{12061299460620} --><!--{12061299460621} -->  
 
 
 
The&nbsp;[http://www.royalprovincial.com/military/orderly/orderly.htm On-line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies] site has a few of the Order Books on their site.&nbsp; Presumably all of the regiments kept Order Books however not all have been found.
 
 
 
=== Other Nations  ===
 
 
 
Many people of different&nbsp;nationalities were involved in the Revolutionary War. The following sources may be helpful:
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Ethnic Group'''
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| style="font-size: 85%; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-family: verdana; text-align: center; moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial"| '''News'''
| '''Source'''
 
| '''FHL Call Number'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| English
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| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" | <!--Add "News" Items Below-->
| A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and Their Records (1640-WWI) ''{{FHL|595597|item|disp=In Search of the "Forlorn Hope"}}'' (regiments and where stationed)  
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The Revolutionary War pension files for all 80,000 [http://www.fold3.com/title_467/revolutionary_war_pensions pension and bounty-land warrant applications] are now available online at [http://www.fold3.com Fold3.com] ($). Fold3 is available free at some libraries.
| BRITISH 942 M2kj (2 vols.)
 
 
|-
 
|-
| French
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| style="font-size: 85%; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-family: verdana; text-align: center; moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial"| '''Topics'''
| List of French soldiers: ''{{FHL|40001|title-id|disp=Les Combattants Français de la Guerre Américaine, 1778-1783}}'' (has names)  
 
| INTL 944 M2cf (Ref &amp; reg stacks)<br>US Q 944 M2cf (High Density)
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Hessians
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| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" | <!-- Add "Topics" Items Below -->
| Index: ''{{FHL|455247|title-id|disp=Hessische Truppen im Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg}}'' (HETRINA)...(has names, birthdates, places, etc.)  
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| <br>US book 943 M2mg, 6 vol.<br>v. 1-2, US Film 1320516 Items 6-7 <br>v. 3-5, US Film 1320542 Items 5-6
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*[[Revolutionary War Cemetery Records|Cemetery Records]]
|}
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*[[Revolutionary War Census Records|Census Records]]
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*[[Revolutionary War Loyalist Records|Loyalist Records]]
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*Maps
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*[[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants]]
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*[[Revolutionary War Service Records|Service Records]]
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*[[Revolutionary War Unit Histories|Unit Histories]]
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*[[Revolutionary War Veterans' and Lineage Society Records|Societies]]
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*[[Revolutionary War Rolls|War Rolls]]
  
=== Original Colonies  ===
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|-
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| style="font-size: 85%; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-family: verdana; text-align: center; moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial"| '''Other Nations'''
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<!-- Add "Other Nations" Involved in the Revolutionary War Below -->
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*Hessians
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*English
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*French
  
{| style="width: 512px; height: 209px" border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="512"
 
|+ Original 13 Colonies
 
 
|-
 
|-
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| style="font-size: 85%; background: rgb(238,238,238); color: rgb(51,51,51); font-family: verdana; text-align: center; moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial"| '''Did You Know?'''
*[[Connecticut Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775-1783.29_to_Mexican_War_.281846-1848.29|Connecticut]]
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|-
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| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" | <!--Add "Did You Know?" Items Below-->
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In 1775, when the American Revolution began, there was no regular army. Instead each colony defended itself with a militia made up of local men. With few exceptions, any male 16 or older was expected to participate in the milita. By 1776 Washington had an army of 20,000 men. About one-third came from colonial militia groups, and two-thirds were regular army.
  
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*New Hampshire
 
  
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*Pennsylvania
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*Delaware (part of PA until 1776)
 
  
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<center>''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]]''</center><br>
*New Jersey
 
 
 
|  
 
*Rhode Island
 
  
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<!-- Introduction goes below here-->
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[[Image:Revolutionary-war-034-1-.jpg|thumb|425px|<center>Washington at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. Lithograph by D. McLellan, 1853</center>]]<div style="float: right; width: 93%">The American Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783.&nbsp; It was also known as the American War of Independence. The Revolutionary War began on April 19, 1775 in Lexington, Massachusetts.&nbsp; Men betwen the age of 16 and 60 may have served sometime during the war in either the Continental Army, State Line Troops, or local militia mustered to help the Continental Troops.&nbsp; Those who supported the rebellion may be mentioned in records as a rebel or a patriot.&nbsp; Loyalists or Tories were those who opposed the rebellion.</div>
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<!--== Featured Content ==-->
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== <center>Original British Colonies</center> ==
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<center>
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{| border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="10"
 
|-
 
|-
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*Georgia
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'''<u>New England</u>'''
  
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*[[Connecticut Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775-1783.29_to_Mexican_War_.281846-1848.29|Connecticut]]
*New York
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*[[Massachusetts Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Massachusetts]]
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*[[New Hampshire Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|New Hampshire]]
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*[[Rhode Island Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775-1783.29|Rhode Island]]
  
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*South Carolina
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'''<u>Middle Colonies</u>'''
  
|-
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*[[Delaware Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Delaware]]
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*[[New Jersey Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|New Jersey]]
*Maryland
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*[[New York Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|New York]]
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*[[Pennsylvania Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Pennslynvania]]
  
|  
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| valign="top" align="left" |  
*North Carolina
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'''<u>Southern Colonies</u>'''
 
 
|  
 
*Virginia
 
  
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*[[Georgia Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Georgia]]
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*[[Maryland Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Maryland]]
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*[[North Carolina Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|North Carolina]]
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*[[South Carolina Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|South Carolina]]
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*[[Virginia Military Records#Revolutionary_War_.281775.E2.80.931783.29|Virginia]]
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|}
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{| border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="10"
 
|-
 
|-
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*Massachusetts
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<center>
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'''<u>Canada Remained Loyal</u>'''
  
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*[[Canada Military Records#GREAT_BRITAIN_-_MILITARY_RECORDS|Lower (Québec)]]
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*[[Canada Military Records#GREAT_BRITAIN_-_MILITARY_RECORDS|Upper (Ontario)]]</center>
 
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|}
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</center>
  
Several other British colonies existed on the North American continent, but remained loyal to the King. They were: <br>Upper Canada (now Ontario) <br>Lower Canada (now Quebec) <br>Nova Scotia (which included present-day New Brunswick) <br>Rupert's Land (Hudson Bay drainage basin) <br>East Florida <br>West Florida (captured by Spain (ally of the United States) in 1781) <br>
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== Websites ==
  
Many Loyalists migrated from the thirteen colonies and settled in Canadian colonies during and after the Revolution, or in British (later Spanish) Florida, or Jamaica.  
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*[http://www.dar.org/natsociety/pi_lookup.cfm Patriot Index]
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*[http://www.fold3.com Fold3] ($)  
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*[http://www.heritagequestonline.com Heritage Quest]
  
=== Related Content ===
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== Things you can do ==
  
*''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/U.S._Military_Records__Revolutionary_War/Player.html Military Records: Revolutionary War]'' (34 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.  
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In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
*Foulk, Beth. ''[http://broadcast.lds.org/elearning/fhd/Community/Mid_Continent_Library/Revolutionary_War/Player.html Revolutionary War Genealogy Research]''. (23 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online, and Mid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center], 2010.
 
  
The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) have gathered and preserved many records and many lineages related to people who served in the Revolutionary War:
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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|
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|
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*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]] 
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*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
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*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
  
*http://www.dar.org/natsociety/pi_lookup.cfm is the site for Patriot Index Lookup Service.
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|
*http://www.dar.org/library/onlinlib.cfm&nbsp; is the DAR library site and online catalog.
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*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
*http://grc.dar.org/dar/darnet/grc/grc.cfm?Action=overview&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Some of the Genealogical Records Committee Reports of the DAR is searchable online in the GRC National Index. Not all states have been indexed yet, but presently the online index contains more than 18 million names and is continually growing. Once names of interest have been found in the index, you can order copies of the pages from the DAR Library’s Search Service.
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*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]] .
*[http://www.colonialhall.com/ www.colonialhall.com] This site has biographies of the founding fathers and the signers of the Declaration of Independence and some of their wives.
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|}
*http://genealogy.about.com/cs/revolution/ht/Military_Record.htm Article on how to get copies of your Revolutionary War patriot's military records.
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</div>
*http://www.archives.gov/&nbsp; Site of the National Archives and Records Administration and home to many military records.
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~ars/index.htm http://www.rootsweb.com/~ars/index.htm] These pages contain the email and/or URL addresses of descendants or persons who can give you some background on the revolutionary soldier that is listed with each email address.
 
*[http://boards.rootsweb.com/topics.organizations.dar/mb.ashx Rootsweb DAR Message Board]&nbsp;
 
*[http://www.dar.org/natsociety/pi_lookup.cfm http://www.dar.org/natsociety/pi_lookup.cfm] is the site for Patriot Index Lookup Service where you can find your ancestor in the DAR archives.
 
 
 
== References  ==
 
  
{{U.S. Military}}
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__NOTOC__
  
[[Category:United_States|United_States]] [[Category:American_Loyalists|American_Loyalists]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|Revolutionary]] [[Category:Hessians]] [[Category:England|Revolutionary]] [[Category:Germany|Revolutionary]] [[Category:Canada|Revolutionary]] [[Category:France|Revolutionary]]
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[[Category:Wars involving the United States|Revolutionary War]]

Revision as of 23:58, 21 August 2011

News

The Revolutionary War pension files for all 80,000 pension and bounty-land warrant applications are now available online at Fold3.com ($). Fold3 is available free at some libraries.

Topics
Other Nations
  • Hessians
  • English
  • French
Did You Know?

In 1775, when the American Revolution began, there was no regular army. Instead each colony defended itself with a militia made up of local men. With few exceptions, any male 16 or older was expected to participate in the milita. By 1776 Washington had an army of 20,000 men. About one-third came from colonial militia groups, and two-thirds were regular army.


United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Revolutionary War

Washington at Princeton, Jan. 3, 1777. Lithograph by D. McLellan, 1853
The American Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783.  It was also known as the American War of Independence. The Revolutionary War began on April 19, 1775 in Lexington, Massachusetts.  Men betwen the age of 16 and 60 may have served sometime during the war in either the Continental Army, State Line Troops, or local militia mustered to help the Continental Troops.  Those who supported the rebellion may be mentioned in records as a rebel or a patriot.  Loyalists or Tories were those who opposed the rebellion.

Original British Colonies

New England

Middle Colonies

Southern Colonies

Canada Remained Loyal

Websites

Things you can do

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by: