Randolph County, Indiana Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 01:13, 9 March 2011 by ArthurCragun (talk | contribs) (edit)

Jump to: navigation, search

Template:Indiana-stub United States  > Indiana > Randolph County

County Courthouse

History of Randolph County, Indiana

Randolph County was created on 10 January 1818 from a portion of Wayne County, Indiana.  Frontier settlement had begun to reach the area by 1814.  The county was named for old Randolph County, North Carolina, many settlers having moved westward from the Carolinas.  Winchester was established as the county seat the same year the county was founded.

The first settlement was made in 1814 by a Quaker family, which was joined by five other families.  By late 1816 the influx of new settlement and land entries grew rapidly.  The years of most rapid growth were 1817-18 and 1836-37, much of the land purchased by speculators.  The first school in Randolph County was built by Quakers in 1815.  The first election was held in August 1818.  The first road opened was the Quaker Trace in 1817, running from Richmond to Ft. Wayne.  The first Court House was built in 1818.  The first railroad through the county was the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine, completed in 1852-53. 

Frame and brick structures, mills, orchards, factories, stores, hotels and banks followed.

Winchester was the first town established in Randolph County.  Lots were laid out in 1818 and the sales began in February the following year.  The area was heavily timbered with unbroken forest.  Buildings of hewed logs predominated.  The town grew slowly.

Townships of Randolph County were organized as follows: Greensfork, 1818;  White River, 1818;  Ward, 1820;  Stoney Creek, 1826;  Wayne (North), 1820;  Liberty, 1825;  Washington, 1831;  West River, 1831;  Jackson, 1833;  Green, 1834;  Nettle Creek, 1835;  Wayne, 1838; Monroe, before 1851; Franklin, 1859;  Union, 1838; Salamonie, 1834; Madison, 1835.

Anti-slavery sentiments were common in Randolph County, as many early settlers had left the Carolinas to be free of the practice.  Active supporters of the emancipation movement were  found around 1816.  The Underground Railroad functioned, and runaways were sheltered and assisted in their escape.

Early newspapers were The Journal at Winchester, and The Times at Union City.  Early banks were Citizens Bank and Commercial Bank of Union City, and Farmers and Merchants Bank and Randolph County Bank of Winchester.

Parent County

1818--Randolph County was created 10 January 1818 from Wayne County.
County seat: Winchester [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


==== Cemeteries ==== A number of cemeteries are listed on www.findagrave.com. Postings of Headstones are there as well. Some of the cemeteries are: Quaker Lynn Cemetery, White River Cemetery, Buenva Vista Cemetery and Jericho Cemetery.




Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War service men from Randolph County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County.




Vital Records

Societies and Libraries 

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).