Randolph County, Indiana Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Indiana Gotoarrow.png Randolph County

Guide to Randolph County Indiana genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Randolph County, Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Location of Indiana in the U.S.
Founded January 10, 1818
County Seat Winchester
Address Randolph County Courthouse
Winchester, IN 47394
Phone: 765.584.7070
County Website
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History of Randolph County, Indiana

Randolph County was created on 10 January 1818 from a portion of Wayne County, Indiana. Frontier settlement had begun to reach the area by 1814. The county was named for old Randolph County, North Carolina, many settlers having moved westward from the Carolinas. Winchester was established as the county seat the same year the county was founded.

The first settlement was made in 1814 by a Quaker family, which was joined by five other families. By late 1816 the influx of new settlement and land entries grew rapidly. The years of most rapid growth were 1817-18 and 1836-37, much of the land purchased by speculators. The first school in Randolph County was built by Quakers in 1815. The first election was held in August 1818. The first road opened was the Quaker Trace in 1817, running from Richmond to Ft. Wayne. The first Court House was built in 1818. The first railroad through the county was the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine, completed in 1852-53.

Frame and brick structures, mills, orchards, factories, stores, hotels and banks followed.

Winchester was the first town established in Randolph County. Lots were laid out in 1818 and the sales began in February the following year. The area was heavily timbered with unbroken forest. Buildings of hewed logs predominated.The town grew slowly.


Townships of Randolph County were organized as follows: Greensfork, 1818;White River, 1818; Ward,1820; Sto West River, 1831;Jackson, 1833; Green, 1834; Nettle Creek, 1835; Wayne, 1838; Monroe, before 1851; Franklin, 1859;Union, 1838; Salamonie, 1834; Madison, 1835.

Parent County

1818--Randolph County was created 10 January 1818 from Wayne County.
County seat: Winchester [1]

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Record Loss

Randolph County, Indiana Resources


Anti-slavery sentiments were common in Randolph County, as many early settlers had left the Carolinas to be free of the practice. Active supporters of the emancipation movement were found around 1816. The Underground Railroad functioned, and runaways were sheltered and assisted in their escape.

Bible Records



A number of cemeteries are listed on Find A Grave. Postings of Headstones are there as well. Some of the cemeteries are: Quaker Lynn Cemetery, White River Cemetery, Buenva Vista Cemetery and Jericho Cemetery.

Census Records

For tips on accessing Randolph County, Indiana Genealogy census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Church Records

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic and religious Groups




Local Histories
  • Tucker, E. 1882. History of Randolph County, Indiana: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers: to which are appended maps of its several townships. (Chicago: A.L. Klingman.) 977.266 H2t FHL US/CAN Large Q Book FHL Collectionother libraries  INTERNET ARCHIVE

Land and Property



Military Records

War of 1812

Civil War

Civil War service men from Randolph County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Randolph County.

Civil War Books

  • "Military" Chapter 20 in Tucker, E. 1882. History of Randolph County, Indiana: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers: to which are appended maps of its several townships. (Chicago: A.L. Klingman.), (page 238-296, Regiment, Company, some Name's), 977.266 H2t FHL US/CAN Large Q BookFHL Collection other libraries  INTERNET ARCHIVE

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


Early newspapers were The Journal at Winchester, and The Times at Union City.Early banks were Citizens Bank and Commercial Bank of Union City, and Farmers and Merchants Bank and Randolph County Bank of Winchester.


Almost 7,000 obituaries from Randolph County and residents of Darke County, Ohio are included in the following newspapers and provided courtesy of Darke County Genealogical Researchers:



Probate Records


County Courthouse

Randolph County Courthouse
Winchester, IN 47394
Phone: 765.584.7070

County Health Department has birth and death records.
County Clerk has marriage, divorce, probate and court records.
County Recorder has land records from 1818 and newspapers from 1876. [2]

Family History Centers

School Records


Vital Records

  • Indiana State Digital Archives for Death, E-Publication, Institution, Military, Misc Historical, Naturalization Records can be searched by person name (accessed 26 May 2011)
Birth Records
Marriage Records
Death Records

Voting Registration

Randolph County, Indiana Web Sites

Randolph County, Indiana References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randloph County, Indiana 216 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.