Randolph County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Randolph County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Randolph County, Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1828
County Seat Cuthbert
Address Randolph County Courthouse]
208 Court Street
Cuthbert, GA 31740
Phone:  229.732.6440 
Randolph County Website

County Courthouse

Randolph County Courthouse
208 Court Street
Cuthbert, GA 31740
Phone:  229.732.6440 

Probate Court has court has marriage, probate records from 1835;
Clerk superior court has divorce and land records from 1835[1]


Parent County

1828--Randolph County was created 20 December 1828 fromLee County.  County seat: Cuthbert [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties






Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories



  1837-1839 Georgia Pioneers




Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1875-1877 - Randolph County Birth Index 1875-1877. Batch C713561 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1875-1877 - Randolph County Births: 1875-1877 Georgia Pioneers
  • 1837-1860 - Randolph County Marriage Index 1837-1860. Batch M713562 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1856-1865 - Randolph County Marriage Index 1856-1865. Batch M713563 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1879-1894 - Randolph County Marriage Index 1879-1894. Batch M713564 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1895 - Randolph County Marriage Index 1895. Batch M713565 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Randolph County, Georgia. Page 159 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.