Queen Anne's War 1702 to 1713
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One of the Colonial Wars.
In Europe Queen Anne's War was called the War of the Spanish Succession. Phillip of Anjou, the grandson of Louis XIV of France, accepted the Spanish crown. This worried Britain, Holland and Austria because they did not want France and Spain to unite and become very strong.
Queen Anne's War: Allies and Adversaries
In North America
- The French and Indians made sporadic raids along the New England borders.
- The South Carolina militia destroyed the Spanish town of St. Augustine in Florida (1702).
- The French and Spanish attacked Charlestown, South Carolina (1706).
- British captured the French Port Royal in Acadia (now Nova Scotia) (1710).
- British made unsuccessful attacks on Quebec and Montreal (1711).
- Armistice was declared (1712).
- Peace of Utrecht was signed (1713).
The Peace Terms
- Britain gained Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay area, and Nova Scotia.
- France kept control of New France, including Cape Breton, Prince Edward Island, and fishing rights in Newfoundland.
During Queen Anne's War, many colonists served in local militias. Because these were local units and not part of the British Army, any surviving records are in historical societies, state libraries and archives. Most men who served in Queen Anne's War were between the ages of 16 and 60, born between 1642-1697, though some were born as early as 1632 or as late as 1701. Ages of Servicemen in Wars
INFORMATION FROM: Encyclopedia Americana. Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier Inc. c1989, Vol. 23, p. 86.
Where to Find the Records
To find indexes and records of Queen Anne's war, do a Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the state and the topic of Military Records - Colonial Period.
Gallay, Alan, ed. Colonial Wars of North America 1512–1763; An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing Company, c1996.(FHL book 973 M2cw). Contains short essays with references on people, events and topics from the Spanish conquistadors to Pontiac Wars of 1763.
For more information, see:
- US History.com = www.u-s-history.com/pages/h846.html
- InfoPlease = www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0858254.html
INFORMATION FROM: US Military Research Outline. USA: Intellectual Reserve, Inc. 1993, p. 12 and US/Canada Family History Consultants, "Queen Anne's War," in LAD, Family History Library, 2004 mjm.