Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at
Access the records: Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships, 1639-1930 .


Title in the Language of the Record

Québec, district judiciaire de Québec, tutelles et curatelles

What is in the Collection?

This collection will include records from 1639 to 1930.

This collection contains images and indexes of guardianship records. Québec notarial records are written in French. In Québec, notaires or notaries have registered contracts since 1626, including guardianships and other probate records. Guardianship papers or tutelle et curatelle, are records about orphans and the conservation of their property.

Each document in a notary's minutes gives at least the name of the notary, the date and place the document was prepared, the names and addresses of the persons involved, and the names and addresses of the witnesses. The ages and relationships of the witnesses and the persons involved are sometimes included.

The persons involved in the contracts received the originals, the notaries kept copies. Notarial records are usually listed by the name of the notary and the dates he functioned. They are not normally indexed by the names of the persons involved in the contract. Notarial records are first sent to the judicial archives, but they are eventually deposited in the branches of the National Archive of Québec.

Notarial records (actes notariés or minutes de notaire) are records prepared by a notary (notaire or protonotaire, but sometimes tabellion or scrivener). Notaries are important officials in Quebec, Louisiana, France, and other countries where a civil code based on Roman law is in force. Among other matters, notarial records deal with estates and inheritances. They are somewhat equivalent to probate records of North American states and provinces outside Louisiana and Quebec, but they include more document types.

More information about this collection is in the Quebec Notarial Records or Canada Notarial Records article.

For a list of records published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Collection Content

Guardianship records may contain the following information:

  • Name of the deceased
  • Names of children of the deceased
  • Names of other relatives of the deceased
  • Information about the guardian(s) of the children
  • Ages and relationships of witnesses

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of deceased
  • Place of death and approximate year of death

Searching The Collection

To search the collection by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page and then follow this series of links:
⇒Select the appropriate “Record Type”
⇒Select the appropriate “Year Range and File Number Range,” which will take you to the images.

You may want to begin your search in the Index which is an alphabetical listing by last name and then year of the record. Then locate the document in the File by date range.

Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

For Help Reading the Records

These records are written in French. For help reading them, see the following:

What Do I Do Next?

Once you have found the record of your ancestor, you can do the following:

  • Use the ages to calculate the year of birth.
  • The children listed on the guardianship record will help you locate the family in the Canadian Census collection.

What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?

If you can't find any information about your ancestor, try the following:

Look in the Catholic Parish Registers. This collection may give you a death date for you ancestor, the death date will aid you in finding your ancestor in this collection.

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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, Quebec items or FHL Keyword Quebec items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Quebec Archives and Libraries.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships, 1639-1930." Images. FamilySearch. : accessed 2016. Citing Cour Supérieure. Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec, Sainte-Foy.

Image Citation:

When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships, 1639-1930.