Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at
Access the records: Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships, 1639-1930 .

Title in the Language of the Record

Québec, district judiciaire de Québec, tutelles et curatelles

Record Description

This collection will include records from 1639 to 1930.

This collection contains images and indexes of guardianship records. In Québec, notaires or notaries have registered contracts since 1626, including guardianships and other probate records. Guardianship papers or tutelle et curatelle, are records about orphans and the conservation of their property.

Each document in a notary's minutes gives at least the name of the notary, the date and place the document was prepared, the names and addresses of the persons involved, and the names and addresses of the witnesses. The ages and relationships of the witnesses and the persons involved are sometimes included.

Québec notarial records are written in French. The persons involved in the contracts received the originals, the notaries kept copies. Notarial records are usually listed by the name of the notary and the dates he functioned. They are not normally indexed by the names of the persons involved in the contract. Notarial records are first sent to the judicial archives, but they are eventually deposited in the branches of the National Archive of Québec.

Notarial records (actes notariés or minutes de notaire) are records prepared by a notary (notaire or protonotaire, but sometimes tabellion or scrivener). Notaries are important officials in Quebec, Louisiana, France, and other countries where a civil code based on Roman law is in force. Among other matters, notarial records deal with estates and inheritances. They are somewhat equivalent to probate records of North American states and provinces outside Louisiana and Quebec, but they include more document types.

More information about this collection is in the Quebec Notarial Records or Canada Notarial Records article.

For a list of records published in this collection, select the Browselink from the collection landing page.

Record Content

Guardianship records may contain the following information:

  • Name of the deceased
  • Names of children of the deceased
  • Names of other relatives of the deceased
  • Information about the guardian(s) of the children
  • Ages and relationships of witnesses

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of deceased
  • Place of death and approximate year of death

Search The Collection

To search this collection using the browse:

To search the collection image by image select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page:
⇒Select the appropriate “Record Type”
⇒Select the appropriate “Year Range and File Number Range” which will take you to the images.

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination

Using the information

Once you have found the record of your ancestor, you can do the following:

  • Use the ages to calculate the year of birth.
  • The children listed on the guardianship record will help you locate the family in the Canadian Census collection.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

If you can't find any information about your ancestor, try the following:

Look in the Catholic Parish Registers. This collection may give you a death date for you ancestor, the death date will aid you in finding your ancestor in this collection.

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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, Quebec items or FHL Keyword Canada, Quebec items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Canada Archives and Libraries.

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Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

"Quebec, Quebec Judicial District, Guardianships, 1639-1930." Images. FamilySearch. : accessed 2013. Citing Cour Supérieure. Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec, Sainte-Foy.