Pueblo Indian Agency (New Mexico)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
Jicarilla Apache, Pueblo, Southern Ute, Navajo
The Pueblo Agency was established in 1854 at Santa Fe, New Mexico. It originally had responsibility for 19 Pueblo villages. In 1876, the Cimarron Agency's jurisdiction was added to the Pueblo Agency and in 1878, the Abiquiu Agency was also added to the Pueblo Agency.
In 1882, the Jicarilla Apache were transferred to the Mescalero Agency and then to the Southern Ute Agency in 1887. In 1891, they were transferred back to the Pueblo Agency, which was renamed the Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency until 1901, when it was abolished and a separate Jicarilla Agency was established.
In 1901, the agency duties formerly carried out by the Pueblo and Jicarilla Agency were transferred to the Albuquerque and Santa Fe Indian Schools. From 1911 to 1914, the agent responsibilities were transferred to the superintendents of the Albuquerque Day Schools and the Santa Fe Day Schools, respectively. In 1912, the Pueblo Day Schools at Santa Fe jurisdiction was abolished and its duties were returned to the superintendent of the Santa Fe Indian School. The Pueblo Day Schools at Albuquerque jurisdiction was abolished in 1914.
A jurisdiction named Pueblo Indian Agency and Day Schools was created in 1914. It assumed the responsibilities of the Santa Fe Indian School, the Albuquerque Indian School, the day schools at both Albuquerque and Santa Fe, the Laguna Sanatorium, and the Navajo communities at Canoncito and Puertocito.
In 1919, the Pueblo Indian Agency and Day Schools jurisdiction was abolished and its duties divided between the Northern Pueblos Agency and the Southern Pueblos Agency.
Some records for the Pueblo Agency are in the Rocky Mountain Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Denver, mostly consisting of correspondence and fiscal records of the agency.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online