Difference between revisions of "Hannover, Germany Genealogy"

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#REDIRECT [[Lower Saxony, Germany Genealogy]]
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| style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); text-align: center; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: verdana; font-size: 85%;" | '''News &amp; Events'''
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| style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); text-align: center; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: verdana; font-size: 85%;" | '''Topics'''
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*[[Prussia-Hannover Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Biography|Biographies]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Census|Census]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Church Directories|Church Directories]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Church History|Church History]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Church Records|Church Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Civil Registration|Civil Registration]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Court Records|Court Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Directories|Directories]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Dwellings|Dwellings]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Genealogy|Genealogy]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Heraldry|Heraldry]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover History|History]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Land and Property|Land and Property]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Manumission|Manumission]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Maps|Maps]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Military Records|Military Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Names, Personal|Names Personal]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Newspapers|Newspapers]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Nobility|Nobility]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Obituaries|Obituaries]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Occupations|Occupations]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Periodicals|Periodicals]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Place Names|Place Names]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Population|Population]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Probate Records|Probate Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Schools|Schools]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Societies|Societies]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Tax Records|Tax Records]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Timeline|Timeline]]
*[[Prussia-Hannover Tutorials|Tutorials]]
| style="background: rgb(238, 238, 238); text-align: center; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: verdana; font-size: 85%;" | '''Did You Know?'''
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<div style="width: 74%; padding-left: 1px; float: right;"><center>''[[Germany|<font color="#0066cc">Germany</font>]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Prussia_-_Hannover|<font color="#0066cc">Prussia - Hannover</font>]]''</center>
<br>Welcome to the Hannover page! FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Hannover page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Please visit the [[:Category:Help|help page]] to learn more about using the site. The Hannover Page is a work in progress, your contributions and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
[[Image:Wappen Preußische Provinzen - Hannover.png|frame|center|320x290px|<center>Coat of Arms of a German Corporation governed by public law<center></center>]]
=== Getting Started with Hannover Research  ===
Before starting research in Hannover, several questions need to be asked. For instance: What do I already know about the area of interest? What genealogical sources do exist for the area of interest? Who created the sources? Which repository has the sources I need? Who is an expert for my area of research? All these questions lead to more questions.
Where did my ancestor come from in Hannover? Do I know his date of birth, marriage or death? Were any of these events before 1876? If answered yes, research needs to be started with church records. Church records are kept either by the parish priest if the books are still in use, otherwise they are found in archives (ecclesiastical or state). For instance, the Evangelical-Lutheran church records for the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and the Duchy of Braunschweig are in the State Archives of Oldenburg and Wolfenbüttel respectively. The State Archive of Bückeburg has microfiche of&nbsp;the Schaumburg church books. The State&nbsp;Archive of Stade has duplicate church books for the&nbsp;Duchies of Bremen&nbsp;and Verden for the&nbsp;years 1715-1852.&nbsp;
If just Hannover is known as place of origin, the following source: [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=568138&subject_disp=Germany%2C+Preu%26%23xdf%3Ben%2C+Hannover%2C+Hannover+%2D+Church+records+%2D+Indexes&columns=*,0,0 Kirchenbuchindex, 1774-1875 Evangelische Kirche Hannover ](StKr. Hannover)&nbsp;available&nbsp;through the&nbsp;Family History Center network should be checked out. These films list all names of people belonging to the Evangelical church in the city of Hannover. If the family name is not found here, the family is most likely from the Kingdom of Hannover instead of the city of Hannover.&nbsp;If the Family History Library has&nbsp;the&nbsp; records in question&nbsp;they can be found under the name of the record keeping church. (Not every village had a church or&nbsp;had the authority&nbsp;to keep&nbsp;records!) Here is a [http://www.kirche-hannover.de/kirchenbuchamt/archivbestand.html link]&nbsp;to all those Hannover parishes which have been filmed by the Landeskirchliche Archiv (Evangelical Church Archive) of Hannover. Click on "Verfilmte Kirchenbücher&nbsp;- detaillierte Auflistung". Records can be obtained through the
Kirchenbuchamt Hannover
Hildesheimer Strasse 165/167
30173 Hannover
If the research pertains to any time after the year 1876, research needs to begin with civil registration records, the records of the Standesamt. There are [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Germany_Civil_Registration#Recent_Changes_in_Rights-to-Privacy_Laws rules] of what can be obtained from such an office. If the records have been archived they can be found in so called Stadtarchive (city archives), communal or state archives.&nbsp; Note: For a brief time civil registration records were kept when the Electorate of Hannover was part of the French Empire. Read about it [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Prussia-Hannover_Civil_Registration here]&nbsp;
Another way to start your family research is to use a so called Ortsfamilienbuch (village lineage book). If the research is reliable such a book is a great resource because family names have been thoroughly researched and linked. Here is a [http://www.ortsfamilienbuecher.de/ link] to some such books prepared for Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen).<br>An additional source to check for a lineage book is to browse the Family History Catalog at www.familysearch.org In the field “place search” enter your town, then look for “genealogies”.<br>
The greatest hurdle in accessing the correct information is knowing where to look and what to look for. Rough guidelines can be found [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Germany_Locating_Place_of_Origin here ]however, one has to get a clue about ecclesiastical and secular&nbsp;administrations, their jurisdictions and responsibilities for ones area of research.<br>
=== Jurisdictions  ===
'''The spiritual/secular authorities in the '''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map-DB-Hanover.svg '''Kingdom of Hanover (1814-1866)''']
The authorities (Obrigkeiten) were persons or institutions of&nbsp;secular or ecclesiastical nature who were installed to exercise power in factual and legal ways over the population in the Kingdom of Hanover. The populace owed obedience to the hierarchy.<br>The religious rulers were the Catholic bishops and abbots and the Evangelical superintendants. The local priest was the man in charge within his parish boundaries. The&nbsp;secular leaders were the king and the landowners.<br>Following are the names of various administrations in the Kingdom of Hanover:
'''Secular&nbsp;administrations were''':<br>Amt<br>Amtsvogtei<br>Bergamt<br>Berggericht<br>Burgvogtei<br>Commissariat<br>Gericht<br>Gohgericht<br>Gräfengericht<br>Magistrat<br>Patrimonialgericht<br>Standesherrliches Amt<br>Strukturgericht<br>Vogteigericht
'''Ecclesiastical administrations were''':<br>Klosteramt<br>Kirchenspielgericht<br>Stiftsamt
The Kingdom of Hanover was divided into Landdrosteibezirke (largest districts) to which belonged Fürstenthümer (principalities) and/or Grafschaften (earldoms) and Herzogthümer (duchies). <br>Thus the Kingdom of Hanover was administered into: (the following&nbsp;pages are in German. Click on the button "Translate" on the top and the text can be read in English):
<br>'''&nbsp;&nbsp;1. [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_Aurich Landdrosteibezirk&nbsp; Aurich]'''&nbsp;
&nbsp; '''2'''. [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_Osnabr%C3%BCck '''Landdrosteibezirk Osnabrück''']
&nbsp; '''3'''.&nbsp;[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_Stade '''Landdrosteibezirk Stade''']
&nbsp; '''4'''.&nbsp;[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_L%C3%BCneburg '''Landdrosteibezirk Lüneburg''']
&nbsp;&nbsp;'''5'''''.''''''[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_Hannover Landrosteibezirk Hannover]'''&nbsp;
&nbsp;'''&nbsp;6. [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landdrostei_Hildesheim Landdrosteibezirk Hildesheim]'''&nbsp;&nbsp;
&nbsp;&nbsp;'''7. [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berghauptmannschaft_Clausthal Berghauptmannschaft Clausthal]''' (belonged to Hildesheim)<br>
This [http://books.google.de/books?id=eOI-AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA321#v=onepage&q&f=false website]&nbsp;lists in alphabetical order all villages in the Kingdom of Hanover with their various jurisdictions. The register is found in ''Statistisches Handbuch für das Königreich Hannover'' by Friedrich Harseim and C. Schlüter published in 1848 by Schlütersche Hofdruckerei Hannover. '''The village index starts at page 321.'''
=== Research Tools  ===
*[[Research Strategies for Hannover|<font color="#0066cc">Research Strategies for Hannover</font>]]
*Looking for ancestors in Niedersachsen, check out [http://www.gwlb.de/nis/niedersaechsische_bibliographie/ <font color="#0066cc">Niedersächsische Bibliographie</font>]
*The [http://opac.tib.uni-hannover.de/DB=3/LNG=DU/ <font color="#0066cc">catalog</font>] of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Bibliothek Niedersächsische Landesbibliothek*
*Search the online-archival registers of the [http://aidaonline.niedersachsen.de/ <font color="#0066cc">State Archive "Niedersächsisches Landesarchivs"</font>]
*This site is very good as you can down load the exact location that your ancestors once or still live:&nbsp; [http://www.library.wisc.edu/etext/ravenstein/ <font color="#0066cc">http://www.library.wisc.edu/etext/ravenstein/</font>]
*Here is a [http://forum.ahnenforschung.net/showthread.php?t=15544 <font color="#800080">thread</font>] listing village genealogies, emigration references, memorial books etc.
=== Featured Content  ===
Daverden is a town between Bremen and Verden/Aller in the province of Hannover situated on the rivers Aller and Weser.
It was mentioned for the first time in a document dating back to&nbsp;1258 A.D. [[Daverden, Niedersachsen (formerly in Hannover)|<font color="#0066cc">Learn more about genealogical research in Daverden.</font>]]
=== Things You Can Do  ===
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
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*[[Edit a page|<font color="#0066cc">Expand an article</font>]] or [[Special:Shortpages|<font color="#0066cc">short page</font>]]
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|<font color="#0066cc">Create a new article</font>]]<br>
*[[How to categorize an article|<font color="#0066cc">Categorize articles</font>]]<br>
*[[Create an external link|<font color="#0066cc">Add external links to articles</font>]]
*[[Create an internal link|<font color="#0066cc">Add internal links to articles</font>]] .
=== Websites  ===
*[[Prussia-Hannover Research Websites|<font color="#0066cc">Websites</font>]]
{{featured article}}

Latest revision as of 21:32, 7 April 2017