Difference between revisions of "Prince Edward Island, Canada Genealogy"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m (ch)
m (Queens County)
 
(94 intermediate revisions by 14 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{PEI-sidebar|news=<!-- Add News Items BELOW -->
+
{{PEI-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
P.E.I. Genealogical Society [http://www.peigs.ca/events.php events]<!-- Add News Items ABOVE -->
+
| link1=[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]
 +
| link2=
 +
| link3=
 +
| link4=
 +
| link5=[[{{PAGENAME}}|Prince Edward Island]]
 +
}}
 +
Guide to '''Prince Edward Island ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.  
 +
__NOTOC__
 +
===Prince Edward Island Information===
 +
Prince Edward Island is a province in Canada. The province is made up of the major Prince Edward Island and many small islands.[[Image:{{GreGabPic}}|{{GreGabPic}}|300px|<Center>House of Green Gables</center>]]  
  
|moderator=<!-- Add moderator BELOW -->
+
===Getting Started ===
If you are interested in being the [[FamilySearch Wiki:Moderator|moderator]] for {{PAGENAME}}, {{please contact a Sysop}}. <!-- Add moderator ABOVE -->
+
{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 +
|-
 +
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-right: 15px;"|
 +
<h3>Getting Started with Prince Edward Island</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with Prince Edward Island research.
 +
*[[How to Locate Your Ancestor in Canada|How to Locate Your Ancestor in Canada]]
 +
*[[How to Recognize your Canadian Ancestor|How to Recognize your Canadian Ancestor]]
 +
*[[Name Variations in Canadian Indexes and Records|Name Variations in Canadian Indexes and Records]]
 +
*[[Canada Online Genealogy Records|Canada Online Genealogy Records]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
 +
<h3>Prince Edward Island Research Tools</h3>
 +
Links to articles and websites that assist in Prince Edward Island research.
 +
*The ''[[Prince Edward Island Vital Records|Master Name Index]]'', and *[http://peigs.ca/search-master-name-index/ Computerized Master Name Index]'' to censuses, newspapers, and various publications help find PEI ancestors.
 +
*No [[Prince Edward Island Census|1871 census]] exists for PEI.
 +
*[http://www.telusplanet.net/public/mtoll/ Mary's Genealogy Treasures – great research resource]
 +
*[http://files.lib.byu.edu/family-history-library/research-outlines/Canada/PrinceEdwardIsland.pdf BYU Research Outline for Prince Edward Island, Canada]
 +
*[http://www.genealogysearch.org/canada/princeedwardisland.html Prince Edward Island Genealogy Records Online] at genealogysearch.org.
 +
|}
 +
{{Click|Image:Princeedward.png|Prince Edward Island Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
 +
=== Prince Edward Island Map===
 +
<div style="display:flex; flex-wrap:wrap">
 +
<div style="width:500px">[[File:PEI map.png|500px]]</div>
 +
 
 +
<div style="width:500px; margin-left:20px">[[File:Prince Edward Island map 1775.jpg|thumb|500px|Map of Prince Edward Island]]</div>
 +
</div>
 +
 
 +
=== History ===
 +
*The first inhabitants of PEI were the Mi’kmaq. The Mi’kmaq have inhabited the area for the last 2,000 years.
 +
 
 +
*The first European to record seeing the Island was Jacques Cartier in the summer of 1534.There were no permanent settlements for almost 200 years after his sighting.
 +
 
 +
*Settlement of the Island (then known as as Île St-Jean) began in the 1720's. The colony was French and near what is now Charlottetown. Colonization was slow, with the population in 1748 reaching just over 700. When the British expelled the Acadian inhabitants of Nova Scotia in 1755, the population mushroomed to 4,500 in 1758. The British drove all but a few hundred of the Arcadians out.
 +
 
 +
*Under the British rule the name of the Island was changed to the Island of Saint John. Surveyor General Samuel Holland was able to provide detailed maps of the Island by 1765. He divided it into 67 townships of 20,000 acres each. Almost all of these were granted as the result of a lottery held in 1767 to military officers and others to whom the British government owed favors. The proprietors were required to settle their lands to fulfill the terms of their grants, but few made an effort to do so. As a result the Island had vast areas of undeveloped land, yet those who wished to open up farms often had to pay steep rents or purchase fees. Most of the land holders never set foot in the colony.
 +
 
 +
*The population grew from just over 4,000 in 1798 to 62,000 around 1850. Although there was an influx of Loyalists after the American Revolution, the majority of the newcomers were from the British Isles. Several large groups were brought from Scotland in the late 1700's and early 1800's by landowners such as Captain John MacDonald and Lord Selkirk, and by 1850 the Irish represented a sizable proportion of the recent immigrants.
 +
 
 +
*After 1758 the Island was administered from Nova Scotia and later, in 1763, became part of that province. In 1769 a separate administration was set up complete with governor, lieutenant-governor, council and assembly. In 1799 the name of the colony was changed by the assembly to Prince Edward Island to honor a son of King George III stationed with the army in Halifax at the time.
 +
 
 +
*In 1851 responsible government was granted to the colony and the first elected administration under George Coles took office.
 +
 
 +
*The enticements offered by the Canadians included an absorption of the colony's debt, year-round communication with the mainland, and the provision of funds with which the colony could buy out the proprietors and end the land question. Although few Islanders displayed much enthusiasm, most accepted the union as a marriage of necessity.
 +
 
 +
*The province reached a population level of 109,000 in 1891, but the lure of employment in western and central Canada and in the U.S. led to a drain on the population, which had slipped to 88,000 by the time of the Great Depression. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the economy of the province was stable, with only slight changes in both farming and fishing — with the notable exception of the fox-farming industry between 1890 and 1939.
 +
<ref>[http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prince-edward-island/ The Canadian Encyclopedia] </ref> <ref>https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/en/information/executive-council-office/historic-milestones Prince Edward Island Canada]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=== Boundary Changes  ===
 +
 
 +
Although the boundaries of Prince Edward Island have remained stable the early records will be found in Nova Scotia and France who held those records.
 +
 
 +
=== Record Loss  ===
 +
 
 +
No record loss has been noted.
 +
 
 +
===Counties of Prince Edward Island===
 +
*[[Prince County, Prince Edward Island Genealogy|Prince County]]
 +
*[[Queens County, Prince Edward Island Genealogy|Queens County]]
 +
*[[Kings County, Prince Edward Island Genealogy|Kings County]]
 +
=== Resources  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Biographies  ====
 +
 
 +
*{{FHL|543922|item|disp=Who's who on Prince Edward Island}}
 +
*{{FHL|725203|item|disp=Away : Maritimers in Massachusetts, Ontario, and Alberta : an oral history of leaving home}}
 +
*{{FHL|1008389|item|disp=Making History : a celebration of Prince Edward Island women of the 20th century}}
 +
*{{FHL|1218255|item|disp=Maritime Presbyterian Ministers : biographical sketches of over 400 ministers of the various Presbyterian churches in the lower provinces of British North America ordained by 1875}}
 +
*{{FHL|730130|item|disp=Nova Scotia blue book and encyclopedia}}
 +
*{{FHL|25755|disp=Prominent people of the Maritime Provinces}}
 +
 
 +
'''The following are in French'''
 +
 
 +
*{{FHL|81547|item|disp=Acadiens de l'Ile du Prince-Edouard}}
 +
*{{FHL|501887|item|disp=Le clergé français dans l'Ile du Prince-Édouard, 1721-1821}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==== Cemeteries  ====
 +
 
 +
{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:75%;  "
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of Prince Edward Island ''' online and in print</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
 +
*[http://www.ancestorsatrest.com/maritimes.shtml Martimes] Ancestors at Rest
 +
*[https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSln=Stewart&GSiman=1&GSst=831& Prince Edward Island] Find A Grave
 +
*[http://www.canadianheadstones.com/pe/ Prince Edward Island] Canadian Headstones.com
 +
*[http://www.idreamof.com/canada/cemetery/prince_edward.html Prince Edward Island] I Dream of Genealogy<br><br>
 +
* [http://www.interment.net/can/pe/kings.htm Kings County] Interment.net (Only partial list)  (Click on cemetery name and scroll down list to find name) <br><br>
 +
* [http://www.interment.net/can/pe/queens.htm Queens County] Interment.net (Only partial list)  (Click on cemetery name and scroll down list to find name)<br><br>
 +
* [https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScnty=5501&CSsr=1& Prince County] Find A Grave (Click on cemetery name then put name in "Search" box  or click on "View all interments", and then scroll down list to find name)
 +
|-
 +
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top"| <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top"|
 +
*{{FHL|569230|item|disp=Canada Prince Edward Island-Cemeteries}}
 +
*{{FHL|486420|item|disp=A collection of records: cemetery, family, Bible, and an index of Revolutionary soldiers in Maine}}
 +
*{{FHL|284542|item|disp=Gravestone inscriptions : Prince Edward Island}}
 +
*{{FHL|641983|item|disp= An index of English immigrants based on obituaries and death notices in Prince Edward Island newspapers, 1835-1910}}
 +
*{{FHL|536020|item|disp=An index of Irish immigrants based on obituaries and death notices in Prince Edward Island newspapers, 1835-1910}}
 +
*{{FHL|641978|item|disp=Scottish immigrants to P.E.I. from death & obituary notices in P.E.I. newspapers, 1835-1910}}<br><br>
 +
*{{FHL|821684|item|disp=Prince County, Prince Edward Island index of monumental inscriptions}}
  
}}<div style="width: 74%; padding-left: 1px; float: right;"><center>''[[Canada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Prince Edward Island'''</center><br>
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="left" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="bottom" height="30" align="center" colspan="2" style="text-align: center; color: rgb(0, 51, 102); font-family: verdana; font-size: 140%;" | '''Welcome to&nbsp;Prince Edward Island's page<br>Garden of the Gulf'''
+
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
 +
* [https://billiongraves.com/search/results?year_range=5&action=search_cemetery&exact=true&country=Canada&state=Prince%20Edward%20Island&county=Kings#/ Prince Edward Island] BillionGraves
 +
*[http://www.canadianheadstones.com/pe/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=%23 Prince Edward Island] Canadian Headstones.com
 +
*[http://www.idreamof.com/canada/cemetery/prince_edward.html Prince Edward Island] I Dream of Genealogy
 +
*[http://www.islandregister.com/cem.html Prince Edward Island]  The Island Register<br><br>
 +
* [https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScnty=5500 Kings County] Find-A-Grave
 +
* [http://www.interment.net/can/pe/kings.htm Kings County] Interment.net<br><br>
 +
* [http://www.interment.net/can/pe/queens.htm Queens County] Interment.net<br><br>
 +
* [https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScnty=5501&CSsr=1& Prince County] Find A Grave
 
|}
 
|}
  
[[Image:{{GreGabPic}}|left|{{GreGabPic}}]] '''''Unique genealogical features:'''''  
+
==== Census Records  ====
 +
 
 +
*'''1798''' [http://www.islandregister.com/lotmap.html Island of St. John Heads of Household Census]
 +
*'''1841,1881,1891,1901''' [http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/census/search.php3 Prince Edward Island Archives Census Search] Index. 
 +
*'''1861''' {{RecordSearch|1460172|Prince Edward Island Census}} Index Only.
 +
*'''1901''' [http://automatedgenealogy.com/census/Province.jsp?province=PE Census records for Prince Edward Island], by Automated Genealogy
 +
 
 +
==== Church Records  ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/baptismal/search_index.php Prince Edward Island Archives Baptismal Index]
 +
*'''1721-1885''' {{RecordSearch|1827217|Prince Edward Island Baptism Card Index}} Index and images.
 +
*'''1777-1985''' {{RecordSearch|1937794|Prince Edward Island, Church Records}} Images only.
 +
*'''1835 -1891''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30105 The history of the Catholic Church in Prince Edward Island] ($)
 +
 
 +
==== Court Records  ====
 +
 
 +
*'''1687–1710''' The Loppinot Papers, which are important genealogical abstracts of the earliest notarial records for the province of Acadia: Loppinot, Jean Chrysostome. {{FHL|536502|title-id|disp=book 971.5 N38L}} Includes a surname index.
 +
 
 +
*'''1793–1934''' Court Records, [Charlottetown, P.E.I.]: Microfilmed by the Public Archives of Prince Edward Island {{FHL|572452|title-id|disp=films 1630150–51}}
 +
 
 +
*'''1867-1976''' [http://data2.collectionscanada.gc.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000001052.pdf Persons Sentenced to Death in Canada] An Inventory of Case Files in the Fonds of the Department of Justice.
 +
 
 +
==== Directories  ====
 +
 
 +
*'''1889-1890''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=28146 Frederick's Prince Edward Island Directory and Book of Useful Information] Ancestry.com ($)
 +
 
 +
==== Genealogy  ====
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==== Land and Property Records  ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.islandregister.com/landrecords/landdata.html Prince Edward Island Land Record Database]
 +
*'''1767-1810''' [http://www.islandregister.com/proprietors.html Proprietors of P.E.I. Lots in 1767, and Changes in Lot Ownership till 1810]
 +
*'''1780-1915''' [http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/petitions/search_index.php Prince Edward Island Archive Petition Index 1780-1915]
 +
*'''1880''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6100 Prince Edward Island, Canada Land/Gazetteer Records: 1880] ($)
 +
 
 +
==== Local Histories  ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=28147 History of Prince Edward Island] ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=28142 A History of Prince Edward Island: From its Discovery in 1534 Until the Departure of Lieutenant-Governor Ready in 1831] ($)
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=30110 Handbook of Prince Edward Island] ($)
 +
 
 +
==== Maps  ====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.gov.pe.ca/maps/ Maps of Prince Edward Island]
 +
*[http://www.islandimagined.ca/ Historical Maps of Prince Edward Island]
 +
 
 +
==== Military Records  ====
  
*The ''[[Prince Edward Island Vital Records|Master Name Index]]'', and ''[http://www.peigs.ca/cmni.php Computerized Master Name Index]'' to censuses, newspapers, and various publications help find PEI ancestors.
 
*No [[Prince Edward Island Census|1871 census]] exists for PEI.
 
  
[[Image:Prince Edward Island flag.png|border|right|180px|Prince Edward Island flag.png]]
+
==== Newspapers and Obituaries  ====
  
{{PEDC}}
+
*[http://libguides.bgsu.edu/c.php?g=227443&p=1507148 Historical Canadian Newspapers Online: Prince Edward Island, BGSU]
 +
*[http://www.islandnewspapers.ca/search  U.P.E.I. Newspapers]
  
=== Counties ===
+
==== Probate Records ====
  
[[Kings County, Prince Edward Island|Kings]]{{·}} [[Prince County, Prince Edward Island|Prince]]{{·}} [[Queens County, Prince Edward Island|Queens]]  
+
==== Taxation Records  ====
 +
 +
'''*1881, 1891 and 1901''' tax records are available at [http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/parosearch/ Prince Edward Island Public Archives and Record Office]. You may search the records by name and date.
  
=== Major Repositories ===
+
==== Vital Records ====
  
[[Library and Archives Canada]]{{·}} [[PEI Public Archives and Records Office]]{{·}} [[Le Centre d'études acadiennes (Center for Acadian Studies)]]{{·}} [[American-Canadian Genealogical Society]]
+
*At [http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/parosearch/ Prince Edward Island Public Archives and Record Office] you may search Baptism, Marriage and death records by name .
 +
*'''1721-1758''' [http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/recherche.php?territoire=CANADA Îl St. Jean (now Prince Edward Islands), Civil Registration and Parish Registers], index and images. These records are in French.
  
=== Help Expand the Wiki  ===
+
=====Births=====
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
+
*'''1721-1885'''{{RecordSearch|1827217| Prince Edward Island Baptism Card Index}}
 +
*'''1788-1943''' [http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/baptismal/search_index.php Prince Edward Island, Baptism Index]
  
{| width="99%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
=====Marriages=====
|-
+
*'''1832-1888''' {{RecordSearch|1827167|Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers}} Images only.
|  
 
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]
 
  
|
+
===== Divorces  =====
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*If you are interested in being the [[FamilySearch Wiki:Moderator|moderator]] for Prince Edward Island, {{please contact a Sysop}}.
 
  
|}
+
*'''1841-1968''' http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/divorce/index-e.html &nbsp;Library and Archives Canada] database covers those divorces in parliamentary publications.
  
[[Image:PEI map.png|border|center|250px|PEI map.png]]
+
=====Deaths=====
 +
*'''1721-1905''' {{RecordSearch|1827236|Prince Edward Island Death Card Index}}
  
=== <br> ===
+
==== Societies and Libraries ====
  
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:'''
+
==== Websites  ====
  
*[[Prince Edward Island Marriage Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
+
*[http://www.islandimagined.ca/ Island Imagined] Maps and Atlases of Prince Edward Island
*[[Prince Edward Island Death Card Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
+
*[http://www.gov.pe.ca/ Government of Prince Edward Island]
*[[Prince Edward Island Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
+
*[https://www.princeedwardisland.ca/ Prince Edward Island, Canada]
*[[Prince Edward Island Baptism Card Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
*[http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prince-edward-island/ Historica Canada]
 +
*[http://www.islandregister.com/ Island Register]
 +
*[http://www.gov.pe.ca/archives/parosearch/ P.R.I. Public Archives and Records]
 +
*[http://www.cangenealogy.com/pei.html Canadian Genealogy]
  
<br>'''<u>RESEARCH GUIDES</u>'''
+
==== Major Repositories  ====
  
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/princeedwardislandgenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genelogy &amp; Family History Network - Prince Edward Island]
+
*[[Library and Archives Canada]]<br>
 +
*[[PEI Public Archives and Records Office]]<br>
 +
*[[Le Centre d'études acadiennes (Center for Acadian Studies)]]<br>
 +
*[[American-Canadian Genealogical Society]]
 +
*[http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/search/Pages/ancestors-search.aspx Library and Archives of Canada]
 +
 +
====FamilySearch Resources====
  
[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Canada/PrinceEdwardIsland.pdf BYU Research Outline for Prince Edward Island, Canada]  
+
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.<br>
 +
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/30?region=United+States+of+America&englishRegion=United+States+of+America Historical Records] - databases and record images on FamilySearch
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Prince%20Edward%20Island,%20Canada Family History Center locator map]
  
[http://www.telusplanet.net/public/mtoll/ Mary's Genealogy Treasures – great research resource]
 
  
__NOTOC__
 
  
 +
==== References  ====
 +
{{reflist}}
 
{{Prince Edward Island|Prince Edward Island}}  
 
{{Prince Edward Island|Prince Edward Island}}  
 
{{Provinces and territories of Canada}} <div></div> {{Forum badge
 
{{Provinces and territories of Canada}} <div></div> {{Forum badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| layout = vertical
| link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=30
+
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learn/forums/en/forumdisplay.php?f=30
 
| name = Canadian Research Forum
 
| name = Canadian Research Forum
 
}} </div>  
 
}} </div>  
[[Category:Provinces_and_territories_of_Canada]] [[Category:Prince_Edward_Island]] [[Category:French_colonies_in_North_America]]
+
 
 +
[[Category:French Colonies in North America]][[Category:Prince Edward Island, Canada]]
 +
[[Category:Provinces and Territories of Canada]]

Latest revision as of 14:33, 19 June 2017

Prince Edward Island Research Topics
Prince Edward Island Flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Prince Edward Island Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Canada
Prince Edward Island

Guide to Prince Edward Island ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Prince Edward Island Information

Prince Edward Island is a province in Canada. The province is made up of the major Prince Edward Island and many small islands.
House of Green Gables

Getting Started

Getting Started with Prince Edward Island

Links to articles on getting started with Prince Edward Island research.


Prince Edward Island Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Prince Edward Island research.

{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Prince Edward Island Map

PEI map.png
Map of Prince Edward Island

History

  • The first inhabitants of PEI were the Mi’kmaq. The Mi’kmaq have inhabited the area for the last 2,000 years.
  • The first European to record seeing the Island was Jacques Cartier in the summer of 1534.There were no permanent settlements for almost 200 years after his sighting.
  • Settlement of the Island (then known as as Île St-Jean) began in the 1720's. The colony was French and near what is now Charlottetown. Colonization was slow, with the population in 1748 reaching just over 700. When the British expelled the Acadian inhabitants of Nova Scotia in 1755, the population mushroomed to 4,500 in 1758. The British drove all but a few hundred of the Arcadians out.
  • Under the British rule the name of the Island was changed to the Island of Saint John. Surveyor General Samuel Holland was able to provide detailed maps of the Island by 1765. He divided it into 67 townships of 20,000 acres each. Almost all of these were granted as the result of a lottery held in 1767 to military officers and others to whom the British government owed favors. The proprietors were required to settle their lands to fulfill the terms of their grants, but few made an effort to do so. As a result the Island had vast areas of undeveloped land, yet those who wished to open up farms often had to pay steep rents or purchase fees. Most of the land holders never set foot in the colony.
  • The population grew from just over 4,000 in 1798 to 62,000 around 1850. Although there was an influx of Loyalists after the American Revolution, the majority of the newcomers were from the British Isles. Several large groups were brought from Scotland in the late 1700's and early 1800's by landowners such as Captain John MacDonald and Lord Selkirk, and by 1850 the Irish represented a sizable proportion of the recent immigrants.
  • After 1758 the Island was administered from Nova Scotia and later, in 1763, became part of that province. In 1769 a separate administration was set up complete with governor, lieutenant-governor, council and assembly. In 1799 the name of the colony was changed by the assembly to Prince Edward Island to honor a son of King George III stationed with the army in Halifax at the time.
  • In 1851 responsible government was granted to the colony and the first elected administration under George Coles took office.
  • The enticements offered by the Canadians included an absorption of the colony's debt, year-round communication with the mainland, and the provision of funds with which the colony could buy out the proprietors and end the land question. Although few Islanders displayed much enthusiasm, most accepted the union as a marriage of necessity.
  • The province reached a population level of 109,000 in 1891, but the lure of employment in western and central Canada and in the U.S. led to a drain on the population, which had slipped to 88,000 by the time of the Great Depression. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the economy of the province was stable, with only slight changes in both farming and fishing — with the notable exception of the fox-farming industry between 1890 and 1939.

[1] [2]

Boundary Changes

Although the boundaries of Prince Edward Island have remained stable the early records will be found in Nova Scotia and France who held those records.

Record Loss

No record loss has been noted.

Counties of Prince Edward Island

Resources

Biographies

The following are in French


Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Prince Edward Island online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print
List of Cemeteries in the County

Census Records

Church Records

Court Records

  • 1687–1710 The Loppinot Papers, which are important genealogical abstracts of the earliest notarial records for the province of Acadia: Loppinot, Jean Chrysostome. book 971.5 N38L Includes a surname index.
  • 1793–1934 Court Records, [Charlottetown, P.E.I.]: Microfilmed by the Public Archives of Prince Edward Island films 1630150–51

Directories

Genealogy

Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Maps

Military Records

Newspapers and Obituaries

Probate Records

Taxation Records

*1881, 1891 and 1901 tax records are available at Prince Edward Island Public Archives and Record Office. You may search the records by name and date.

Vital Records

Births
Marriages
Divorces
Deaths

Societies and Libraries

Websites

Major Repositories

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.


References

 
Retrieved from "https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Prince_Edward_Island,_Canada_Genealogy&oldid=2896109"