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[[Image:Animated-Flag-Poland.gif|thumb|left]]Welcome to the Poland page! FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the Poland page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze Polish records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. The Poland Page is a work in progress, your contributions and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Feedback|feedback]] are essential!
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Guide to '''Poland ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.<br>
  
<br>
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==Country Information==
  
== Getting started with Poland research  ==
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Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe bordered by [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]], the [[Czech Republic Genealogy|Czech Republic]], [[Slovakia Genealogy|Slovakia]], [[Ukraine Genealogy|Ukraine]], [[Belarus Genealogy|Belarus]], and [[Lithuania Genealogy|Lithuania]]. Polish is the official language.<ref name="poland">Wikipedia contributors, "Poland," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref> <br>
  
[[Image:Polish church.jpg|thumb]] There is a site for digitized books of Silesia. These books are mostly in German and Polish and you can download them to your computer. To use this site, click here [http://www.sbc.org.pl/dlibra digitized books].
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<br>
  
For digitized books of Poznan click [http://www.wbc.poznan.pl/dlibra here].
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==Getting Started ==
 +
{|
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|-
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| style="vertical-align:top; width:50%; padding-right:15px;"|
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<h3>Getting Started with Poland Research</h3>
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Links to articles on getting started with Poland research.
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*[[Poland Genealogy Research Using the_Wiki--Video_Series|'''Poland Genealogy Research Using the Wiki – Video Series''']]: Eighteen five-minute instructional videos training you in how to use this Wiki to find civil registration and church records for Poland.
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*[[Poland How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
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*[[Poland Locating Town of Origin]]
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*[[Poland Beginning Research|Beginning Polish Research]]
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*[[Poland Research Tips and Strategies|Research Strategies]]
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*[[Poland Finding Aids]]
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/712 Poland Historical Geography]
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/36 Research in Poland] - Parts 1 and 2
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/418 Research in Prussian Poland]
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:[[Poland Genealogy#More Poland Research Strategies|''See More Research Strategies'']]
  
For Poznan Marriage Indexing Project click [[Poland Poznan Marriage Indexing Project|here]].  
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<h3>Poland Research Tools</h3>
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Links to articles and websites that assist in Poland research.
 +
*[[Poland Letter Writing Guide|Poland Letter Writing Guide]]
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*[[Polish Genealogical Word List]]
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*[[German Genealogical Word List]]
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*[[Russian Genealogical Word List]]
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*[[Latin Genealogical Word List]]
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*[http://Kartenmeister.com Kartenmeister - German/Polish Place Name Conversion]  
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*[http://www.wbc.poznan.pl/dlibra/applet?mimetype=image%2Fx.djvu&sec=false&handler=djvu_html5&content_url=%2FContent%2F12786%2Fdirectory.djvu Skorowidz Gazetteer Online] to find the parishes of various religions.
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**[https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/7/71/1-Skorowidz_Online-Instruction.pdf Instructions]
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*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE9541645 Spis Gazetteer, Volume 1]
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*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?from=fhd&dps_pid=IE13546665 Spis Gazetteer, Volume 2]
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*[http://www.meyersgaz.org Meyer's 1871 Gazetteer Online]
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*[http://mapa.szukacz.pl Mapa.Szukacz.pl] with jurisdictions, population, postal codes
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:[[Poland Genealogy#More Poland Research Tools|''See More Research Tools'']]
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|}
  
== Polish Partitions  ==
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{{Click|Image:Poland_ORP.png|Poland Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/FamilySearch_Genealogy_Research_Groups]]
  
[[Image:Poland Schweidnitz.jpg|thumb]]  
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==Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Poland==
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*Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the '''local level.''' Duplicates were sometimes sent to higher jurisdictions such as a '''diocese or voivodeship (province).'''  Efforts to collect, preserve, and publish records online are generally carried out at a diocese or voivodeship level, or by '''archive jurisdiction level.'''
 +
* If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article [[Poland Locating Town of Origin|'''Poland Locating Town of Origin''']] to search a variety of records that might provide that information.
 +
<br>
  
*[[Austrian Poland]]
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==Town Details Needed for Finding Records:==
*[[Prussian Poland|Prussian Poland]]
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Once you know the town where your ancestors lived, there are some important details you need to find to get into the records.  Your town may not have its own parish church because of its small size. So you need to find out the town name where the Catholic, Lutheran, Greek Catholic, or Jewish synagogue your ancestor attended would have been. Likewise, your town or village might have been too small to have its own civil registration office, so you need to find where people in that village would have registered their births, marriages, and deaths.<br>
*[[Portal:Russian Poland|Russian Poland]]
 
  
<br>  
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*Use [https://mapa.szukacz.pl/ '''mapa.szukacz'''] to find the province, area, commune, and postal code of the town. Enter the town name in the "place" field in the right sidebar and click "Show". All information will appear at the bottom of the right sidebar. <br>
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*Use [http://Kartenmeister.com '''Kartenmeister'''] to find the Polish and German province, county, Catholic parish,  Lutheran parish, and Standesamt (civil registration office), if the town was in the area of Poland once controlled by Prussia.
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*If the town was in the area of Poland once controlled by Russia or Austria, look it up in [http://www.wbc.poznan.pl/dlibra/docmetadata?id=12786&from=publication '''Skorowidz Gazetteer Online'''] to find the parishes of various religions. Here are the [https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/7/71/1-Skorowidz_Online-Instruction.pdf '''instructions'''.] Use the second option, "Viewing anywhere via the Digital Library of Wielkopolska".<br>
  
== Research Tools  ==
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== Poland Map ==
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{|
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|-
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<center>'''A.  Modern Voivodeships:  Click on a province to find a detailed article on'''<br>''' research links for that area.'''</center><br>
  
*[[Poland Beginning Research|Beginning Polish Research]]
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{{Poland image map}}
*[[Boundary Changes|Boundary Changes]]
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|style="width:470px"|
*[http://www.usc.pl/s_urzedy.php?akcja=info1&id=2405074 Civil Registration Office Address Finder]
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<center>'''B.  1967 Voivodeships: Use these for FamilySearch''' <br>'''Catalog and Historical Records.'''</center>
*[[Counties of Poland 1999|Counties of Poland 1999]]
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<center>{{Poland 1967 image map}}</center>
*[[Emigration Records of Europe|Emigration Records of Europe]]
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|-
*Join the[https://www.facebook.com/pages/Poland-Genealogy-Research-Community/288167854541247 Facebook] or [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Join_a_Skype_Research_Community Skype] Poland Genealogy Research Community
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*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/f/f0/Polish_Gazetteers_and_Maps_Online.pdf Gazetteers and Maps Online]
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|style="vertical-align:top"|
*[[Poland Holdings of the Polish State Archives|Holdings of the Polish State Archives]]
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<center>'''C. Poland 1815-1918: Poland was <br>
*[http://Kartenmeister.com Kartenmeister - German/Polish Place Name Conversion]
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'''divided among Prussia,'''
*[[Poland Letter Writing Guide|Letter Writing Guide]]
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<br>
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/b/b0/Research_Outline_Poland.pdf Polish Research Outline]
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'''Russia, and Austria.'''<br></center>
*[http://www.poczta-polska.pl/kody/ Postal codes]  
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{{Poland partition|525px}}
*[http://www.parafia.gliwice.pl/index.php?i=6|Catholic Parish Finding aid] <br>(Search only works with correct Polish diacritical marks)
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| style="vertical-align:top; width:750px; padding-left:15px"|
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/Poland.pdf Research Outline for Poland by BYU]
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'''D.''' Polish Archival Jurisdictions:  [https://www.archiwa.gov.pl/pl/42-zasi%C4%99g-terytorialny-archiw%C3%B3w-pa%C5%84stwowych '''Click here'''] for a more detailed map of archive territories and voivodeship coverage. Use the [http://baza.archiwa.gov.pl/sezam/pradziad.php?l=en '''PRADZIAD'''] tool to discover which archive has the parish records you need.<br>
*[[Poland Websites|Websites]]  
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[[File:Poland Archives.jpg|750px]]
*[[Poland Genealogical Word List|Word List]]
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|}
  
== Online Databases  ==
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== Provinces (Voivodeships)==
  
*[http://www.geneteka.genealodzy.pl/ Geneteka Database] Church Registers Indexing Project
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Poland is currently divided into 16 provinces known as voivodeships (Polish: ''województwa,'' singular ''województwo''). <br>'''Click on the link below for a Wiki article specific to the province.'''
*[http://www.ptg.gda.pl/index.php/certificate/action/main/ Pomeranian Genealogical Association] Pomeranian church books
 
*[http://www.ptg.gda.pl/index.php/cemetery/action/mainCem/ Pomeranian Genealogical Association] Pomeranian cemeteries
 
*[http://bindweed.man.poznan.pl/posen/project.php Poznan Marriage Indexing Project]
 
*[http://metryki.genealodzy.pl/metryki.php Roman Catholic Church Registers Online]
 
*[http://regestry.lubgens.eu/news.php regestry.lubgens.eu/news.php]&nbsp; Church Registers Indexing - Region Lublin
 
  
== Did you know?  ==
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{{columns-list|3|
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*[[Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Greater Poland Voivodeship (wielkopolskie)''']]
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*[[Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (kujawsko-pomorskie''')]]
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*[[Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Lesser Poland Voivodeship (małopolskie)''']]
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*[[Łódź Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Łódź Voivodeship (łódzkie)''']]
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*[[Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Lower Silesian Voivodeship (dolnośląskie)''']]
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*[[Lublin Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Lublin Voivodeship (lubelskie)''']]
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*[[Lubusz Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Lubusz Voivodeship (lubuskie)''']]
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*[[Masovian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Masovian Voivodeship (mazowieckie)''']]
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*[[Opole Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Opole Voivodeship (opolskie)''']]
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*[[Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Podlaskie Voivodeship (podlaskie)''']]
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*[[Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Pomeranian Voivodeship (pomorskie)''']]
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*[[Silesian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Silesian Voivodeship (śląskie)''']]
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*[[Subcarpathian or Podkarpackie Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Subcarpathian Voivodeship (podkarpackie)''']]
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*[[Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (świętokrzyskie)''']]
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*[[Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship (warmińsko-mazurskie)''']]
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*[[Western Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy|'''Western Pomeranian Voivodeship (zachodniopomorskie)''']]
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}}
  
[[Image:Poland Toszek.jpg|thumb]]<br>Extensive extraction of Catholic Church records for the parishes of Medrzechow, Kupienin and Samocice, Poland have been completed and are available through the Family History Library. For more information regarding this project, click here [[Polish Parish Extraction Project|Polish Parish Extraction Project]].<br><br>Who are the Kashubians? Click [[Kashubians|here]] to read more about this ethnic group.
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==More Poland Research Strategies==
 +
Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first.  Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for the Poland.
 +
*[[Media:Finding_records_of_your_ancestors_Poland.pdf|Finding records of your ancestors, Poland 1808 to 1900]]
 +
*[[Poland Reference Aids Overview at the Family History Library|Reference Aids Overview at the Family History Library]]
 +
*[https://ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252.s3.amazonaws.com/s3%2Fcommunity-learningcenter-prod-storage%2F2016%2F09%2F16%2F37c996e2-72f0-4e1e-b85d-7d0293a281fd%2FResearch+in+Poland+Handout+2.pdf Advancing Your Polish Research Using Polish Websites]
  
<br>
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==More Poland Research Tools==
 +
Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in.  Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in the Poland.
 +
*[http://www.usc.pl/nasze-oddzia%C5%82y Civil Registration Office Finder]
 +
*[[Media:Polish_Gazetteers_and_Maps_Online.pdf|Gazetteers and Maps Online]]
 +
*[[Poland Poznan Marriage Indexing Project]]
 +
*[https://www.parafie.genealodzy.pl/ Poland Parish links]
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*[http://www.lostshoebox.com/poland/online-records/ Lost Shoebox], listings and links of online records
 +
*[[Geneteka Database]]
 +
*[[Poland Websites|Websites]]
  
== News and Events  ==
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==FamilySearch Resources==
 +
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.
 +
*[https://www.facebook.com/groups/CentralEuropeGenealogyResearchCommunity Central Europe Genealogy Research Community]
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/1927187?region=Poland FamilySearch Historical Records]
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*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Poland Family History Center locator map]
  
An outstanding publication '''Finding records of your ancestors, Poland 1808 to 1900''' is now available. Click [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/0/0f/Finding_records_of_your_ancestors_Poland.pdf here]to download.  
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==Research Tutorials==
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/363 '''Kartenmeister.com Finding Places in the Former German Area of Poland''']
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/401 '''Finding Places in the Former German Areas of Poland Using the Online Gazetteer Kartenmeister.com''']
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/90 '''Reading Polish Handwritten Records''']
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**Lesson 1: Polish Letters
 +
**Lesson 2: Polish Words and Dates
 +
**Lesson 3: Reading Polish Records
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*'''Reading Russian Handwriting'''
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**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/76 Lesson 1: The Russian Alphabet]
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**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/77 Lesson 2: Russian Words and Dates]
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**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/78 Lesson 3: Reading Russian Records]
  
This color publication shows how to find records of a family who lived in Poland from 1808 to 1900. It tells you which records to use and how to search them. It also introduces you to the research tools you will need. A case study illustrates each step of the research process.  
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*'''Reading German Handwritten Records'''
 +
**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/38 Lesson 1: Kurrent Letters]
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**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/39 Lesson 2: Making Words in Kurrent]
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**[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/40 Lesson 3: Reading Kurrent Documents]
 +
*'''Old German Script'''
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/375 Part 1]
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**[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/377 Part 2]
 +
**[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/426  Part 3 (German Church and Civil Records)]
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/374 '''Latin for Genealogists]
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/775 '''Polish Community Newspapers in North America and Poland''']
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/412 '''Poland and Galicia Jewish Research: A Template for East European Research'''] - Parts 1 and 2
 +
===Russian and Polish Transliteration Tools===
 +
*[https://stevemorse.org/russian/rus2eng.html Transliterating Russian to English in One Step], or English to Russian
 +
*[https://lingojam.com/PolishCyrillic Polish Cyrillic] Transliterate the Polish language to a Cyrillic
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*[https://stevemorse.org/russian/cyrprintcurs.html?style=names&casing=lower&font=print&type=normal&leftposition=1&rightposition=1&maxLines=3&imagesPerLine=15&russian=%u0421 Converting between Russian Print and Cursive in One Step ]
 +
*[http://www.russianforeveryone.com/RufeA/Lessons/Introduction/Alphabet/Alphabet.htm '''Russian for Everyone: The Russian Alphabet''']
 +
*[https://www.sggee.org/research/rus_translate/Cyrillic_Handouts.pdf '''SGGEE Cyrillic Handout.pdf'''] for months and numbers in Russian cursive.
  
== Help Wanted  ==
+
==How-to Guides==
  
(Help Wanted) In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
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*Inserting Special Characters - [[Media:1-Diacritics-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]]
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="98%"
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For all areas of Poland:<br>
|-
 
|
 
| width="50%" |
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]
 
  
|  
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*Polish State Archives Online - [[Media:1-Polish_State_Archives-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Polish_State_Archives-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Polish_State_Archives-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]] <br>
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
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*Reading Polish Birth Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]  
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]  
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*Reading Polish Marriage Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]  
*[[Other...|Other...]]
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*Reading Polish Death Records - [[Media:1-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*1931 Skorowidz Gazetteer Online - [[Media:1-Skorowidz_Online-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Skorowidz_Online-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Skorowidz_Online-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
  
|}
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For areas of Poland that were once part of '''Prussia''' and '''Germany''':
</div><div style="width: 22%; float: left">
 
{| style="background: rgb(255,255,240)" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0"
 
|-
 
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |
 
|-
 
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Beginners Corner'''
 
|-
 
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |
 
*[[Poland Getting Started|Getting Started]]
 
*[[Poland What's the Next Step?|What's the Next Step?]]
 
*[[Poland Finding Your Ancestor in the Records|Finding your Ancestor in the Records]]
 
*[[Poland Tips for Beginners|Tips for Beginners]]
 
*[[Poland Tips for Polish American Researchers|Tips for Polish American Researchers]]
 
  
|-
+
*1905 Prussia ''Gemeindelexikon'' - [[Media:1-1905_Prussia_Gemeindelexikon-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-1905_Prussia_Gemeindelexikon-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-1905_Prussia_Gemeindelexikon-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''News'''
+
*Germany Map Guide'''<sup>*</sup>''' - [[Media:1-Map_Guide,_Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Map_Guide,_Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Map_Guide,_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
|-
+
*''Kartenmeister'' Gazetteer - [[Media:1-Kartenmeister-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Kartenmeister-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Kartenmeister-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |  
+
*Meyers Gazetteer'''<sup>*</sup>''' - [[Media:1-Meyers-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Meyers-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Meyers-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
An outstanding publication '''Finding records of your ancestors, Poland 1808 to 1900''' is now available. Click [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/0/0f/Finding_records_of_your_ancestors_Poland.pdf here]to download.  
+
*Meyers Abbreviations - [[Media:1-Meyers_Abbreviations-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Meyers_Abbreviations-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Meyers_Abbreviations-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
 +
*Meyers Online - [[Media:1-Meyers_Online-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Meyers_Online-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Meyers_Online-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
 +
*Meyers Online: <i>Meyersgaz.org</i> - [[Media:1-Meyers_Gazetteer_Online-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Meyers_Gazetteer_Online-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Meyers_Gazetteer_Online-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*Poznan Marriage Project [[Media:1-Poznan_Marriage_Project,_Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poznan_Marriage_Project,_Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poznan_Marriage_Project,_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
  
|-
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For areas of Poland that were once part of '''Russia''':  
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |
 
*[[Poland Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[Poland Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[Poland Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[Poland Census|Census]]
 
*[[Poland Church Directories|Church Directories]]
 
*[[Poland Church History|Church History]]
 
*[[Poland Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[Poland Cities and towns]]
 
*[[Poland Civil Registration- Vital Records|Civil Registration- Vital Records]]
 
*[[Poland Court Records|Court Records]]
 
*[[Poland Cultural and Ethnic Groups in Poland|Cultural and Ethnic Groups in Poland]]
 
*[[Poland Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[Poland Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[Poland Encyclopedias and Dictionaries|Encyclopedias and Dictionaries]]
 
*[[Poland Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]
 
*[[Poland Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[Handbooks and Guides for Research]]
 
*[[Poland Heraldry|Heraldry]]
 
*[[Poland Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]
 
*[[Poland History|History]]
 
*[[Poland Jewish Records|Jewish Records]]
 
*[[Poland Land and Property|Land and Property]]
 
*[[Poland Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[Poland Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[Poland Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[Poland Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[Poland Names, Personal|Names, Personal]]
 
*[[Poland Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[Poland Orphans and orphanages|Orphans and orphanages]]
 
*[[Poland Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[Poland Probate Records|Probate Records]]
 
*[[Poland Social Life and Customs|Social Life and Customs]]
 
*[[Poland Societies|Societies]]
 
  
|-
+
*Cyrillic Alphabet - [[Media:1-Russian_Alphabet_Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russian_Alphabet_Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russian_Alphabet_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |  
+
*Cyrillic Script - [[Media:1-Russian_Script-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russian_Script-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russian_Script-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
|-
+
*Reading Polish Birth Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
| style="font-family: verdana; background: rgb(238,238,238)" align="center" | '''Events'''
+
*Reading Polish Marriage Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
|-
+
*Reading Polish Death Records - [[Media:1-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
| style="background: rgb(249,243,253)" align="left" |  
+
* Reading Russian Birth Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
*Current Events
+
* Reading Russian Marriage Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
* Reading Russian Death Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
* RGN Gazetteer - [[Media:1-RGN_Gazetteer-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-RGN_Gazetteer-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-RGN_Gazetteer-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
* Spiski Gazetteer - [[Media:1-Spiski_Gazetteer-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Spiski_Gazetteer-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Spiski_Gazetteer-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
  
<br>  
+
===Word-by-Word Reading Aids===
 +
*Reading Polish Birth Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*Reading Polish Marriage Records - [[Media:1-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*Reading Polish Death Records - [[Media:1-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Poland-Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*[[Polish Civil Registration Reading Aid]]
 +
* Reading Russian Birth Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Birth_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
* Reading Russian Marriage Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russia_Marriage_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
* Reading Russian Death Records - [[Media:1-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Activity.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Russia_Death_Records_in_Paragraph_Format-Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]
 +
*[https://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2016/06/03/civil-registrations-search-nearly-3-million-brand-new-german-records/ German Civil Registration]
 +
*[https://s3.amazonaws.com/service-s3bucket-community-wiki-beta-wiki-s3-s3-1d3a2p6g6453i/images/b/bf/Catholic_Vital_Records_of_Galicia-Halychyna_by_Matthew_R._Bielawa.pdf '''Catholic Vital Records of Galicia/Halychyna''']<br>
 +
*For detailed description and translation of a Galician Latin birth record, see [http://www.halgal.com/birthrecord.html '''Genealogy of Halychyna/Eastern Galicia, Baptismal/Birth Record'''.]
 +
*For detailed description and translation of a Galician Latin marriage record, see [http://www.halgal.com/marriagerecord.html '''Genealogy of Halychyna/Eastern Galicia, Marriage Record'''.]
 +
*For detailed description and translation of a Galician Latin death record, see [http://www.halgal.com/deathrecord.html '''Genealogy of Halychyna/Eastern Galicia, Death Record'''.]
  
|}
+
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
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{{H-langs|en=Poland Genealogy|pt=Polônia|fr=Pologne}}
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| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?q=*&fq=place%3A%22Poland%22
 
| name = Poland courses
 
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[[Category:Poland]]
 
[[Category:Poland]]

Latest revision as of 10:54, 25 September 2019

Poland Wiki Topics
Koszecin
Beginning Research
Record Types
Poland Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for Poland is Pysnaks

Guide to Poland ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Country Information[edit | edit source]

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania. Polish is the official language.[1]


Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Poland Research

Links to articles on getting started with Poland research.

See More Research Strategies

Poland Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Poland research.

See More Research Tools


{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Poland[edit | edit source]

  • Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the local level. Duplicates were sometimes sent to higher jurisdictions such as a diocese or voivodeship (province). Efforts to collect, preserve, and publish records online are generally carried out at a diocese or voivodeship level, or by archive jurisdiction level.
  • If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article Poland Locating Town of Origin to search a variety of records that might provide that information.


Town Details Needed for Finding Records:[edit | edit source]

Once you know the town where your ancestors lived, there are some important details you need to find to get into the records. Your town may not have its own parish church because of its small size. So you need to find out the town name where the Catholic, Lutheran, Greek Catholic, or Jewish synagogue your ancestor attended would have been. Likewise, your town or village might have been too small to have its own civil registration office, so you need to find where people in that village would have registered their births, marriages, and deaths.

  • Use mapa.szukacz to find the province, area, commune, and postal code of the town. Enter the town name in the "place" field in the right sidebar and click "Show". All information will appear at the bottom of the right sidebar.
  • Use Kartenmeister to find the Polish and German province, county, Catholic parish, Lutheran parish, and Standesamt (civil registration office), if the town was in the area of Poland once controlled by Prussia.
  • If the town was in the area of Poland once controlled by Russia or Austria, look it up in Skorowidz Gazetteer Online to find the parishes of various religions. Here are the instructions. Use the second option, "Viewing anywhere via the Digital Library of Wielkopolska".

Poland Map[edit | edit source]

A. Modern Voivodeships: Click on a province to find a detailed article on
research links for that area.

Pomerania VoivodeshipWarmia-Masuria VoivodeshipWarmia-Masuria VoivodeshipPodlaskie VoivodeshipWestern Pomerania VoivodeshipMasovia VoivodeshipKuyavian-Pomerania VoivodeshipGreater Poland VoivodeshipGreater Poland VoivodeshipŁódź VoivodeshipLubusz VoivodeshipLower Silesia VoivodeshipSilesia VoivodeshipSubcarpathia or Podkarpackie VoivodeshipLesser Poland VoivodeshipSilesia VoivodeshipLublin VoivodeshipMasovia VoivodeshipLower Silesia VoivodeshipGreater Poland VoivodeshipŁódź VoivodeshipŁódź VoivodeshipMasovia VoivodeshipOpole VoivodeshipOpole VoivodeshipSubcarpathia or Podkarpackie Voivodeship|Świętokrzyskie VoivodeshipWestern Pomerania VoivodeshipPodlaskie VoivodeshipMasovia VoivodeshipPoland map with English.png
B. 1967 Voivodeships: Use these for FamilySearch
Catalog and Historical Records.
SzczecinKoszalinGdańskBydgoszczPoznańZielona GóraWrocławOpoleKatowiceKrakówRzeszówKielceLublinWarszawaLódźBiałystokOlsztynPoland 1967 map.png
C. Poland 1815-1918: Poland was

divided among Prussia,

Russia, and Austria.
West Prussia (Westpreussen)Pomerania (Pommern)East Prussia (Oustpreussen)BrandenburgPosenGalicia (Austrian PolandSilesia (Schlesien)Russian PolandPoland 1815-1918.png

D. Polish Archival Jurisdictions: Click here for a more detailed map of archive territories and voivodeship coverage. Use the PRADZIAD tool to discover which archive has the parish records you need.
Poland Archives.jpg

Provinces (Voivodeships)[edit | edit source]

Poland is currently divided into 16 provinces known as voivodeships (Polish: województwa, singular województwo).
Click on the link below for a Wiki article specific to the province.

More Poland Research Strategies[edit | edit source]

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy Wiki articles for the Poland.

More Poland Research Tools[edit | edit source]

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in the Poland.

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

Research Tutorials[edit | edit source]

Russian and Polish Transliteration Tools[edit | edit source]

How-to Guides[edit | edit source]

For all areas of Poland:

For areas of Poland that were once part of Prussia and Germany:

For areas of Poland that were once part of Russia:

Word-by-Word Reading Aids[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Poland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland, accessed 23 March 2016.