Polish Genealogical Word List

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Introduction

The Polish Genealogical Word List contains Polish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Polish ancestors. If the word (or some form of it) you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Polish-English dictionary. See the Additional Resources section below.


This list contains Polish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Polish-English dictionary. (See the “Additional Resources” section.) Polish is a Slavic language related to Russian and Czech. It is used in genealogical sources throughout Poland. Before 1918, Polish-speaking territories were divided between Russia, Germany, and Austria. Records written before 1918 may be in German, Russian, Latin, or Polish. • In Russian Poland, Polish was the official language for vital records from 1808 to 1868. From 1868 to 1917, Russian was the official language. • In German Poland, most records were kept in German or Latin, though some were kept in Polish. • In Austrian Poland, most records were kept in Latin. Some records were kept in German and some in Polish. Polish is also used in the records kept in some Polish communities in the United States. Polish records often contain Latin and German words. See the German Genealogical Word List (34067) and the Latin Genealogical Word List (34077).


Polish is a Slavic language derived from the West Slavic language family. Polish is related to Slovak and Czech and is used in the genealogical sources throughout the Czech Republic. Czech is the language of the Czech Republic and was the official language in the Czech lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia in the former Czechoslovakia. In addition, the Czech language may be found in the records of Czech communities in the United States, Canada, and other areas settled by Czechs.

Before 1918, the Czech lands were provinces of Austria, which, together with Hungary, constituted the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Records written before 1918 may be in German, Latin, or Czech. Czech records often contain German and Latin words. See the German Genealogical Word List and the Latin Genealogical Word List.


The Polish Genealogical Word List shows Polish words and their English translations for many words that are found in documents used to research Polish ancestors. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Polish-English dictionary. (See the "Additional Resources" section below.)


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