Difference between revisions of "Piegan Indians"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(cat)
(21 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The Piegan Indians are one of the three major Blackfeet tribes -- the Blood, the Blackeet, and the Piegan.<br>'''Ancestral Homeland:''' Southern Alberta near Calgary; and near Browning, Montana
+
''To get started in [[American_Indian_Genealogy|American Indian Research]]''
  
== History  ==
+
''[[Indians of Montana|Indians of Montana]] &gt; Piegan Indians''
 +
 
 +
{{infobox ethnic group
 +
|group = Piegan
 +
|image = [[Image:Piegan -in-the-lodge.jpg |232x231px]]
 +
|poptime =
 +
<table style="background: none; width: 100%;" rules="rows">
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>???</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">???</td><td style="width: 2px;">{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1906</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">2,072</td><td>{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}<REF>under the Blackfeet Agency in Montana, as reported by Frederick Webb Hodge. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico'']. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906. Hodge also reported an additional 493 Piegan at the Piegan Agency in Alberta, Canada.</REF></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>1858</td>
 +
<td style="text-align: right;">abt. 3,700{{resize|0%|&nbsp;}}<REF>Frederick Webb Hodge. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico'']. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.</REF></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
</table>
 +
<small></small>
 +
|popplace = '''Ancestral Homelands''': Southern Alberta near Calgary; and near Browning, Montana<br>
 +
'''Descendants''':<br>
 +
[[Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)|Blackfeet Reservation]] in Montana.<br>
 +
Portions of the tribe also reside on reserves in the Province of Alberta in Canada.
 +
|status = Federally recognized
 +
|linguistic = not yet researched
 +
|cultural = not yet researched
 +
|related-c = Siksika or North Blackfeet; Kainah or Bloods
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 +
 
 +
The Piegan are a part of the present-day Blackfeet Nation.
 +
 
 +
Blackfeet Nation<br>1 Agency Square<br>Browning, MT 59417<br>Phone: 1.406.338.7521<br>Fax: 1.406.338.7530
 +
 
 +
=== History  ===
 +
 
 +
The Piegan Indians are one of the three major Blackfeet tribes -- the Blood, the Blackfeet, and the Piegan.
 +
 
 +
During the 1700's there were inter-tribal conflicts with the Shoshone, Flathead and Kootenai, with the Piegan driving the Flathead and Kootenai west of the Rocky Mountains.
 +
 
 +
The Hudson Bay Company and its French traders were early non-Indian contacts during the mid-1700s to 1780. The company established the Cumberland and Buckingham trading houses.
 +
 
 +
The tribe was plagued with smallpox epidemics in 1780, 1837, 1869 and 1870 which depopulated the tribe each time.
 +
 
 +
On January 22, 1870 the Piegan village was attacked by the U.S. Cavalry and 174 were Indians were killed.
 +
 
 +
Fort Belknap and Blackfeet Reservations were established........
 +
 
 +
About a fourth of the tribe suffered starvation in 1883 and 1884 when the rations were short, and many died at Fort Shaw and Fort Belknap.
 +
 
 +
The population of the Piegan Tribe in 1800 was about 3,000. <br>
  
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
 
==== Brief Timeline  ====
Line 7: Line 61:
 
*'''1700:''' tribal enemies were the Shoshone or Snake  
 
*'''1700:''' tribal enemies were the Shoshone or Snake  
 
*The Piegan forced the Flathead and Kootenai west of the Rockies  
 
*The Piegan forced the Flathead and Kootenai west of the Rockies  
*'''1750:''' French traders came in contact with the tribe, traders at Cumberland House, in 1774 traders from Buckingham House of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1780  
+
*'''1750:''' French traders came in contact with the tribe, including traders at Cumberland House in 1774 and traders from Buckingham House of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1780  
 
*'''1780-81:''' Smallpox epidemic  
 
*'''1780-81:''' Smallpox epidemic  
 
*'''1821:''' Fort Benton constructed  
 
*'''1821:''' Fort Benton constructed  
Line 13: Line 67:
 
*'''1851:''' Treaty of Fort Laramie  
 
*'''1851:''' Treaty of Fort Laramie  
 
*'''1855:''' Treaty with the Blackfeet Nation - Lame Bull's Treaty  
 
*'''1855:''' Treaty with the Blackfeet Nation - Lame Bull's Treaty  
*'''1870:''' January 22, Piegan village attacked by U.S. cavalry, killing 174
+
*'''1870:''' January 22, Piegan village attacked 174 killed by U.S. Cavalry
*'''1873:''' July 5, Blackfeet reservation established and divided in thirds- Fort Belknap Reservation , Blackfeet Reservation and________  
+
*'''1873:''' July 5, Blackfeet Reservation established and divided in thirds- Fort Belknap Reservation , Blackfeet Reservation and________  
*'''1883:''' rations short and many die at Fort Shaw and Fort Belknap
+
*'''1883-1884:''' about a fourth of the Piegan Tribe starved to death at Fort Shaw and Fort Belknap
*'''1883-1884: '''about a fourth of Piegan starved to death.
 
  
==== Brief History ====
+
==== Reservations ====
  
The population of the Piegan Tribe in 1800 was about 3,000. In 1996, it was approcimately 18,000.
+
[[Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana)|Blackfeet Reservation]]
  
==== Reservations  ====
+
[[Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Montana)|Fort Belknap reservation]]
  
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
Line 28: Line 81:
 
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribehistory4.htm#Piegan Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Piegan tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
 
*Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribehistory4.htm#Piegan Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Piegan tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.
  
== Tribal Headquarters ==
+
=== Records ===
 +
 
 +
==== Agency  ====
  
== Records  ==
+
Since the Piegan are a major part of the Blackfeet Nation, the following [[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs]] had jurisdiction over them. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.
 +
 
 +
*[[Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)|Blackfeet Agency ]]1855-present
  
 
==== Treaty  ====
 
==== Treaty  ====
  
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/bla0736.htm '''1855'''] Treaty with the Blackfeet &nbsp;
+
During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, [[American Indian Treaties with the United States|click here]].
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
Treaties to which the Piegan Indians were a part were:
 +
 
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/bla0736.htm '''1855'''] Treaty with the Blackfeet
 +
 
 +
==== Tribal Office Records  ====
 +
 
 +
The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.
 +
 
 +
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
 
*Piegan Blackfeet Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfeet Wikipedia]
 
*Piegan Blackfeet Tribe [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfeet Wikipedia]
  
== References  ==
+
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
==== Bibliography ====
+
=== Bibliography  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Piegan  ====
 +
 
 +
==== General ====
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html ''Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75''], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html ''Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75''], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*''Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].''  
 
*''Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].''  
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. ''The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. '''[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].'''WorldCat 37475188
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. ''The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. '''[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.'''WorldCat 37475188
  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
Line 61: Line 130:
 
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]  
 
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]  
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- '''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results]'''  
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- '''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results]'''  
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
+
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
+
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
+
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
+
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
+
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
+
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
+
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
Line 80: Line 149:
  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
+
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States|Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America|Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 03:04, 7 May 2012

To get started in American Indian Research

Indians of Montana > Piegan Indians

{{#if: Siksika or North Blackfeet; Kainah or Bloods|
Piegan
Piegan -in-the-lodge.jpg
Population
??? ??? 
1906 2,072 [1]
1858 abt. 3,700 [2]

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands: Southern Alberta near Calgary; and near Browning, Montana

Descendants:
Blackfeet Reservation in Montana.
Portions of the tribe also reside on reserves in the Province of Alberta in Canada.

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

not yet researched

Cultural Group

not yet researched

Other Related Ethnic Groups

Siksika or North Blackfeet; Kainah or Bloods

Tribal Headquarters

The Piegan are a part of the present-day Blackfeet Nation.

Blackfeet Nation
1 Agency Square
Browning, MT 59417
Phone: 1.406.338.7521
Fax: 1.406.338.7530

History

The Piegan Indians are one of the three major Blackfeet tribes -- the Blood, the Blackfeet, and the Piegan.

During the 1700's there were inter-tribal conflicts with the Shoshone, Flathead and Kootenai, with the Piegan driving the Flathead and Kootenai west of the Rocky Mountains.

The Hudson Bay Company and its French traders were early non-Indian contacts during the mid-1700s to 1780. The company established the Cumberland and Buckingham trading houses.

The tribe was plagued with smallpox epidemics in 1780, 1837, 1869 and 1870 which depopulated the tribe each time.

On January 22, 1870 the Piegan village was attacked by the U.S. Cavalry and 174 were Indians were killed.

Fort Belknap and Blackfeet Reservations were established........

About a fourth of the tribe suffered starvation in 1883 and 1884 when the rations were short, and many died at Fort Shaw and Fort Belknap.

The population of the Piegan Tribe in 1800 was about 3,000.

Brief Timeline

  • 1700: tribal enemies were the Shoshone or Snake
  • The Piegan forced the Flathead and Kootenai west of the Rockies
  • 1750: French traders came in contact with the tribe, including traders at Cumberland House in 1774 and traders from Buckingham House of the Hudson's Bay Company in 1780
  • 1780-81: Smallpox epidemic
  • 1821: Fort Benton constructed
  • 1837 and 1869-1870: Smallpox epidemics
  • 1851: Treaty of Fort Laramie
  • 1855: Treaty with the Blackfeet Nation - Lame Bull's Treaty
  • 1870: January 22, Piegan village attacked 174 killed by U.S. Cavalry
  • 1873: July 5, Blackfeet Reservation established and divided in thirds- Fort Belknap Reservation , Blackfeet Reservation and________
  • 1883-1884: about a fourth of the Piegan Tribe starved to death at Fort Shaw and Fort Belknap

Reservations

Blackfeet Reservation

Fort Belknap reservation

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Records

Agency

Since the Piegan are a major part of the Blackfeet Nation, the following agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over them. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

Treaty

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the Piegan Indians were a part were:

  • 1855 Treaty with the Blackfeet

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Important Web Sites

References

  1. under the Blackfeet Agency in Montana, as reported by Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906. Hodge also reported an additional 493 Piegan at the Piegan Agency in Alberta, Canada.
  2. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.

Bibliography

Piegan

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [1]; FHL book 970.1 G131g.WorldCat 37475188
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [2]
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published