Difference between revisions of "Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Phillips_County,_Arkansas|Phillips County]]''  
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Phillips_County,_Arkansas|Phillips County]]''  
  
{{ARDC}}
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Guide to '''Phillips County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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{{DCARbutton}}  
  
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
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| seat wl = Helena
 
| seat wl = Helena
| adoption_sign = Adoption ARGenWeb
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| building image = ArkansasPhillipsCourthouse.jpg
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| building address = [http://www.arkansasties.com/Phillips/CourtHouse.htm Phillips County Courthouse ]<br>600 Cherry Street <br>Helena, AR 72342 <br>Phone: 870.338.5505
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}}  
 
}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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=== County Courthouse  ===
 
 
 
[[Image:Phillips County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Phillips County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg]]  
 
[[Image:Phillips County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Phillips County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg]]  
  
 
[http://www.arkansasties.com/Phillips/CourtHouse.htm Phillips County Courthouse ]<br>600 Cherry Street <br>Helena, AR 72342 <br>Phone: 870.338.5505  
 
[http://www.arkansasties.com/Phillips/CourtHouse.htm Phillips County Courthouse ]<br>600 Cherry Street <br>Helena, AR 72342 <br>Phone: 870.338.5505  
  
County Clerk has marriage records from 1831 and probate records from 1850; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court, and land records from 1820<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 69.</ref>  
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County Clerk has marriage records from 1831 and probate records from 1850; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court, and land records from 1820.<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 69.</ref>  
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning years for {{PAGENAME}} government records'''<ref>Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}.</ref></center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Death|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Court|Court]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1831
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1820
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1820
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1850
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|-
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| colspan="6" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
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|}
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 +
==== Government and Related Websites  ====
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 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" width="100%" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="3" | <center>'''County Government and other Local Websites'''</center>
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Phillips County-clerk.net] (unofficial site)
 +
| width="60%" | Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/AR_Phillips.htm PublicRecords.com] (unofficial site)
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| width="60%" | Provides links to County officials and public records
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|}
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
*'''1820--'''Phillips County was created 1 May 1820&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas|Arkansas]]&nbsp;and [[Hempstead County, Arkansas|Hempstead]] Counties. '''County seat:''' Helena <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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*'''1820--'''Phillips County was created 1 May 1820&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]]&nbsp;and [[Hempstead County, Arkansas Genealogy|Hempstead]] Counties. '''County seat:''' Helena <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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In addition, parts of Phillips County later became other counties: &nbsp;Crittenden in 1825, St. Francis in 1827, Monroe in 1829, and Lee in 1873.  
 
In addition, parts of Phillips County later became other counties: &nbsp;Crittenden in 1825, St. Francis in 1827, Monroe in 1829, and Lee in 1873.  
  
See an interactive map of Phillips County [http://www.n2genealogy.com/arkansas/ar-maps.html boundary changes].  
+
For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.  
 +
 
 +
==== Variant Spellings  ====
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 +
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
 +
 +
== Places/Localities  ==
 +
'''Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog'''
 +
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, Connells Point|place|disp=Connells Point}}
 +
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, Creigh|place|disp=Creigh}}
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, Helena|place|disp=Helena}}
 +
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, Marvell|place|disp=Marvell}}
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, Turner|place|disp=Turner}}
 +
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips, West Helena|place|disp=West Helena}}
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 +
==== Populated Places  ====
 +
 +
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
A 1906 report by the Arkansas Historical Association (reprinted by the American Historical Association in Washington in 1908) noted that "Some few of the records have been slightly damaged by being moth-eaten, but have been recopied. The records were removed during the war, but were afterwards returned in good condition. During the time they were gone a record was kept in a volume as 'Irregular D.' No misfortune has ever befallen our records, and they are kept in a fireproof vault."&nbsp;
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[[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]]  {{•}}
 +
[[Bolivar County, Mississippi Genealogy|Bolivar County, Mississippi]]  {{•}}
 +
[[Coahoma County, Mississippi Genealogy|Coahoma County, Mississippi]]  {{•}}
 +
[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy|Desha]]  {{•}}
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[[Lee County, Arkansas Genealogy|Lee]]  {{•}}
 +
[[Monroe County, Arkansas Genealogy|Monroe]]  {{•}}
 +
[[Tunica County, Mississippi Genealogy|Tunica County, Mississippi]]
 +
<center>{{ARPhillips County, Arkansas Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
  
The same report also noted that "the records seem to be complete" from the first deed, dated 13 Oct 1820, the first probate record, dated 17 Jan 1821, and the first Court of Common Pleas order, dated 15 Jan 1821.
 
  
For more, see:
+
==== History Timeline ====
  
*''Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1906'', Vol. 2. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1908, p. 45. online copy in [http://books.google.com/books?id=bsQ8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA45&dq=%22Phillips+County%22+Helena+1820&hl=en&ei=7TgSTrW7AfPksQLliOHUDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Phillips%20County%22%20Helena%201820&f=false Google Books]  
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Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Phillips County page on the website, [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture]. <ref>Billy Steven Clifft, ''The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture,'' (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=797&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 15, 2016), “Phillips County.”</ref>
*John Hugh Reynolds, ed., ''Publications of the Arkansas Historical Association'', Vol. 1. Fayetteville, AR: Arkansas Historical Association, 1906, p. 136. online copy in [http://books.google.com/books?id=gBMUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA136&dq=%22Phillips+County%22+Helena+1820&hl=en&ei=7TgSTrW7AfPksQLliOHUDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Phillips%20County%22%20Helena%201820&f=false Google Books]
 
  
== Places/Localities ==
+
* 1797 - Sylvannus Phillips, was living in what is now Phillips County , having come from North Carolina.
 +
* 1820 May 1 - The Arkansas territorial legislature established Phillips County out of Arkansas County
 +
* 1829 & 1873 - Phillips County was reduced in size twice: first when Monroe County was established, and later when Lee County was established.
 +
* Today (2010) - Phillips county is one of the few Arkansas counties where African Americans outnumber whites. They do so close to 2 to 1.
  
==== Populated Places ====
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== Genealogy Resources ==
  
==== Neighboring Counties ====
+
==== Research Guides ====
  
*[[Arkansas County, Arkansas|Arkansas]]
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==== African Americans  ====
*[[Bolivar County, Mississippi|Bolivar County, Mississippi]]
+
:*1864-1871 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2F9VRS-C6G%3A1076660106%3Fcc%3D2328125 Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, Helena] at  [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;'' Register of claimants, Copies of reports,
*[[Coahoma County, Mississippi|Coahoma County, Mississippi]]
 
*[[Desha County, Arkansas|Desha]]  
 
*[[Lee County, Arkansas|Lee]]
 
*[[Monroe County, Arkansas|Monroe]]
 
*[[Tunica County, Mississippi|Tunica County, Mississippi]]
 
  
== Resources ==
+
==== Bible Records ====
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#EAC7FE" colspan="3" | <center>'''Online Phillips County, Arkansas''' cemeteries <br>from [[Arkansas Cemeteries|state]] and [[United States Cemeteries|national]] resources</center>
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|-
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#CFF3FF" | <center>'''Search for names of people'''<br>in Phillips County</center>
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#F2DDFE" | <center>'''Get a list of cemeteries'''<br>(then click to names of people)</center>
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| width="32%" bgcolor="#B8FFDB" |<center>'''Find printed records''' <br>(Often more complete)</center>
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|-
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| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#EBFAFF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=smith&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=146&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Find A Grave] Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, change the name, then "Search"
 +
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=42&lm=s&last=smith&fm=s&first= Arkansas Gravestones] Change the name, then "Search"
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*[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#given_names=&family_names=smith&birth_year=&death_year=&year_range=5&lim=0&num=10&action=search&exact=true&phonetic=false&record_type=0&country=United+States&state=Arkansas&county=0 Billion Graves] Change the name, then "Search" (Statewide, many counties nil)
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| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#FAF1FF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=146 Find A Grave]
 +
 +
*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/phillips.htm Interment.net]
 +
 +
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/phillips-county-arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Access Genealogy]
 +
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/phillips/cemeteries.htm USGenWeb]
 +
 +
*[http://argenweb.net/arcounty.htm ARGenWeb] Select a county, then "Cemeteries." Some overlap with USGenWeb.
 +
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*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~arcemete/phillips/phillips.htm  RootsWeb]
 +
 +
*[http://www.idreamof.com/cemetery/ar.html I Dream of Genealogy] Select the county and cemetery.
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'''More cemetery lists'''
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*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/ALL/cem/ Linkpendium]
 +
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/cemeteries/ Cyndi's List]
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/arkansas/index.html DeathIndexes.com]
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*[http://www.daddezio.com/cemetery/junction/CJ-AR-NDX.html D'Addezio] Search/browse by cemetery name, not people. (Statewide)
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| valign="top" bgcolor="#D4FFE9" |
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} Select "Cemeteries"
 +
**Also [[Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy#Cities and Towns|check towns]] for records
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*[http://worldcat.org/search?q=Phillips+County%2C+Arkansas%2C+cemeteries&qt=notfound_page&search=Search World Cat]
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 +
*[[Arkansas Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 +
 +
*[[Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy#Societies|Societies]]
 +
 +
|}
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General:  
 
General:  
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==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
  
===== '''''General'''''  =====
+
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ajac/arphillips.htm Phillips County, Arkansas Largest Slaveholders from 1860 Slave Census Schedules and Surname Matches for African Americans on 1870 Census] (Tom Blake)
 +
*'''1820--'''Census is missing.
  
*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ajac/arphillips.htm Phillips County, Arkansas Largest Slaveholders from 1860 Slave Census Schedules and Surname Matches for African Americans on 1870 Census] (Tom Blake)
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==== Church Records  ====
  
===== '''''1820'''''  =====
+
{{AR Church Intro}}
  
'''1820--'''Census is missing.
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==== Court  ====
 +
==== Guardianship ====
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QC-KM7%3A353227701%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1821-1945] Phillips County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
 +
**Includes Probate records 1821-1891; Wills 1898-1945; Guardian bonds and records 1873-1911
  
==== Church ====
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==== Genealogy ====
  
==== Court ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
==== Land ====
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{{AR Land Intro}}
  
 
Phillips County deed records from 1886 to 1906 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the [http://www.ark-ives.com/news-events/detail.asp?NewsID=29 Arkansas History Commission]&nbsp;website.  
 
Phillips County deed records from 1886 to 1906 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the [http://www.ark-ives.com/news-events/detail.asp?NewsID=29 Arkansas History Commission]&nbsp;website.  
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 +
 +
{{AR History Intro}}
 +
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
 
===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry]<br>
+
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item}} 973 M24ur; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry]
  
 
===== Civil War  =====
 
===== Civil War  =====
  
====== Civil War Battle  ======
+
{{VAciv}}
 +
 
 +
:- [[13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]],
 +
:- [[2nd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)|2nd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)]]
 +
:- [[3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)|3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)]]
  
The following Civil War battle was fought in&nbsp;Phillips County.  
+
'''Online Records'''
 +
 
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932392|Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1891-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|1921864|Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1901-1929''' - {{RecordSearch|1837922|Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images only
 +
 
 +
======Civil War Battle ======
 +
 
 +
The following Civil War battle was fought in Phillips County.  
  
 
*July 4, 1863 =[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm Helena][http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm <ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]
 
*July 4, 1863 =[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm Helena][http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm <ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar008.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]
Line 144: Line 271:
 
:[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
 
:[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
  
<br>
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==== Naturalization  ====
  
*Men from Phillips County enlisted in the [[2nd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)|2nd Regiment Arkansas Cavalry (Union)]].
+
==== Newspapers  ====
  
==== Newspapers ====
+
{{AR Newspapers|Phillips}}
  
 
*''Constitutional Journal''  
 
*''Constitutional Journal''  
Line 154: Line 281:
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/phillips/newspapers.htm Regional Newspapers - Phillips County, Arkansas] (list)
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/phillips/newspapers.htm Regional Newspapers - Phillips County, Arkansas] (list)
  
==== Probate  ====
+
==== Occupations  ====
 +
 
 +
==== Probate Records ====
 +
 
 +
{{AR Probate Intro}}
 +
'''Online Probate Records'''
 +
*'''1783 – 1998''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8638 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1817 – 1979''' {{RecordSearch|2061549|Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QC-KM7%3A353227701%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1821-1945] Phillips County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
 +
**Includes Probate records 1821-1891; Wills 1898-1945; Guardian bonds and records 1873-1911.
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
 +
 +
{{AR Tax Intro}}
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
===== '''''Births'''''  =====
+
{{AR Vital Intro}}
 +
See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-vital-records/ How to order Arkansas Vital Records]
  
===== '''''Marriages''''' =====
+
===== Birth =====
  
*Murray, Dorothy L. ''Phillips County, Arkansas, 1820-1879: Computer Indexed Marriage Records''. Hunting for Bears, 1991. [http://books.google.com/books?id=CjOeHAAACAAJ&dq=%22Phillips+County%22+Arkansas+1820&hl=en&ei=AlcSTv2uEo6AsgL9jtnUDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA Google Books] page
+
===== Marriage  =====
*Phillips County marriage records from 1921 to 1951 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the [http://www.ark-ives.com/news-events/detail.asp?NewsID=29 Arkansas History Commission] website.
 
  
===== '''''Deaths''''' =====
+
*'''1820 - 1879''' - Murray, Dorothy L. ''Phillips County, Arkansas, 1820-1879: Computer Indexed Marriage Records''. Hunting for Bears, 1991. [http://books.google.com/books?id=CjOeHAAACAAJ&dq=%22Phillips+County%22+Arkansas+1820&hl=en&ei=AlcSTv2uEo6AsgL9jtnUDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA Google Books] page
 +
*'''1831 - 1946''' - Phillips County Marriage Books 1, A-Z, A1-N1 Index 1831-1946 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki.''</ref>
 +
*'''1831 - 1921''' - Phillips County Marriage Books 1, A-Z, A1-N1 Index 1831-1921 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d7/Arkansasnz.pdf.</ref>
 +
*'''1860 - 1976''' - {{RecordSearch|2546158|Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1921 - 1951''' - Phillips County marriage records from 1921 to 1951 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the [http://www.ark-ives.com/news-events/detail.asp?NewsID=29 Arkansas History Commission] website.
  
== Societies and Libraries ==
+
===== Death =====
  
 +
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 +
 +
== Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-society-archive/ List of Arkansas Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies]
 
*[http://www.librarytechnology.org/lwc-displaylibrary.pl?RC=14642 West Helena Public Library], 721 Plaza St., West Helena, AR 72390  
 
*[http://www.librarytechnology.org/lwc-displaylibrary.pl?RC=14642 West Helena Public Library], 721 Plaza St., West Helena, AR 72390  
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~artcgs/index.htm Tri-County Genealogical Society], PO Box 580, Marvell, AR 72366, covers Lee, Monroe, and Phillips Counties, Arkansas. The society publishes ''Tri-County Genealogy.''
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~artcgs/index.htm Tri-County Genealogical Society], PO Box 580, Marvell, AR 72366, covers Lee, Monroe, and Phillips Counties, Arkansas. The society publishes ''Tri-County Genealogy.''
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FFFF66" colspan="2" | <center>'''Major catalogs for ''hard copy'' collections of {{PAGENAME}}''' <br>Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | {{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Phillips|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
 +
| width="70%" | Select topics. For towns, [[{{PAGENAME}}#Places/Localities|click here]].
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Phillips+county%2C+arkansas&qt=results_page WorldCat]
 +
| width="70%" | Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://alpl.ent.sirsi.net/client/default/search/results?qu=phillips+county%2C+arkansas&te=ILS Allen County Public Library]
 +
| Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/county_records.aspx Arkansas History Commission] Select the county
 +
| Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" colspan="2" | <center>[[{{PAGENAME}}#Genealogy_Societies_and_Libraries|Local libraries]] and [[Arkansas Archives and Libraries]] may suggest other catalogs</center>
 +
|}
 +
 +
==== Family History Centers  ====
 +
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
 +
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 +
 +
==== Websites  ====
 +
 +
{{WA Websites Intro}}
 +
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ADFF85" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites with online indexes or images of records''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.argenweb.net/phillips/ ARGenWeb]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/phillips/phillips.html USGenWeb Archives]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Phillips/ RootsWeb resources]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|}
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#94FFFF" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites that search for links pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
+
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Phillips/ Linkpendium]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/phillips/ CyndisList]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/phillips-county/ StateofUS]  
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | family history resources and government records
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FAEBD7" colspan="3" | <center>'''Social networking sites pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
  
== Web Sites<br>  ==
 
  
*[http://www.mycivilwar.com/battles/630704a.htm The Battle of Helena] (The American Civil War site)
+
|-
*[http://sankofagen.pbworks.com/w/page/14230456/Council-Bend-Plantation Council Bend Plantation] (Sankofagen Wiki)
+
|width="30%" | [http://genforum.genealogy.com/ar/phillips/ genealogy.com]
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Phillips|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
|width="70%" | Phillips County, AR Genealogy Forum
*[http://ltc4940.blogspot.com/2008/09/helena-ar.html Helena-West Helena] (Born and Raised in the South blog)
+
|-
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helena-West_Helena,_Arkansas Helena-West Helena] (Wikipedia)
+
|width="30%" | [http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.arkansas.counties.phillips/mb.ashx ancestry.com]
*Helena-West Helena, Arkansas in [http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=950 The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp; Culture]
+
|width="70%" | Phillips County Message Board
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Phillips/ Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
+
|}
*[http://genforum.genealogy.com/ar/phillips/ Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy Forum]
 
*[http://genealogytrails.com/ark/phillips/ Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy Trails]
 
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/county/ar-county-phillips.html Phillips County, Arkansas History, Records, Facts, Genealogy and Ancestry] (Family History 101)
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/phillips/ Phillips County GenWeb] (ARGenWeb)
 
*Phillips County in [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=797 The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp; Culture]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidney_H._Horner_House Sidney H. Horner House] (Wikipedia)
 
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 198: Line 399:
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
 
  
[[Category:Phillips_County,_Arkansas]]
+
 
 +
[[Category:IGIcheck]] [[Category:Phillips_County,_Arkansas]]

Latest revision as of 21:12, 23 August 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Phillips County

Guide to Phillips County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Phillips County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Phillips County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded May 1, 1820
County Seat Helena
Courthouse
ArkansasPhillipsCourthouse.jpg
Address Phillips County Courthouse
600 Cherry Street
Helena, AR 72342
Phone: 870.338.5505


County Courthouse

Phillips County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg

Phillips County Courthouse
600 Cherry Street
Helena, AR 72342
Phone: 870.338.5505

County Clerk has marriage records from 1831 and probate records from 1850; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court, and land records from 1820.[1]

Beginning years for Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1831 1914* 1820 1820 1850
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Government and Related Websites

County Government and other Local Websites
County-clerk.net (unofficial site) Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
PublicRecords.com (unofficial site) Provides links to County officials and public records

History

Phillips County, Arkansas was formed from Arkansas County on 1 May 1820 by the territorial legislature. Located in Eastern Arkansas, the county's eastern boundary is the Mississippi River.

The county is said to have been named for Sylvanus Phillips, who became the first settler in 1820. Phillips served from Arkansas County, Phillips County's parent county, in the territorial legislature in 1820. Some sources refer to Phillips, Patterson, and Mooney as having been the earliest settlers at what became Helena. Helena, which was laid out by Sylvanus Phillips and became the county seat in 1830, is said to have been named for his daughter.

An early and influential settler was W.B.R. Horner, a lawyer who arrived in the area in 1811. Horner pushed for the division of Arkansas County into two separate counties, and as a result Phillips County was formed in 1820. Evidently the legislative act to divide Arkansas County passed in Feb 1820, but did not take effect until May 1st. Horner then served as the county's first representative in the second legislature.

Phillips County's original county seat was referred to as St. Francis. By 21 Jun 1821, The Arkansas Gazette was referring to Helena as being Phillips County's seat of government. Although the early history is not clear, it would appear that rather than moving the county seat, its name was changed from St. Francis to Helena.

The earliest Phillips County records appear to date to 1820. The earliest deed in the county was recorded 13 Oct 1820, but also though the land involved was near Helena, it was described as being in Arkansas County. The earliest deed for land recorded as being in Phillips County is dated 19 Nov 1820.

The town of Helena was nearly entirely destroyed by fire in 1852. The town was then hit by a yellow fever epidemic in 1855.

Historically, the county is perhaps best known as the site of the well-known Battle of Helena (Wikipedia), an important Civil War battle. This battle took place at Helena in Phillips County on 4 Jul 1863.

This was after the town became occupied by the Union army under General Samuel Curtis in 1862. During the Battle of Helena, Curtis' troops were attacked by three Confederate generals, Holmes, Marmaduke, and Walker, in an unsuccessful attempt to regain Helena. Helena remained in Union hands from 1862 through the rest of the Civil War.

In 1941, Helena was the scene for the beginning of the now-legendary blues radio program, "King Biscuit Time," over KFFA.

For more, see:

  • Hellmann. Paul T., Historical Gazetteer of the United States. New York: Routledge, 2005, p. 63 (section headed "Helena"). online copy in Google Books 
  • McCabe, James D., Jr. A Comprehensive View of Our Country and its Resources. Philadelphia: Hubbard Brothers, 1876, section headed "Helena," p. 992. online copy in Google Books
  • Shinn, Josiah Hazen. Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas, Vol. 1, Washington: Genealogical and Historical Publishing Co., 1908, especially pp. 117-131. online copy in Google Books
  • Whitaker, Robert. On the Laps of Gods: The Red Summer of 1919 and the Struggle for Justice that Remade a Nation. New York: Random House, 2008 (discusses 20th century racial issues and earlier plantation society in Helena and Phillips County). Google Books preview

Parent County

  • 1820--Phillips County was created 1 May 1820 from Arkansas and Hempstead Counties. County seat: Helena [3]

Boundary Changes

One factor that must be taken into account in conducting research pertaining to Phillips County is that the Mississippi River has, on occasion, changed course.

In addition, parts of Phillips County later became other counties:  Crittenden in 1825, St. Francis in 1827, Monroe in 1829, and Lee in 1873.

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Arkansas  • Bolivar County, Mississippi  • Coahoma County, Mississippi  • Desha  • Lee  • Monroe  • Tunica County, Mississippi

Philips CountyLee CountyMonroe CountyArkansas CountySt. Francis CountyDesha CountyTunic CountyCoahoma CountyBolivar CountyJefferson CountyLincoln CountyWoodruff CountyDrew CountyPrairie CountyARPhillips.JPG


History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Phillips County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [4]

  • 1797 - Sylvannus Phillips, was living in what is now Phillips County , having come from North Carolina.
  • 1820 May 1 - The Arkansas territorial legislature established Phillips County out of Arkansas County
  • 1829 & 1873 - Phillips County was reduced in size twice: first when Monroe County was established, and later when Lee County was established.
  • Today (2010) - Phillips county is one of the few Arkansas counties where African Americans outnumber whites. They do so close to 2 to 1.

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Online Phillips County, Arkansas cemeteries
from state and national resources
Search for names of people
in Phillips County
Get a list of cemeteries
(then click to names of people)
Find printed records
(Often more complete)
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, change the name, then "Search"
  • Billion Graves Change the name, then "Search" (Statewide, many counties nil)
  • ARGenWeb Select a county, then "Cemeteries." Some overlap with USGenWeb.

More cemetery lists


General:

Individual Cemeteries:

Census

Church Records

Court

Guardianship

Genealogy

Land and Property

Phillips County deed records from 1886 to 1906 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the Arkansas History Commission website.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.


Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy:


- 13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate),
- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)
- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)

Online Records

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Phillips County.

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Occupations

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Vital Records

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
  • 1820 - 1879 - Murray, Dorothy L. Phillips County, Arkansas, 1820-1879: Computer Indexed Marriage Records. Hunting for Bears, 1991. Google Books page
  • 1831 - 1946 - Phillips County Marriage Books 1, A-Z, A1-N1 Index 1831-1946 in Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957 at FamilySearch - free.[6]
  • 1831 - 1921 - Phillips County Marriage Books 1, A-Z, A1-N1 Index 1831-1921 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1860 - 1976 - Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1921 - 1951 - Phillips County marriage records from 1921 to 1951 were microfilmed by the Arkansas History Commission in cooperation with the Arkansas History Commission. This was a part of a project which was completed in 2007. The filming project is discussed in an Internet news item in the Arkansas History Commission website.
Death
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch Catalog Select topics. For towns, click here.
WorldCat Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
Arkansas History Commission Select the county Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
Local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries may suggest other catalogs

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites



Sites with online indexes or images of records
ARGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records


Social networking sites pertaining to Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy


genealogy.com Phillips County, AR Genealogy Forum
ancestry.com Phillips County Message Board

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 69.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Billy Steven Clifft, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=797&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 15, 2016), “Phillips County.”
  5. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  6. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/d/d7/Arkansasnz.pdf.