Philippines, Civil Registration, Local (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Philippines Civil Registration (Local) .
This collection includes the local copies of birth, marriage, and death certificates housed at the Bureau of Records Management in Manila, Philippines. It comprises records of birth, marriage, and death certificates created at local civil registry offices throughout the Philippines. Records are not available for all localities; the coverage varies by city/locality. Additional records will be added to this collection. Browse the collection in FamilySearch to determine current coverage. For local civil registration records for Metropolitan Manila, please see the collection "Philippines, Manila Civil Registration (Local), 1899-1980." Marriage and Death records are for the most part handwritten in English.
The recording of civil events in a person's life, such as birth, marriage and death, required valid evidence, therefore making these records very reliable.
Until 1889, there was no central civil administration to collect, interpret, and preserve the civil registration records. Most vital records from before 1889 come from Catholic parish and diocesan archives.
In 1889, the Spanish government created the Central Office of Statistics (Central Estadística). This subdivision of the Bureau of Civil Administration (Dirección General de Administración Civil) required each parish priest to periodically give the government a detailed list of the births, marriages, and deaths in his area. Although the Catholic clergy had previously maintained such records and even occasionally submitted them to the government, this was the first time that they had been required to regularly submit detailed reports. This system continued until the end of the Spanish administration in 1898.
After the Philippine Revolution of 1898, the church and state became separate. Within the first few years, officials responsible for civil registration were appointed in each municipality. In 1922, the Civil Records Centralization Act required “all municipal secretaries to submit quarterly reports on all registration matters to the Chief of the Division of Archives.” In 1930, civil registration became mandatory and, in 1932, the Bureau of Census and Statistics was created to oversee all civil registration in the Philippines. It was not until 1940 that most registrations began to be recorded.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
This collection of records from local civil registry offices throughout the country includes birth, marriage, and death records for 1898 to 1980.
The records of birth, marriage and death provides important information of events in a person's life; therefore, it became necessary for legal authorities to record and keep these events in their citizens life, in formal books, for the benefit of civil and personal purposes.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- Civil Registrar. Philippines civil registration. National Census and Statistics Office, Manila, Philippines.
The key genealogical facts found in birth records usually include the following:
- Date and place of the event
- Name of the principal
- Gender of principal and date of birth
- Parents' names, residence, and/or place of origin
- Names of witnesses
The key genealogical facts found in marriage records usually include the following:
- Husband’s name
- Wife’s name
- Date and place of the marriage
- Names of the husband’s parents
- Names of the wife’s parents
- Names of the witnesses
- Names of the persons who gave consent
- Name of the person who solemnized the marriage
- Beginning in 1945, birthplace of the husband and wife
- Date of the marriage license
- Date of the certificate (marriage contract)
The key genealogical facts found in death records usually include the following:
- Name of the deceased
- Name of the surviving spouse
- Date and place of death
- The date and place of burial (cremation or removal)
- Name of the informant
- Name of the attending physician
- Name of the undertaker
- On death certificates after 1958, names of the father and mother
- On death certificates after 1958, the birth date and birthplace of the deceased
- Date of the certificate or the date the certificate was filed by the local civil registrar
- Date of burial or transit permit
|Description||Earliest Year||Latest Year|
|Civil Registration- Births||1898||1980|
|Civil Registration - Marriages||1903||1980|
|Civil Registration - Deaths||1914||1980|
How to Use the Records
When browsing this collection it is helpful to know the following:
- The place where the event occurred
- The name and surname of the person
- The approximate date of the event
- The name of the parents or spouse
Select the folder for your locality, then select the birth records, death records or marriage records folder. A year range will appear, select the one that will be most helpful.
If you find a record that could be for your ancestor, compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
- Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
- Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
- Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church records.
- Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom; this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
- Use the marriage number to identify previous marriages.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
Keep in mind:
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another.
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Browse the images for records of nearby localities.
- Municipality of Itogon – Registry Office
- National Archives of the Philippines Brief History
- Philippines Genealogy
- FamilySearch Philippines Research Outline
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
Records are in Spanish. Spanish is also used in sections of later records.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Philippines, Civil Registration (Local), 1898-1980" digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 2 March 2012), Bulacan > Plaridel > Birth Records > 1981 > image 84 of 1454, Lea Sudario Pangiligan, 5 January 1981; citing Archive Division of the Bureau of Records Management, Birth records, RMAO, Metropolitan Manila.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.