Phelps County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Phelps County

Guide to Phelps County Missouri genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Phelps County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded November 13, 1857
County Seat Rolla
Address Phelps County Courthouse
200 N Main Street FL 1;
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone: 573.364.1891
Phelps County Website

County Courthouse


County Clerk has marriage, divorce, court and
land records from 1857 and probate records[1]


Parent County

1857--Phelps County was created 13 November 1857 from CrawfordPulaski and Maries Counties. County seat: Rolla [2]

Boundary Changes

  • See an interactive map of Phelps County border changes at N2Genealogy.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Phelps County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.




  • There is an index for the State Federal Soldiers' Home in St. James, Mo. in Marie Concannon's Index of residents State Federal Soldiers' Home of Missouri, St. James, Missouri, 1899-1946 (FamilySearch) (Worldcat). The home was provided for indigent Union veterans of the Civil War, their wives, widows, and army nurses.


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Phelps County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1857-1867 - Phelps County Birth Index 1857-1867. Batch C515591 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1883-1890 - Phelps County Birth Index, Volume 1, 1883-1890. Batches C582499 and C582671 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1857-1867 - Phelps County Marriage Index 1857-1867. Batch M515591 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1867-1885 - Phelps County Marriage Index 1867-1885. Batch M515592 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • Missouri State Archives provides on-line access to Missouri Death Certificates more than 50 yrs old starting in 1910.
  • 1883-1890 - Phelps County Death Index, Volume 1, 1883-1890. Batch B514584 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Phelps County, Missouri. Page 404 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at