Papago Indian Agency (Arizona)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
There have been several agencies for the Papago Indians at various times in history. These agencies have been divided, renamed, consolidated, and reestablished by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (formerly Office of Indian Affairs).
A Papago Agency was established in 1864. In 1865 it was expanded to also include the Pima, Maricopa, and "Tame" Apache Indians and was called the Pima, Papago, and Maricopa Agency. In 1869, the agency was re-located at Sacaton, Arizona, in Pinal County, on the Gila River Reservation, and was called the Gila River Agency. From 1871 to 1876, there was a separate agency for the Papago Indians. After 1876, the Papago Indians were again assigned to an agency known as the Pima Agency, which was also responsible for the Pima and Maricopa Indians. In 1902, some of the Papago living on the San Xavier Reservation came under the San Xavier Agency. In 1917, the reservation for the Papago Indians was enlarged and in 1919, the San Xavier group of Papago Indians moved to Indian Oasis with that agency, which was renamed the Sells Agency. Some Papago remained under the Pima Agecny until 1934.
A separate Papago Agency was established about 1948 by the renaming of the Sells Agency.
Some of the records for the Papago Agency (actually for the Sells Agency for much of the time period covered by the collection) are in the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration in Laguna Niguel, California. Among the collection there are:
- Records relating to marriages, 1902-1948
- Applications for attendance at non-reservation Indian schools, 1906-1924
- Individual Indian history cards, ca. 1908-1915
- Tribal census rolls, 1912-1940
- Birth and death registers, 1913-1936
- Death certificates, 1916-1947
- Birth certificates, 1919-1948
- School census, 1937
- Individual and family census cards
- Individual Indian draft registration cards, 1940-1945
See the discussion of records under the Gila River Agency, San Xavier Agency, and Sells Agency for listings and descriptions of other records for the Papago Indians.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 173-174.
- Available online.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online