Difference between revisions of "Paiute Indians"

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== '''Bands and Groups of the Paiute Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities'''  ==
 
== '''Bands and Groups of the Paiute Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities'''  ==
  
'''The term or designation of Paiute Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. They are sometimes divided into Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute, and are sometimes grouped together with other tribes such as the Shoshone or Bannock Indians. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Utah on the east to northern California on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Paiutes, with their colonies or reservations, include:'''
+
The term or designation of Paiute Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. They are sometimes divided into Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute, and are sometimes grouped together with other tribes such as the Shoshone or Bannock Indians. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Utah on the east to northern California on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Paiutes, with their colonies or reservations, include:  
  
*'''Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians -- '''[[Big Pine Indian Reservation (California)|'''Big Pine Reservation''']]'''(California)'''  
+
*'''Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians -- '''[[Big Pine Indian Reservation (California)|'''Big Pine Reservation''']] '''(California)'''  
 
*'''Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California'''  
 
*'''Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California'''  
 
*'''Burns Paiute Tribe -- Burns Paiute Colony (Oregon)'''  
 
*'''Burns Paiute Tribe -- Burns Paiute Colony (Oregon)'''  
 
*'''Cedar City Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  
 
*'''Cedar City Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  
 
*'''Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians -- '''[[Fort Independence Indian Reservation (California)|'''Fort Independence Reservation (California)''']]  
 
*'''Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians -- '''[[Fort Independence Indian Reservation (California)|'''Fort Independence Reservation (California)''']]  
*'''Fort McDermitt Paiute -- '''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|'''Fort McDermitt Reservation''']]'''(Nevada and Oregon)'''  
+
*'''Fort McDermitt Paiute -- '''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|'''Fort McDermitt Reservation''']] '''(Nevada and Oregon)'''  
 
*'''Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  
 
*'''Indian Peaks Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  
 
*'''Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians -- Kaibab Reservation (Arizona)'''  
 
*'''Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians -- Kaibab Reservation (Arizona)'''  
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*'''Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah'''  
 
*'''Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah'''  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community -- '''[[Bishop Indian Reservation (California)|'''Bishop Colony (California)''']]  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community -- '''[[Bishop Indian Reservation (California)|'''Bishop Colony (California)''']]  
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of Duck Valley -- '''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|'''Duck Valley Reservation''']]'''(Idaho and Nevada)'''  
+
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of Duck Valley -- '''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|'''Duck Valley Reservation''']] '''(Idaho and Nevada)'''  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Tribe -- '''[[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|'''Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)''']]  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Tribe -- '''[[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|'''Fallon Reservation and Colony (Nevada)''']]  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community -- '''[[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|'''Lone Pine Reservation (California)''']]  
 
*'''Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community -- '''[[Lone Pine Indian Reservation (California)|'''Lone Pine Reservation (California)''']]  
*'''Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe -- '''[[Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|'''Pyramid Lake Reservation''']]'''(Nevada)'''  
+
*'''Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe -- '''[[Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|'''Pyramid Lake Reservation''']] '''(Nevada)'''  
 
*'''San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona'''  
 
*'''San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona'''  
 
*'''Shivwits Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  
 
*'''Shivwits Band of Paiutes (see Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah)'''  

Revision as of 23:56, 17 February 2010

Two  major groups: Northern Paiute and the Southern Paiute. 

Ancestral homelands: Northern Paiute in what is now northwestern Nevada, southeastern Oregon, southwestern Idaho and northeastern California.  Southern Paiute in area now western Utah, southern Nevada, northwestern Arizona and southeastern California. Another group live along the Sierra Nevada in southeastern California - the Owen Valley Paiute

History

Brief Timeline

1825: Contact with Jedediah Smith - fur trapper and trader

1827: Peter Skene Ogden- fur trapper and trader

1833: Joseph Walker

1849: Gold discovered in California

1858-1859: Coeur d'Alene War The Northern Paiute were allies of the Coeur d'Alene

1860: Paiute War or Pyramid Lake War

1866-67: Snake War

Settled on the Malheur Reservation in Oregon

1878: Bannock War

1888-89: Jack Wilson (Wovoka), a Northern Paiute proclaimed a religion called the Ghost Dance; influeced by Wodziwob of the Walker River Reservation, who began practicing his version of the Ghost Dance in 1870. The Ghoste Dance Religion spread to tribes all over the West.

1957: Paiute Indians of Utah terminated, Tribal Membership 232, Tribal land 42,839

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Tribal Headquarters

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: (702) 423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 323-3780
Fax:(702) 423-5202

Fort McDermitt Paiute

Fort McDermitt Paiute
P.O. Box 457
McDermitt, Nevada 89421
Telephone: (702) 532-8259
Fax:(702) 532-8263

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe
567 Yellow Jacket Road
Benton, CA 93512
Ph. 760-933-2321
Fax 760-933-2412

Bands and Groups of the Paiute Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities

The term or designation of Paiute Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. They are sometimes divided into Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute, and are sometimes grouped together with other tribes such as the Shoshone or Bannock Indians. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Utah on the east to northern California on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Paiutes, with their colonies or reservations, include:

Records

Agency Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Corrrespondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Paiute Fort Bidwell Agency, 1910-31 San Fransico - 224-28, 330-34, 640-45 576492
Paiute Nevada Agency, 1886-1905 San Fransico - 288 579698-99
Paiute Western Navajo Agency, 1902-17 Los Angeles - 12, 18-19, 104,137, 149, 167, 199, 227-28, 252,268,288-89, 330-34, 410, 460, 615, 629-48 583099-104
Paiute Bishop Agency, 1916 Washington D.C. - 2 573848
Paiute Fallon (Lovelocks) School, 1909-24 San Fransico - 104, 252 575796

Vital Records

  • Western Navajo Agency, M595, births and deaths 1925-1933 FHL Film:  583103 and births and deaths 1928-1934 FHL Film: 583104

Important Web Sites

References

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published