Ottawa Indian Agency (Kansas)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
The Ottawa Agency was established in 1863 for the Ottawa Indians of Kansas, the Chippewa of Swan Creek and Black River, and the Munsee (or "Christian") Indians who had affiliated with the Chippewa in 1859. The Ottawa lived on a reserve on the Mariais des Cygnes River in Franklin County, Kansas. They had received that reserve by treaty in 1831. The Chippewa and Munsee lived west of the Ottawa. The Ottawa and Chippewa had previously been assigned to the Sac and Fox Agency.
In 1864, the Chippewa and Munsee Indians were transferred back to the Sac and Fox Agency. By treaty of 1862, the Ottawa agreed to make allotments of land to members of their tribe and to sell the remainder of the land to non-Indian settlers. The treaty stipulated that the Ottawa were to become citizens of Kansas and dissolve their tribal government within five years. Some tribal members who did not want to become citizens made arrangements with the Shawnee Indians of the Neosho Agency to purchase land in Indian Territory. They came under the Neosho Agency until 1871 and thereafter the Quapaw Agency.
Although the Ottawa Agency was effectively abolished by 1867, some letters relating to the Ottawa in Kansas were still filed under that heading by the Office of Indian Affairs until as late as 1873.
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Ottawa Agency, 1863-1873, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 656-658. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll number 1661386-1661388.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 30, 134-135.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.