Difference between revisions of "Otero County, Colorado Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Otero_County,_Colorado|Otero County]]'' <br>
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[Colorado Genealogy|Colorado]]
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| link5=[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy|Otero County]]
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}}
  
Guide to '''Otero County Colorado genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
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Guide to '''Otero County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history''', birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  
{{CODC}}  
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{| style="width:18%; float:right"
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|-
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<center>{{Click|image:CO_ORP.png|Colorado_Online_Genealogy_Records}}</center>
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{{Infobox U.S. County 2016
  
{{Infobox U.S. County
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|organized=  1889 March 25
| county = Otero County
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|county seat= La Junta
| county_map = Colorado Otero County.png
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|parent county= [[Bent County, Colorado Genealogy|Bent ]]<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
| state = Colorado
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|variant spellings=
| state_map = Colorado.png
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|county1= [[Bent County, Colorado Genealogy|Bent]]
| latd =  
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|county2= [[Crowley County, Colorado Genealogy|Crowley]]
| longd =
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|county3= [[Kiowa County, Colorado Genealogy|Kiowa]]
| founded year = 1852
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|county4= [[Las Animas County, Colorado Genealogy|Las Animas]]
| founded date = January 9
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|county5= [[Pueblo County, Colorado Genealogy|Pueblo]]</br><center>[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Maps and Gazetteers|See County Maps]]</center>
| seat = La Junta
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|county6=
| building image =
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|county7=
| building address = Otero County Courthouse<br>13 W 3rd St<br>La Junta, CO 81050-0000<br>Phone: 719.384.8701<br>[http://www.oterogov.com/ '''Otero County Website'''] }}  
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|county8=
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|county9=
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|county10=
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|county courthouse= [[Image:ColoradoOteroCourthouse.jpg|245x245px]]
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|county location in state= [[Image: Colorado Otero County.png|185x185px]]
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|adoption=
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}}
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|}
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<div style="width:17%; float:left; margin-right:4em; padding:0px">__TOC__</div>
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== County Information ==
  
=== County Courthouse ===
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=== Description ===
 +
=== County Courthouse ===
 +
{{CO Courthouse Intro|Otero}}
  
County Clerk&nbsp;has marriage&nbsp;records from 1892 and land records&nbsp;1889<br> Clerk County&nbsp;Court has divorce and probate recors; Clerk District&nbsp;Court<br>has court records<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 100, Otero County, Colorado. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>  
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'''Otero County Courthouse'''<br>13 W 3rd St<br>La Junta, CO 81050-0000<br>Phone: 719.384.8701<br>[http://www.oterogov.com/ Otero County Website]<br><br>
 +
County Clerk&nbsp;has marriage&nbsp;records from 1892 and land records&nbsp;1889<br> Clerk County&nbsp;Court has divorce and probate records;<br> Clerk District&nbsp;Court has court records<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 100, Otero County, Colorado. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref><br>For early birth records, see Vital Statistics Registrar, La Junta. <ref name="red book" />
  
=== Quick Facts ===
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=== Otero County, Colorado Record Dates ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''</center>
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|-
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Otero County, Colorado Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
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|-
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |<center>1889 <ref name="red book">'''The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources''. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 93.</ref>*<br></center>
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |<center>1889 <ref name="red book" />*<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |<center>1887-1907 <ref name="red book" />*<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |<center>1889<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |<center>1889<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |
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|-
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| colspan="7" | <center></center>
  
{{Wikipedia|Otero County, Colorado}}
 
  
==== Parent County  ====
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|}
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 +
=== Record Loss ===
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{|
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|-
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|
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There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Boundary Changes ===
 +
{{CO Boundary Changes Intro|Otero}}
 +
{|
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|-
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|
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*'''1889 March 25:''' Otero County was created from [[Bent County, Colorado Genealogy|Bent ]]County.
 +
*'''County seat:''' La Junta<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref> <br>
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/colorado/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Colorado] - shows boundary changes for Colorado Counties
 +
*[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/CO_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies Colorado Historical Boundary Changes] - list of all boundary changes by county provided by [https://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]<br>
  
 
*'''Before 1861''' the southern 2/3rds of this modern Colorado county were in New Mexico.
 
*'''Before 1861''' the southern 2/3rds of this modern Colorado county were in New Mexico.
 +
:*'''1852 January 9''' it was created part of [[Taos County, Colorado Genealogy|Taos County]] in [[New Mexico Genealogy|New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="Dollarhide">William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52.  {{WorldCat|16509993|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nmahgp/cohis.htm Brief County Histories (New Mexico)] in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).</ref>
 +
:*'''1860 February 1''' it became part of [[Mora County, Colorado Genealogy|Mora County]].<ref name="Dollarhide" />
 +
:*'''1861 February 28''' it was transferred to [[Colorado Genealogy|Colorado]]<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).</ref> <ref name="Animap">Adrian B. Ettlinger, ''AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database'' (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. {{WorldCat|263846425|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1474888|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 4903}}.</ref> (1 Nov 1861 [[Huerfano County, Colorado Genealogy|Huerfano County]]).<ref>''Handybook'', 99, Huerfano County, Colorado.</ref>
 +
::Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see [[Taos County, Colorado Genealogy|Taos County]].
 +
 +
 +
|}
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=== Populated Places ===
 +
{{CO Populated Places Intro|Otero}}
 +
The following are locations in Otero County, Colorado:<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Otero County, Colorado," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otero_County,_Colorado, accessed  17 May 2017.</ref>
 +
 +
{{populated places
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<!--cities column------------------->
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| cities-col1=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Junta,_Colorado La Junta]</div>
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| cities-col2=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Ford,_Colorado Rocky Ford]</div>
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| cities-col3=
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<!--towns column------------------->
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| towns-col1=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheraw,_Colorado Cheraw]
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fowler,_Colorado Fowler]</div>
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| towns-col2=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manzanola,_Colorado Manzanola]</div>
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| towns-col3=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swink,_Colorado Swink]</div>
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<!--villages column------------------->
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| villages-col1=<div></div>
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| villages-col2=<div></div>
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| villages-col3=<div></div>
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<!--unincorp column------------------->
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| unincorp-col1=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlman,_Colorado Marlman]</div>
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| unincorp-col2=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timpas,_Colorado Timpas]</div>
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| unincorp-col3=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vroman,_Colorado Vroman]</div>
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<!--census column------------------->
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| census-col1=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Junta_Gardens,_Colorado La Junta Gardens]</div>
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| census-col2=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_La_Junta,_Colorado North La Junta]</div>
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| census-col3=
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<!--townships column------------------->
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| townships-col1=
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| townships-col2=
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| townships-col3=
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<!--ghost towns column------------------->
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| ghost-col1=<div>
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloom,_Colorado Bloom]</div>
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| ghost-col2=
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| ghost-col3=
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}}
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 +
=== History Timeline ===
 +
{{CO Historical Timeline Intro|Otero}}
 +
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== Resources ==
 +
{{CO Resources Intro|Otero}}
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=== Bible Records ===
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{{CO Bible Intro|Otero}}
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 +
=== Biographies  ===
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{{CO Biographies Intro|Otero}}
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=== Business, Commerce, and Occupations ===
 +
{{CO Business Records Intro|Otero}}
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 +
=== Cemeteries ===
 +
{{CO Cemeteries Intro|Otero}}
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 +
{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:66%;  "
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|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of Otero County, Colorado''' online and in print</center>
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
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* [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=7&GScnty=285&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
 +
* [http://www.cogenweb.com/otero/ COGenWeb]
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* [http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/otero.htm#cemetery COGenWeb Archives]
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* [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/colorado/otero.html Tombstone Project]
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* [http://coloradogravestones.org/search.php?cid=45&lm=s&last=&fm=s&first= Colorado Gravestones]
 +
* [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/results?count=20&query=%2Bdeath_place%3A%22Otero%20County%2C%20Colorado%22~&collection_id=2026973 Billion Graves]
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print''' ([[The Value of Cemetery Records in Print |Often more complete]])</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
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* {{FHL|605135|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
 +
* [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=cemeteries+Otero+County%2C+Colorado&qt=results_page WorldCat]
  
:*'''9 January 1852''' it was created part of [[Taos County, Colorado|Taos County]] in [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="Dollarhide">William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52.  {{WorldCat|16509993|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nmahgp/cohis.htm Brief County Histories (New Mexico)] in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).</ref>  
+
|-
:*'''1 February 1860''' it became part of [[Mora County, Colorado|Mora County]].<ref name="Dollarhide" />
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
:*'''28 February 1861''' it was transferred to [[Colorado]]<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).</ref> <ref name="Animap">Adrian B. Ettlinger, ''AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database'' (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. {{WorldCat|263846425|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1474888|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 4903}}.</ref> (1 Nov 1861 [[Huerfano County, Colorado|Huerfano County]]).<ref>''Handybook'', 99, Huerfano County, Colorado.</ref>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
::Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see [[Taos County, Colorado|Taos County]].
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* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=7&CScnty=285 Findagrave.com]
 +
* [https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#action=search_cemetery Billion Graves]
  
'''25 March 1889:''' Otero County was created from [[Bent County, Colorado|Bent ]]County. '''County seat:''' La Junta.<ref name="HBG" />
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|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>See '''[[Colorado Cemeteries]]''' for more information</center>
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|}
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*[http://www.coloradoplains.com/otero/cemeteries.htm Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Otero County Genealogy and History
 +
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/otero.htm#cemetery Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives
 +
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScnty=285 Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; List, Findagrave
 +
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/mapCems.cgi?countryer=4&stater=7&countyId=285 Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Map, Findagrave
  
==== Boundary Changes ====
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=== Census Records ===
 +
{{Historical populations
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|type = USA
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|heading = Census
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|footnote = Source: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otero_County,_Colorado#Demographics "Wikipedia.org".]
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|1890 |4192
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|1900 |11522
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|1910 |20201
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|1920 |22623
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|1930 |24390
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|1940 |23571
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|1950 |25275
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|1960 |24128
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|1970 |23523
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|1980 |22567 
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|1990 |20185  
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|2000 |20311
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|2010 |18831
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}}
 +
{{CO Census Intro|Otero}}
 +
====State and Territory Census Records====
  
==== Record Loss  ====
+
*'''1860-1940''' Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=378&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Colorado%22%20%2Bsubject%3ACensus FamilySearch.org] — index/images
 +
*'''1885''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1807096 Colorado State Census, 1885] at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1885''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837 Colorado State Census, 1885] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($), Index and images<br>
  
== Places / Localities  ==
 
  
==== Populated Places  ====
+
==== Federal Census Records ====
 +
The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.</ref> For links to Federal Census indexes, see [[Colorado Census]].<br>
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
  
*[[Bent County, Colorado|Bent]]
+
=== Church Records ===
*[[Crowley County, Colorado|Crowley]]
+
{{CO Church Intro|Otero}}
*[[Kiowa County, Colorado|Kiowa]]
 
*[[Las Animas County, Colorado|Las Animas]]
 
*[[Pueblo County, Colorado|Pueblo]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
+
'''Online Church Records'''<br>
 +
''Presbyterian Church''<br>
 +
*'''1743-1970''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61048 U.S., Presbyterian Records, 1743-1970] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] — ($); Index and images; Dates vary for each county<br>
  
=== Archives and Libraries  ===
+
''Lutheran Church''<br>
 +
*'''1895-1954''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60722 U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, Records, 1875-1940] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] — ($); Index and images; Trinity Church in Fowler, 1895-1954<br>
  
*Fowler Public Library<br>114 E Cranston Ave <br>Fowler, CO 81039<br>Telehone 719-263-4472
+
=== Court Records ===
 +
{{CO Court Intro|Otero}}
  
*[http://lajunta.colibraries.org/ La Junta/Woodruff Memorial Library]<br>522 Colorado Ave<br>La Junta, CO 81050<br>Telephone 719-384-4612
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Numerous records are available at [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Archives]. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type.  Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select.  The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.
  
*Manzanola School/Public Library<br>301 S Catalpa<br>Manzanola, CO 81058<br>Telephone: (719) 462-5542<br>
+
=== Directories ===
 +
{{CO Directories Intro|Otero}}
  
*[http://rockyford.colibraries.org/ Rocky Ford Public Library]<br>400 South 10th Street<br>Rocky Ford, CO 81067<br>Telephone: (719) 254-6641
+
=== Emigration and Immigration  ===
 +
{{CO Emigration Intro|Otero}}
  
*Swink School/Public Library<br>610 Columbia Ave<br>Swink, CO 81077<br>Telephone: (719) 384-8103
+
=== Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups ===
 +
{{CO Ethnic Groups Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Cemeteries ===
+
=== Funeral Homes ===
 +
{{CO Funeral Homes Intro|Otero}}
  
*[http://www.coloradoplains.com/otero/cemeteries.htm Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Otero County Genealogy and History<br>  
+
=== Genealogies  ===
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/otero.htm#cemetery Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives  
+
{{CO Genealogies Intro|Otero}}
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScnty=285 Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; List, Findagrave
+
 
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/mapCems.cgi?countryer=4&stater=7&countyId=285 Otero County Cemeteries]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Map, Findagrave
+
=== Guardianship ===
 +
{{CO Guardianship Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Land and Property Records ===
 +
{{CO Land Intro|Otero}}
 +
''Online Land Records''<br>
 +
 
 +
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado DPA Land Records] - Index only; Choose ''Record Type,'' and search either "Land Patents" or "Land Records."<br>
 +
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/ Land Patent Search] - index to federal patents and homesteads on the [http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx Bureau of Land Management] website, some images available<br>
 +
*'''1796-1907''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1246 U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - index, info taken from Bureau of Land Management website<br>
 +
*'''1861-1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60593 U.S. Homestead Records 1861-1936] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), index and images<br>
 +
*'''1862-1908''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3313 Denver Land Office Records, 1862-1908] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), index only<br>
 +
For more information see [[Colorado Land and Property]]<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Local Histories ===
 +
{{CO Histories Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
{{CO History Intro}}
 +
 
 +
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
 +
{{CO Maps Intro|Otero}}
 +
[[Image:Cootero.jpg|right|250px]]<br>
 +
*[http://www.historygeo.com/search/ Family Maps of Otero County, Colorado Genealogy] (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/colorado/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Colorado] - shows boundary changes for Colorado Counties<br>
 +
*[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/CO_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies Colorado Historical Boundary Changes] - list of all boundary changes by county provided by [https://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Migration ===
 +
{{CO Migration Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Military Records ===
 +
{{CO Military Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
==== Online Collections ====
 +
These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on [[United States Military Online Genealogy Records|U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records]] and [[Colorado Military Records|Colorado Military Records]].<br>
 +
 
 +
''All Veterans''<br>
 +
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Veterans Grave Registration Index] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Military - Grave<br>
 +
 
 +
''Civil War''<br>
 +
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Civil War Casualties Index] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Civil War Casualty<br>
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Volunteers Transcript of Record Index (1861-1865)] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Transcript of Record<br>
 +
 
 +
''Spanish-American War (1898)''<br>
 +
*'''1898''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Volunteers in the Spanish American War, 1898] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Span-Am War Soldiers<br>
 +
 
 +
''World War I''<br>
 +
*'''1916-1919''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Denver War Risk Insurance Applicants, 1916-1919] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, War Risk Insurance<br>
 +
*'''1917-1922''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives World War I Civilian Service Questionnaires, 1917-1922] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, WWI Questionnaire<br>
 +
*'''1917-1918''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5442 Colorado Soldiers in WWI, 1917-1918] at [http://search.ancestry.com/] — ($), index<br>
 +
 
 +
''Vietnam War''<br>
 +
*'''1966 & 1968''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Vietnam War Casualties - June-December 1966 & January-December 1968] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Vietnam Deaths<br>
 +
 
 +
For further information see [[Colorado Military Records]].
 +
 
 +
=== Naturalization and Citizenship ===
 +
{{CO Naturalization Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
''Online Records''<br>
 +
*'''1868-1990''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61194 Colorado, State and Federal Naturalization Records, 1868-1990] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($); Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1876-1990''' - {{RecordSearch|2285702|Colorado Naturalization Records, 1876-1990}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Browseable images only; District Court records<br>
 +
 
 +
=== Newspapers ===
 +
''Colorado Newspapers Online''
 +
*[https://sites.google.com/site/onlinenewspapersite/Home/usa/co Colorado Online Historical Newspapers online] - in the [https://www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org/ Colorado Historic Newspaper Collection] by the Colorado State Library
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Colorado/Default.aspx?category=38&ldf=2 Colorado Newspapers] at [https://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($)
 +
*[http://www.genealogybank.com/explore/newspapers/all/usa/colorado GenealogyBank] - ($), contains images of Colorado newspapers
 +
*[http://newspaperarchive.com/us/colorado/ Newspaper Archive] - ($), contains images of Colorado newspapers
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] - contains images of some Colorado newspapers; [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/help/#basic_searching searching tips]
 +
*[http://elephind.com/ Elephind] - Free; search engine that retrieves newspaper images from other free newspaper websites
 +
 
 +
''Colorado Newspaper Catalogs''
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/search/titles/ U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present] on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper
 +
 
 +
{{CO Newspapers Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Obituaries ===
 +
{{CO Obituaries Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Other Records ===
 +
{{CO Other Records Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Periodicals ===
 +
{{CO Periodicals Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Probate Records ===
 +
{{CO Probate Intro|Otero}}'''Online Records
 +
*'''1875–1974''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8665 Colorado Wills and Probate Records 1875-1974] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images '''$'''
  
<br>
+
=== School Records ===
 +
{{CO Schools Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Census  ===
+
=== Tax Records ===
 +
{{CO Tax Intro|Otero}}
  
{{Census|Colorado}}  
+
=== Vital Records ===
 +
{{CO Vital Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Church History and Records  ===
+
==== Birth ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Birth Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Court Records  ===
+
Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. <ref name="registrar">Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov</ref>
  
=== History  ===
+
==== Marriage ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Marriage Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Land and Property  ===
+
''Online Records''<br>
 +
*'''1809-2011''' - [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index, 1809-2011] - Index, incomplete, [http://abish.byui.edu/specialcollections/westernstates/alphabeticalListOfCounties.cfm list of counties included]<br>
 +
*'''1853-2006''' - {{RecordSearch|1932434|Colorado Statewide Marriage Index, 1853-2006}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch.org] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1862-2006''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61366 Colorado, County Marriages and State Indexes, 1862-2006] at [http://http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($), Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1864-1995''' - {{RecordSearch|1942851|Colorado, County Marriages, 1864-1995}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1900-1939''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60251 Colorado, Statewide Marriage Index, 1900-1939] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($); Browseable images of original index<br>
  
=== Maps ===
+
==== Death ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Death Intro|Otero}}
  
*[http://www.historygeo.com/search/ Family Maps of {{PAGENAME}}] (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
+
Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. <ref name="registrar" />
  
=== Military History and Records  ===
+
==== Divorce ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Divorce Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Newspapers  ===
+
''Online Records''<br>
 +
*'''1851-1985''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60927 Colorado, Divorce Index, 1851-1985] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($); Index only<br>
 +
*'''1900-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|2043439|Colorado Statewide Divorce Index, 1900-1939}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Browseable images of original index<br>
  
=== Probate Records  ===
+
== Research Facilities ==
 +
{{CO Research Facilities Intro|Otero}}
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
=== Archives ===
 +
{{CO Archives Intro|Otero}}
  
=== Vital Records  ===
+
{{CO Archives}}
  
== Societies, Libraries and Museums  ==
+
'''1877-1892''' Rocky Ford School Census
  
==== Family History Center  ====
+
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
 
*[[La Junta Colorado Family History Center]]
 
*[[La Junta Colorado Family History Center]]
  
<br>  
+
=== Libraries ===
 +
{{CO Libraries Intro|Otero}}
 +
 
 +
=== Museums ===
 +
{{CO Museums Intro|Otero}}
 +
== Societies ==
 +
{{CO Societies Intro|Otero}}
 +
'''Southeastern Colorado Genealogical Society'''<br>PO Box 1407<br> 100 E. Abriendo<br> Pueblo, CO 81004-4290<br>Telephone: 719-362-0380 <br>E-mail:[mailto:secogensoc@gmail.com secogensoc@gmail.com]<br>[http://www.secogensoc.org/ Website]
 +
 
 +
== Websites ==
 +
{{CO Websites Intro|Otero}}
  
== Websites  ==
+
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cootertp/index.html Otero County CO Trails to the Past]
 +
*[http://cogenweb.com/otero/ Orero County CO&nbsp;GenWeb]
 +
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/otero.htm Otero County CO GenWeb Archives]
 +
*[http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/CO/Otero/ Orero County CO Rootsweb]
 +
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/CO/Otero/ Otero County CO Linkpendium]
 +
*[http://www.coloradoplains.com/otero/index.htm Otero County CO Genealogy and History]
 +
*{{FHL Place IDNum|205438|Colorado|Otero}}- The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use [https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records] to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cootertp/index.html Otero County CO Trails to the Past]
+
== Research Guides ==
*[http://cogenweb.com/otero/ Orero County CO&nbsp;GenWeb]
+
{{CO Research Guides Intro|Otero}}
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/otero.htm Otero County CO GenWeb Archives]
 
*[http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/CO/Otero/ Orero County CO Rootsweb]
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/CO/Otero/ Otero County CO Linkpendium]
 
*[http://www.coloradoplains.com/otero/index.htm Otero County CO Genealogy and History]
 
*{{FHL|205438|subject-id|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
 
  
== References ==
+
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
{{reflist}} {{Colorado|Colorado}} {{Colorado-stub}}  
+
{{reflist}}
  
[[Category:Otero_County,_Colorado]]
+
{{Colorado|Colorado}}
 +
[[Category:Otero_County,_Colorado]] [[Category:Colorado_Counties]]

Latest revision as of 14:35, 21 June 2017

United States
Colorado
Otero County

Guide to Otero County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: La Junta
Organized: 1889 March 25
Parent County(s): Bent [1]
Neighboring Counties
Bent  • Crowley  • Kiowa  • Las Animas  • Pueblo
See County Maps
Courthouse
ColoradoOteroCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Colorado Otero County.png
Adoption
This page is available for adoption

County Information

Description

County Courthouse

Otero County Courthouse
13 W 3rd St
La Junta, CO 81050-0000
Phone: 719.384.8701
Otero County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1892 and land records 1889
Clerk County Court has divorce and probate records;
Clerk District Court has court records[2]
For early birth records, see Vital Statistics Registrar, La Junta. [3]

Otero County, Colorado Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1889 [3]*
1889 [3]*
1887-1907 [3]*
1889
1889


Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Before 1861 the southern 2/3rds of this modern Colorado county were in New Mexico.
Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see Taos County.


Populated Places

The following are locations in Otero County, Colorado:[10]

Cities
Towns
Villages
Unincorporated communites
Census-designated places
Ghost towns


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Otero County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 4,192
1900 11,522 174.9%
1910 20,201 75.3%
1920 22,623 12.0%
1930 24,390 7.8%
1940 23,571 −3.4%
1950 25,275 7.2%
1960 24,128 −4.5%
1970 23,523 −2.5%
1980 22,567 −4.1%
1990 20,185 −10.6%
2000 20,311 0.6%
2010 18,831 −7.3%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[11] See links listed below.

State and Territory Census Records


Federal Census Records

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[12] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.


Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records
Presbyterian Church

Lutheran Church

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.


Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Otero County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Cootero.jpg

Migration

Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Records

Newspapers

Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

For more information see Colorado Newspapers.

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Birth

Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [13]

Marriage

Online Records

Death

Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [13]

Divorce

Online Records

Research Facilities

Archives

The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Otero County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
(Statewide)
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

1877-1892 Rocky Ford School Census

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Southeastern Colorado Genealogical Society
PO Box 1407
100 E. Abriendo
Pueblo, CO 81004-4290
Telephone: 719-362-0380
E-mail:secogensoc@gmail.com
Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 100, Otero County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 'The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 93.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. 5.0 5.1 William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  6. Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).
  8. Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
  9. Handybook, 99, Huerfano County, Colorado.
  10. Wikipedia contributors, "Otero County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otero_County,_Colorado, accessed 17 May 2017.
  11. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  12. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov