Difference between revisions of "Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs"

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== History  ==
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Superintendencies of Indian Affairs|Superintendencies]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Oregon]]''
  
The Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in . After the Superintendency was abolished in
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=== History  ===
  
== Agencies ==
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The Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1848. After the Superintendency was abolished in1873, the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. Some correspondence continued to be filed under "Oregon" rather than under the names of the individual agencies until 1881, when the filing system was changed.
  
Some of the tribes the Oregon Superintendency served were the Umatilla Indians, Klamath Indians, Klikitat Indians, Cayuse Indians, Walla Walla Indians, Nez Percé Indians, Yakima Indians, Modoc Indians, Shoshoni Indians, Umpqua Indians, Rogue River Indians (Tututni Indians), Clackamas Indians, Spokan Indians, and Skagit Indians. Some of the principal agencies serving Oregon tribes were the Alsea Agency, Grand Ronde Agency, Siletz Agency, Umatilla Agency, Nez Percé Agency, Cayuse Agency, Walla Walla Agency, and Umpqua Agency.
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==== Tribes and Bands ====
  
The records of the Superintendency concern liquor and Indians, payments and presents to Indians, listings of the various tribes and information about them, agents and their work with the Indians, and other matters involving treatment of Indians and attempts to keep peaceful relationships between them and whites.
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Umpqua, Umatilla, [[Cayuse_Indians|Cayuse]], Wallawalla, Wasco, [[Shoshone_Indians|Shoshoni]] (Snake), Kalapuya, Clackamas, Rogue River, Warm Springs, [[Shasta_Indians|Shasta]], [[Klamath_Indians|Klamath]], [[Modoc_Indians|Modoc]], [[Paiute_Indians|Paiute]], Tenino, [[Nez_Perce_Indians|Nez Perce]], Molala, Yamel, Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chastocosta, Chetco, and [[Bannock_Indians|Bannock]] <ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].</ref>
  
== Records ==
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==== Subagent for Country West of the Rocky Mountains  ====
  
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_White Elijah White] 1842 <ref>The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing  Co., New York,  NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o </ref>
  
Records of the Oregon Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1848-1873, are at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M2. Copies are also available at the Chicago, San Francisco, and [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/index.html Seattle] Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Oregon Superintendency is also available at the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=403585&disp=Microcopy+of+records+of+the+Oregon+Super%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library] and its [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history centers].
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==== Governors and Ex Officio Superintendents  ====
  
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Oregon Superintendency, 1842-1880, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=403528&disp=Letters+received%2C+1824%2D1881%3B+regis%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library] and its [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history centers] on their microfilm roll numbers 1661337 thru 1661360.
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[http://www.washington.edu/uwired/outreach/cspn/Website/Classroom%20Materials/Pacific%20Northwest%20History/Lessons/Lesson%2011/11.html Joseph Lane] 1848, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_P._Gaines John P. Gains] 1849, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anson_Dart Anson Dart] 1850, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joel_Palmer Joel Palmer] 1853, Absolom F. Hedges 1856, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Nesmith James W. Nesmith] 1857, [http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/xtf/view?docId=geary-edward-r-1811-1886-cr.xml Edward R. Geary] 1859, [http://www.ohs.org/education/oregonhistory/historical_records/dspDocument.cfm?doc_ID=C989C663-9335-4014-D8B64F16079B3DFA William H. Rector] 1861, [http://www.salemhistory.net/people/john_huntington.htm J.W. Perit Huntington] 1863, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_B._Meacham Alfred B. Meacham] 1869, and [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?ammem/aipn:@field%28NUMBER+@band%28wauaipn+text+602%29%29 T. B. Odeneal] 1872 <ref>The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing  Co., New York,  NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o </ref>
  
== References  ==
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=== Agencies  ===
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*[[Grande Ronde Indian Agency (Oregon)|Grande Ronde Agency]]
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*[[Klamath Indian Agency (Oregon)|Klamath Agency <span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1292262607156_527" />]]
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*[[Malheur Indian Agency (Oregon)|Malheur Agency]]
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*[[Port Orford Indian Agency (Oregon)|Port Orford Agency]]
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*[[Puget Sound District Indian Agency (Washington)|Puget Sound District Agency]]
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*[[Rogue River Indian Agency (Oregon)|Rogue River Agency]]
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*[[Siletz Indian Agency (Oregon)|Siletz Agency]]
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*[[Southeastern District Indian Agency (Oregon)|Southeastern District Agency]]
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*[[Umatilla Indian Agency (Oregon)|Umatilla Agency]]
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*[[Warm Springs Indian Agency (Oregon)|Warm Springs Agency]]
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*[[Western Washington Indian Agency (Washington)|Washington Agencies]]
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Some of the tribes the Oregon Superintendency served were the [[Umatilla Indians|Umatilla]] Indians,[[Klamath Indians|Klamath ]]Indians, Klikitat Indians, [[Cayuse Indians|Cayuse]] Indians, [[Walla Walla Indians|Walla Walla ]]Indians, [[Nez Perce Indians|Nez Percé ]]Indians, Yakima Indians, [[Modoc Indians|Modoc]] Indians, Shoshoni Indians, U[[Umpqua Indians|mpqua]] Indians, Rogue River Indians (Tututni Indians), Clackamas Indians, [[Spokane Indians|Spokan]] Indians, and [[Upper Skagit Indians|Skagit]] Indians.&nbsp;
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The records of the Superintendency concern liquor and Indians, payments and presents to Indians, listings of the various tribes and information about them, agents and their work with the Indians, and other matters involving treatment of Indians and attempts to keep peaceful relationships between them and whites.
 +
 
 +
=== Records  ===
 +
 
 +
Records of the Oregon Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1848-1873, are at the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M2. Copies are also available at the Chicago, San Francisco, and [http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/seattle/index.html Seattle] Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Oregon Superintendency is also available at the {{FHL|403585|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]].
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[[Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880|Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs]] from the Oregon Superintendency, 1842-1880, have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the {{FHL|403528|title-id|disp=Family History Library}} and its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]] on their microfilm roll numbers 1661337 thru 1661360.
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=== References  ===
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<references />
  
 
Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].  
 
Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].  

Revision as of 16:52, 17 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Bureau of Indian Affairs Gotoarrow.png Superintendencies Gotoarrow.png Oregon

History

The Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1848. After the Superintendency was abolished in1873, the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. Some correspondence continued to be filed under "Oregon" rather than under the names of the individual agencies until 1881, when the filing system was changed.

Tribes and Bands

Umpqua, Umatilla, Cayuse, Wallawalla, Wasco, Shoshoni (Snake), Kalapuya, Clackamas, Rogue River, Warm Springs, Shasta, Klamath, Modoc, Paiute, Tenino, Nez Perce, Molala, Yamel, Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chastocosta, Chetco, and Bannock [1]

Subagent for Country West of the Rocky Mountains

Elijah White 1842 [2]

Governors and Ex Officio Superintendents

Joseph Lane 1848, John P. Gains 1849, Anson Dart 1850, Joel Palmer 1853, Absolom F. Hedges 1856, James W. Nesmith 1857, Edward R. Geary 1859, William H. Rector 1861, J.W. Perit Huntington 1863, Alfred B. Meacham 1869, and T. B. Odeneal 1872 [3]

Agencies

Some of the tribes the Oregon Superintendency served were the Umatilla Indians,Klamath Indians, Klikitat Indians, Cayuse Indians, Walla Walla Indians, Nez Percé Indians, Yakima Indians, Modoc Indians, Shoshoni Indians, Umpqua Indians, Rogue River Indians (Tututni Indians), Clackamas Indians, Spokan Indians, and Skagit Indians. 

The records of the Superintendency concern liquor and Indians, payments and presents to Indians, listings of the various tribes and information about them, agents and their work with the Indians, and other matters involving treatment of Indians and attempts to keep peaceful relationships between them and whites.

Records

Records of the Oregon Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1848-1873, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M2. Copies are also available at the Chicago, San Francisco, and Seattle Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Oregon Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Oregon Superintendency, 1842-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661337 thru 1661360.

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].
  2. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  3. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

Sources