Orange County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Orange County

link= Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records North Carolina
Online Records

Orange County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Orange County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1752
County Seat Hillsborough
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Orange County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Orange County  Courthouse
200 S Cameron St
Hillsborough, NC 27278
Phone:  919-245-2675

Courthouse burned 1789
Registrar of Deeds has Birth and Death rec from 1913
marriage and land records from 1754, divorce records from 1869
probate records from 1756 and court records from 1865[1]


Orange County NC was created out of parts of Bladen, Granville, and Johnston counties in 1752. At that time, it comprised a large section of the middle of the NC colony, extending halfway from the VA line to the SC line. It was named for the infant William V of Orange. His mother Anne, who was a daughter of King George II of England, was the dowager princess of the Dutch Republic.

At the time that the county was formed, there were 5 Native American tribes living in the area.

As other counties were created out of parts of Orange’s territory, these counties were created wholly out of Old Orange: Chatham (1771), Caswell (1777) and Person (created out of Caswell in 1791), and Alamance (1849). Other sections of the old county were combined with parts of other counties to create: Guilford (1771) –which gave birth in turn to Randolph (1779) and Rockingham (1785) — Wake (1771), Durham (1881), and Lee (1907). After all of this, Orange County was just a fraction of its original size.

Parent County

1752--Orange County was created from Bladen, Granville and Johnston Counties.
County seat: Hillsborough [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Orange County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

  • Rocky River, near Siler City, N.C. Organized about 1757.[3] Now located in Chatham County.
  • South Country Line or Waters of Haw River. Constituted 1783.[4]
Church of England
  • St. Matthew's Parish. Established 1752.[5]


Family Histories

  • [Clendenin] White, Jo White. "Clendenin of Orange County, North Carolina: An Exercise in Southern Genealogical Problem Solving," The Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Fall 1985):186-190.
  • [Thompson] Buchanan, Jane Gray. Thomas Thompson and Ann Finney of Colonial Pennsylvania and North Carolina, Lawrence, Closs, and John Thompson. Allied Lines of Finney, McAllister, Buchanan, and Hart. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: J.G. Buchanan, 1987. FHL Collection.


Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, usually known as the Bethel Regiment.
-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry




Vital Records


Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Orange County, North Carolina. Page 511 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. "Rocky River Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  4. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:566. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  5. Donna Sherron, "North Carolina Parishes," accessed 12 October 2012. Digital version at Lost Souls Genealogy - free.
  6. "Old Eno Church and Cemetery," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  7. "Hawfields Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
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