Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 .
- 1 Collection Time Period
- 2 Collection Description
- 3 Record Content
- 4 How to Use the Collection
- 5 Collection History
- 6 Collection Reliability
- 7 Related Websites
- 8 Related Wiki Articles
- 9 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
- 10 Sources of Information for This Collection
Collection Time Period
The collection covers marriages from 1869 to 1927.
The pre-confederation (or colonial) marriage records consist of certified marriage certificates, or returns of marriages, submitted by clergy of various denominations, as well as typed certified extracts (ca. 1933) from marriage registers maintained by churches and missions. The set contains 8 volumes but v. A1 (A to J surnames, 1859-1872, British Columbia mainland) was missing at the time of filming and is not included in this set. The marriage registrations, begun in 1872, are recorded on individual, printed forms. They consist of completed statements regarding marriages submitted to district registrars and registered by the director of Vital Statistics. Note that these forms are not marriage certificates but registrations of marriages. Marriage certificates contain information from the original registration records and are only available through the British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency.
Key genealogical facts that may be found in the marriage records are:
- Names of bride and groom
- Ages of bride and groom
- Residences when married
- Places of birth
- Marital status
- Rank or profession
- Names of parents (father’s name only in most pre-confederation records)
- Names of witnesses (the registration records include their residences)
- Date and place of marriage
- Religious denominations of bride and groom
- Name of person performing the marriage
- Whether marriage was by license or by banns
How to Use the Collection
Pre-confederation marriages and marriage registrations are the best source of marriage information in British Columbia beginning in 1859.
The pre-confederation (or colonial) marriages occurred in the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island and were submitted to the Colonial Secretary by clergy. The two colonies were united in 1866 prior to the entry of British Columbia into the Confederation of Canada. British Columbia became a province of Canada in July 1871. Registration of vital events began in 1872. The only persons excluded from the Births, Deaths, and Marriages Act of 1872 were Chinese and Indians. This was changed by an amendment in 1897, stating the registration would apply to all races. However, the Act was amended in 1899 to once again exclude Indians from provincial registration until another amendment was passed in 1916, which authorized registration of Indians to begin again in 1917. These restrictions did not apply to pre-confederation marriages.
Coverage is a small percentage of the population. Beginning in 1872, official government registration applied to the whole province of British Columbia except for the Chinese (until 1897) and Indians (until 1917). Early registration records are very incomplete chiefly due to the fact that a majority of the population lived great distances from the registry offices and communication was difficult.
Why This Collection Was Created
Pre-confederation marriages were gathered and registration of marriages begun in order to keep a written record for use by the government.
Provincial vital registrations are considered a reliable source in family history research because they contain a record of an event usually registered very near the time the event occurred. The reliability, of course, depends on the accuracy of the informant.
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:
"Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927." database and images, FamilySearch: accessed April 1, 2011. entry for John Hamilton and Sarah Ann Hasty, married 28 July 1869; citing Marriage Records, FHL film 1862473
Sources of Information for This Collection
Ontario, Canada. Ontario Registrar General. Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927. Library and Archives Canada, Ottowa, Canada.