Difference between revisions of "Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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The collection covers marriages from 1869 to 1927.  
 
The collection covers marriages from 1869 to 1927.  
  
The pre-confederation (or colonial) marriage records consist of certified marriage certificates, or returns of marriages, submitted by clergy of various denominations, as well as typed certified extracts (ca. 1933) from marriage registers maintained by churches and missions. The set contains 8 volumes but v. A1 (A to J surnames, 1859-1872, British Columbia mainland) was missing at the time of filming and is not included in this set. The marriage registrations, begun in 1872, are recorded on individual, printed forms. They consist of completed statements regarding marriages submitted to district registrars and registered by the director of Vital Statistics. Note that these forms are not marriage certificates but registrations of marriages. Marriage certificates contain information from the original registration records and are only available through the British Columbia Vital Statistics Agency.  
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Registration of marriages began as early as 1801 in various districts and in counties formed from those districts. Province-wide registration by civil authorities of births, marriages, and deaths officially began in Ontario on 1 July 1869. A substantially complete registration was achieved by 1930.
  
Coverage is a small percentage of the population. Beginning in 1872, official government registration applied to the whole province of British Columbia except for the Chinese (until 1897) and Indians (until 1917). Early registration records are very incomplete chiefly due to the fact that a majority of the population lived great distances from the registry offices and communication was difficult.  
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For a limited period of time prior to 1858, clergymen of faiths other than Anglican and Roman Catholic were asked to record marriage information in district marriage registers. Not all clergymen complied.
  
The pre-confederation (or colonial) marriages occurred in the colonies of British Columbia and Vancouver Island and were submitted to the Colonial Secretary by clergy. The two colonies were united in 1866 prior to the entry of British Columbia into the Confederation of Canada. British Columbia became a province of Canada in July 1871. Registration of vital events began in 1872. The only persons excluded from the Births, Deaths, and Marriages Act of 1872 were Chinese and Indians. This was changed by an amendment in 1897, stating the registration would apply to all races. However, the Act was amended in 1899 to once again exclude Indians from provincial registration until another amendment was passed in 1916, which authorized registration of Indians to begin again in 1917. These restrictions did not apply to pre-confederation marriages.  
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Some Ontarians were married in the United States because requirements were less strict there than in Canada.
  
Provincial vital registrations are considered a reliable source in family history research because they contain a record of an event usually registered very near the time the event occurred. The reliability, of course, depends on the accuracy of the informant.  
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Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between 1801 and 1831. Many more marriages were recorded in district marriage registers between 1831 and 1857. By 1858, the counties had become functioning governments in southern Ontario, and marriage registers were kept by counties.
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Civil authorities requested local clergy to turn in copies of their marriage records to local governments. Copies of these copies were then made and forwarded to district or county authorities. Those copies were then copied into register books. Therefore, the register books are a copy of a copy of a copy of the original church records. Mistakes could have been made at any step in the process.
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For more information about Ontario Marriages, see the article [Ontario Vital Records].
  
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
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== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
Pre-confederation marriages and marriage registrations are the best source of marriage information in British Columbia beginning in 1859.
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'''Beginning Your Search'''
 
 
==== Beginning Your Search ====
 
  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
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*Approximate year of marriage
 
*Approximate year of marriage
  
==== Searching the Index ====
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'''Searching the Index'''
  
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
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'''Using the information'''
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*If you find a marriage in the district or county registers, see if you can find it in the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1927566 church records].
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*Use the birth place information, and the name of the mother and father to search in the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1784212 Ontario Births, 1869-1912] collection for the birth place.
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*Use the age of the bride and groom to calculate a birth year.
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'''Can't Find Information?'''
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*At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases individuals were married by a priest or minister of a religion other than their own.
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*Not all early marriage registers are indexed.
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*Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between 1801 and 1831.
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==

Revision as of 16:33, 5 November 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 .
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Record Description

The collection covers marriages from 1869 to 1927.

Registration of marriages began as early as 1801 in various districts and in counties formed from those districts. Province-wide registration by civil authorities of births, marriages, and deaths officially began in Ontario on 1 July 1869. A substantially complete registration was achieved by 1930.

For a limited period of time prior to 1858, clergymen of faiths other than Anglican and Roman Catholic were asked to record marriage information in district marriage registers. Not all clergymen complied.

Some Ontarians were married in the United States because requirements were less strict there than in Canada.

Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between 1801 and 1831. Many more marriages were recorded in district marriage registers between 1831 and 1857. By 1858, the counties had become functioning governments in southern Ontario, and marriage registers were kept by counties.

Civil authorities requested local clergy to turn in copies of their marriage records to local governments. Copies of these copies were then made and forwarded to district or county authorities. Those copies were then copied into register books. Therefore, the register books are a copy of a copy of a copy of the original church records. Mistakes could have been made at any step in the process.

For more information about Ontario Marriages, see the article [Ontario Vital Records].

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.

Archives of Ontario. Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927. Bureau of Archives, Ontario, Canada.

Record Content

Key genealogical facts that are found in this collection usually contain the following information:

  • Full name of groom
  • Full name of bride with maiden name
  • Occupation of groom
  • Age of bride and groom
  • Name of father for bride and groom
  • Name of mother for bride and groom
  • Date and place of marriage
  • Place of birth for bride and groom

How to Use the Records

Beginning Your Search

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Ancestor's name
  • Place of marriage
  • Approximate year of marriage

Searching the Index

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Using the information

  • If you find a marriage in the district or county registers, see if you can find it in the church records.
  • Use the birth place information, and the name of the mother and father to search in the Ontario Births, 1869-1912 collection for the birth place.
  • Use the age of the bride and groom to calculate a birth year.

Can't Find Information?

  • At certain periods of Ontario's history, only certain denominations were allowed to perform marriages. In many cases individuals were married by a priest or minister of a religion other than their own.
  • Not all early marriage registers are indexed.
  • Only a few marriages were reported to district authorities between 1801 and 1831.

Related Websites

Ontario Vital Statistics

Related Wiki Articles

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