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Ontario First Nations

Ontario Research Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Ontario Background
Local Research Resources

Tribes and Bands (First Nations) of OntarioEdit

A list of tribes and contact information is found at Native Tribes of Canada


  • Canada. Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Indians of Ontario. FHL book 970.1 Al no. 5
  • Heidenreich, Conrad. Huronia: A History and Geography of the Huron Indians. FHL book 970.3 H941h
  • Moore, William Francis, Indian Place Names in Ontario. FHL book 971.3 E2m
  • Moses, Elliott. The Six Nations Indians of Brant County, Ontario. FHL film: 1015812 Item 4
  • Schmalz, Peter S. The History of the Saugeen Indians. The Saugeen formed part of the Ojibway Tribe who reside on reserves in Bruce County, Ontario. FHL book 970.3 C444s


Church RecordsEdit

Roman Catholic first missionaries to visit Ontario were the Franciscan.

Church of England arrived in 1702.

Methodist missionary effort by the Wesleyan Methodist began in 1824.


  • Records of the Moravian Mission Among the Indians of North America. FHL film first film 1017681 (New Fairfield, Ontario films 1017692-1017699)
  • Fliegel, Carl John. Index to the Records of the Moravian Mission Among the Indians of North America. FHL book Q 970.1 F642i
  • Guide to the Records of the Moravian Mission Among the Indians of North America: from the archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. FHL book Q 970.1 F642i supp

Land and PropertyEdit

  • Hickerson, Harold, Land Tenure of the Rainy Lake Chippewa at the Beginning 19th Century. Glen Rock, NJ. FHL film 965791 item 5

Archives, Libraries, and MuseumsEdit

Glenbow Archive, Library, and Museum

Glenbow Archives
130 - 9 Avenue
SE Calgary, Alberta T2G 0P3
Reference Desk telephone: 403-268-4204

The Glenbow Archives and Library, has an excellent collection of resources for the study of Métis genealogy. Their sources cover predominantly Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and some parts of the Northwest Territories, Ontario, and British Columbia.
Most of our sources pertain to people who were living in the Prairie Provinces in 1900 or earlier.
One unique collection is the Gail Morin who donated her 40,000 name data base to the archive in 2011. The data base is ancestral quest format and all in families with sources.



  • Schmalz, Peter S.The History of the Saugee Indians. Ottawa; Ontario Historical Society, 1977.Vol VIII, 248p., FHL Book: 970.3 C444s
  • Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.Indians of Ontario; An Historical Review. c. 1966 Ottawa.FHL Collection WorldCat