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:''This article is about a province of central-east [[Canada|Canada]], formerly known as Upper Canada and Canada West. For other uses, see the [[Ontario (disambiguation)|Ontario (disambiguation)]].''<br><br>
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| link5=[[{{PAGENAME}}|Ontario]]
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}}<div style="width: 74%; padding-left: 1px; float: right;"><center>''[[Canada]]&nbsp; [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]&nbsp; [[Ontario|Ontario]]''</center><br>
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
| valign="bottom" height="30" align="center" style="text-align: center; color: rgb(0, 51, 102); font-family: verdana; font-size: 140%;" colspan="2" | '''Welcome to Ontario<br>There's no place like this'''
 
|-
 
| width="210" align="left" | <br>[[Image:{{OntParli}}]]
 
| align="left" | <br><br><br>'''''Unique genealogical features:'''''
 
*Early [[Ontario Land and Property|land records]] are important and complicated. Be persistent.
 
*Good [[Ontario Vital Records|civil births, marriages, and deaths]] start in 1869, earlier than most provinces.
 
  
|}
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__NOTOC__
 +
Guide to '''Ontario ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
  
<br> {{ONDC}} <br>
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==Ontario Information==
 +
Ontario is a province in the East central region of Canada.
  
=== Historical Counties and Districts  ===
+
Land was not legally subdivided into administrative units until a treaty had been concluded with the Aboriginal people ceding the land. In 1788, while part of the Province of Quebec, southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau.
  
{| width="100%" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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In 1792, the four districts were renamed: Hesse became the Western District, Lunenburg became the Eastern District, Mecklenburg became the Midland District, and Nassau became the Home District. Counties were created within the districts.
|-
 
|
 
*[[Algoma District, Ontario|Algoma District]]
 
*[[Brant County, Ontario|Brant County]]
 
*[[Bruce County, Ontario|Bruce County]]
 
*[[Carleton County, Ontario|Carleton County]]
 
*[[Cochrane District, Ontario|Cochrane District]]
 
*[[Dufferin County, Ontario|Dufferin County]]
 
*[[Dundas County, Ontario|Dundas County]]
 
*[[Durham County, Ontario|Durham County]]
 
*[[Elgin County, Ontario|Elgin County]]
 
*[[Essex County, Ontario|Essex County]]
 
*[[Frontenac County, Ontario|Frontenac County]]
 
*[[Glengarry County, Ontario|Glengarry County]]
 
*[[Grenville County, Ontario|Grenville County]]
 
*[[Grey County, Ontario|Grey County]]
 
*[[Haldimand County, Ontario|Haldimand County]]
 
*[[Haliburton County, Ontario|Haliburton County]]
 
  
|
+
By 1798, there were eight districts: Eastern, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, and Western.
*[[Halton County, Ontario|Halton County]]
 
*[[Hastings County, Ontario|Hastings County]]
 
*[[Huron County, Ontario|Huron County]]
 
*[[Kenora District, Ontario|Kenora District]]
 
*[[Kent County, Ontario|Kent County]]
 
*[[Lambton County, Ontario|Lambton County]]
 
*[[Lanark County, Ontario|Lanark County]]
 
*[[Leeds County, Ontario|Leeds County]]
 
*[[Lennox and Addington County, Ontario|Lennox and Addington County]]
 
*[[Lincoln County, Ontario|Lincoln County]]
 
*[[Manitoulin District, Ontario|Manitoulin District]]
 
*[[Middlesex County, Ontario|Middlesex County]]
 
*[[Muskoka District, Ontario|Muskoka District]]
 
*[[Nipissing District, Ontario|Nipissing District]]
 
*[[Norfolk County, Ontario|Norfolk County]]
 
*[[Northumberland County, Ontario|Northumberland County]]
 
*[[Ontario County, Ontario|Ontario County]]
 
*[[Oxford County, Ontario|Oxford County]]
 
*[[Parry Sound District|Parry Sound District]]
 
*[[Peel County, Ontario|Peel County]]
 
  
|
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By 1826, there were eleven districts: Bathurst, Eastern, Gore, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, and Western.
*[[Perth County, Ontario|Perth County]]
 
*[[Peterborough County, Ontario|Peterborough County]]
 
*[[Prescott County, Ontario|Prescott County]]
 
*[[Prince Edward County, Ontario|Prince Edward County]]
 
*[[Rainy River District, Ontario|Rainy River District]]
 
*[[Renfrew County, Ontario|Renfrew County]]
 
*[[Russell County, Ontario|Russell County]]
 
*[[Simcoe County, Ontario|Simcoe County]]
 
*[[Stormont County, Ontario|Stormont County]]
 
*[[Sudbury District, Ontario|Sudbury District]]
 
*[[Temiskaming District, Ontario|Temiskaming District]]
 
*[[Thunder Bay District, Ontario|Thunder Bay District]]
 
*[[Victoria County, Ontario|Victoria County]]
 
*[[Waterloo County, Ontario|Waterloo County]]
 
*[[Welland County, Ontario|Welland County]]
 
*[[Wellington County, Ontario|Wellington County]]
 
*[[Wentworth County, Ontario|Wentworth County]]
 
*[[York County, Ontario|York County]]
 
  
|}
+
By 1838, there were twenty districts: Bathurst, Brock, Colbourne, Dalhousie, Eastern, Gore, Home, Huron, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, Prince Edward, Simcoe, Talbot, Victoria, Wellington, and Western.
  
<br>
+
In 1849, the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada, and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities. The Province of Canada also began creating districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1858.
  
'''[[Current Ontario Counties, Districts, and Municipalities]]''' shows the most recent government divisions at the county or equivalent level.<br>
+
The borders of Ontario, its new name in 1867, were provisionally expanded north and west. When the Province of Canada was formed, its borders were not entirely clear, and Ontario claimed eventually to reach all the way to the Rocky Mountains and Arctic Ocean. With Canada's acquisition of Rupert's Land, Ontario was interested in clearly defining its borders, especially since some of the new areas in which it was interested were rapidly growing. After the federal government asked Ontario to pay for construction in the new disputed area, the province asked for an elaboration on its limits, and its boundary was moved north to the 51st parallel north.
  
'''Extinct Counties and Districts:&nbsp;''' [[Addington County, Ontario|Addington County]]{{·}} [[Bothwell District, Ontario|Bothwell District]]{{·}} [[Brant County, Ontario|Brant County]]{{·}} [[Cardwell District, Ontario|Cardwell District]]{{·}} [[Carleton County, Ontario|Carleton County]]{{·}} [[Dufferin County, Ontario|Dufferin County]]{{·}} [[Dundas County, Ontario|Dundas County]]{{·}} [[Durham County, Ontario|Durham County]]{{·}} [[Frontenac County, Ontario|Frontenac County]]{{·}} [[Glengarry County, Ontario|Glengarry County]]{{·}} [[Grenville County, Ontario|Grenville County]]{{·}} [[Haldimand County, Ontario|Haldimand County]]{{·}} [[Halton County, Ontario|Halton County]]{{·}} [[Kent County, Ontario|Kent County]]{{·}} [[Leeds County, Ontario|Leeds County]]{{·}} [[Lennox County, Ontario|Lennox County]]{{·}} [[Lincoln County, Ontario|Lincoln County]]{{·}} [[Monck District, Ontario|Monck District]]{{·}} [[Niagara District, Ontario|Niagara District]]{{·}} [[Norfolk County, Ontario|Norfolk County]]{{·}} [[Ontario County, Ontario|Ontario County]]{{·}} [[Patricia County, Ontario|Patricia County]]{{·}} [[Peel County, Ontario|Peel County]]{{·}} [[Prescott County, Ontario|Prescott County]]{{·}} [[Prince Edward County, Ontario|Prince Edward County]]{{·}} [[Russell County, Ontario|Russell County]]{{·}} [[Stormont County, Ontario|Stormont County]]{{·}} [[Sudbury Regional Municipality, Ontario|Sudbury Regional Municipality]]{{·}} [[Suffolk County, Ontario|Suffolk County]]{{·}} [[Victoria County, Ontario|Victoria County]]{{·}} [[Welland County, Ontario|Welland County]]{{·}} [[Waterloo County, Ontario|Waterloo County]]{{·}} [[Wentworth County, Ontario|Wentworth County]]{{·}} [[York County, Ontario|York County]]
+
The northern and western boundaries of Ontario were in dispute after Canadian Confederation. Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. By 1899, there were seven northern districts: Algoma, Manitoulin, Muskoka, Nipissing, Parry Sound, Rainy River, and Thunder Bay. Four more northern districts were created between 1907 and 1912: Cochrane, Kenora, Sudbury and Timiskaming.
  
=== Major Repositories  ===
+
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ["https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario" "Ontario"].
  
[[Library and Archives Canada]]{{·}} [[Archives of Ontario]]{{·}} [[Metropolitan Toronto Reference Library]]{{·}} [[University of Western Ontario D. B. Weldon Library]]{{·}} [[American-Canadian Genealogical Society]]{{·}}
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==Getting Started ==
<div style="width: 147%; float: left;"></div>  
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{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
[[Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
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|-
 
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| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-right: 15px;"|
=== Migration Routes  ===
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<h3>Getting Started with Ontario Research</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with Ontario research.
 +
*[[Step-by-Step Ontario, Canada Research]]
 +
*[[How to Locate Your Ancestor in Canada|How to Locate Your Ancestor in Canada]]
 +
*[[How to Recognize your Canadian Ancestor|How to Recognize your Canadian Ancestor]]
 +
*[[Name Variations in Canadian Indexes and Records|Name Variations in Canadian Indexes and Records]]  
 +
*[[Canada Online Genealogy Records|Canada Online Genealogy Records]]
  
[[Image:Ontario map.png|right|200px|Ontario map.png]][[Ottawa River]]{{·}} [[St. Lawrence River]]{{·}} [[Lake Champain]]{{·}} [[Lake Erie]]{{·}} [[Lake Huron]]{{·}} [[Lake Ontario]]{{·}} [[Lake Superior]]{{·}} [[Addinton Road]]{{·}} [[Bobcageon Road]]{{·}} [[Halifax Road]] or Grand Communication Route{{·}} [[Hastings Road]]{{·}} [[King's Road]]{{·}} [[Monck Road]]{{·}} [[Nipissing Road]]{{·}} [[Opeongo Line]]{{·}} [[Provincial Road]]{{·}} [[Talbot Trail]]{{·}} [[Chambly Canal]]{{·}} [[Erie Canal]]{{·}} [[Soo Locks]]{{·}} [[Canadian Pacific Railway]]
+
| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
 
+
<h3>Ontario Research Tools</h3>
=== Research Tools  ===
+
Links to articles and websites that assist in Ontario research.
 
+
*[https://ogs.on.ca The Ontario Genealogical Society]
*[http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maryc/oldies.htm Ontario Marriages Arranged by County-District] A RootsWeb place-by-place marriage extract list. Includes a search engine to find each name.  
+
*[http://www.geneofun.on.ca/ontariolocator/ Ontario Locator] - Ontario place name finder
*[[Ontario Vital Records Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
+
*[http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maryc/oldies.htm Ontario Marriages Arranged by County-District] - includes index
*[http://www.looking4kin.com/group/ontariogenealogy Looking 4 Kin Genealogy &amp; Family History Network - Ontario]
+
*[http://www.geneofun.on.ca/ongenweb/ Ontario GenWeb]
 
+
*[https://ogs.on.ca/toni.php The Ontario Name Index] - Also called TONI
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*[http://canadianheadstones.com/on/search.php CanadianHeadstones.com Ontario Section]
|-
 
| <br>
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
{{Click|Image:Ontario.png|Ontario Online Genealogy Records}} [[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
  
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
+
==Ontario Map==
  
*[[Ontario Births (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Births (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
[[Image:Ontario-map.png|300px]] {{Adoption sign Ontario GS}}
*[[Ontario Death Registrations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Death Registration (FamilySearch Historical Records]])
 
*[[Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Marriages, 1869-1927 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
*[[Ontario Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ontario, Roman Catholic Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
 
  
=== Did you know?  ===
 
  
Registration of vital statistics began officially in Ontario on 1 July 1869 as a provincial responsibility. A substantially complete registration was achieved by 1930. [[Image:Ontario flag.png|right|180px|Ontario flag.png]]
+
== Historical Counties and Districts  ==
  
<br>
+
{|
 
+
|-
'''<u>RESEARCH GUIDES</u>'''
+
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 
+
*[[Algoma District, Ontario Genealogy|Algoma District]]
[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Canada/Ontario.pdf BYU Research Outline for Ontario, Canada]  
+
*[[Brant County, Ontario Genealogy|Brant County]]
 +
*[[Bruce County, Ontario Genealogy|Bruce County]]
 +
*[[Carleton County, Ontario Genealogy|Carleton County]]
 +
*[[Cochrane District, Ontario Genealogy|Cochrane District]]
 +
*[[Dufferin County, Ontario Genealogy|Dufferin County]]
 +
*[[Dundas County, Ontario Genealogy|Dundas County]]
 +
*[[Durham County, Ontario Genealogy|Durham County]]
 +
*[[Elgin County, Ontario Genealogy|Elgin County]]
 +
*[[Essex County, Ontario Genealogy|Essex County]]
 +
*[[Frontenac County, Ontario Genealogy|Frontenac County]]
 +
*[[Glengarry County, Ontario Genealogy|Glengarry County]]
 +
*[[Grenville County, Ontario Genealogy|Grenville County]]
 +
*[[Grey County, Ontario Genealogy|Grey County]]
 +
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*[[Haldimand County, Ontario Genealogy|Haldimand County]]
 +
*[[Haliburton County, Ontario Genealogy|Haliburton County]]
 +
*[[Halton County, Ontario Genealogy|Halton County]]
 +
*[[Hastings County, Ontario Genealogy|Hastings County]]
 +
*[[Huron County, Ontario Genealogy|Huron County]]
 +
*[[Kenora District, Ontario Genealogy|Kenora District]]
 +
*[[Kent County, Ontario Genealogy|Kent County]]
 +
*[[Lambton County, Ontario Genealogy|Lambton County]]
 +
*[[Lanark County, Ontario Genealogy|Lanark County]]
 +
*[[Leeds County, Ontario Genealogy|Leeds County]]
 +
*[[Lennox and Addington County, Ontario Genealogy|Lennox and Addington County]]
 +
*[[Lincoln County, Ontario Genealogy|Lincoln County]]
 +
*[[Manitoulin District, Ontario Genealogy|Manitoulin District]]
 +
*[[Middlesex County, Ontario Genealogy|Middlesex County]]
 +
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*[[Muskoka District, Ontario Genealogy|Muskoka District]]
 +
*[[Nipissing District, Ontario Genealogy|Nipissing District]]
 +
*[[Norfolk County, Ontario Genealogy|Norfolk County]]
 +
*[[Northumberland County, Ontario Genealogy|Northumberland County]]
 +
*[[Ontario County, Ontario Genealogy|Ontario County]]
 +
*Ottawa City, see Carleton County
 +
*[[Oxford County, Ontario Genealogy|Oxford County]]
 +
*[[Parry Sound District, Ontario Genealogy|Parry Sound District]]
 +
*[[Peel County, Ontario Genealogy|Peel County]]
 +
*[[Perth County, Ontario Genealogy|Perth County]]
 +
*[[Peterborough County, Ontario Genealogy|Peterborough County]]
 +
*[[Prescott County, Ontario Genealogy|Prescott County]]
 +
*[[Prince Edward County, Ontario Genealogy|Prince Edward County]]
 +
*[[Rainy River District, Ontario Genealogy|Rainy River District]]
 +
|style="vertical-align:top; padding-right:0.5em"|
 +
*[[Renfrew County, Ontario Genealogy|Renfrew County]]
 +
*[[Russell County, Ontario Genealogy|Russell County]]
 +
*[[Simcoe County, Ontario Genealogy|Simcoe County]]
 +
*[[Stormont County, Ontario Genealogy|Stormont County]]
 +
*[[Sudbury District, Ontario Genealogy|Sudbury District]]
 +
*[[Temiskaming District, Ontario Genealogy|Temiskaming District]]
 +
*[[Thunder Bay District, Ontario Genealogy|Thunder Bay District]]
 +
*[[Victoria County, Ontario Genealogy|Victoria County]]
 +
*[[Waterloo County, Ontario Genealogy|Waterloo County]]
 +
*[[Welland County, Ontario Genealogy|Welland County]]
 +
*[[Wellington County, Ontario Genealogy|Wellington County]]
 +
*[[Wentworth County, Ontario Genealogy|Wentworth County]]
 +
*[[York County, Ontario Genealogy|York County]]
 +
|}
  
<br>
+
===Current Ontario Jurisdictions===
 +
The article, '''[[Current Ontario Counties, Districts, and Municipalities|Current&nbsp;Ontario&nbsp;Counties, Districts, and Municipalities,]]''' shows the most recent government divisions at the county or equivalent level.
  
=== Help Expand the Wiki  ===
+
===Extinct Counties and Districts===
 +
[[Addington County, Ontario|Addington County]]{{·}} [[Bothwell District, Ontario|Bothwell District]]{{·}} [[Brant County, Ontario|Brant County]]{{·}} [[Cardwell District, Ontario|Cardwell District]]{{·}} [[Carleton County, Ontario|Carleton County]]{{·}} [[Dufferin County, Ontario|Dufferin County]]{{·}} [[Dundas County, Ontario|Dundas County]]{{·}} [[Durham County, Ontario|Durham County]]{{·}} [[Frontenac County, Ontario|Frontenac County]]{{·}} [[Glengarry County, Ontario|Glengarry County]]{{·}} [[Grenville County, Ontario|Grenville County]]{{·}} [[Haldimand County, Ontario|Haldimand County]]{{·}} [[Halton County, Ontario|Halton County]]{{·}} [[Kent County, Ontario|Kent County]]{{·}} [[Leeds County, Ontario|Leeds County]]{{·}} [[Lennox County, Ontario|Lennox County]]{{·}} [[Lincoln County, Ontario|Lincoln County]]{{·}} [[Monck District, Ontario|Monck District]]{{·}} [[Niagara District, Ontario|Niagara District]]{{·}} [[Norfolk County, Ontario|Norfolk County]]{{·}} [[Ontario County, Ontario|Ontario County]]{{·}} [[Patricia County, Ontario|Patricia County]]{{·}} [[Peel County, Ontario|Peel County]]{{·}} [[Prescott County, Ontario|Prescott County]]{{·}} [[Prince Edward County, Ontario|Prince Edward County]]{{·}} [[Russell County, Ontario|Russell County]]{{·}} [[Stormont County, Ontario|Stormont County]]{{·}} [[Sudbury Regional Municipality, Ontario|Sudbury Regional Municipality]]{{·}} [[Suffolk County, Ontario|Suffolk County]]{{·}} [[Victoria County, Ontario|Victoria County]]{{·}} [[Welland County, Ontario|Welland County]]{{·}} [[Waterloo County, Ontario|Waterloo County]]{{·}} [[Wentworth County, Ontario|Wentworth County]]{{·}} [[York County, Ontario|York County]]
  
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:
+
== Migration Routes  ==
  
{| width="99%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
[[Ottawa River]]{{·}} [[St. Lawrence River]]{{·}} [[Lake Champlain|Lake Champlain]]{{·}} [[Lake Erie]]{{·}} [[Lake Huron]]{{·}} [[Lake Ontario]]{{·}} [[Lake Superior]]{{·}} [[Addinton Road]]{{·}} [[Bobcageon Road]]{{·}} [[Halifax Road]] or Grand Communication Route{{·}} [[Hastings Road]]{{·}} King's Road{{·}} [[Monck Road]]{{·}} [[Nipissing Road]]{{·}} [[Opeongo Line]]{{·}} [[Provincial Road]]{{·}} [[Talbot Trail]]{{·}} [[Chambly Canal]]{{·}} [[Erie Canal]]{{·}} [[Soo Locks]]{{·}} [[Canadian Pacific Railway]]
|-
 
| <br>
 
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]  
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]
 
  
|
+
==FamilySearch Resources==
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]  
+
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.<br>
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]  
+
*[https://www.facebook.com/groups/855993304493098/ Facebook Communy] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
*If you are interested in being the [[FamilySearch Wiki:Moderator|moderator]] for Ontario, {{please contact a Sysop}}.
+
*[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html Learning Center] - Online genealogy courses
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/1929952?region=Canada&englishRegion=Canada Historical Records] - databases and record images on FamilySearch
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=ontario,%20canada Family History Center locator map]
  
|}
 
  
__NOTOC__
+
[[Category:Ontario, Canada]] [[Category:Provinces and Territories of Canada]]
{{Provinces and territories of Canada}}</div>
 
[[Category:Ontario]] [[Category:Provinces_of_Canada]]
 

Latest revision as of 05:03, 18 September 2017

Ontario Research Topics
Ontario Flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Ontario Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Canada
Ontario


Guide to Ontario ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

Ontario Information

Ontario is a province in the East central region of Canada.

Land was not legally subdivided into administrative units until a treaty had been concluded with the Aboriginal people ceding the land. In 1788, while part of the Province of Quebec, southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau.

In 1792, the four districts were renamed: Hesse became the Western District, Lunenburg became the Eastern District, Mecklenburg became the Midland District, and Nassau became the Home District. Counties were created within the districts.

By 1798, there were eight districts: Eastern, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, and Western.

By 1826, there were eleven districts: Bathurst, Eastern, Gore, Home, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, and Western.

By 1838, there were twenty districts: Bathurst, Brock, Colbourne, Dalhousie, Eastern, Gore, Home, Huron, Johnstown, London, Midland, Newcastle, Niagara, Ottawa, Prince Edward, Simcoe, Talbot, Victoria, Wellington, and Western.

In 1849, the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada, and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities. The Province of Canada also began creating districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1858.

The borders of Ontario, its new name in 1867, were provisionally expanded north and west. When the Province of Canada was formed, its borders were not entirely clear, and Ontario claimed eventually to reach all the way to the Rocky Mountains and Arctic Ocean. With Canada's acquisition of Rupert's Land, Ontario was interested in clearly defining its borders, especially since some of the new areas in which it was interested were rapidly growing. After the federal government asked Ontario to pay for construction in the new disputed area, the province asked for an elaboration on its limits, and its boundary was moved north to the 51st parallel north.

The northern and western boundaries of Ontario were in dispute after Canadian Confederation. Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act, 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. By 1899, there were seven northern districts: Algoma, Manitoulin, Muskoka, Nipissing, Parry Sound, Rainy River, and Thunder Bay. Four more northern districts were created between 1907 and 1912: Cochrane, Kenora, Sudbury and Timiskaming.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ["https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario" "Ontario"].

Getting Started

Getting Started with Ontario Research

Links to articles on getting started with Ontario research.

Ontario Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Ontario research.

{{{link}}} Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

Ontario Map

Ontario-map.png
Adopt-a-wiki page
OGS logo.jpg This page adopted by:
Ontario Genealogical Society
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today


Historical Counties and Districts

Current Ontario Jurisdictions

The article, Current Ontario Counties, Districts, and Municipalities, shows the most recent government divisions at the county or equivalent level.

Extinct Counties and Districts

Addington County · Bothwell District · Brant County · Cardwell District · Carleton County · Dufferin County · Dundas County · Durham County · Frontenac County · Glengarry County · Grenville County · Haldimand County · Halton County · Kent County · Leeds County · Lennox County · Lincoln County · Monck District · Niagara District · Norfolk County · Ontario County · Patricia County · Peel County · Prescott County · Prince Edward County · Russell County · Stormont County · Sudbury Regional Municipality · Suffolk County · Victoria County · Welland County · Waterloo County · Wentworth County · York County

Migration Routes

Ottawa River · St. Lawrence River · Lake Champlain · Lake Erie · Lake Huron · Lake Ontario · Lake Superior · Addinton Road · Bobcageon Road · Halifax Road or Grand Communication Route · Hastings Road · King's Road · Monck Road · Nipissing Road · Opeongo Line · Provincial Road · Talbot Trail · Chambly Canal · Erie Canal · Soo Locks · Canadian Pacific Railway

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.