Oneida Indian Reservation (Wisconsin)
The Oneida Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation in Wisconsin.
- Established -- 3 February 1838
- Agency (BIA) -- Great Lakes Agency
- Principal tribes -- Oneida
- Population --
The Oneida Reservation was established by Treaty of Feb.3, 1838 (vii, 566).
Before this Reservation was set aside, both the Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa's lived on the Oneida Reservation in New York State. Contrary to belief, both the Oneida and Chippewa's left the New York Oneida Reservation on their own. You must remember that the Oneida Reservation in New York State is yet there. Prophecy was the driving force which led them to relocate to southern Ontario then northeastern Wisconsin.
After reaching the Green Bay region, both the Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa's settled down to live on the Reservation, while many others followed prophecy and continued the migration away from the whites. Many migrated westward into the Montana region and southwest to the Kansas-Missouri region.
Oneida Reservation of northeastern Wisconsin, has a much larger non Indian population. It is very similar to the Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa Reservation located in Madison County, New York. Of course, i'm referring to the original 300,000 acre Reservation.
The population of the Wisconsin Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa Reservation is 21,321. That is from the 2000 census. Indians accounted for 3,288 of the total population. Whites accounted for 17,279 of the Reservations total population. As you can clearly tell, this Reservation is owned primarily by the whites.
As for the Chippewa presence, it is well documented that the Stockbridge spoke the same language as the Chippewa. Since they could speak to each other without any difficulties understanding each other, it simply means they are the same people.
As for how the large the Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa Reservation of Wisconsin is, we have two selections! When the Reservation was set aside it covered 500,000 acres. However, the United States refused to honor the treaty agreement and reduced the Reservation to 65,400 acres in 1838. The correct size of the Oneida and Stockbridge-Munsee Chippewa Reservation is 500,000 acres.
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- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
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- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
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- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
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- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
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- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
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- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
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