Oneida County, Idaho Genealogy
Oneida County Courthouse
10 Court Street
Malad, ID 83252-0191
Phone: (208) 766-4116 ext. 10
Fax: (208) 766-2448
1864--Oneida County was created as an original county. County seat: Malad 
5 January 1875 -- Bear Lake County created from part of Oneida County
13 Jan 1885 -- Bingham County created from part of Oneida County
30 January 1913 -- Franklin County created from part of Oneida County
30 January 1913 -- Power County created from parts of Bingham, Blaine and Oneida Counties
The above list of places includes incorporated cities and towns, unincorporated towns and communities, and place names that may have been used in family histories. Some have well-organized records and even have web sites. Some are simply social communities with no official records, but which may be referenced in small-town newspapers. The list is provided to help researchers identify localities within the county. As records or histories of these localities are identified, a page will be added for each of these place names.
Many of the older court, land, naturalization, probate, pension, and vital records for Oneida County have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and through their family history centers. They are also available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise. Details of the county records in these respective institutions can be obtained from their online catalogs or listings. Original records which have been microfilmed and more recent records are in the county courthouse in Malad.
There are many cemeteries in Oneida County. For a list of those that have been identified, and links to transcriptions and/or photographs of tombstones, go to Oneida County, Idaho Cemetery Records.
For the cemeteries in or immediately adjacent to the cities, please see the city pages for the cities listed above.
For a summary of census records for the state of Idaho, see Idaho Census Records.
The 1890 federal census for Idaho was destroyed. However, the Idaho State Archives is creating a list of 1890 Idaho residents by indexing a variety of records, 1885-1894. This reconstructed list will substitute for the destroyed 1890 federal census. Oneida County is included in this reconstructed census.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons)
The following are local congregations (wards) of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints which existed in Canyon County, Idaho prior to 1950. Many of the original records of these church units are in the Historical Library in Salt Lake City. Many of the membership records covering these units from the date of their creation to about 1948 have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
County Commissioners' Records
The minute books of the County Commissioners contain interesting tidbits of history about the county as well as the names of individuals appealing to the County Commissioners for action on issues of concern to them. Minutes of those meetings were recorded from the formation of the county, for most counties. Some counties now post the minutes of current meetings online.
Most of these records have been preserved in the county courthouses of the State of Idaho. Few have been microfilmed. Contact the county clerk for information about years covered and availability.
The Idaho State Archives has a collection of city, county, state and regional directories.
- An 1895 map of Oneida and surrounding counties is available online.
- A digital Oneida County Idaho map is available online.
- Map of Oneida County, Idaho is available online.
World War I draft registration cards, 1917-1918, for Oneida County have been microfilmed. Copies of these records are available at the Family History Library (their microfilm number 1452220) and are also available online at Ancestry.com, for a subscription fee. The original cards are maintained in the Southeast Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in East Point, Georgia and have been microfilmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M1509.
Often overlooked by the genealogist, this group of volumes may contain affidavits for citizenship, final disposition of estates, divorce decrees, and many other types of valuable documents. The content varies from county to county, year to year and from clerk to clerk. When the estate case files, civil or criminal files are not available or have been destroyed, you may find key documents recorded here. Most counties will have an index to this series and it is a must search if the information you are seeking is not found elsewhere.
Naturalization and Citizenship
Records of the naturalization of people born outside of the United States were often kept in the county courthouses of the respective counties of Idaho. For Oneida County, the following records have been abstracted and are available online.
- Declarations of Intentions, 1891-1906
- Declarations of Intentions, 1906-1927
- Naturalization Certificates, 1891-1906
- Naturalization Certificates, 1907-1929
The original naturalization records of Oneida County that have been transferred to the Idaho State Archives in Boise and have been indexed in their Index to Naturalizations.
Copies of some of the early issues of newspapers printed in Malad are available on microfilm at the Idaho State Archives in Boise. That research facility has copies of:
- The Idaho Enterprise for 1889:3:2-1890:1:15; 1909:1:27-1920:12:27; and 1930:5:6-1996:12:26
- The Oneida County enterprise for 1924:1:3-1930:5:1
- The Oneida County news for 1921:3:15-1923:4:19
- The Southern Idaho magazine for 1982:3:1-1985:2:13
Mothers' Pensions were provided by the State of Idaho for widows and/or orphans, under certain conditions. Petitions for those pensions were filed with the probate court in each county. The original papers for several counties have been transferred to the Idaho State Archives in Boise and have been indexed. Oneida County Mothers' Pensions are included in that index.
Any existing tax assessment rolls for Oneida County should be in the courthouse in Malad and would need to be accessed by visiting there.
The Birth Registers for Oneida County, 1907-1911 have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Birth records, 1911 to present, for individuals born in Oneida County are included in and recorded at the state level. These records are restricted for a period of one hundred years from the time of the individual's birth but can be obtained by following the guidelines as issued by the State of Idaho. See the Vital Records section under the subject Idaho for more details.
2,749 marriages from 11 May 1865 to 12 Nov 1941 are listed in Western States Marriage Index.
Records of 1826 marriages in Oneida County are available online at Idaho Marriages.
The Death Registers for Oneida County, 1907-1911, have been microfilmed and are available at the Idaho State Archives in Boise and at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. After 1911, deaths occurring in Oneida County are included in the state-wide registration program. These records are restricted for a period of fifty years from the time of the individual's death but can be obtained by following the guidelines as mandated by the State of Idaho. See the Vital Records section under Idaho for details.
Copies of death certificates from 1911-1954 are on microfilm and can be used at the Idaho State Archives in Boise, the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, BYU-Idaho University Library in Rexburg and several other locations.
A state-wide index to Idaho Deaths, 1911-1956 is available online. Efforts to expand this index to 1960 are underway. Another version is Idaho Death Index 1911-1956
Deaths from other sources
A significant source of death and related information for eastern Idaho families can be found at the following website Eastern Idaho Death Index.
Societies and Libraries
Many public libraries provide internet access to sites of value to the family historian. Some have special collections of historical and cultural interest, as well. The following libraries may have some resources of value, but use of some or all of them may require a visit to the library.
- Oneida County District
31 N 100 W
Malad, ID 83252
Phone: (208) 766-2229
- The Oneida County Pioneer Museum is located in Malad. It houses many artifacts from the pioneer period.
- The Oneida County ID GenWeb Project, a member of The IDGenWeb Project, an affiliate of The USGenWeb Project.
- Family History Library Catalog
- Oneida County, Idaho Genealogy and Family History (Linkpendium)
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series, Number 10, Counties and County Seats, Reissued July, 1991.