Old Spanish Trail
The Old Spanish Trail was an overland pack-train trade route more than a pioneer migration trail between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Los Angeles California from 1829 to the mid-1850s. Portions of the trail were explored as early as 1776 but left mostly unused. In 1829-1830 the Santa Fe merchant-explorer Anotoni Armijo combined information from several previous explorations and led a group of 60 men and 100 pack animals from Santa Fe to Los Angeles. Indian goods like blankets were traded for California horses. Later in the history of the trail an extensive Indian slave trade developed which had a significant impact on Indian tribes along the route.
There were very few European settlements on this rugged route between Santa Fe and Los Angels except near each end of the trail.
Europeans did not tend to settle along this trade route in communities. However, because of the slave trade along trail the Indian tribes were cautious, hostile, and themselves engaged in slave trading and raids.
- National Park Service, Santa Fe Trail History, stories, and map
- NPS Santa Fe National Historic Trail Map fairly detailed map with historical notes
- Santa Fe Trail Research describes trail projects and research articles
- Wikipedia contributors, "Old Spanish Trail (trade route)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Spanish_Trail_(trade_route)(accessed 21 July 2009).
- Wikipedia contributors, "El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Camino_Real_de_Tierra_Adentro (accessed 19 July 2009).