Difference between revisions of "Oklahoma History"

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''[[United States|United States]] &gt; [[Oklahoma ]] &gt; Oklahoma History''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Oklahoma]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Oklahoma History''  
==Brief History==
+
 
The following important events in the history of [[Oklahoma ]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping
+
== Introduction  ==
 +
 
 +
Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.
 +
 
 +
State, county, and local histories often contain biographical sketches of local citizens, including important genealogical information. This may be one of the best sources of information for some families.
 +
 
 +
== Historical Content  ==
 +
 
 +
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:
 +
 
 +
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="80%"
 +
|-
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Parents' names
 +
*Maiden names of women
 +
*Place of birth, death, or marriage
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Occupation
 +
*Migration
 +
*Military service
 +
 
 +
| valign="top" |
 +
*Descendants
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Brief History ==
 +
 
 +
The following important events in the history of [[Oklahoma]] affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping  
 +
 
 
*'''1803:''' The United States acquired most of the area that is now [[Oklahoma]] as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The panhandle remained under Spanish control. The Quapaw, Osage, Oto, and other Indian tribes arrived about this time.  
 
*'''1803:''' The United States acquired most of the area that is now [[Oklahoma]] as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The panhandle remained under Spanish control. The Quapaw, Osage, Oto, and other Indian tribes arrived about this time.  
 
*'''1812:''' Most of present-day Oklahoma became part of the Missouri Territory.  
 
*'''1812:''' Most of present-day Oklahoma became part of the Missouri Territory.  
Line 19: Line 49:
 
*'''1872:''' Railroads now crossed the territory.  
 
*'''1872:''' Railroads now crossed the territory.  
 
*'''1874''': Red River Uprising- Buffalo War, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche and Kiowa tribes fought white hunters in Oklahoma and Texas in an attempt to save the baffalo hersds from destruction.  
 
*'''1874''': Red River Uprising- Buffalo War, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche and Kiowa tribes fought white hunters in Oklahoma and Texas in an attempt to save the baffalo hersds from destruction.  
*'''1889:''' The federal government purchased the “Unassigned Lands” from the Indians and opened them for white settlement. The first land rush attracted about 50,000 people. For historical accounts of the land run of 1889, see Stan Hoig, The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889. Oklahoma City, Okla.: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1984. <ref> {{FHL|351065|title-id|disp=(Family History Library Book 976.6 H2hs.)}} </ref>
+
*'''1889:''' The federal government purchased the “Unassigned Lands” from the Indians and opened them for white settlement. The first land rush attracted about 50,000 people. For historical accounts of the land run of 1889, see Stan Hoig, The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889. Oklahoma City, Okla.: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1984. <ref>{{FHL|351065|title-id|disp=(Family History Library Book 976.6 H2hs.)}} </ref>
*'''1890-:''' The Organic Act of 1890 established the 1906 Oklahoma Territory. This act organized seven counties in the “Unassigned Lands” and the Oklahoma panhandle (“No Man's Land”) and provided for the organization of additional<br>counties as Indian governments were discontinued and surplus land was opened to settlers. During this time, the Oklahoma Territory expanded to fill western Oklahoma by gradually absorbing the following areas:  
+
*'''1890-:''' The Organic Act of 1890 established the 1906 Oklahoma Territory. This act organized seven counties in the “Unassigned Lands” and the Oklahoma panhandle (“No Man's Land”) and provided for the organization of additional<br>counties as Indian governments were discontinued and surplus land was opened to settlers. During this time, the Oklahoma Territory expanded to fill western Oklahoma by gradually absorbing the following areas:
 +
 
 
::*Several reservations in central Oklahoma (1891)  
 
::*Several reservations in central Oklahoma (1891)  
 
::*Cheyenne and Arapaho land (1892)  
 
::*Cheyenne and Arapaho land (1892)  
Line 26: Line 57:
 
::*Greer County (1896)  
 
::*Greer County (1896)  
 
::*Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache lands (1901 and 1906)
 
::*Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache lands (1901 and 1906)
 +
 
*'''1891:''' (September 22,) 900,000 acres of Indian land opened for general settlement by Presidential proclamaion- land had been ceded by Sauk, Fox anfd Potawatomi Indians. '''1893:''' (September 16,) Cherokee Strip between Kansas and Oklahom opened for "Land Rush" 6,000,000 acres had been purchased from the Cherokees in 1891.  
 
*'''1891:''' (September 22,) 900,000 acres of Indian land opened for general settlement by Presidential proclamaion- land had been ceded by Sauk, Fox anfd Potawatomi Indians. '''1893:''' (September 16,) Cherokee Strip between Kansas and Oklahom opened for "Land Rush" 6,000,000 acres had been purchased from the Cherokees in 1891.  
 
*'''1893:''' 100,000 immigrants were attracted to northwestern Oklahoma when the “Cherokee Outlet” lands were opened.  
 
*'''1893:''' 100,000 immigrants were attracted to northwestern Oklahoma when the “Cherokee Outlet” lands were opened.  
 
*'''1897:''' An oil boom began at Bartlesville and thousands of new settlers arrived.  
 
*'''1897:''' An oil boom began at Bartlesville and thousands of new settlers arrived.  
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
+
*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.  
*'''1907:''' (November 16,)The Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, known as the “twin territories,” were combined to become the state of Oklahoma. A helpful book about the many boundary changes in Oklahoma is John W. Morris, ed., ''Boundaries of Oklahoma''. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1980. <ref> {{FHL|44724|title-id|disp=(Family History Library&nbsp;book 976.6 E3b; fiche 6,051,502.)}} </ref>
+
*'''1907:''' (November 16,)The Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, known as the “twin territories,” were combined to become the state of Oklahoma. A helpful book about the many boundary changes in Oklahoma is John W. Morris, ed., ''Boundaries of Oklahoma''. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1980. <ref>{{FHL|44724|title-id|disp=(Family History Library&amp;amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 E3b; fiche 6,051,502.)}} </ref>
*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
+
*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.  
*'''1930's:'''   [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
+
*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.  
*'''1940–1945:'''   Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
+
*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].  
*'''1950–1953:'''   Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
+
*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].  
*'''1950's–1960's'''   The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
+
*'''1950's–1960's''' The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.  
*'''1964–1972:'''   Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
+
*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
==Historical Content==
+
 
 +
== Local Histories  ==
  
Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:
+
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "[[United States History|History]]" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Oklahoma.  
{| width="80%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
+
 
|-
+
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref>Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ({{FHL|A Bibliography of American County Histories|title|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}})</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
| valign="top" |
 
*Parents' names
 
*Maiden names of women
 
*Place of birth, death, or marriage
 
| valign="top" |
 
*Occupation
 
*Migration
 
*Military service
 
| valign="top" |
 
*Descendants
 
|}
 
==Local Histories==
 
Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]], public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "[[United States History|History]]" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Oklahoma.
 
  
*''A Bibliography of American County Histories'' <ref> Filby, P. William. ''A Bibliography of American County Histories''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. ({{FHL|A Bibliography of American County Histories|title|disp=FHL book 973 H23bi}})</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12356760&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>
+
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref>Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ({{FHL|252458|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}}.) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&amp;amp;amp;qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>
  
*''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress'' <ref> Kaminkow, Marion J. ''United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress''. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. ({{FHL|252458|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 A3ka}}.) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&qt=results_page Worldcat] </ref>
+
== State Histories Useful to Genealogists  ==
  
==State Histories Useful to Genealogists==
+
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Oklahoma are:  
Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful.
 
But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Oklahoma are:
 
  
*''A History of the State of Oklahoma'' <ref> Hill, Luther B. ''A History of the State of Oklahoma''. 2 vols. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing, 1908.{{FHL|139821|title-id|disp=(Family History Library&nbsp;book 976.6 H2h; film 1,000,353 items 1-2; fiche 6,051,224.)}}</ref>  
+
*''A History of the State of Oklahoma'' <ref>Hill, Luther B. ''A History of the State of Oklahoma''. 2 vols. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing, 1908.{{FHL|139821|title-id|disp=(Family History Library&amp;amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 H2h; film 1,000,353 items 1-2; fiche 6,051,224.)}}</ref>
  
*''Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present'' <ref> McReynolds, Edwin C., et al. ''Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present''. Rev. ed. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971. {{FHL|139796|title-id|disp=(Family&nbsp;History Library&nbsp;book 976.6 H2mc.)}}</ref>  
+
*''Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present'' <ref>McReynolds, Edwin C., et al. ''Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present''. Rev. ed. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971. {{FHL|139796|title-id|disp=(Family&amp;amp;amp;nbsp;History Library&amp;amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 H2mc.)}}</ref>
  
*''The Formation of the State of Oklahoma'' <ref> Gittinger, Roy. ''The Formation of the State of Oklahoma'' (1803-1906). Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1917. {{FHL|270160|title-id|disp=(Family History Library book 976.6 H2gi; fiche 6,125,891.)}}</ref>
+
*''The Formation of the State of Oklahoma'' <ref>Gittinger, Roy. ''The Formation of the State of Oklahoma'' (1803-1906). Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1917. {{FHL|270160|title-id|disp=(Family History Library book 976.6 H2gi; fiche 6,125,891.)}}</ref>
  
==United States History==
+
== United States History ==
  
 
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
 
The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:  
  
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref> Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ({{FHL|The Almanac of American History.|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}) </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
+
*''The Almanac of American History'', <ref>Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. ''The Almanac of American History.'' Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. ({{FHL|The Almanac of American History.|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2alm}}) </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9392978&amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ({{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}}.)</ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref> This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
+
*''Dictionary of American History, Revised ed'' <ref>'' Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols''. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. ({{FHL|76529|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H2ad}}.)</ref> <ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2507380&amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat] </ref>This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=Lz9WC9EyF08C&q=9780684138565&dq=9780684138565&ei=F4GxSbisHpDMlQSW3Z36BQ&pgis=1 Google books].
  
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&C Merriam, 1971. ({{FHL|Webster%27s Guide to American History%3A A Chronological%2C Geographical%2C and Biographical Survey and Compendium|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}}) </ref> <ref> Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref> This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
+
*''Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium'' <ref>'' Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium''. Springfield, Mass.: G&amp;amp;amp;C Merriam, 1971. ({{FHL|Webster%27s Guide to American History%3A A Chronological%2C Geographical%2C and Biographical Survey and Compendium|title|disp=FHL book 973 H2v}}) </ref><ref>Limited view at [http://books.google.com/books?id=MVU6DS6Re8gC&amp;amp;amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;amp;amp;dq=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History:+A+Chronological,+Geographical,+and+Biographical+Survey+and+Compendium%27&amp;amp;amp;ei=Vn-xSeS6FJDUlQSby81v#PPP13,M1 Google Books] </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Webster%27s+Guide+to+American+History&amp;amp;amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.
  
*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 {{FHL|244514|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}} </ref> <ref> [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref> Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
+
*''Writings on American History'' <ref>''Writings on American History'' By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 {{FHL|244514|title-id|disp=FHL book 973 H23w}} </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Writings+on+American+History&amp;amp;amp;qt=owc_search Worldcat] </ref>Has the full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgEPAAAAYAAJ&dq=United+States+Local+Histories+in+the+Library+of+Congress&ei=N3yxSd6pI4K0kATC-qRu Google Books]
  
To find more books and articles about Oklahoma 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Oklahoma history."
+
To find more books and articles about Oklahoma 's history use the Internet [http://www.google.com/ Google] search for phases like "Oklahoma history." [[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:  
[[Family History Library Catalog Surname Search|Family History Library Catalog Surname Search]] lists many more histories under topics like:
+
 
::OKLAHOMA - HISTORY
+
::OKLAHOMA - HISTORY  
::OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY] - HISTORY
+
::OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY] - HISTORY  
 
::OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY  
 
::OKLAHOMA , BIBLIOGRAPHY
 
::OKLAHOMA , BIBLIOGRAPHY
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~oknowata/OklaHist.htm History of Oklahoma]
+
 
 +
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~oknowata/OklaHist.htm History of Oklahoma]  
 
*[http://www.okhistory.org/ Oklahoma Historical Society]
 
*[http://www.okhistory.org/ Oklahoma Historical Society]
==Sources==
 
<references/>
 
  
 +
'''A wiki article desctibing an online collection is found at:'''
 +
 +
[[Oklahoma County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Oklahoma County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
== Sources  ==
 +
 +
<references />
  
 
[[Category:Oklahoma|History]]
 
[[Category:Oklahoma|History]]

Revision as of 14:27, 23 April 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma History

Introduction

Effective family history research requires some understanding of the historical events that affected your family and the records about them. Learning about wars, governments, laws, migrations, and religious trends can help you understand political boundaries, family movements, and settlement patterns.

State, county, and local histories often contain biographical sketches of local citizens, including important genealogical information. This may be one of the best sources of information for some families.

Historical Content

Histories are great sources of genealogical information. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including:

  • Parents' names
  • Maiden names of women
  • Place of birth, death, or marriage
  • Occupation
  • Migration
  • Military service
  • Descendants

Brief History

The following important events in the history of Oklahoma affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping

  • 1803: The United States acquired most of the area that is now Oklahoma as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The panhandle remained under Spanish control. The Quapaw, Osage, Oto, and other Indian tribes arrived about this time.
  • 1812: Most of present-day Oklahoma became part of the Missouri Territory.
  • 1819: Most of what is now Oklahoma became part of the Arkansas Territory.
  • 1821: Mexico declared its independence from Spain and the panhandle came under Mexican control.
  • 1830: The western part of the Louisiana Purchase, including the Arkansas Territory, was designated as the Indian Territory. The Indian Removal Act set aside lands west of the Mississippi River for Indian settlement and allowed for the removal of Indians from the eastern states to be resettled in this Territory.
  • 1833: Osage Indians attacked and destroyed a Kiowa village near Rainy Mountain Creek.
  • 1834: Became Indian Territory
  • 1838-1850: Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole) removed to Oklahoma-Indian territory
  • 1845: The United States annexed the Republic of Texas, including the  present-day Oklahoma panhandle.
  • 1850: The United States government purchased the panhandle lands from Texas. The panhandle became “No Man's Land,” and was unattached to any state or territory. During the 1850s, much of the land in the Indian Territory was not assigned to any specific tribe. Railroad companies, some federal officials, and white settlers pressured to have these “Unassigned Lands” opened for settlement.
  • 1854: The Indian Territory was limited to the area of what is now Oklahoma.
  • 1860: Greer County was created by Texas in present-day Oklahoma. This sparsely-settled area was claimed by Texas and the United States until it was added to Oklahoma in 1896.
  • 1861: The Five Civilized Tribes sided primarily with the Confederacy and raised the Confederate Indian Brigade and the Indian Home Guard. They fought in battles in the Arkansas and Oklahoma area. Some Indians enlisted in Union regiments early in the war.
  • 1866: New treaties with the Five Civilized Tribes realigned boundaries and allowed the federal government to move other tribes there. Almost two million acres were designated as “Unassigned Lands” in central Oklahoma.
  • 1868: The Cheyenne village of Chief Black Kettle  on the Washita River was attacked in November by the Seventh Cavalry under Lt. Col. George A. Custer.  Over a hundred Indians were killed, including Chief Black Kettle.
  • 1872: Railroads now crossed the territory.
  • 1874: Red River Uprising- Buffalo War, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Comanche and Kiowa tribes fought white hunters in Oklahoma and Texas in an attempt to save the baffalo hersds from destruction.
  • 1889: The federal government purchased the “Unassigned Lands” from the Indians and opened them for white settlement. The first land rush attracted about 50,000 people. For historical accounts of the land run of 1889, see Stan Hoig, The Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889. Oklahoma City, Okla.: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1984. [1]
  • 1890-: The Organic Act of 1890 established the 1906 Oklahoma Territory. This act organized seven counties in the “Unassigned Lands” and the Oklahoma panhandle (“No Man's Land”) and provided for the organization of additional
    counties as Indian governments were discontinued and surplus land was opened to settlers. During this time, the Oklahoma Territory expanded to fill western Oklahoma by gradually absorbing the following areas:
  • Several reservations in central Oklahoma (1891)
  • Cheyenne and Arapaho land (1892)
  • The “Cherokee Outlet” (1893)
  • Greer County (1896)
  • Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache lands (1901 and 1906)
  • 1891: (September 22,) 900,000 acres of Indian land opened for general settlement by Presidential proclamaion- land had been ceded by Sauk, Fox anfd Potawatomi Indians. 1893: (September 16,) Cherokee Strip between Kansas and Oklahom opened for "Land Rush" 6,000,000 acres had been purchased from the Cherokees in 1891.
  • 1893: 100,000 immigrants were attracted to northwestern Oklahoma when the “Cherokee Outlet” lands were opened.
  • 1897: An oil boom began at Bartlesville and thousands of new settlers arrived.
  • 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
  • 1907: (November 16,)The Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory, known as the “twin territories,” were combined to become the state of Oklahoma. A helpful book about the many boundary changes in Oklahoma is John W. Morris, ed., Boundaries of Oklahoma. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1980. [2]
  • 1917–1918: More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
  • 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
  • 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
  • 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
  • 1950's–1960's The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
  • 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.

Local Histories

Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. A local history may also suggest other records to search. Local histories are extensively collected by the Family History Library, public and university libraries, and state and local historical societies. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of Oklahoma.

  • A Bibliography of American County Histories [3] [4]
  • United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress [5][6]

State Histories Useful to Genealogists

Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. In this sense, any history is useful. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. If these histories are indexed or alphabetical, check for an ancestor's name. Some examples for the State of Oklahoma are:

  • A History of the State of Oklahoma [7]
  • Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present [8]
  • The Formation of the State of Oklahoma [9]

United States History

The following are only a few of the many sources that are available:

  • The Almanac of American History, [10][11]This provides brief historical essays and chronological descriptions of thousands of key events in United States history.
  • Dictionary of American History, Revised ed [12] [13]This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. A snippet view is available at Google books.
  • Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium [14][15][16]This includes a history, some maps, tables, and other historical information.

To find more books and articles about Oklahoma 's history use the Internet Google search for phases like "Oklahoma history." Family History Library Catalog Surname Search lists many more histories under topics like:

OKLAHOMA - HISTORY
OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY] - HISTORY
OKLAHOMA , [COUNTY], [TOWN] - HISTORY
OKLAHOMA , BIBLIOGRAPHY

Web Sites

A wiki article desctibing an online collection is found at:

Oklahoma County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)


Sources

  1. (Family History Library Book 976.6 H2hs.)
  2. (Family History Library&amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 E3b; fiche 6,051,502.)
  3. Filby, P. William. A Bibliography of American County Histories. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1985. (FHL book 973 H23bi)
  4. Worldcat
  5. Kaminkow, Marion J. United States Local Histories in the Library of Congress. 5 vols. Baltimore: Magna Charta Book, 1975-76. (FHL book 973 A3ka.)
  6. Worldcat
  7. Hill, Luther B. A History of the State of Oklahoma. 2 vols. Chicago, Illinois: Lewis Publishing, 1908.(Family History Library&amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 H2h; film 1,000,353 items 1-2; fiche 6,051,224.)
  8. McReynolds, Edwin C., et al. Oklahoma: The Story of Its Past and Present. Rev. ed. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971. (Family&amp;amp;nbsp;History Library&amp;amp;nbsp;book 976.6 H2mc.)
  9. Gittinger, Roy. The Formation of the State of Oklahoma (1803-1906). Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1917. (Family History Library book 976.6 H2gi; fiche 6,125,891.)
  10. Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Greenwich, Conn.: Bison Books, 1983. (FHL book 973 H2alm)
  11. Worldcat
  12. Dictionary of American History, Revised ed., 8 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1976. (FHL book 973 H2ad.)
  13. Worldcat
  14. Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium. Springfield, Mass.: G&amp;amp;C Merriam, 1971. (FHL book 973 H2v)
  15. Limited view at Google Books
  16. Worldcat
  17. Writings on American History By American Historical Association, Library of Congress, United States National Historical Publications Commission, Published by KTO Press, 1921 FHL book 973 H23w
  18. Worldcat