Oklahoma, Applications for Enrollment to the Five Civilized Tribes - FamilySearch Historical Records
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Oklahoma Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914 .
- 1 Collection Time Period
- 2 Record Description
- 3 Record Content
- 4 How to Use the Record
- 5 Record History
- 6 Related Web Sites
- 7 Related Wiki Articles
- 8 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
Collection Time Period[edit | edit source]
These records cover the years 1898 to 1914.
Record Description[edit | edit source]
The collection consists of digital images of land allotment records for the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory. Under the terms of the 1887 Dawes Act, Indian reservations were surveyed and lands held in common by the tribes were allotted in smaller parcels to individual members of the tribe. These records describe the parcels of land and name the tribal member to whom each parcel was allotted. Records are arranged by name of tribe (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole), by membership designation (member by blood, by intermarriage or freedmen), application number and according to age group -- newborn and minor children are listed separately. FamilySearch is indexing these records now and the index will be published when it is complete.
Citation for This Collection[edit | edit source]
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- “Oklahoma, Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914,” index, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org); from National Archives and Record Administration (M1301), Fort Worth, Texas. FHL microfilm. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.
Record Content[edit | edit source]
The information usually included in the index includes the following:
- Name of individual applying for enrollment
- Tribe or Nation
- Blood degree
- Census card number
- Case number
- Film number
- Image number
How to Use the Record[edit | edit source]
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the index. Use the locator information in the index (such as the case number and film or image number) to locate your ancestor’s packet. Compare the information in the packet to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
- You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
- You may also need to search for both their Indian name and their English name.
- Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
When you have located your ancestor’s enrollment, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date.
- Use the Indian census card number to help you locate your ancestor in the Indian census.
- Any relationships listed may help you to establish family groups.
Remember that these enrollment records do not include applications that were not approved.
Record History[edit | edit source]
A Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole, also called the Dawes Commission after its chairman, Senator Dawes, was established by Congress in 1893. Its purpose was to exchange Indian tribal lands in the southeastern United States for new land allotments to individuals in Oklahoma. More than 250,000 people applied to this commission for enrollment and land. Just over 100,000 were approved. The rolls do not include the applications that were rejected, stricken, or judged to be doubtful. Those found eligible for the final rolls were entitled to an allotment of land, usually as a homestead.
Why This Record Was Created[edit | edit source]
These records were created to provide a final list of those individuals who were enrolled as members of the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole).
Record Reliability[edit | edit source]
The records are generally reliable.
Related Web Sites[edit | edit source]
Related Wiki Articles[edit | edit source]
- Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes
- Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- Five Civilized Tribes Indian Agency (Oklahoma)
Contributions to This Article[edit | edit source]
|We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections[edit | edit source]
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
Citation Example for Records Found in this Collection
[edit | edit source]
"Oklahoma, Applications for Enrollment of the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914." database, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed 17 April 2012). Andrew Smith, Choctaw Tribe; NARA publication number M1301, NARA number 145; National Archives and Record Administration, Fort Worth, Texas.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.