Difference between revisions of "Ohio in the Civil War"

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The following Union generals were from Ohio: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_S._Grant Ulysses S. Grant], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Sherman William T. Sherman], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_H._Sheridan Philip H. Sheridan], and several others.  
 
The following Union generals were from Ohio: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulysses_S._Grant Ulysses S. Grant], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_T._Sherman William T. Sherman], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_H._Sheridan Philip H. Sheridan], and several others.  
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{{Wikipedia|Ohio in the American Civil War}}
  
 
*For more information, see the Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_in_the_American_Civil_War Ohio in the American Civil War].
 
*For more information, see the Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_in_the_American_Civil_War Ohio in the American Civil War].

Revision as of 14:34, 9 May 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  Ohio  Gotoarrow.png  Ohio Military  Gotoarrow.png  Ohio in the Civil War

127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

Introduction

Ohio contributed more men as Union soldiers than any other state, except New York and Pennsylvania. Nearly 320,000 Union soldiers came from Ohio. It also provided greatly to the supplies of the Union Army throughout the war.[1]

Ohio provided 230 regiments of infantry and cavalry, 26 light artillery batteries, 2 heavy artillery regiments, and 5 independent sharpshooter companies. Before the war, Ohio was a major stopping place for the Underground Railroad. 5,092 free blacks were part of the Ohio regiments.[2]

The following Union generals were from Ohio: Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and Philip H. Sheridan, and several others.


Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Ohio in the American Civil War

Ohio Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.


The information in the lists of Ohio Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site can also be searched by the name of a soldier. The Ohio Civil War Genealogy Center by the Ohio Genealogical Society uses the same data as the CWSS, but its search engine is much more flexible, allowing for searches by partial name and Soundex.


Ohio Units by Number or by Name
Union Units
1st-8th
9th-22nd
23rd-65th
66th- 115th
116th- 165th
166th- 200th
A to Z




Ohio Units by Type of Unit
Union Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Sharp-shooters
Colored Troops
Unassign- ed Units





Service Records

The index to the federal service records of Union volunteers from Ohio is:

  • Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Ohio United States. Adjutant General's Office.[3]

Pension Records

Union Pension Records

The index to the Union pension records for all states is:

  • Pension Index File, Alphabetical [4]

The actual service and pension records are available only at the National Archives. To order a copy of the original records, use NATF Form 80, which is available from the National Archives, at the nearest federal office building or online

Federal Pensions

Names and residences of persons receiving federal pensions in 1883 can be found in:

  • Index to Ohio Pensioners of 1883. [5] This includes veterans of the Civil War and the War of 1812 or their widows.


Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

State Records

Records of Civil War soldiers were also kept by county and state officials. These include:

  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In & Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866 [6]Rosters are arranged by name of regiment and give enlistment and service information about each soldier.
  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Muster In & Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1861-1866, 3-Month Enlistments [6]Arranged by regiment.
  • Official Roster of the Colored Troops of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In and Muster Out Rolls of the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866 [7]
  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866 [8]The files were compiled by the Works Progress Administration in 1938.
Rolls of Honor

A published roster is also available in:

  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. [9]

Biographical Sketches

Officers

  • Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers [10]


Soldiers Homes

National Old Soldier Homes

For records of national old soldier homes, including the one in Dayton, Ohio, which served Ohio and nearby states, see:

  • Registers of Veterans at National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1937 [11]Includes general indexes for each of the 12 homes, but some individual volumes are indexed separately. These may list a soldier's name, date and place of enlistment, rank, military unit, length of service, date and place of discharge, place of birth, age, physical description, religion, occupation, previous residence, marital status, nearest relative, pension, home admission and discharge dates, disability, death date, or cause of death. Though most were Civil War soldiers, veterans of other wars were included.

State Soldiers' Home

  • Located in Sandusky; Ohio Veterans Home (Sandusky, Ohio). Veterans Home Records, 1889-1995. [12]Sandusky and Georgetown

Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home

The Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home-Ohio Veterans' Children's Home closed. All records (social, medical, and education) were sent to the Ohio Department of Education in Columbus, Ohio.

  • Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home. 1898. A Roster of Honorably Discharged Ex-Pupils of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, Xenia, Ohio: Giving Dates of Admission and Discharge, Present Occupation and Address of Each, So Far as Known. (Xenia, Ohio: Home Weekly Print). Libraries with book
  • Ohio Veterans' Children's Home. 1995. Ohio Soldiers' & Sailors' Orphans' Home, Ohio Veterans' Children's Home, Student Records, 1869-1995. (Xenia, OH: Ohio Veterans' Children's Home, Records Dept.). Student records include date of birth, date of admission, county of origin, and notations regarding whether records on file contain social service records, medical records, education records, and/or admission card only. Libraries with book

Cemetery Records

United States Colored Troops (USCT) Buried in Ohio.

Resting Places of USCT in Ohio, Lest We Forget.

USCT Burials in Shelby County, Ohio

Other Sources

Internet Sites

  • Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System has the information listed above and may have additional historical information. Searches can be made by name of a soldier or sailor. Information about cemeteries battles, prisoners, medals of honor and national parks is also included.
  • Ohio in the Civil War by Larry Stevens, includes brief histories of the regiments, bibliographies of regiments, and often lists of companies with their counties. It also includes a great bibliography of Ohio Civil War sources.
  • Ohio Civil War Genealogy Center, by The Ohio Genealogical Society, has a search for names of Union Soldiers in Ohio Units, a search for the surname in the Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal, and a search of the index of the Society of Civil War Families of Ohio Roster. The roster uses the same data as the Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System, but has a much more flexible search engine.
  • The Civil War is an online encyclopedia of Ohio history.
  • Bibliographies of Ohio Civil War Units lists by type of unit, then by regiment books, Internet sites, etc. about the Regiment.
  • Ohio History Central, by the Ohio Historical Society, an online encyclopedia of Ohio history.

Books

  • Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal. [13]This publication is devoted exclusively to Ohio and Ohioans in the Civil War.
  • Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.
  • Leeke, Richard. A Hundred Days to Richmond: Ohio's "Hundred Days" Men in the Civil War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
  • McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1988.
  • Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895. FHL Collection Volume 1 on fiche 6118088 (12 fiche); Volume 2 on fiche 6118089 (11 fiche)
  • Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.
  • Stevens, A. Parsons. The Military History of Ohio: its Border Annals, its Part in the Indian wars, in the War of 1812, in the Mexican War, and in the War of the Rebellion: Giving a Roster of Ohio's Rank and File ... in the War of the Rebellion, Regimental Histories, with Histories of its G.A.R. and Ladies' Auxillary Posts, and Camps of Sons of Veterans. New York: H. H. Hardesty, 1886, c1885. 316 p. FHL Collection fiche 6118091 (6 fiche)

References

  1. Ohio in the American Civil War, a Wikipedia article, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_in_the_American_Civil_War (viewed 25 November 2010).
  2. Ohio in the American Civil War, a Wikipedia article, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_in_the_American_Civil_War (viewed 25 November 2010).
  3. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Ohio. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1965. (On 122 Family History Library films beginning with 882214.)
  4. United States. Veterans Administration. Pension Index File, Alphabetical. Washington, D.C.: Veterans Administration, Publications Service, 1953. (On 544 Family History Library films beginning with 540757.)
  5. Phillips, W. Louis. Index to Ohio Pensioners of 1883. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1987. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2ph; fiche 6087608.)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In Muster Out Rolls of Ohio Military Organization in the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866. Salt Lake City, Utah, Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1960. (On 365 Family History Library films beginning with 212908.) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "null" defined multiple times with different content
  7. Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. Official Roster of the Colored Troops of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion: Original Muster In and Muster Out Rolls of the Civil War, 1-3 Year Enlistments, 1861-1866. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1962. (On 6 Family History Library films beginning with 285025.)
  8. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959. (On 17 Family History Library films beginning with 195467.)
  9. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866. 12 Volumes. Akron, [Ohio]: Werner, 1886-1895. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2o; film 924017-22; fiche 6051200; index on films 195467-71.)
  10. Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers. Two Volumes. New York, NY: Moore, Wilstach and Baldwin, 1868. (Family History Library book 977.1 H2re; fiche 6051205.)
  11. United States. Veterans Administration. Registers of Veterans at National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, 1866-1937. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. (On 282 FHL films [55 films beginning with 1547608, for the Dayton, Ohio home].)
  12. Ohio Veterans Home (Sandusky, Ohio). Veterans Home Records, 1889-1995. Bowling Green, Ohio: Center for Archival Collection, Bowling Green State Univ., 1995. (On six Family History Library films beginning with 2026851.)
  13. Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal. Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1997. (Family History Library book 977.1 M25oc.)