Ohio Tax Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio Tax Records 1816-1838 .

Ohio Tax Record.jpg

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Collection Time Period

Tax records have been kept since the colonial era. Ohio records began early. 

Record History

Governments created tax records that vary in content according to the purpose of the assessment. Most are based on personal property, real estate, and income. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. Numerous families lived in Ohio and owned taxable property.

Why This Record Was Created

Tax records are based on the property owned by people. Only the person who owned the taxable property was listed on the tax record; other residents, living on the property, were not listed. 

Record Reliability

Tax records are considered a primary source. They are usually reliable because they are kept by the county clerk in the local courthouse, who usually recorded the event at or very near the time it occurred. 

The information given in town land records is generally reliable, although there may be errors made in transcribing the town’s copy from the original deed. 

Record Description

Entries are recorded in voucher books, one person per page. 

Record Content

Genealogical information in Ohio tax records include:

  • Legal description of real and personal property
  • Names and ages of property owners and possible relationships
  • Time periods when families resided in Ohio
  • Occupation of the property owner
  • Places of residence
  • Names of other relatives
  • Additional information associated with the property 

How To Use The Record

Tax records supplement census records. Use tax records to: 

  • Identify the name and residence of the taxpayer.
  • Identify the occupation of an individual.
  • Obtain a description of the real estate, number of acres owned, types of buildings, identifiable personal property, and how many farm animals.
  • Help trace families moving through Ohio.
  • Identify ages, residences and relationships, and perhaps the year an individual died or left the area.

Related Web Sites

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Related Wiki Articles

Ohio Taxation

Sources of This Collection

"Ohio Tax Records, 1816-1838", database,FamilySearch; Digital copies of originals housed in County Auditors in various counties throughout Ohio.

How To Cite Your Sources

An example of citing these records is: Jefferson County Courthouse, Steubenville, Ohio. Tax record. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Robert Young, Springfield Township, Jefferson, Ohio, 1826-1828, reference number 25, film number 16609.

Instructions for citing this source can be found at: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections

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