Ohio, Stark County Court Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: Ohio,Stark County Court Records,1809-1917 .
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Collection Time Period

This collection includes records for the years 1809 to 1917.

Record Description

These records are from the Court of Common Pleas located at the Stark County Record's Center. The records include land records and Naturalization Witnesses and Depositions.

The earlier records are generally handwritten. From the late 1800s printed forms were used.

Record Content

Ohio Stark County Court of Common Pleas (10-0815) DGS 4744571 22.jpg

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Age
  • Race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Arrival place
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife
  • Birth date of spouse
  • Residence of spouse
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

Land records usually contain the following:

  • Names of persons involved in the transaction
  • Date
  • Money exchaned
  • Legal description of land
  • Witnesses

How To Use This Record

To begin your search you will need to know the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor.
  • The event date.
  • The ancestor’s residence.

If you are looking for an immigration and do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Compare the information in the record to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct person. You may need to compare the information of more than one person to make this determination.

When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:

Use naturalization records to:

  • Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
  • Confirm their date of arrival
  • Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
  • Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.

You may also find these tips helpful:

  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
  • An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
  • Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
  • The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
  • You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.

If you do not find the name you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
  • Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
  • Search the indexes of nearby counties.

Record History

The county began keeping records as soon as it was organized.

Why This Record Was Created

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Ohio’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship.

Land records were made to provide legal proof of ownership and to transfer titles.

Record Reliability

Information that was current at the time of the event was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.

Related Web Sites

Local Court Records from Ohio

Stark County, Ohio Free Public Records Directory

Related Wiki Articles

Ohio Naturalization and Citizenship

Ohio Land and Property

Ohio Court Records

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection: (Heading 3)

Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection

"Ohio, Stark County Court Records, 1809-1917." index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org): accessed 29 April 2011. entry for Joshua D. Atwater; citing Court Records, stark, Common Pleas records, 1840, v. Q, Image 44; Stark County Court of Common Pleas, Canton, Ohio.

Sources of Information for This Collection

Ohio. Stark County Court Records,1809-1917. Stark County Court of Common Pleas, Canton, OH.