Difference between revisions of "Nottinghamshire Probate Records"

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m (Text replace - "For a general description of England probate records, click here." to "See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.")
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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nottinghamshire]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nottinghamshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Nottinghamshire Probate Records]]''
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== Getting Started  ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Nottinghamshire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
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=== Before 1858  ===
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Nottinghamshire, follow these steps:
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
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Add here online indexes to Nottinghamshire wills.
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The following article is about probate records in Nottinghamshire. For an explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
 
  
<br>
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
  
== Description  ==
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains about probates and how to get started to search for a will.
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The '''Probates After 1857'''&nbsp;section below has a link to an article about probates after 1857.  
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
<br>
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
== Getting Started  ==
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
  
Follow these steps to look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
#Go to the Court Jurisdictions section below.<br>
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens an article showing a table of places and the courts that had jurisdiction over them.<br>
 
#Follow the steps at the top of the table to search for a will.<br><br>
 
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Westmorland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. When looking for a will of an ancestor in this county, search the courts in the order listed. It's best to search an index first. Indexes are mentioned on the individual court pages. To link to the court page, you need to see the jurisdiction tables. Click on one of the following letters to go to a jurisdiction table. For other places, click on a link: <br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes B through D|B-D]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes E through H|E-H]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes K through N|K-N]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes O through S|O-S]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]. <br>
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Nottinghamshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with: <br><br>&nbsp; &nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes B through D|B-D]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes E through H|E-H]] &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes K through N|K-N]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes O through S|O-S]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Nottinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]. <br>
  
 
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
  
 
== Nottinghamshire Probate Courts  ==
 
== Nottinghamshire Probate Courts  ==
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*[[Court of the Manor of St John of Jerusalem or Shelford St Johns]]  
 
*[[Court of the Manor of St John of Jerusalem or Shelford St Johns]]  
 
*[[Court of the Manor of Skegby and Teversal]]  
 
*[[Court of the Manor of Skegby and Teversal]]  
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Southwell]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Southwell]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England, particularly in cases of:
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=== Some Explanatory Notes on the Nottinghamshire Probate Courts  ===
 
 
*Wealthy individuals
 
*People who owned property in more than one county or court's jurisdiction
 
*Military and Naval personnel
 
*People who lived or owned property outside of England
 
 
 
=== Appeals Courts  ===
 
 
 
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
 
 
 
*[[Court of Arches]]
 
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
 
 
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.
 
 
 
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Nottinghamshire Probate Courts  ==
 
  
 
Nottinghamshire was an Archdeaconry in the Diocese of York until transferred to the Diocese of Lincoln in 1837.&nbsp; The original wills, bonds, and inventories of the Archdeaconry were transferred from York to Nottingham in 1972, but the registered copies of Nottinghamshire wills are still at York, as are the Nottinghamshire rural deanery probate act books and those Nottinghamshire wills proved in the Prerogative Court of York, the Chancery Court of York and the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York. There are no probate records for Nottinghamshire at Lincoln. Some stray wills, inventories, etc. c. 1607-1819, are amongst the Southwell Peculiar records.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 101.</ref><br>
 
Nottinghamshire was an Archdeaconry in the Diocese of York until transferred to the Diocese of Lincoln in 1837.&nbsp; The original wills, bonds, and inventories of the Archdeaconry were transferred from York to Nottingham in 1972, but the registered copies of Nottinghamshire wills are still at York, as are the Nottinghamshire rural deanery probate act books and those Nottinghamshire wills proved in the Prerogative Court of York, the Chancery Court of York and the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York. There are no probate records for Nottinghamshire at Lincoln. Some stray wills, inventories, etc. c. 1607-1819, are amongst the Southwell Peculiar records.<ref>Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 101.</ref><br>
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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{{reflist}}  
 
 
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
 
 
 
== Probates After 1857  ==
 
 
 
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>{{reflist}}  
 
  
[[Category:Nottinghamshire]]
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[[Category:Nottinghamshire|Probate]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Nottinghamshire Gotoarrow.png Nottinghamshire Probate Records

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Nottinghamshire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Nottinghamshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Add here online indexes to Nottinghamshire wills.


Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Nottinghamshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with:

   A   B-D    E-H    K-N   O-S   T-Z.


Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Nottinghamshire Probate Courts

Here is a list of the ecclesiastical courts that had some pre-1858 probate jurisdiction over Nottinghamshire.  Click on a court name to learn more.

Some Explanatory Notes on the Nottinghamshire Probate Courts

Nottinghamshire was an Archdeaconry in the Diocese of York until transferred to the Diocese of Lincoln in 1837.  The original wills, bonds, and inventories of the Archdeaconry were transferred from York to Nottingham in 1972, but the registered copies of Nottinghamshire wills are still at York, as are the Nottinghamshire rural deanery probate act books and those Nottinghamshire wills proved in the Prerogative Court of York, the Chancery Court of York and the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York. There are no probate records for Nottinghamshire at Lincoln. Some stray wills, inventories, etc. c. 1607-1819, are amongst the Southwell Peculiar records.[1]


  1. Camp, Anthony J. Wills and Their Whereabouts. London: published by author, 1974; page 101.