Difference between revisions of "Northumberland Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northumberland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northumberland Probate Records]]''  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northumberland]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Northumberland Probate Records''  
  
For an explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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== Getting Started  ==
  
<br>
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Sussex. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
  
== Getting Started ==
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=== 1858 to the Present ===
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.  
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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=== Before 1858 ===
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Sussex, follow these steps:
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Northumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place name. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
 
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
 
  
<br>
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
  
== Northumberland Probate Courts  ==
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Sussex. Search these indexes first:
  
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the towns and parishes of Northumberland before 1858:&nbsp;  
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*[http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-ypec.htm York Peculiars Probate Index] covers over 25,000 wills proved in the fifty four peculiar courts of the Province of York in the five-hundred year period from 1383 to 1883.
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*[http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-yprex.htm Prerogative &amp; Exchequer Courts of York Probate Index 1842-1858] [http://www.originsnetwork.com/help/popup-aboutbo-ypec.htm <br>]
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*An index covering [http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php?title=Online_Probate_Indexes 1267 to 1500] includes 10,000 wills proved in the Prerogative &amp; Exchequer Courts of York.
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*The&nbsp;[http://familyrecords.dur.ac.uk/nei/ Durham and Northumberland probate records, 1527-1857], project will come online in 2010. The digital images will be searchable by name, place, occupation or date.<br>
  
*[[Court of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) of Durham|Court of the Bishop of Durham]] (Episcopal Consistory)
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
*[[Court of the Chancery of the Archbishop of York]]
 
*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of York]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Archbishop of York in Hexham and Hexhamshire]]
 
*[[Court of the Predendary of Thockrington]]
 
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England. Wealthier individuals, people who owned property in more than one county or lower court's jurisdiction, and Naval personnel often had their estates proven through the Archbishop's court.  
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
=== Appeals Courts ===
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died ====
  
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
  
*[[Court of Arches]]  
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
  
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Northumberland Probate Courts  ==
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
== Court Jurisdictions  ==
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Northumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. When looking for the will of an ancestor, search the courts in the order given. Search indexes first. For indexes, click on the court name links above.  
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
  
To see&nbsp;a list of Northumberland&nbsp;places and the pre-1858 ecclesiastical courts that jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:&nbsp; [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]], [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with B and C|B-C]], [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with D through J|D-J]], [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with K through R|K-R]], [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with S through Z|S-Z]]
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
<br>
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
  
== Probate Indexes Online ==
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.  
  
[http://familyrecords.dur.ac.uk/nei/ http://familyrecords.dur.ac.uk/nei/]
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To see a list of Northumberland&nbsp;places and the pre-1858 ecclesiastical courts that jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
  
Durham and Northumberland probate records, 1527-1857<br>Planned completion date: summer 2009.
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&nbsp; [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]], &nbsp;[[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with B and C|B-C]],  [[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with D through J|D-J]], &nbsp;[[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with K through R|K-R]], &nbsp;[[Northumberland Probate Jurisdictions for Places Beginning with S through Z|S-Z]]<br>
  
<br>
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
  
<br>
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== Northumberland Probate Courts  ==
  
== Post-1857 Probate Records  ==
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The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the towns and parishes of Northumberland before 1858:&nbsp;
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.&nbsp; The system consists of 11 district registry offices and&nbsp;18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and&nbsp;the principal registry&nbsp;office located in London.&nbsp; The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.&nbsp; To learn more, go to the [http://www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk/infoabout/civil/probate/index.htm HMCS website].
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Durham (Episcopal Consistory)|Court of the Bishop of Durham (Episcopal Consistory)]]
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*[[Court of the Chancery of the Archbishop of York]]
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*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of York]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Archbishop of York in Hexham and Hexhamshire]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Prebend of Thockrington]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
A&nbsp;country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.&nbsp; The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=208102&disp=Calendar+of+the+grants+of+probate+and+le%20%20&columns=*,0,0 indexes] for 1858-1957 and the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=authordetails&authorno=301365&name=Great+Britain%2E+Principal+Probate+Registry&columns=*,0,0 records] for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.<br>
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{{Template:Pros-NEE}}<br>  
  
[[Category:England|England]]
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[[Category:Northumberland]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Northumberland Gotoarrow.png Northumberland Probate Records

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Sussex. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Sussex, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Sussex. Search these indexes first:

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

To see a list of Northumberland places and the pre-1858 ecclesiastical courts that jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:

  A,  B-C, D-J,  K-R,  S-Z

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit theFamily History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Northumberland Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the towns and parishes of Northumberland before 1858: