Difference between revisions of "Northamptonshire Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northamptonshire]]''  
 
''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northamptonshire]]''  
  
The following article is about probate records in the county of Northamptonshire. Read about the types of probate records, and general information about them, by clicking [[England Probate Records|here]]. This article explains about the records for Northamptonshire and how to start your search.<br>
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== Getting Started  ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Sussex. For a general description of England probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
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=== Before 1858  ===
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Sussex, follow these steps:
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Sussex. Search these indexes first:
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*[http://www.familyhistoryonline.net/database/SussexFHGprobate.shtml http://www.familyhistoryonline.net/database/SussexFHGprobate.shtml]&nbsp;-- compiled by the Sussex Family History Group which has transcribed the names of 12,300 individuals found in Sussex wills, including testators, executors, beneficiaries or witnesses.&nbsp;The information recorded includes name, date&nbsp;and place.
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*The [http://sussexrecordsociety.org/home2.asp?an=&ap= Sussex Record Society] has&nbsp;published four volumes of indexes to Sussex wills, and these&nbsp;can be viewed on&nbsp;their [http://sussexrecordsociety.org/bwills1.asp?an=&ap= website]. They are arranged by parish then by surname.&nbsp;
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp?WT.hp=Wills Prerogative Court of Canterbury wills (1384-1858)].
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
== Getting Started  ==
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Northamptonshire fell under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of one or more courts. Follow these steps to look for a record.<br>
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or  
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*What place it is near.
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
#Go to the Parishes and Their Court Jurisdictions section below.<br>
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens an article showing a table of places and the courts that had jurisdiction over them.<br>
 
#Follow the steps at the top of the table to search for a will.<br>
 
  
Each parish has a primary court, meaning that it’s the first place to look. There are also secondary courts, meaning addition courts to search. To see a list of the primary and secondary courts for each parish in Northamptonshire, click on the beginning letter of your parish.  
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
  
== Parishes and Their Court Jurisdictions ==
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
  
Each parish has a primary court, meaning that it’s the first place to look. There are also secondary courts, meaning addition courts to search. To see a list of the primary and secondary courts for each parish in Northamptonshire, click on the beginning letter of your parish.  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.  
  
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{| style="width: 408px; height: 22px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A|A]] &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A|A]] &nbsp;  
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|}
 
|}
  
<br>  
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<br>
  
 
== Northamptonshire Probate Courts  ==
 
== Northamptonshire Probate Courts  ==
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
  
<br> In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>  
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<br>In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
  
*Wealthy individuals<br>  
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*Wealthy individuals<br>
 
*Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.  
 
*Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.  
 
*Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.  
 
*Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.  
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== Probate Records After 1857  ==
 
== Probate Records After 1857  ==
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. For more information about these records, and how to find, read [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>  
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Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. For more information about these records, and how to find, read [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, and how to find them, read [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>  
+
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, and how to find them, read [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
  
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
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Findmypast.co.uk has the index to pre-1858 probate records.  
 
Findmypast.co.uk has the index to pre-1858 probate records.  
  
The following link may be of help to wills and administrations. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/other-records-collection-search-start.action?event=O Probate Index 1469-1857]&nbsp; The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.
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The following link may be of help to wills and administrations. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/other-records-collection-search-start.action?event=O Probate Index 1469-1857]&nbsp; The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.  
  
 
==== Filmed Indexes  ====
 
==== Filmed Indexes  ====

Revision as of 16:40, 28 May 2010

England Gotoarrow.png Northamptonshire

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Sussex. For a general description of England probate records, click here.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Sussex, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Sussex. Search these indexes first:

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

 A    B    C    D-F    G-H    I-M    N-P    Q-S    T-U    V-Z


Northamptonshire Probate Courts

The names of the courts with jurisdiction over Northamptonshire are:


In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.

  • Wealthy individuals
  • Interregnum, 1649-1660, because the Prerogative Court was the only court.
  • Property in more than one diocese in the Province of Canterbury.
  • Property in both the Province of Canterbury and Province of York.
  • People who died outside England, including British citizens and others who held property in England.

Probate Records After 1857

Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. For more information about these records, and how to find, read Principal Probate Registry.

Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, and how to find them, read Estate Duty Records.

Probate Indexes

Online Indexes

Before looking for a probate, it's best to search an index first.

The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created by Kay Collins, a volunteer at the Northampton Record Office, partially assisted by several others, from several of the earlier indices of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. This composite index was commenced in 1997 and the records in this database include all work done up to 2005. The project is now largely complete (errors and omissions excepted) and this database may be updated at a future date with corrections and/or omissions. Go to Northants Wills/Admons Proved 1853-1857.[1]

Findmypast.co.uk has the index to pre-1858 probate records.

The following link may be of help to wills and administrations. Probate Index 1469-1857  The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.

Filmed Indexes

Some Explanatory Notes on the courts in Northamptonshire

Since civil and ecclesiastical boundaries were not necessarily one and the same, it is important in pre-1858 probate searches to consider nearby courts including those situated across county boundaries. Also, ecclesiastical boundaries and rights were not always observed or may have been changed over the years.

Many peculiar courts closed before 1858. When this occurred jurisdiction reverted to the local archdeaconry and/or diocesan courts.

Before 1541 Northamptonshire was in the diocese of Lincoln, and from 1541 to 1858 (except for peculiars) was in the diocese of Peterborough. It appears that from 1541 to 1598 the court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archeacon of Northampton exercised concurrent Jurisdiction in the county.

The rolls of the Burgess Court of Higham Ferrers contain the texts of many wills which were registered in respect of property there (See Historical Manuscripts Commission Report xii, appendix part 9, page 530), but the wills were actually proved in the Archdeaconry of Northampton and are found in the records of that court.

The original records of the Court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archdeacon of Northampton are at the Northampton Record Office, Delapre Abbey, Northampton. Those for the Courts of the Peculiar Parishes of Gretton and  Nassington are at the Lincolnshire Archive Office, The Castle, Lincoln.