Difference between revisions of "Northamptonshire Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northamptonshire]]''  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Northamptonshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Northamptonshire Probate Records''  
  
The following article is about probate records in the county of Northamptonshire. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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== Getting Started  ==
  
<br>
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Northamptonshire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
 +
 
 +
=== 1858 to the Present  ===
 +
 
 +
Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
 +
 
 +
=== Before 1858  ===
  
== Description  ==
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Northamptonshire, follow these steps:
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains about probates and how to get started to search for a will.  
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The '''Probates After 1857'''&nbsp;section below has a link to an article about probates after 1857.  
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Northamptonshire. Search these indexes first:
  
<br><br>
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*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/search/probate-and-wills Online Probate Index 1469-1857]&nbsp; The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
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*Index and extracts of all wills and admons of the Peculiar Court of Gretton and Duddington from Film #200,101 can be found [[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maureenbryson/gretton_and_duddington_wills.htm here.]]
  
== Getting Started  ==
+
Filmed Indexes available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City:
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Probates After 1857 section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.  
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*Church of England. Archdeaconry of Northampton. Court Probate records, 1467-1877 {{FHL|350023|title-id|disp=}}
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*{{FHL|213406|title-id|disp=A Calendar of wills relating to the counties of Northampton and Rutland&amp;nbsp;: proved in the court of the Archdeacon of Northampton, 1510 to 1652.}} Also online at [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php The Genealogist.co.uk under wills probates and testaments]
 +
*Administrations in the Archdeaconry of Northampton&nbsp;: now preserved in the District Probate Registry at Birmingham&nbsp;Contents: [pt. 1]. 1667-1710 -- pt. 2. 1711-1800 {{FHL|203000|title-id|disp=}}
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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<br>Did you find a reference to a probate record?
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
 
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
 
  
== Northamptonshire Probate Courts ==
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died ====
  
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Northampton]]
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
*[[Court of the Bishop of Peterborough]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar Parish of Banbury]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Gretton]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Nassington]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln]]
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
 
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
*Wealthy individuals
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
*People who owned property in more than one county
 
*Military and naval personnel
 
*People who lived or owned property outside England
 
  
== Some explanatory notes on the courts in Northamptonshire  ==
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
Since civil and ecclesiastical boundaries were not necessarily one and the same, it is important in pre-1858 probate searches to consider nearby courts including those situated across county boundaries. Also, ecclesiastical boundaries and rights were not always observed or may have been changed over the years.  
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*A place is a parish, or
 +
*What parish it is a part of, or  
 +
*What place it is near.
  
Many peculiar courts closed before 1858. When this occurred jurisdiction reverted to the local archdeaconry and/or diocesan courts.  
+
If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
  
Before 1541 Northamptonshire was in the diocese of Lincoln, and from 1541 to 1858 (except for peculiars) was in the diocese of Peterborough. It appears that from 1541 to 1598 the court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archeacon of Northampton exercised concurrent Jurisdiction in the county.  
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.  
  
The rolls of the Burgess Court of Higham Ferrers contain the texts of many wills which were registered in respect of property there (See ''Historical Manuscripts Commission Report xii,'' appendix part 9, page 530), but the wills were actually proved in the Archdeaconry of Northampton and are found in the records of that court.
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
The original records of the Court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archdeacon of Northampton are at the Northampton Record Office, Delapre Abbey, Northampton. Those for the Courts of the Peculiar Parishes of Gretton and&nbsp; Nassington are at the Lincolnshire Archive Office, The Castle, Lincoln.  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in&nbsp;Northamptonshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.  
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
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{| style="width: 611px; height: 25px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A|A]] &nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C|C]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes D through F|D-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through H|G-H]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes I through M|I-M]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through P|N-P]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes Q through S|Q-S]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T and U|T-U]]&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
| &nbsp;[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes V through Z|V-Z]]
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|}
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in&nbsp;Northamptonshire fell under the jurisdiction of a primary probate court and several secondary courts. When looking for the probate of the estate of an ancestor, you should search the primary court first then move on to the secondary courts in the order given. Search indexes first. Indexes are found by clicking on the court name above.
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<br>
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
To see a list of the&nbsp;Northamptonshire parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on the letter the parish name begins with:  
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:  
  
[[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes A|A]] &nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes B|B]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes C|C]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes D through F|D-F]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes G through H|G-H]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes I through M|I-M]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes N through P|N-P]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes Q through S|Q-S]]&nbsp;&nbsp; [[Northamptonshire Probate Jurisdictions Parishes T through Z|T-Z]]  
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
  
== Probate Indexes Online ==
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== Northamptonshire Probate Courts ==
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.
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The names of the courts with jurisdiction over Northamptonshire are:
  
The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created by Kay Collins, a volunteer at the Northampton Record Office, partially assisted by several others, from several of the earlier indices of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. This composite index was commenced in 1997 and the records in this database include all work done up to 2005. The project is now largely complete (errors and omissions excepted) and this database may be updated at a future date with corrections and/or omissions. Go to [http://www.northants-familytree.net/northants%20wills%201853-1857.html Northants Wills/Admons Proved 1853-1857].[http://www.northants-familytree.net/northants%20wills%201853-1857.html <br>]
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Northampton]]
 +
*[[Court of the Bishop of Peterborough]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar Parish of Banbury]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Gretton]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Nassington]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln]]
 +
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
 +
*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
== Probate Indexes  ==
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<br>
  
*Church of England. Archdeaconry of Northampton. Court Probate records, 1467-1877 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=350023&disp=Probate+records%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
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=== Some Explanatory Notes on the courts in Northamptonshire  ===
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=213406&disp=A+Calendar+of+wills+relating+to+the+coun%20%20&columns=*,0,0 A Calendar of wills relating to the counties of Northampton and Rutland&nbsp;: proved in the court of the Archdeacon of Northampton, 1510 to 1652.]
 
*Administrations in the Archdeaconry of Northampton&nbsp;: now preserved in the District Probate Registry at Birmingham&nbsp;Contents: [pt. 1]. 1667-1710 -- pt. 2. 1711-1800 [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=203000&disp=Administrations+in+the+Archdeaconry+of+N%20%20&columns=*,0,0]
 
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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Since civil and ecclesiastical boundaries were not necessarily one and the same, it is important in pre-1858 probate searches to consider nearby courts including those situated across county boundaries. Also, ecclesiastical boundaries and rights were not always observed or may have been changed over the years.
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
+
Many peculiar courts closed before 1858. When this occurred jurisdiction reverted to the local archdeaconry and/or diocesan courts.  
  
== Probates After 1857  ==
+
Before 1541 Northamptonshire was in the diocese of Lincoln, and from 1541 to 1858 (except for peculiars) was in the diocese of Peterborough. It appears that from 1541 to 1598 the court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archeacon of Northampton exercised concurrent Jurisdiction in the county.
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
+
The rolls of the Burgess Court of Higham Ferrers contain the texts of many wills which were registered in respect of property there (See ''Historical Manuscripts Commission Report xii,'' appendix part 9, page 530), but the wills were actually proved in the Archdeaconry of Northampton and are found in the records of that court.  
  
<br>
+
The original records of the Court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archdeacon of Northampton are at the Northampton Record Office, Delapre Abbey, Northampton. Those for the Courts of the Peculiar Parishes of Gretton and&nbsp; Nassington are at the Lincolnshire Archive Office, The Castle, Lincoln.
  
 
[[Category:Northamptonshire]]
 
[[Category:Northamptonshire]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Northamptonshire Gotoarrow.png Northamptonshire Probate Records

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Northamptonshire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Northamptonshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Northamptonshire. Search these indexes first:

  • Online Probate Index 1469-1857  The Northamptonshire and Rutland Probate Index has been created from several of the earlier indexes of probate records held in the Northampton Record Office. The index contains 87,058 entries that cover the period 1469 to 1857.
  • Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Index and extracts of all wills and admons of the Peculiar Court of Gretton and Duddington from Film #200,101 can be found [here.]

Filmed Indexes available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City:


Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Northamptonshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with.

 A    B    C    D-F    G-H    I-M    N-P    Q-S    T-U    V-Z


Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below.

Northamptonshire Probate Courts

The names of the courts with jurisdiction over Northamptonshire are:


Some Explanatory Notes on the courts in Northamptonshire

Since civil and ecclesiastical boundaries were not necessarily one and the same, it is important in pre-1858 probate searches to consider nearby courts including those situated across county boundaries. Also, ecclesiastical boundaries and rights were not always observed or may have been changed over the years.

Many peculiar courts closed before 1858. When this occurred jurisdiction reverted to the local archdeaconry and/or diocesan courts.

Before 1541 Northamptonshire was in the diocese of Lincoln, and from 1541 to 1858 (except for peculiars) was in the diocese of Peterborough. It appears that from 1541 to 1598 the court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archeacon of Northampton exercised concurrent Jurisdiction in the county.

The rolls of the Burgess Court of Higham Ferrers contain the texts of many wills which were registered in respect of property there (See Historical Manuscripts Commission Report xii, appendix part 9, page 530), but the wills were actually proved in the Archdeaconry of Northampton and are found in the records of that court.

The original records of the Court of the Bishop of Peterborough and the Court of the Archdeacon of Northampton are at the Northampton Record Office, Delapre Abbey, Northampton. Those for the Courts of the Peculiar Parishes of Gretton and  Nassington are at the Lincolnshire Archive Office, The Castle, Lincoln.