Difference between revisions of "North Carolina in the Civil War"

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<center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th|1st-4th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 19th|5th-19th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 20th through 59th|20th- 59th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 60th through 120th|60th- 120th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units A through L|A-L]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units M-Z|M-Z]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br><center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Infantry Confederate Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Cavalry Confederate Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Artillery Confederate Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Rifle Confederate Units|Rifles]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Local Confederate Units|Local Units]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Other Confederate Units|Other]]</div>
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<center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th|1st-4th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 19th|5th-19th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 20th through 59th|20th- 59th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 60th through 120th|60th- 120th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units A through L|A-L]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Confederate Units M-Z|M-Z]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br>
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<center>'''North Carolina Confederate Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 30px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Infantry Confederate Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Cavalry Confederate Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Artillery Confederate Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Rifle Confederate Units|Rifles]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Local Confederate Units|Local Units]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[North Carolina Civil War Other Confederate Units|Other]]</div>
 
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Revision as of 22:54, 9 March 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Military Records  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina in the Civil War


Capture of Plymouth, North Carolina 31 October 1864

Introduction

North Carolina contributed more troops to the Confederacy than any other state.  The city of Wilmington had an important port.  Many of the exports and imports for the Confederacy went through this port.[1]

North Carolina Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, many especially in the Confederate forces were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.

The information in the lists of North Carolina Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.


North Carolina Confederate Units by Number or by Name
Confed. Units
1st-4th
5th-19th
20th- 59th
60th- 120th
A-L
M-Z

North Carolina Confederate Units by Type of Unit
Confed. Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Rifles
Local Units
Other




North Carolina Union Units by Number
Union Units
1st-3rd

Regiments

  • 1st Battalion, North Carolina Heavy Artillery
    Organized at Wilmington, North Carolina during the late spring of 1863 with four companies.
    In March, 1865, the few remaining men were assigned to Hagood's Brigade as infantry.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
  • 1st Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves
    Formed in July, 1864, at Weldon, North Carolina, by consolidating the 1st and 6th Junior Reserves Battalions which had just been organized.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
  • 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery
    Organized near Raleigh, North Carolina, in February, 1862, contained three companies.
    Most of Batteries B and C were captured at Fort Fisher.
    Battery A participated in the Battle of Bentonville.
    Surrender on April 26, 1865.
  • 6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organized at Camp Alamance, near Company Shops (Burlington), North Carolina, in May, 1861.
    Surrendered with 6 officers and 175 men of which 72 were armed.
  • 7th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry
    Organized during the summer of 1862 with six companies.
    The unit skirmished in Tennessee and Kentucky until August, 1863.
    Merged into the 65th North Carolina Regiment-6th Cavalry.
  • 7th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organized at Camp Mason, near Graham, North Carolina, in August, 1861.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee On February 26, 1865 with 13 officers and 139 men.
    A detachment surrendered at Appomattox with 1 officer and 18 men.
  • 10th Battalion, North Carolina Heavy Artillery
    Organized during the spring of 1862 at Wilmington, North Carolina, with three companies, later increased to four.
    Also known as 10th Artillery Battalion
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
  • 11th Battalion, North Carolina Home Guards (Whitford's Infantry Battalion (also called 11th Battalion, Whitford's Rangers, or Whitford's Partisans]
    Organized during the spring of 1862 with four companies, later increased to six.
    January, 1864, it merged into the 67th North Carolina Regiment.
  • 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry (Bethel Regiment)
    Organized at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina, in March, 1862.
    It lost over half of the 617 at Gettysburg, reported 15 casualties at Bristoe.
    Surrendered 8 officers and 74 men.
  • 12th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry
    Organized in May, 1863, with three companies.
    July 11, 1864, Companies A and B merged into the 59th North Carolina Regiment-4th Cavalry.
    Company C transferred to the 16th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion.
  • 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery
    Organized in December, 1863, with six companies.
    Companies A, B, C, D, and E were assigned to the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, fought at Bentonville.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
    Company F (Branch Artillery) served with the Army of Northern Virginia and surrendered at Appomattox.
  • Branch Light Artillery
    Organized early in 1862 with men from Craven, Beaufort, and Wake counties.
    This company was assigned to the 13th North Carolina Artillery Battalion on December 1, 1863, but never served with that command.
    Surrendered on April 9, 1865.
  • 14th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry formerly Woodfin's Battalion
    Organized at Asheville, North Carolina, during the summer of 1862 with three companies, later increased to six.
    In the spring of 1865 four additional companies from Buncombe, Henderson, and Transylvania counties joined the command.
    It now was also called the 79th Regiment-8th Cavalry.
    Disbanded near Morgantown on April 17.
  • 16th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry [also called 75th Regiment-7th Cavalry]
    Formed in July, 1864, by consolidating the five North Carolina companies of the 7th Confederate Cavalry Regiment, the three North Carolina companies of the 62nd Georgia Cavalry Regiment, and Company C of the 12th North Carolina Cavalry Battalion.
  • 20th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry [formerly the 10th Volunteers]
    Assembled at Smithfield and Fort Caswell, North Carolina, in July, 1861.
        Surrendered with 4 officers and 71 men of which only 9 were armed.
  • 24th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry [ formerly the 14th Volunteers]
    Organized at Weldon, North Carolina, in July, 1861.
    Many were disabled at Sayler's Creek.
    Surrendered 1 Assistant-Surgeon and 54 men.
  • 25th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry [ formerly the 15th Volunteers]
    Assembled at Camp Patton, Asheville, North Carolina, in August, 1861.
    Many were disabled at Sayler's Creek, and on April 9, 1865, only 8 officers and 69 were present.
  • 27th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Formed at New Bern, North Carolina, in June, 1861, as the 9th Regiment.
    Reorganized in September as the 17th, its designation was later changed to the 27th.
    Surrendered, 9 officers and 103 men.
  • 32nd Regiment, North Carolina Militia
    Organized at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia, in April, 1862, using the 1st North Carolina Infantry Battalion as its nucleus.
    Surrendered with 4 officers and 110 men on April 9, 1865.
  • 34th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Assembled at High Point, North Carolina, in October, 1861.
    Of the 310 engaged at Gettysburg, twenty-one percent were disabled.
    Surrendered 21 officers and 145 men.
  • 36th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry [also called Cape Fear Regiment]
    Organization at Forst Caswell, North Carolina, in May, 1862.
    After the capture of Fort Fisher, it served as infantry in the Battle of Bentonville.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
  • 37th Regiment, North Carolina Militia
    Organized by Colonel C.C. Lee, was assembled at High Point, North Carolina, in November, 1861.
    Of the 379 engaged at Gettysburg, more than thirty percent were disabled.
    Surrendered 10 officers and 98 men.
  • 39th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organized at Camp Patton, Asheville, North Carolina, in July, 1861, as a five company battalion.
    In November the unit moved to "Camp Hill" near Gooch Mountain where it was increased to eight companies.
    Surrendered May 4, 1865.
  • 40th Regiment, North Carolina State Troops
    Organized at Bald Head, Smith's Island, North Carolina, in November, 1863, from heavy artillery companies formed in 1861 and 1862.
    In 1865 the unit was converted to infantry and assigned to Hagood's Brigade.
    Surrendered with the Army of Tennessee on April 26.
  • 50th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organizized April, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina.
    Mustered less than half the totalled number, about 900 effectives in November, 1864.
    Surrendered a force of nearly 250 on April 26.
  • 48th Infantry Regiment
    Organization in March, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina.
    Surrendered with 12 officers and 87 men.
  • 53rd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organization in April, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina.
    Totalled about 900 effectives in November, 1864.
    Mustered less than half that number in March, 1865.
    Surrendered a force of nearly 250 on April 26.
  • 60th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Organized at Greenville, Tennessee, during the summer of 1862 by adding four companies to the 6th North Carolina State Infantry Battalion.
    Mustered a force of 106 in January, 1865.
    Surrendered in April, a few men.
  • 62nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
    Formed at Waynesville, North Carolina, in July, 1862.
    Assigned to General Gracie's Brigade , July, 1863, and stationed at Cumberland Gap.
    Surrendered in September many troops.
    A number escaped from being captured. They returned to the Asheville area and in April, 1864 had 178 men present. Disbanded near the French Broad River.
  • 64th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry (Allen's)
    Organized during the summer of 1862.
    Attached to General Gracie's Brigade July, 1863 and stationed at Cumberland Gap.
    Here most of the regiment was captured in September.
    Some did escape. Disbanded near the French Broad River.
  • 66th Battalion, North Carolina Militia
    Organized at Kinston, North Carolina, in October, 1862, by consolidating the 8th North Carolina Battalion Partisan Rangers and the 13th North Carolina Infantry Battalion.
    Surrendered on April 26, 1865, with the Army of Tennessee.
  • 68th Regiment, North Carolina Militia
    Organized near Jackson, North Carolina, during the early spring of 1864.
    In April, 1865, the men were ordered to return home and acquire mounts so that the unit could be converted to cavalry. But while these orders were being carried out, the war ended.

Union Regiments

References

  1. Wikipedia.com. North Carolina in the American Civil War (accessed 7 March 2011)