Difference between revisions of "North Carolina Military Records"

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[[Portal:United States Military Records|Portal:United States Military Records]]>[[North Carolina|North Carolina]]  
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Many military records for [[North Carolina|North Carolina]] are at the National Archives. Microfilm copies of many of these are at the Family History Library and at other federal and state archives. A comprehensive description of military history and records of North Carolina is given in Chapter 33 of Helen F. M. Leary’s ''North Carolina Research: Genealogy and Local History ''listed in the "For Further Reading" section at the end of this outline. See also:
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Neagles, James C. ''U.S. Military Records: A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1994. Ancestry is a trademark of Ancestry, Inc. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=704356&disp=U%2E+S%2E+military+records%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 M23nu].) This book describes federal military records, then discusses each state individually. Pages 308–313 provide details of military records housed in various archives in North Carolina, many of which are not microfilmed.
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For each war listed below, additional federal sources are listed in the [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]]. It contains search strategies and information to guide you to the best records for your objective.
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__TOC__
  
The North Carolina State Archives has most of the existing military records, such as: the colonial wars, the state militia, the Continental Line, American Loyalists, soldiers’ homes, and gravestone files.  
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=== Forts  ===
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{{Adoption NCGenWeb}}
  
Fort Barnwell
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=== Online Resources ===
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The US Military Records Wiki article provides more information on Federal military records and search strategies.
  
Fort Butler (Murphy, North Carolina)  
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4282 U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls for North Carolina, 1775-1783] ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1498361|North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers 1779-1782}}, index and images.
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*{{RecordSearch|1932376|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} Index and images.
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1106 U.S., Confederate Service Records, 1861-1865], index and images, ($).
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*{{RecordSearch|1932416|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} Index and images.
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*{{RecordSearch|1911763|North Carolina, Confederate Soldiers and Widows Pension Applications, 1885-1953}} Images only.
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4136 North Carolina Volunteers, Spanish American War] Index ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|2568864|North Carolina World War I Service Cards 1917-1919}}, index and images.
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*{{RecordSearch|2053639|North Carolina Discharge and Statement of Service Records 1940-1948}}, index and images.
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*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/north-carolina/north-carolina-world-war-2-casualties-army-air-force.htm World War II Casualties (Army and Air Force)]
  
Fort Dodds
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=== Introduction ===
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Many military records for North Carolina are at the National Archives. Microfilm copies of many of these are at the Family History Library and at other federal and state archives. A comprehensive description of military history and records of North Carolina is given in Chapter 33 of Helen F. M. Leary’s ''North Carolina Research: Genealogy and Local History''. See also:
  
Fort Fisher
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Neagles, James C. ''U.S. Military Records: A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1994. Ancestry is a trademark of Ancestry, Inc. {{FHL|704356|item|disp=FHL book 973 M23nu}} This book describes federal military records, then discusses each state individually. Pages 308–313 provide details of military records housed in various archives in North Carolina, many of which are not microfilmed.
  
Fort Hancock
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For each war listed below, additional federal sources are listed in [[United States Military Records]]. It contains search strategies and information to guide you to the best records for your objective.
  
Fort Johnston -- Textual records of this fort, 1867-1881, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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The North Carolina State Archives has most of the existing military records, such as: the colonial wars, the state militia, the Continental Line, American Loyalists, soldiers’ homes, and gravestone files.  
  
Fort Loundon
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== Forts  ==
  
Fort Macon 1834-76  
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*[http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMH5N Fort Barnwell]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Butler_(Murphy,_North_Carolina) Fort Butler ](Murphy, North Carolina)
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*[http://www.fortdobbs.org/ Fort Dobbs]
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*[http://www.nchistoricsites.org/fisher/ Fort Fisher]
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*[http://www.ncmarkers.com/Markers.aspx?ct=ddl&sp=search&k=Markers&sv=C-55 Fort Hancock]
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*[http://www.southportncmagazine.com/forts_2_johnston.html Fort Johnston] -- Textual records of this fort, 1867-1881, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
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*[http://www.legendsofamerica.com/tn-statehistory.html Fort Loundon]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Fort_Macon Fort Macon] 1834-76  
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Neoheroka Fort Neoheroko]
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*[http://www.scgen.org/path.htm Fort Prince George]
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*Post of Raleigh -- Textual records of this post, 1865-1877, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).
  
Fort Neoheroko
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== Colonial Wars (1732–1775)  ==
  
Fort Prince George
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During the French and Indian War, 1755–1763, some North Carolina soldiers fought against the French and Indians.
  
Post of Raleigh -- Textual records of this post, 1865-1877, including registers, reports, and correspondence, are in the National Archives and are described in [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/393.html Records of United States Army, Continental Commands, 1821-1920], under the section entitled Records of Posts, 1820-1940 (Record Group 393.7).  
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*Clark, Murtie June. ''Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732–1774''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983. {{FHL|55944|item|disp=FHL 975 M29c}} This book gives the dates when a soldier served. The North Carolina soldiers are listed on pages 629–879, and the book is well indexed. The date, name of soldier, county of residence, military company, and rank are usually given.
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*''The Colonial Records of North Carolina''<nowiki>: Published under the Supervision of the Trustees of the Public Libraries, by Order of the General Assembly is described in [[North Carolina Public Records]]. Volume 22 includes records of the Granville County Militia (1771), Oaths of Allegiance (1778), the Spanish Alarm (1747–1748), militia returns (1754–1755, 1758, and 1767), the War of the Regulators (1770–1771), and correspondence of governors and others (1775–1789).</nowiki>
  
=== Colonial Wars (1732–1775===
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== Revolutionary War (1775-1783)  ==
  
During the French and Indian War, 1755–1763, some North Carolina soldiers fought against the French and Indians. A list of these soldiers is found in:
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A man who was born in North Carolina between about 1710 and 1765 may be listed in some form of military record. If he supported the Revolution, he may be mentioned in the records as a rebel, patriot, or Whig. Those who opposed the Revolution were referred to as Loyalists or Tories.  
  
Clark, Murtie June. ''Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732–1774''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975+M29c 975 M29c].) This book gives the dates when a soldier served. The North Carolina soldiers are listed on pages 629–879, and the book is well indexed. The date, name of soldier, county of residence, military company, and rank are usually given.
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'''Online Resources'''  
  
''The Colonial Records of North Carolina''<nowiki>: Published under the Supervision of the Trustees of the Public Libraries, by Order of the General Assembly is described in the "Public Records" section of this outline. Volume 22 includes records of the Granville County Militia (1771), Oaths of Allegiance (1778), the Spanish Alarm (1747–1748), militia returns (1754–1755, 1758, and 1767), the War of the Regulators (1770–1771), and correspondence of governors and others (1775–1789).</nowiki>
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*'''1779 - 1782''' - {{RecordSearch|1498361|North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers 1779-1782}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3185 North Carolina Revolutionary War Soldiers] Ancestry.com ($)  
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*Revolutionary War Collection at [http://fold3.com Fold3]
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* Southern Campaign at http://www.southerncampaign.org/
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* Revolutionary War Pension Statements & Rosters at http://revwarapps.org/
  
=== Revolutionary War (1775–1783) ===
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=== Patriots ===
  
A man who was born in North Carolina between about 1710 and 1765 may be listed in some form of military record. If he supported the Revolution, he may be mentioned in the records as a rebel, patriot, or Whig. Those who opposed the Revolution were referred to as Loyalists or Tories.  
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*Daughters of the American Revolution (North Carolina). ''Roster of Soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution: With an Appendix Containing a Collection of Miscellaneous Records''. N.p.: NCDAR, 1932. (Family History Library book {{FHL|105980|item|disp=FHL film 1036677; fiche 6046553; book 975.6 M2d}} There is a reprint edition: Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1977. {{FHL|284556|item|disp=FHL film 1036687 item 4; book 975.6 M2d}} Contained in this book are many types of records: pension lists for 1818, 1832, and 1835; land grants, vouchers, and claims; and lists of soldiers by regiment and company. The book is well indexed.
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*United States. War Department. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteers Soldiers Who Served during the Revolutionary War in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M257. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1958. (Family History Library films {{FHL|316413|item|disp=FHL film 821595–821596}}
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*For more Revolutionary War service records for soldiers from North Carolina see the subject {{FHL|352022|subject_id|disp=North Carolina Revolutionary War Records}}
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'''Pension Records'''
  
For an Internet site on this subject, see:  
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*Bell, Annie W.B., ''North Carolina Pension Abstracts of the Revolution, War of 1812 and Indian Wars'' (SLC, Utah, 2009) {{WorldCat|16945568|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1749518|item|disp=FHL book US NC M24b}} At Logan Regional Family History Center
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*Styles, Marshall L., ''Western North Carolina's Revolutionary War Patriot Soldiers&nbsp;: A collection of Their Records'' ([S.I.]: M.L. Styles, c2010) {{FHL|1952460|item|disp=FHL books 975.6 M2sm volume 1 – 20}}
  
''North Carolina in the Revolutionary War''. In NCGenWeb Military Project [database on-line]. N.p., 1999 [cited 15&nbsp;December 2007]. Available at [http://www.rootsweb.com/~ncrevwar/ncrevwar.htm www.rootsweb.com/~ncrevwar/ncrevwar.htm].&nbsp;This site shows information about military units, enlisted men, books, mailing lists, record repositories, and related web sites.
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The 1813 Pension List:  
  
'''Patriots'''. A published list of North Carolina soldiers is:
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*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/1813-pension-list/1813-pension-list-north-carolina.htm 1813 Pension List] (New Horizons Genealogy)
  
Daughters of the American Revolution (North Carolina). ''Roster of Soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution: With an Appendix Containing a Collection of Miscellaneous Records''. N.p.: NCDAR, 1932. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2d 975.6 M2d]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=105980&disp=Roster+of+the+soldiers+from+North+Caroli++ 1036677] item 3; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=6046553 6046553].) There is a reprint edition: Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1977. (Family History Library book 975.6 M2d 1977; film 1036687 item 4.) Contained in this book are many types of records: pension lists for 1818, 1832, and 1835; land grants, vouchers, and claims; and lists of soldiers by regiment and company. The book is well indexed.
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The 1818 Pensioners of the United States:  
  
Following is a source that indexes North Carolina Revolutionary War records:  
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*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/1818-pensioners/1818-pensioners-north-carolina.htm 1818 Pensioners of the United States] (New Horizons Genealogy)
  
United States. War Department. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteers Soldiers Who Served during the Revolutionary War in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M257. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1958. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=821595 821595]–96.)
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The 1820 Pension List:  
  
Many Revolutionary War patriots were granted bounty lands in Tennessee and South Carolina. See the "Land and Property" Wiki articles for those states for more information. No land in North Carolina was given to veterans.  
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*[http://www.newhorizonsgenealogicalservices.com/1820-pension-list/1820-pension-list-north-carolina.htm 1820 Pension List] (New Horizons Genealogy)
  
For detailed information about national Revolutionary War service and pension records, cemetery records, and lineage society records, see the [[U.S. Military Records|United States Military]].
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The 1835 Pension Roll:
  
'''Loyalists'''. For information about North Carolina Loyalists, see:  
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On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see [[Revolutionary War Pension Records and Bounty Land Warrants|Revolutionary War Pension Records]]. The 1835 Pension Roll for North Carolina is available online:  
  
Clark, Murtie Jane. ''Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War''. 3 vols. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1981. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975+F2cm 975 F2cm].) Volume 1 includes North Carolina musters, pay abstracts, and other records.  
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=mIQFAAAAQAAJ Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. III] (Google Books)
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48123 The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. III] (Ancestry) ($)
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*Many Revolutionary War patriots were granted bounty lands in Tennessee and South Carolina. See the "Land and Property" Wiki articles for those states for more information. No land in North Carolina was given to veterans.
  
DeMond, Robert O. ''The Loyalists in North Carolina during the Revolution.'' Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1979. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2dr 975.6 M2dr].) This volume outlines the history of the Loyalists in North Carolina and lists many of their names.
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'''Federal Service and Pension Records'''  
  
Troxler, Carole W. ''The Loyalist Experience in North Carolina''. Zebulon, North Carolina: Theo. Davis Sons, 1976. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=174204&disp=The+Loyalist+experience+in+North+Carolin%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.6 A1 no.128].) This book has information about many Loyalists and tells of their exodus to New York, the Bahamas, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.  
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The service records and pension files for Revolutionary War patriots are available at the Family History Library and from other sources. For more information, see the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783]] wiki article. You can also use NATF Form 80 to obtain copies of some records from the National Archives for a fee. Copies of records are also available online at http://www.archives.gov/.  
  
Many persons who were Loyalists are not mentioned in the above volumes because they did not survive to apply for British compensation. Their names may be found in the Hillsboro, Morgan, and Salisbury district court records. Reconnaissance bonds were placed on the Loyalists’ heads. The money for the bonds was pledged by friends, and their names are listed in the court records. The Family History Library has the minutes of district court proceedings regarding these bonds. The loose papers are only at the North Carolina State Archives. See also the topic "Loyalist Land Losses" in the "Land and Property" section.
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=== Loyalists ===
  
=== War of 1812 (1812–1815)  ===
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For information about North Carolina Loyalists, see: [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]].
  
The Family History Library has indexes to the federal service and pension files for the War of 1812. See [[United States Military Records|United States Military Records]] for details and for sources not mentioned below.  
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*Clark, Murtie Jane. ''Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War''. 3 vols. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1981. {{FHL|358874|item|disp=FHL book 975 F2cm}} Volume 1 includes North Carolina musters, pay abstracts, and other records.
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*DeMond, Robert O. ''The Loyalists in North Carolina during the Revolution.'' Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1979. {{FHL|22480|item|disp=FHL book 975.6 M2dr}} This volume outlines the history of the Loyalists in North Carolina and lists many of their names.
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*Troxler, Carole W. ''The Loyalist Experience in North Carolina''. Zebulon, North Carolina: Theo. Davis Sons, 1976. {{FHL|174204|item|disp=FHL book 975.6 A1 no.128}} This book has information about many Loyalists and tells of their exodus to New York, the Bahamas, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.
  
The National Archives has the original service and pension records. They are not filmed, but the following important sources are available:
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Many persons who were Loyalists are not mentioned in the above volumes because they did not survive to apply for British compensation. Their names may be found in the Hillsboro, Morgan, and Salisbury district court records. Reconnaissance bonds were placed on the Loyalists’ heads. The money for the bonds was pledged by friends, and their names are listed in the court records. The Family History Library has the minutes of district court proceedings regarding these bonds. The loose papers are only at the North Carolina State Archives. See also the topic "Loyalist Land Losses" in the "Land and Property" section.
  
''Muster Rolls of the Soldiers of the War of 1812 Detached from The Militia of North Carolina, in 1812 and 1814.'' 1851. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2mr 975.6 M2mr]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=182009&disp=Muster+rolls+of+the+soldiers+of+the+war+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1036618] item 6.) This indexed volume indicates the county in which each soldier enlisted.
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== War of 1812 (1812-1815)  ==
  
Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''North Carolina Military Muster Rolls 1812 and 1814''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1989. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2j 975.6 M2j].) The book is arranged alphabetically, and the county where the soldier enlisted is mentioned.  
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The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.<br><br>See the Wiki article, [[North Carolina in the War of 1812|North Carolina in the War of 1812]], for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for North Carolina.<br>
  
United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War of 1812 in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M250. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1958. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=880838 880838]–42.)
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There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]]''.''
  
=== Indian Wars (1711–1858===
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== Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)  ==
  
 
The regular army, often assisted by volunteer units, fought in various campaigns against American Indians. These include the Seminole or Florida Wars (1817–18, 1835–1842, and 1855–58), Black Hawk War (1832), and the Creek War (1836–37).  
 
The regular army, often assisted by volunteer units, fought in various campaigns against American Indians. These include the Seminole or Florida Wars (1817–18, 1835–1842, and 1855–58), Black Hawk War (1832), and the Creek War (1836–37).  
  
The following index is available:
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'''Cherokee Disturbances and Removal (1836-1839)'''
  
United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M256. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1958. (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=281537&disp=Index+to+compiled+service+records+of+vol++ 368686].) This source lists soldiers who served in the period 1836–39. It generally gives their rank, date enrolled, date mustered out, and company.  
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*"Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of North Carolina" (NARA M256) {{WorldCat|12423068|At various libraries (Worldcat)}} and {{FHL|281537|item|disp=FHL film 0368686}} The Cherokees were removed to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. The compiled military service records have not been microfilmed.
  
For detailed information about national service and pension records from the Indian Wars, see the U.S. Military Records Outline.  
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:The above collection is also available online:
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:*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1267 U.S. Army Indian Campaign Service Records Index] (Ancestry) ($) - browsable only.
  
=== Mexican War (1846–1848)  ===
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For detailed information about national service and pension records from the Indian Wars, see [[United States Military Records]].
  
About 1,000 North Carolina soldiers were involved in the Mexican War. The following records are available:
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== Mexican War (1846-1848)  ==
  
United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the Mexican War''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M616. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1965. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1205336 1205336]–57.)
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The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. About 1,000 North Carolina soldiers were involved in the Mexican War. The following records are available: <br>
  
''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, T317. Washington DC: Veteran’s Administration, 1967. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=537000 537000]–7013.)
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*''Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926''. (NARA T317). {{FHL|0537000|item|disp=FHL films 0537000–13}} Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:<br>
  
=== Civil War (1861–1865) ===
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:*{{RecordSearch|1979390|United States, Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Mexican War Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])<br>
  
North Carolina seceded from the Union in May of 1861. However, soldiers from the state served in both the Union and Confederate armies.  
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*Robarts, William Hugh. ''Mexican War Veterans&nbsp;: A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848…'' Washington, D.C.&nbsp;: Brentano’s, 1887. {{FHL|1854496|item|disp=FHL book 973 M2rwh}} Digital version available at [http://archive.org/details/mexicanwarvetera00roba Internet Archive].
  
For an Internet site with information about North Carolina in the Civil War and links to related web sites, see:
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<br> Click on these links to learn more about the [[Mexican War, 1846 to 1848|Mexican War]] and about [[US Mexican War Pension Records|Mexican War pension records]].
  
Weaver, Jeffrey C. ''"North Carolina Civil War Home Page"'' [database on-line]. N.p., 22 February 1999 [cited 4 August 1999]. Available at: http://members.aol.com/jweaver303/nc/nccwhp.htm. This site has information about election statistics, lists of confederate units, descendant organizations, and unit histories.
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== Civil War (1861–1865)  ==
  
'''Union'''. The National Archives has the Civil War service records, pension records, and indexes for the Union Army. The Family History Library has copies of the service record and pension indexes:
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[[Image:{{CapturePlymouth,NC}}]] See [[North Carolina in the Civil War|North Carolina in the Civil War]] for information about North Carolina Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the North Carolina regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
  
United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M391. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1962. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=881590 881590]–91.)
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'''Online Records'''
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932376|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932416|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*1861-1865 - [http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/home/collections/civil-war North Carolina Civil War Collection] at State Library of North Carolina -- images of letters, diaries, newspaper articles, reminiscences, troop histories, state agency records, maps, rosters, books, and other materials related to North Carolina's Civil War history.
 +
*'''1885-1953''' - {{RecordSearch|1911763|North Carolina, Confederate Soldiers and Widows Pension Applications, 1885-1953}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
 +
*'''1901'''- [http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/home/collections/1901-confederate-pension-applications 1901 Confederate Pension Applications] at State Library of North Carolina - index/images
 +
<br>
 +
U.S. Southern Claims Commission Master Index, 1871-1880 [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1216 Index only $],<br>
 +
The [https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.  
  
United States. Veterans’ Administration. ''General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, T0288. Washington, DC: Veterans’ Administration, Publications Service, 1953. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=540757 540757]–541300.)
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'''FamilySearch Historical Records'''
 +
*[[North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|North Carolina, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 +
*[[North Carolina Confederate Soldier's and Widow's Pension Applications (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]<br>
  
'''Confederate'''. For lists of North Carolina Confederate soldiers, see:
+
== Spanish-American War (1898)<br>  ==
  
Manarin, Lois H., and Weymouth T. Jordan, comps. ''North Carolina Troops, 1861–1865: A Roster''. 15 vols. Raleigh, North Carolina: State Department of Archives and History, 1966–. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2nc 975.6 M2nc]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1697997 1697997] item 3 has vol. 13; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=6088179 6088179] has vols. 1–13, film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=147534&disp=North+Carolina+troops%2C+1861%2D1865%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1425054] item 20 has vol. 14.) This series contains extensive biographical information about soldiers in the Confederate army, beginning with the 1st regiment and ending with the 56th. Information may include the soldier’s age, occupation, residence at time of enlistment, county of birth, date of enlistment, service information, transfers, desertions, hospital confinement, and death during the war. Each volume is indexed. A combined index for all volumes is:
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The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.  
  
''Roster (Index) of North Carolina Troops in the War between the States''. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Dept. of Archives and History, 1958. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=194214 194214]–28.)
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'''Indexes'''  
  
North Carolina granted pensions to its Confederate veterans or their widows in 1885 and in 1901. The pension records and an index are at the North Carolina State Archives and on film at the Family History Library:
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*{{RecordSearch|1919699|United States, General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934}} (NARA T288). (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, '''Spanish‑American War,''' Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. ([[United States, General Index to Pension Files (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
North Carolina. State Auditor. ''Applications for Confederate Soldier’s and Widow’s Pensions, 1885–ca. 1953''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958, 1988; Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Archives and History. (On 105 Family History Library films beginning with [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=175779 175779]; indexed on Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1547723 1547723]) Applications may give age, residence, service information, death information about the soldier, name of the widow, and sometimes children’s and grandchildren’s names. If a widow remarried and her second husband died, she could still apply for a pension because of the service of the first husband.  
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*{{RecordSearch|1919583|United States, Index to Service Records, War with Spain, 1898}} (FamilySearch) Free digital copy. ([[United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Learn more.]])
  
'''Pensions.''' The pension applications are in three files: (1) 1885-1901; (2) after 1901; and, (3) some "after 1901" material that belongs in the 1885- 1901 file.&nbsp;The dates indicated for each item are not always reliable. For this reason, the archive staff has been removing "After 1901" material that belongs in the earlier file. Also, the earlier file contains a small a mount of material created prior to 1885.
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North Carolina raised three regiments of volunteers from the state guard and active militia for this conflict. None of the soldiers saw serious action. In 1900 the office of the North Carolina adjutant general published the following unindexed roster:
  
Confederate Pension applications (1885-1901): The first general pension law in North Carolina for Confederate veterans and widows (Chapter 214) was passed in 1885. This law provided for the payment of $30.00 annually to Confederate veterans who were residents of the state and who had lost a leg, eye, or arm, or who were incapacitated for manual labor while in the service of the Confederate States during the Civil War. Widows of soldiers who were killed in service were entitled to the same benefits as long as they did not remarry. Any person, however, who owned property with a tax value of $500.00 or received a salary of $300.00 per year from the nation, state, or county was not eligible. Chapter 116 of the laws of 1887 amended the 1885 law to include widows of soldiers who had died of disease while in service, the next general pension law was passed in 1889 and remained in effect until it was amended in 1901. Applications had to be certified, witnessed, and filed with the county commissioners who in turn sent them to the State Auditor.  
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''Roster of the North Carolina Volunteers in the Spanish-American War, 1898–1899''. Raleigh, North Carolina: Edwards Broughton, 1900. ({{FHL|334522|item|disp=FHL film 18079 item 2}} ([http://books.google.com/books?id=6o4fAQAAMAAJ Google Books]) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4136 Ancestry])-($)
  
Confederate Pension applications (After 1901): In 1901, the General Assembly of North Carolina passed a new pension law (Chapter 332). Under the new act "Every person who has been for twelve months immediately preceeding his or her application for pension bona fide resident of the State, and who is incapacitated for manual labor and was a soldier or a sailor in the service of the State of North Carolina or of the Confederate States of America, during the war between the States (provided, said widow was married to said soldier or sailor before the first day of April, 1865)" was entitled to a pension. The pensioners were divided into four classes: First class, totally incompetent from wounds to perform manual labor, $72.00 per year; second class, those who lost a leg above the knee or an arm above the elbow, $60.00 annually; third class, those who lost a foot or leg below the knee or a hand or an arm below the elbow or had a limb rendered useless from a wound, $48.00 annually; fourth class, those who lost one eye, widows, and those unfit for manual labor, $30.00 annually. Certain persons were excluded from benefits under general pension acts. No person holding a national, state, or county office for which he received $300.00 annually, no person with property valued at $500.00 or more, or no person receiving aid under laws for relief of totally blind and maimed was eligible (inmates of the Soldiers' Home, recipients of pensions from other states, and deserters were excluded from benefits under the pension acts, although inmates of the Soldiers' Home were granted quarterly allowences of $1.50 in 1909 -- increased to $3.00 quarterly in 1913). Practically each succeeding General Assembly made some change in the pension laws. These changes are reflected in the collected series of applications and are too numerous to mention.  
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Click on the link to learn more about the [[Spanish-American War, 1898|Spanish American War]].  
  
Confederate Pension applications (After 1901) supplement: This collection of documents were originally a part of the 1901 series, but during the last few years the Archives staff has been carefully reexamining each file in the collection. As a result these documents were found that were written before 1901. The staff hasn't completed its task yet, in fact, it's only about half way through. So this collection only goes from A to K. These documents will probably be merged with the 1885 series in the future, about right now are a separate series. Most of the documents in the series are applications for entrance into the Soldier's Home. Since some of the people in this series aren't included in either of the other series they are all shown here.
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== World War I (1917-1918) ==
  
United States. Adjutant General’s Office. ''Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M230. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=821768 821768]–810.) This source can help you determine if an ancestor served in the Civil War. The records are listed by regiment, then company. These films index the following records:
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World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.  
  
United States. Record and Pension Office. ''Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of North Carolina''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M270. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1960. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1381001 1381001]–500 and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1447001 1447001]–80.) These microfilms have cards with Civil War service information about individual soldiers. The records are listed by regiment, battalion, or company.
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*United States. Selective Service System. ''North Carolina, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987–1988. {{FHL|746992|item|disp=FHL films 1765557 (first of 81 films)}} Also available at:
  
'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.  
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:*{{RecordSearch|1968530|United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images — free
 +
 +
:*Also online at [http://www.rootsweb.com/~rwguide/WWIdraft.html Rootsweb.com WWI Draft]
  
'''Unit Histories'''. An important inventory for finding Civil War military histories is:  
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*{{RecordSearch|2568864|North Carolina, World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
''A Guide to the Microfiche Edition of Civil War Unit Histories: Regimental Histories and Personal Narratives. Part 1, Confederate States of America and Border States''. Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, 1992. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+M2cwu+ 973 M2cwu] pt.1.) North Carolina units are listed on pages 61–66. The library has the large microfiche collection described in this guide. Use the library catalog to find individual items that may include correspondence, diaries, memoirs, and regimental histories published before 1920. The guide shows the unit name, counties where it was raised, author, title, publication information, number of pages, and source repository. This guide also includes an author index and a major engagements index.
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*{{RecordSearch|2513098|United States, YMCA World War I Service Cards, 1917-1919}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] index and images
  
'''Southern Claims Commission.''' If a Union sympathizer in North Carolina claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few per county applied, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of the residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in North Carolina counties during the Civil War see the [[Southern Claims Commission|Southern Claims Commission]].  
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[[United States World War I Draft Records|United States World War I Draft Records]] provides additional information.  
  
'''State Soldiers’ Home'''. North Carolina had a soldiers’ home in Raleigh. Three alphabetical listings of the veterans in the home from 1890–1936 are among the Auditor General’s records in the state archives.
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For a list of soldiers who died in World War I, see:
  
'''Guidebook'''. A useful source for learning more about the Civil War records of North Carolina is:
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*Haulsee, W. M. ''Soldiers of the Great War''. 3 vols. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Pub. Association, 1920. {{FHL|285556|item|disp=FHL fiche 6051244 and book 973 M23s}} Volume 2 has information on North Carolina soldiers and includes the names of those who were killed in action or died of disease or accident. The place of residence is given, and there are photographs of about 500 North Carolina soldiers.
  
''Guide to Civil War Records in the North Carolina State Archives''. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1966. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+A3n 975.6 A3n]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=175629&disp=Guide+to+Civil+War+records+in+the+North+++ 908225] item 2.)
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== World War II (1941-1945)  ==
  
=== Spanish-American War (1898–1899)  ===
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On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.
  
North Carolina raised three regiments of volunteers from the state guard and active militia for this conflict. None of the soldiers saw serious action. In 1900 the office of the North Carolina adjutant general published the following unindexed roster:
+
*{{RecordSearch|1339071|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (Image Browse)}} (FamilySearch) - free
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*{{RecordSearch|1861144|United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942}} (images with partial index) (FamilySearch) - free
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*'''1940 - 1948''' - {{RecordSearch|2053639|North Carolina, Discharge and Statement of Service Records, 1940-1948}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
''Roster of the North Carolina Volunteers in the Spanish-American War, 1898–1899''. Raleigh, North Carolina: Edwards &amp; Broughton, 1900. (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=334522&disp=Roster+of+the+North+Carolina+Volunteers+++ 18079] item 2.)
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:Also available at:<br>
  
=== World War I (1917–1918) ===
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 Ancestry] ($)
 +
*[http://www.fold3.com/title_765/wwii_old_mans_draft_registration_cards Fold3] ($).
  
World War I draft registration cards, for men ages 18 to 45, may list address, birth date, birthplace, race, nationality, occupation, citizenship, and next of kin. Not all registrants served in the war. For North Carolina’s cards, see:
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A series of books entitled "[[United States World War II Biographies#Young_American_Patriots|Young American Patriots]]", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including North Carolina. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.  
  
United States. Selective Service System. ''North Carolina, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918''. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987–1988. (On 81 Family History Library films beginning with 1765557.)
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[[World War II United States Military Records, 1941 to 1945|World War II United States Military Records]] provides additional information.
  
Also online at:&nbsp; http://www.rootsweb.com/~rwguide/WWIdraft.html<br>
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== Korean War (1950–1953)  ==
  
To find a person’s draft card, it helps to know his name and residence at the time of registration, since the cards are arranged alphabetically by county, within the county by draft board, and then alphabetically by surname. Counties may have had more than one draft board.  
+
The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the [[United States Korean War 1950 to 1953|Korean War ]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
For a list of soldiers who died in World War I, see:
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== Vietnam War (1964–1972)  ==
  
Haulsee, W. M. ''Soldiers of the Great War''. 3 vols. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Pub. Association, 1920. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+M23s 973 M23s]; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=6051244 6051244].) Volume 2 has information on North Carolina soldiers and includes the names of those who were killed in action or died of disease or accident. The place of residence is given, and there are photographs of about 500 North Carolina soldiers.  
+
The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the [[United States Vietnam War 1964 to 1972|Vietnam War]] wiki article for information on records and their availability.  
  
=== World War II and Later Wars ===
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== Other Resources ==
  
See:&nbsp; http://www.archives.gov/research/  
+
See: http://www.archives.gov/research/  
  
 
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of military discharge papers from 1918 to the 1970s for many counties. Military discharge papers may show a person’s birthplace, birth date, service information, and disability condition. The original records are kept by the register of deeds in each county.  
 
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of military discharge papers from 1918 to the 1970s for many counties. Military discharge papers may show a person’s birthplace, birth date, service information, and disability condition. The original records are kept by the register of deeds in each county.  
  
Military records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search of under:  
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Military records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog by using a Place Search of under:  
  
 
NORTH CAROLINA- MILITARY RECORDS  
 
NORTH CAROLINA- MILITARY RECORDS  
  
NORTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY]- MILITARY RECORDS  
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NORTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY]- MILITARY RECORDS<br>
 
 
== References  ==
 
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=North_Carolina.ASP North Carolina Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
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{{North Carolina|North Carolina}} {{State Military Records}}
  
[[Category:North_Carolina|Military]] [[Category:American_Loyalists]]
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[[Category:North Carolina Military Records]] [[Category:American_Loyalists]]

Latest revision as of 15:22, 12 September 2017

North Carolina Wiki Topics
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Military Records
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Online Resources

The US Military Records Wiki article provides more information on Federal military records and search strategies.

Introduction

Many military records for North Carolina are at the National Archives. Microfilm copies of many of these are at the Family History Library and at other federal and state archives. A comprehensive description of military history and records of North Carolina is given in Chapter 33 of Helen F. M. Leary’s North Carolina Research: Genealogy and Local History. See also:

Neagles, James C. U.S. Military Records: A Guide to Federal and State Sources, Colonial America to the Present. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1994. Ancestry is a trademark of Ancestry, Inc. FHL book 973 M23nu This book describes federal military records, then discusses each state individually. Pages 308–313 provide details of military records housed in various archives in North Carolina, many of which are not microfilmed.

For each war listed below, additional federal sources are listed in United States Military Records. It contains search strategies and information to guide you to the best records for your objective.

The North Carolina State Archives has most of the existing military records, such as: the colonial wars, the state militia, the Continental Line, American Loyalists, soldiers’ homes, and gravestone files.

Forts

Colonial Wars (1732–1775)

During the French and Indian War, 1755–1763, some North Carolina soldiers fought against the French and Indians.

  • Clark, Murtie June. Colonial Soldiers of the South, 1732–1774. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1983. FHL 975 M29c This book gives the dates when a soldier served. The North Carolina soldiers are listed on pages 629–879, and the book is well indexed. The date, name of soldier, county of residence, military company, and rank are usually given.
  • The Colonial Records of North Carolina: Published under the Supervision of the Trustees of the Public Libraries, by Order of the General Assembly is described in [[North Carolina Public Records]]. Volume 22 includes records of the Granville County Militia (1771), Oaths of Allegiance (1778), the Spanish Alarm (1747–1748), militia returns (1754–1755, 1758, and 1767), the War of the Regulators (1770–1771), and correspondence of governors and others (1775–1789).

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

A man who was born in North Carolina between about 1710 and 1765 may be listed in some form of military record. If he supported the Revolution, he may be mentioned in the records as a rebel, patriot, or Whig. Those who opposed the Revolution were referred to as Loyalists or Tories.

Online Resources

Patriots

  • Daughters of the American Revolution (North Carolina). Roster of Soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution: With an Appendix Containing a Collection of Miscellaneous Records. N.p.: NCDAR, 1932. (Family History Library book FHL film 1036677; fiche 6046553; book 975.6 M2d There is a reprint edition: Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1977. FHL film 1036687 item 4; book 975.6 M2d Contained in this book are many types of records: pension lists for 1818, 1832, and 1835; land grants, vouchers, and claims; and lists of soldiers by regiment and company. The book is well indexed.
  • United States. War Department. Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteers Soldiers Who Served during the Revolutionary War in Organizations from the State of North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M257. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1958. (Family History Library films FHL film 821595–821596
  • For more Revolutionary War service records for soldiers from North Carolina see the subject North Carolina Revolutionary War Records

Pension Records

The 1813 Pension List:

The 1818 Pensioners of the United States:

The 1820 Pension List:

The 1835 Pension Roll:

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll for North Carolina is available online:

Federal Service and Pension Records

The service records and pension files for Revolutionary War patriots are available at the Family History Library and from other sources. For more information, see the Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783 wiki article. You can also use NATF Form 80 to obtain copies of some records from the National Archives for a fee. Copies of records are also available online at http://www.archives.gov/.

Loyalists

For information about North Carolina Loyalists, see: United States Military Records.

  • Clark, Murtie Jane. Loyalists in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War. 3 vols. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1981. FHL book 975 F2cm Volume 1 includes North Carolina musters, pay abstracts, and other records.
  • DeMond, Robert O. The Loyalists in North Carolina during the Revolution. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1979. FHL book 975.6 M2dr This volume outlines the history of the Loyalists in North Carolina and lists many of their names.
  • Troxler, Carole W. The Loyalist Experience in North Carolina. Zebulon, North Carolina: Theo. Davis Sons, 1976. FHL book 975.6 A1 no.128 This book has information about many Loyalists and tells of their exodus to New York, the Bahamas, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.

Many persons who were Loyalists are not mentioned in the above volumes because they did not survive to apply for British compensation. Their names may be found in the Hillsboro, Morgan, and Salisbury district court records. Reconnaissance bonds were placed on the Loyalists’ heads. The money for the bonds was pledged by friends, and their names are listed in the court records. The Family History Library has the minutes of district court proceedings regarding these bonds. The loose papers are only at the North Carolina State Archives. See also the topic "Loyalist Land Losses" in the "Land and Property" section.

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, North Carolina in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for North Carolina.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Indian Wars (1780s-1890s)

The regular army, often assisted by volunteer units, fought in various campaigns against American Indians. These include the Seminole or Florida Wars (1817–18, 1835–1842, and 1855–58), Black Hawk War (1832), and the Creek War (1836–37).

Cherokee Disturbances and Removal (1836-1839)

  • "Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the Cherokee Disturbances and Removal in Organizations From the State of North Carolina" (NARA M256) WorldCat 12423068 and FHL film 0368686 The Cherokees were removed to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. The compiled military service records have not been microfilmed.
The above collection is also available online:

For detailed information about national service and pension records from the Indian Wars, see United States Military Records.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided. About 1,000 North Carolina soldiers were involved in the Mexican War. The following records are available:

  • Mexican War Index to Pension Files, 1887–1926. (NARA T317). FHL films 0537000–13 Alphabetically arranged and includes the veteran’s name, rank, and unit; names of dependents; date of filing and application; certificate numbers; act filed under; and state from which application was made. Also available at:
  • Robarts, William Hugh. Mexican War Veterans : A Complete Roster of the Regular and Volunteer Troops in the War Between the United States and Mexico, from 1846-1848… Washington, D.C. : Brentano’s, 1887. FHL book 973 M2rwh Digital version available at Internet Archive.


Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861–1865)

Capture of Plymouth, North Carolina 31 October 1864
See North Carolina in the Civil War for information about North Carolina Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the North Carolina regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

Online Records


U.S. Southern Claims Commission Master Index, 1871-1880 Index only $,
The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

FamilySearch Historical Records

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

North Carolina raised three regiments of volunteers from the state guard and active militia for this conflict. None of the soldiers saw serious action. In 1900 the office of the North Carolina adjutant general published the following unindexed roster:

Roster of the North Carolina Volunteers in the Spanish-American War, 1898–1899. Raleigh, North Carolina: Edwards Broughton, 1900. (FHL film 18079 item 2 (Google Books) (Ancestry)-($)

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

  • United States. Selective Service System. North Carolina, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M1509. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987–1988. FHL films 1765557 (first of 81 films) Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

For a list of soldiers who died in World War I, see:

  • Haulsee, W. M. Soldiers of the Great War. 3 vols. Washington, DC: Soldiers Record Pub. Association, 1920. FHL fiche 6051244 and book 973 M23s Volume 2 has information on North Carolina soldiers and includes the names of those who were killed in action or died of disease or accident. The place of residence is given, and there are photographs of about 500 North Carolina soldiers.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including North Carolina. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Other Resources

See: http://www.archives.gov/research/

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of military discharge papers from 1918 to the 1970s for many counties. Military discharge papers may show a person’s birthplace, birth date, service information, and disability condition. The original records are kept by the register of deeds in each county.

Military records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog by using a Place Search of under:

NORTH CAROLINA- MILITARY RECORDS

NORTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY]- MILITARY RECORDS