Difference between revisions of "North Carolina Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[North Carolina|North Carolina]]  >  [[North Carolina Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[North Carolina|North Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[North_Carolina_Census|Census]]''  
  
== Availability  ==
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[North Carolina Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" border="1"
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|}
|+ &nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1243442388060_283" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1243442388060_170" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1243442388076_585" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1243442388076_335" />
+
 
 +
=== Online North Carolina indexes and images  ===
 +
 
 +
{{Census Online North Carolina}} {{Adoption NCGenWeb}}
 +
 
 +
=== Federal population schedules  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Microfilm images  ====
 +
 
 +
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| align="center" width="90" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| 1940 N/A
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
+
| {{FHL|639823|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Vets'''
+
| {{FHL|744493|title-id|disp=1850}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Slave'''
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1810}}
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Mortal'''
+
| &nbsp;
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Agricu'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Indust'''
 
| align="center" bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''Defect'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1790 '''Aug 2
+
| {{FHL|1037495|title-id|disp=1930 and Soundex}}
| Exists for most counties
+
| {{FHL|676501|title-id|disp=1880 and&nbsp;Soundex}}
| &nbsp;  
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1840}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1800}}
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1800''' Aug 4
+
| {{FHL|534323|title-id|disp=1920 and Soundex}}
| Exist for all counties.
+
| {{FHL|698914|title-id|disp=1870}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1830}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1790}}
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1810''' Aug 6
+
| {{FHL|639064|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
| Exist for most counties.
+
| {{FHL|705512|title-id|disp=1860}}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{FHL|745501|title-id|disp=1820}}
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#north-carolina 1900 T623] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-05.html#north-carolina Soundex T1063]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#north-carolina 1860 M653&nbsp;]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://1930census.archives.gov/beginSearch.asp 1930 T626]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html 1890 fragments M407 ]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-08.html#ic index M496]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#north-carolina 1850 M432]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#north-carolina 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_935" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282155234914_56" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-04.html#north-carolina Soundex M1579]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#north-carolina 1880 T9 ]and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#north-carolina Soundex T766]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
 +
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1820 '''Aug 7
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#north-carolina 1910 T624] and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-02.html#north-carolina Soundex T1271&nbsp;]
| Exist for most counties.  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#north-carolina 1870 M593]
| &nbsp;  
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
| &nbsp;
+
| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| Exist&nbsp;
 
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 +
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
 +
 +
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Carolina, [[North Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
 +
 +
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
 +
 +
==== Online indexes and images  ====
 +
 +
{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1830''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for North Carolina'''</font>
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''1840''' Jun 1
+
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist for all counties.
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;  
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;  
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1850''' Jun 1
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
| Exist for all counties.
+
| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
| Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
| Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
| Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
| Exist
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| '''1890'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| width="20%" | Veterans
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1610551 Link]
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1870''' Jun 1
+
| '''1880'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| width="20%" | Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| Exist
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''1880''' Jun 1
+
| '''1870'''  
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist for all counties.  
+
| Mortality
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
+
| align="center" | -
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Part
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1890''' Jun 2
+
| '''1860'''  
| Lost
+
| Slave owner
| Exists
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1900''' Jun 1
+
| '''1860'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1910''' Apr 15
+
| '''1850'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Slave owner
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1920''' Jan 1
+
| '''1850'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Mortality
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1930''' Apr 1
+
| '''1840'''  
| Exist for all counties.  
+
| Pensioners
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | -
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
| &nbsp;
+
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 
|}
 
|}
  
<br>'''1790-1930 Federal Census Records'''--All federal census records 1790 to 1930 are available for North Carolina with the following exceptions:
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
<br>'''1790--''' Caswell, Granville, and Orange (reconstructed from tax lists: Caswell 1780, 1784;
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
+
|-
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Granville, 1786–1791;&nbsp;Orange, 1784–1793)
+
| {{FHL|737657|title-id|disp=Indian census rolls, Cherokee, 1898-1939}}
 
+
| {{FHL|136655|title-id|disp=Catawba Indian records, 1849}}
'''1810--'''Craven, Greene, New Hanover, and Wake
+
|-
 
+
| {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=Civil War Union veterans and widows, 1890}}
'''1820--'''Currituck, Franklin, Martin, Montgomery, Randolph, and Wake
+
| {{FHL|778920|title-id|disp=Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835}}
 
+
|-
'''''1850 United States Census'''''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1401638 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1850, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
| {{FHL|737954|title-id|disp=Mortality and Manufacturing schedules, 1850-1880}}
 
+
| {{FHL|150183|title-id|disp=Cherokees, east of MS river, 1835 index}}
<br>'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors
+
|-
 
+
| {{FHL|45151|title-id|disp=Cherokee muster rolls, 1834,1837,1838}}
'''&nbsp;1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.
+
|
 
+
|}
'''1880 United States Census'''– A Free Internet Index and Images to the US Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1417683 Family Search Record Pilot – Pilot Site.] This index includes an every name index to population schedules listing inhabitants. It includes the full name, race, sex, age, birth month (if born during the previous year), relationship to head of household, whether married, single or divorced, whether married during the previous year, country or state of birth of each person and his parent’s, occupation and street address and house number
 
 
 
'''1890--'''&nbsp;destroyed for all areas except for parts of Gaston County
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (South Point and River Bend townships) and Cleveland County
 
 
 
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; (Brookhaven township number 2). <br><br>
 
 
 
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States.
 
 
 
Many federal census records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Census United States Census] article provides detailed information about these records.<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== &nbsp;Historical Background  ==
 
 
 
In '''1789''' North Carolina became a state and ceded what is now Tennessee to the United States government.
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
== Indexes  ==
 
 
 
If possible, use online indexes first.&nbsp; Use other indexes if the ancestor was not found.
 
 
 
'''1790-1930 Online Index'''--All federal census records for Maine are indexed online at [http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/default.aspx?rt=35 www.ancestry.com]&nbsp;
 
 
 
The following indexes are available at the Family History library:
 
 
 
'''1790-1850 Indexes'''--The Family History Library has statewide indexes for the 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses in book and microfiche format.
 
 
 
'''1850-1870 Indexes'''--The library also has a partial index of some counties and some towns for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses.
 
 
 
'''1880, 1900-1930 Indexes'''--Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930&nbsp;censuses.
 
 
 
'''1890 Index'''--For an index of individuals in the 99 North Carolina families recorded in the surviving fragments of the 1890 population schedule, see:
 
 
 
*Nelson, Ken. 1890 U.S. Census Index to Surviving Population Schedules and Register of Film Numbers to the Special Census of Union Veterans. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1991. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+X2na+ 973 X2na]1890; 1984 ed. on film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=316295&disp=1890+census+index+register++ 1421673] item113.)
 
*Index to the Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890, is on Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=543341 543341–42]. The existing original 1890 census records for North Carolina are on Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=926499 926499].
 
 
 
'''County-wide indexes--'''County indexes&nbsp;often contain the names of every person in the household and may also include heads of households who were overlooked or whose names were misspelled in statewide indexes. County-wide indexes are listed in the&nbsp; Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:&nbsp; NORTH CAROLINA, [COUNTY]- CENSUS- [YEAR].
 
 
 
'''Multi-state indexes--''' usually contain the same information gathered in preparing statewide indexes. They often index censuses (federal, state, and territorial), tax lists, and other records that identified where people lived in an area. Multi-state indexes containing North Carolina include:
 
 
 
'''1870 Index'''--The index for&nbsp;African Americans in the 1870 Census is cited fully in the [[North Carolina Minorities|"Minorities"]] section.
 
 
 
&nbsp;
 
 
 
== Special Censuses&nbsp;  ==
 
 
 
==== Colonial Censuses  ====
 
 
 
'''Colonial Census Substitutes'''--For the colonial period, there are many indexes that you can use as census substitutes such as indexes to taxation records and probate records. Many tax lists and lists of residence for the 1680s–1831 are published in:
 
 
 
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Early North Carolina''.7 vols. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1980–. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+D2jeno 973 D2jeno].) Each volume is alphabetized. The names of these volumes are also listed in the Accelerated Indexing Systems fiche searches 1, 2, and 3.&nbsp;'''<br>'''
 
 
 
==== <span style="display: none;" id="1215729140220E">Mortality Schedules </span>  ====
 
 
 
'''1850-1880--'''The 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses have mortality schedules, which are lists of the people who died in the year before the census was taken. The Family History Library and the&nbsp;North Carolina&nbsp;State Archives have copies of these mortality schedules. For information from these schedules, see:
 
 
 
*Almasy, Sandra Lee. ''North Carolina Mortality Census, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880''. 13 vols. Joliet, Illinois: Kensington Glen Publishing, 1994. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+X2a 975.6 X2a].)
 
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com '''Mortality Schedules 1850-1880''']
+
The [http://www.archives.ncdcr.gov/ North Carolina State Archives] has these nonpopulation censuses for North Carolina: <br>'''Agriculture''': 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880<br>'''Industry/Manufacturing: '''1850, 1860, 1870, 1880'''<br>Social Statistics:''' 1850, 1860, 1870
  
&nbsp;
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Carolina, [[North Carolina Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
<br>
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
+
North Carolina&nbsp;took a few censuses in the years before the first federal census was taken. The dates are listed below. These censuses may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.
  
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
+
{| align="center" width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
+
|-
==== Slave Schedules  ====
+
| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''State and colonial censuses of North Carolina'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 89.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51.</ref>
 
+
|-
'''1850–1860'''-- Slave schedules for 1850 and 1860 list the names of slave owners, but do not normally list the names of the slaves. The number of slaves, whether male or female, and the age ranges of the slaves are given. North Carolina slave schedules at the Family History Library are cataloged with the population schedules.
+
| '''1784-1787 State census'''<ref>Alvaretta K. Register, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/677297 State Census of North Carolina, 1784–1787]'', 2nd rev. ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing, 1973)[{{FHL|975.6 X2r|disp=FHL Book 975.6 X2r}}]. 24 of the 50 counties then existing. This census took three years to complete. It shows heads of households, their residence, and the age categories of their household members. It is indexed.</ref>
 
+
|}
==== '''Veteran's Censuses'''  ====
 
 
 
'''1840 Federal Census'''--Included a list of Revolutionary War veterans. The list gives their age, the place where they were living, and the name of the head of the household. The following index is available, listing these veterans for all states:
 
 
 
*''A General Index to a Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service'', 1840. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1965. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+X2pc 973 X2pc] 1965 index; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=6046771 6046771]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=899835 899835] items 1–2.) The book with the actual 1840 census information is:
 
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service: With Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as [[|]]Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census''. Washington D.C.: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1841. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+X2pc 973 X2pc] 1840; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary++ 1064759 item3]).
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
'''Veterans Schedules 1890'''. For the 1890 census of North Carolina Union Army veterans of the Civil War, see:
 
 
 
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. ''National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1948. (On 118 reels, beginning with Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=338160 338160].
 
 
 
'''Indexes to the veterans schedules are''':
 
 
 
*Almasy, Sandra L. ''North Carolina, 1890, Civil War Veterans Census''. Joliet, Illinois: Kensington Glen Publishing, 1990. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+M2a 975.6 M2a].)
 
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''1890 North Carolina Census Index''. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1985. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+X28j+ 975.6 X28j] 1890.) '''<!--{12029387177817} --><!--{12029387177818} --><!--{12029387177819} --><!--{120293871778110} --><!--{120293871778111} -->'''
 
 
 
==== Nonpopulation Schedules:  ====
 
 
 
The [http://www.archives.ncdcr.gov/ North Carolina State Archives] has these nonpopulation censuses for North Carolina: <br>'''Agriculture''': 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880<br>'''Industry/Manufacturing: '''1850, 1860, 1870, 1880'''<br>Social Statistics:''' 1850, 1860, 1870
 
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
== '''State Census'''  ==
 
 
 
'''1784-1787 State Census'''--In 1784 the U.S. Continental Congress requested a list of the number of inhabitants in each state. North Carolina took three years (1784–1787) to complete the count. The records for 24 of the 50 counties then existing are available in:
 
 
 
*Register, Alvaretta K. ''State Census of North Carolina, 1784–1787'', 2nd rev. ed. 1971. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1973. Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=975.6+X2r 975.6 X2r].) The lists include white and African American heads of families. This census shows heads of households, their residence, and the age categories of their household members. It is indexed.
 
  
== <br>'''Websites''' ==
+
=== Existing and lost censuses ===
  
Ancestry ($$):&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]<br>Ancestry has the Federal Census Schedules and images for 1790-1930, Mortality Schedules for 1850-1880, and Slave Schedules for 1850-1860.
+
For a list of available and missing North Carolina censuses, [[North Carolina Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>  
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/NC/ http://www.census-online.com/links/NC/]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
GenealogyToday:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nc/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/nc/census.html]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northcarolina.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/northcarolina.htm]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
National Archives:&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/ http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/]&nbsp;
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Mortality Schedules: [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
== References  ==
+
{{reflist}}
  
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=North_Carolina.ASP North Carolina Research Outline]. ''Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
{{Place|North Carolina}} {{USCensus}}
  
[[Category:North_Carolina]]
+
[[Category:North_Carolina|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 23:22, 7 May 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  North Carolina  go to  Census

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online North Carolina indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Carolina 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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1840-1890

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Carolina 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
partial 1890 indexes Link - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
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1784-1830

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of North Carolina 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex 1850 1810  
1930 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1840 1800  
1920 and Soundex 1870 1830 1790  
1910 and Soundex 1860 1820  


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623 and Soundex T1063 1860 M653  1820 M33
1930 T626 1890 fragments M407 and index M496 1850 M432 1810 M252
1920 T625 and Soundex M1579 1880 T9 and Soundex T766 1840 M704 1800 M32
1910 T624 and Soundex T1271  1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637  

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of North Carolina, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for North Carolina

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[9] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[9] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indian census rolls, Cherokee, 1898-1939 Catawba Indian records, 1849
Civil War Union veterans and widows, 1890 Cherokee Nation east, roll of 1835
Mortality and Manufacturing schedules, 1850-1880 Cherokees, east of MS river, 1835 index
Cherokee muster rolls, 1834,1837,1838


The North Carolina State Archives has these nonpopulation censuses for North Carolina:
Agriculture: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880
Industry/Manufacturing: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880
Social Statistics:
1850, 1860, 1870

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of North Carolina, click here.

State and colonial censuses

North Carolina took a few censuses in the years before the first federal census was taken. The dates are listed below. These censuses may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

State and colonial censuses of North Carolina[10][11]
1784-1787 State census[12]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing North Carolina censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. In 1907 Congress authorized the Bureau of the Census to publish the names of the heads of families enumerated in the first census of the United States in 1790. These printed volumes, which were originally published in 1907 and 1908, have been digitized and are now available online at the U.S. Census Bureau website.
  9. 9.0 9.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 89.
  11. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 51.
  12. Alvaretta K. Register, State Census of North Carolina, 1784–1787, 2nd rev. ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing, 1973)[FHL Book 975.6 X2r]. 24 of the 50 counties then existing. This census took three years to complete. It shows heads of households, their residence, and the age categories of their household members. It is indexed.