Norfolk, Essex County, Vermont Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Vermont Gotoarrow.png Essex Gotoarrow.png Norfolk

Norfolk  is an extinct town formerly in the northeastern-most corner of Vermont (and also included some land in what is now New Hampshire). Norfolk was established by Vermont on 27 February 1782 in what for a few months was Orange County. However, on 5 November 1782 Essex County was created, and thereafter included the town of Norfolk.[1] In 1801 less-viable Norfolk was annexed to Canaan, Vermont.[2] [3] In its charter Norfolk "Town" was also identified as a gore, and is still known in Canaan as "The Gore." For years Vermont and New Hampshire contested who owned this land because it is east of Halls Stream, a tributary of the Connecticut River. In 1934 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled it belongs to Vermont. Beecher Falls is a modern village and Canadian border crossing station within the former town of Norton.[4]

Records. For information about former residents from 1782-1801 of the part of Norfolk still in Vermont, try searching records of Canaan, Vermont. Canaan town meeting records, 1796-1903, are preserved at the Vermont Public Records Division in Montpelier, Vermont. A microfilm copy is available from the Family History Libray on film 865422 Items 3-6. Other types of records also exist for Canaan.

For information about former residents from the part of Norfolk now in New Hampshire, see Stewartstown and Clarksville records.

Adjacent towns: Canaan | New Hampshire: Coös County:  Clarksville | Pittsburg | Stewartstown | Québec: Compton-Stanstead County:  East Hereford | Saint-Herménégilde


  1. Esther Munroe Swift, Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History (Brattleboro, Vt.: Stephen Greene Press, 1997), 195, and 205. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.3 E2s.
  2. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 395. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.
  3. Land Grants That Became the Towns of Vermont - N at All Ancestors (Internet site)(accessed 3 April 2013).
  4. Swift, 205-206.